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[PDF] Trends and challenges for work in the 21st century: Technology and Globalization

[PDF] Trends and challenges for work in the 21st century: Technology and Globalization | Edumorfosis.Work | Scoop.it
The workplace and workforce impacts of these technological changes have been so pervasive, so dramatic in size and speed, as to be hard to describe. A brief look backward, however, is illustrative. Starting in the 1950s, an entirely new industry was established, led by the large “mainframe” computer companies such as IBM, RCA, Honeywell, and Univac. These companies opened a host of new jobs producing, maintaining, and servicing computer systems. Computer programmers, keypunch operators, computer service technicians, and computer sales personnel were soon in demand by the tens of thousands—good jobs to support a growing industry.
 
Yet in less than fifty years, only a relative handful of the jobs created in that initial wave of computerization still exist, held by workers servicing older systems still in operation. In their wake have come millions of still-newer jobs in an ever-widening variety of computer applications created to capitalize on the capacities of hardware and software systems. The life span of a personal computer provides one illustration of the diminishing time between introduction and “obsolescence” of new technologies. The average life of a personal computer, or PC, has decreased from 4 years in 1992 to just over 3 years in 1999, and is predicted to be only 2 years by 2007
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Edumorfosis.Work
Content curation about the future jobs, co-working spaces, teleconmutation, freelance, start-ups, automation, robotics and more...
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The future of Workplace Environments

The future of Workplace Environments | Edumorfosis.Work | Scoop.it
One such recent examination of wider trends has revealed that tech-driven practices, including flexible working and hot-desking – disruptive developments once seen as heralding the death knell of the office as we then knew it – may be decreasing in popularity. The What Workers Want study, published last summer by the British Council for Offices, found that 28 per cent of employees would like to work from home, down from 45 per cent in 2013. Hot-desking, meanwhile, was a preferred choice for only four per cent of people, with 60 per cent preferring a dedicated desk, up from 41 per cent three years previously. The fixed workplace, it seems, is here to stay for the foreseeable future – how productive a place that becomes, however, is up to you.
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Con la flipped classroom profesor y alumnos son cómplices en una aventura conjunta (Javier Tourón) 

Con la flipped classroom profesor y alumnos son cómplices en una aventura conjunta (Javier Tourón)  | Edumorfosis.Work | Scoop.it
La sociedad ha cambiado, la tecnología ha evolucionado y la escuela no puede seguir indiferente al entorno social que la rodea y al que debe servir, siguiendo el principio de funcionalidad de todo sistema educativo. Hay que educar personas, desde luego, pero que desarrollen y adquieran las competencias que en cada momento les permitan responder al desarrollo social y a las necesidades laborales. Por eso en The Flipped Classroom intentamos ofrecer una perspectiva avanzada y distinta de la escuela y de los roles del profesor y del alumno y, naturalmente, del papel de la tecnología en el cambio que la escuela tiene que sufrir para responder a las demandas actuales. En la página colaboran muchos profesores que cuentan, para animar a otros y mostrar que es posible, cómo invierten sus clases y cómo las convierten en verdaderos espacios de aprendizaje.
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The collapse of the White Working Class

The collapse of the White Working Class | Edumorfosis.Work | Scoop.it

It’s not just that lack of education has led to declining incomes, although that is certainly the case. The authors find that white men of all ages without a four-year college degree are less likely to participate in the labor force. But there seems to be a broader effect among white Americans in middle age: Not having a college degree often results in fewer economic opportunities, which in turn may trigger things like divorce, poor health, unemployment, drug and alcohol abuse, suicide, or raising children in unstable conditions.

The study’s authors say that working-class whites have faced “a long-term process of decline, or of cumulative deprivation.” This process, they argue, started with “those leaving high school and entering the labor force after the early 1970s—the peak of working-class wages, and the beginning of the end of the ‘blue-collar aristocracy.’”

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Shaping the Future of Work (Thomas A. Kochan )

Shaping the Future of Work lays out a comprehensive strategy for changing the course the American economy and employment system have been on for the past 30 years. The goal is to create more productive businesses that also provide good jobs and careers and by doing so build a more inclusive economy and broadly shared prosperity. This will require workers to acquire new sources of bargaining power and for business, labor, government, and educators to work together to meet the challenges and opportunities facing the next generation workforce.

The book reviews what worked well for average workers, families, and the economy during the era of the post-World War II Social Contract, why that contract broke down, and how, working together, we can build a new social contract suitable to today’s economy and workforce. The ideas presented here come from direct engagement with next generation workers who participated in a MIT online course devoted to the future of work and from the author’s 40 years of research and active involvement with business, government, and labor leaders over how to foster innovations in workplace practices and policies.

Kochan focuses on the need to update America’s work and employment policies, institutions, and practices to catch up with a changing workforce and economy. His recent work calls attention to the challenges facing working families in meeting their responsibilities at work, at home, and in their communities. Through empirical research, he demonstrates that fundamental changes in the quality of employee and labor-management relations are needed to address America’s critical problems in industries ranging from healthcare to airlines to manufacturing. His most recent book is Shaping the Future of Work (Business Experts Press, 2016).

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Uno de cada tres puestos de trabajo no sirve para nada

Uno de cada tres puestos de trabajo no sirve para nada | Edumorfosis.Work | Scoop.it
Podríamos reducir en una tercera parte la jornada laboral semanal, porque la tercera parte de los trabajos son inútiles. Y la mejor manera de hacerlo es introducir una renta básica, porque no solo liberaría a los pobres sino también a los ricos. Todos los jóvenes que ahora están estudiando y escuchan a sus padres decirles que tienen que estudiar algo que les vaya a permitir ganar mucho dinero, pero que realmente quieren estudiar humanidades, arte, música... Todos podrán decir "Mira, voy a hacer lo que yo creo valioso, porque siempre podré depender de la renta básica". La educación no solo nos preparará para el mercado laboral sino para la vida.
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“La Renta Básica Universal sería el mayor logro del capitalismo”

“La Renta Básica Universal sería el mayor logro del capitalismo” | Edumorfosis.Work | Scoop.it
El historiador Rutger Bregman (Westerschouwen, Holanda, 1988) irrumpió en el debate ideológico de su país hace ya tres años con la publicación de su ensayo Utopía para realistas. El texto se divulgó primero en Internet, en la web The correspondent. La industria editorial se sumó más tarde al fenómeno, que llega ahora a España de la mano de Salamandra. Colaborador en medios como The Washington Post o The Guardian, Bregman cree viable sacudir el capitalismo con propuestas como la renta básica universal, reducir las jornadas laborales a 15 horas semanales o abrir fronteras para acabar con la desigualdad.
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The best jobs in the United States: 2017

The best jobs in the United States: 2017 | Edumorfosis.Work | Scoop.it
We’ve just released our list of the best jobs of 2017, curated from job postings, salary and growth opportunity statistics. All but a few are roles in computer science; seven of the top ten jobs are software engineers and developers, with positions in management, healthcare and engineering rounding out the top 25 list. Some of the highest paying positions ranked in the top ten include full stack developers (#1), data scientists (#2), development operations engineers (#3), Salesforce developers (#6) and cloud engineers (#9).

Many of the technical roles offer six-figure salaries and an ever-increasing number of job postings. “Software engineers and other technical roles continue to dominate many of the top positions for employer demand and competitive pay,” said Indeed Senior Vice President Paul D’Arcy. “But there are certainly opportunities in other sectors, with roles in management, engineering and healthcare in high demand.”

Although tech roles are prominent in the list, time-honored positions like civil engineer (#14), commercial project manager (#19), registered nurse (#20) and construction superintendent (#24) round out the top 25 best jobs of 2017:
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Tech: Where the jobs -- and demand -- are

Tech: Where the jobs -- and demand -- are | Edumorfosis.Work | Scoop.it
Tech may be where the best jobs are, but employers are struggling to fill those posts.

There are 1.3 million software jobs alone open right now, according to Trilogy Education Services. Schools and other tech education programs can't seem to produce candidates fast enough.

That said, there are several ongoing efforts to fill these jobs. Tech companies such as Microsoft, Cisco Systems and Red Hat are partnering with universities and other such institutions to train students in highly-skilled tech jobs.

"We offer up-to-date content (in open-source software) and the ability to access environments for hands-on experience in labs," says Ken Goetz, vice president of global training services at Red Hat Academy, which provides curriculum in middle-ware and cloud technologies. Those resources are not always available in an academic setting, he says.

Red Hat has arrangements with Carnegie Mellon University, Purdue University and hundreds of other schools worldwide.

Pre-college, apprenticeship programs could fill the jobs gap. On Friday, during a White House roundtable on jobs, Salesforce CEO Marc Benioff implored President Trump to back an apprenticeship program to create 5 million jobs in the U.S. in five years. Trump readily agreed.
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Will written content ever become fully automated?

Will written content ever become fully automated? | Edumorfosis.Work | Scoop.it
Automated content has progressed to the point where a large number of Associated Press stories are written by a robot, with no human oversight before publication, using a technology called Wordsmith, developed by Automated Insights (the program is also notably used by Yahoo News to generate fake news reports for its fantasy players. A beta version is available to the public for free.) Wordsmith’s efficiency is deadly and precise—apart from being able to churn out 2,000 articles a second, it also makes less errors than its human counterparts.

Newspaper copy has been boiled down to bare essentials over the years—the line between algorithm and sentence has blurred to the point where a computer can now assume the mantle of automation. Much of journalism is about straight information: who, what, when, where, why. Because of its consistent structure, Narrative Science co-founder Kris Hammond estimates that content written by algorithm will make up 90 percent of journalistic reporting by 2030. Ditto for similarly template-heavy writing such as press releases and financial reports.
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Beyond Trump: the hidden threat robots pose to the Mexican economy

Beyond Trump: the hidden threat robots pose to the Mexican economy | Edumorfosis.Work | Scoop.it
According to a recent study by global management consultants McKinsey & Company, Mexico ranks seventh in the world when it comes to the percentage of jobs that run the risk of being replaced by machines (52%). This figure rises to 64% in the case of industry, which is one of the country’s major sources of jobs.

And the International Federation of Robotics notes that demand for industrial robots in Mexico grew by 119 percent in 2015, and the trend has just begun.
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How to prepare for the job market (or beat the odds of robots)

How to prepare for the job market (or beat the odds of robots) | Edumorfosis.Work | Scoop.it
A higher education today may not be as effective at preparing students for the real-world job market as a higher education twenty years ago. It’s more important than ever to find a college that really focuses on developing you into someone who can be successful in the future.

If you are already in college and feel that you are not going to be prepared by the time you graduate, then it is time to take matters into your own hands.

Too many students mentally segregate their time spent pursuing higher education from time spent building their career afterward, thinking they will not have to worry about that until they graduate. Somehow these students are surprised when they graduate with no idea what to do next.
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La transformación digital solo llegará con un cambio cultural profundo

La transformación digital solo llegará con un cambio cultural profundo | Edumorfosis.Work | Scoop.it
Toda verdadera transformación requerirá un cambio más profundo que un mero pulido de habilidades de usuario tecnológico. Implicará un cambio cultural, que ahonde en las razones que lo motivan y, muy especialmente, trabaje en reducir las resistencias que todo cambio, inevitablemente, provoca en el ecosistema en el que pretende aterrizar.

Por eso, antes de abordar la parte operativa de la formación tecnológica, las empresas harán bien en explicar a sus profesionales por qué y para qué es necesaria esa tecnología. Para ello, deberán ser muy pedagógicos, muy didácticos, poniendo el acento en cómo ese proceso va a significar un trampolín para la empresa y para sus acciones profesionales cotidianas. Entender la tecnología como un facilitador, como un acelerador del éxito profesional y no como el centro de atención facilitará la transformación cultural del equipo.
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Artificial Intelligence

Artificial Intelligence | Edumorfosis.Work | Scoop.it
How can industry leaders design the principles and technical standards into their products that benefit society as a whole?
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[PDF] Why Artificial Intelligence is the future of growth

[PDF] Why Artificial Intelligence is the future of growth | Edumorfosis.Work | Scoop.it
Increases in capital and labor are no longer driving the levels of economic growth the world has become accustomed to and desires. Fortunately, a new factor of production is on the
horizon, and it promises to transform the basis of economic growth for countries across the world.
 
There has been marked decline in the ability of increases in capital investment and in labor to propel economic progress.
These two levers are the traditional drivers of production, yet they are no longer able to sustain the steady march of prosperity enjoyed in previous decades in most developed economies.
 
But long-term pessimism is unwarranted. With the recent convergence of a transformative set of technologies,
economies are entering a new era in which artificial intelligence (AI) has the potential to overcome the physical limitations of capital and labor and open up new sources
of value and growth.
 
Indeed, Accenture analyzed 12 developed economies and found that AI has the potential to double their annual economic growth rates by 2035. To avoid missing out on this opportunity, policy makers and business leaders must
prepare for, and work toward, a future with artificial intelligence. They must do so not with the idea that AI is simply another productivity enhancer. Rather, they must
see AI as the tool that can transform our thinking about how growth is created.
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The changing face of business - and the part Artificial Intelligence has to play

The changing face of business - and the part Artificial Intelligence has to play | Edumorfosis.Work | Scoop.it
Artificial Intelligence (AI) may be the single most disruptive technology the world has seen since the Industrial Revolution. Granted, there is a lot of hype out there on AI, along with doomsday headlines and scary movies. But the reality is that it will positively and materially change how we engage with the world around us. It’s going to improve not only how business is done, but the kind of work we do – and unleash new levels of creativity and ingenuity.
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Why we’re leaving the traditional office behind

Why we’re leaving the traditional office behind | Edumorfosis.Work | Scoop.it
Co-working or hot-desking as it is sometimes called reportedly began in Berlin in the mid-1990s and took shape in San Francisco before becoming a global movement spreading around the world. Switzerland has also witnessed a mushrooming of co-working spaces as an alternative to traditional workplaces with the number now reaching about 100, up from 25 two years ago. Predictably Geneva and Zurich have the greatest concentration, but interestingly there has been a surge in new spaces in suburban areas too, according to the association, Coworking Switzerland which represents nearly 80 such communities.
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Artificial Intelligence will not take over the world

Artificial Intelligence will not take over the world | Edumorfosis.Work | Scoop.it
Artificial intelligence – a complex picture starts forming in our minds simply at the mention of this notion. What have we learned about it so far? How can robotics alter our daily routine after all?

Today, we are surrounded by “things” we often refer to as smart gadgets that help us grow bigger both professionally and personally. Cameras, video recorders, electronic machines, kitchen robots – all of which we’ve come to know and use every single day without even realizing it. If truth be told, we’ve embraced the robotics in our homes and lives.

What’s more, today we cam talk about electronic machines which are able to diagnose a serious disease and write down a prescription for it. Indeed, the world has changed.
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Robots and High-Tech design: The waves of the future

Robots and High-Tech design: The waves of the future | Edumorfosis.Work | Scoop.it
One of the more interesting sets of topics to follow right now is some of the design work and functionality improvements of robots or other high-tech pieces of technology. Depending on your social circle, and where you get your news, you might not typically see news about these things floating through your conscious mind, but it’s certainly entertaining to shift your attention that way occasionally.

And five topics in particular within the category of robots and high-tech design include pilot simulators, nanorobots as used in medicine, virtual reality headsets, humanoid robot designs (perhaps made to replace factors workers, for examples), and the fascinating designs and improvements with drones (the flying type, now being marketed for commercial interest as well as personal enjoyment).
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Why people thrive in Coworking Spaces

Why people thrive in Coworking Spaces | Edumorfosis.Work | Scoop.it
There seems to be something special about coworking spaces. As researchers who have, for years, studied how employees thrive, we were surprised to discover that people who belong to them report levels of thriving that approach an average of 6 on a 7-point scale. This is at least a point higher than the average for employees who do their jobs in regular offices, and something so unheard of that we had to look at the data again.

It checked out. So we were curious: What makes coworking spaces – defined as membership-based workspaces where diverse groups of freelancers, remote workers, and other independent professionals work together in a shared, communal setting – so effective? And are there lessons for more traditional offices?

To find out, we interviewed several coworking space founders and community managers, and surveyed several hundred workers from dozens of coworking spaces around the U.S. A regression analysis following our survey revealed three substantial predictors of thriving:
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Employee engagement in U.S. stagnant in 2015

Employee engagement in U.S. stagnant in 2015 | Edumorfosis.Work | Scoop.it
The 2015 employee engagement average is based on Gallup Daily tracking interviews conducted with 80,844 adults working for an employer. Gallup categorizes workers as "engaged" based on their ratings of key workplace elements -- such as having an opportunity to do what they do best each day, having someone at work who encourages their development and believing their opinions count at work -- that predict important organizational performance outcomes.

Engaged employees are involved in, enthusiastic about and committed to their work. Gallup's extensive research shows that employee engagement is strongly connected to business outcomes essential to an organization's financial success, such as productivity, profitability and customer engagement. Engaged employees support the innovation, growth and revenue that their companies need.
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Are remote workers happier and more productive? New survey offers answers

Are remote workers happier and more productive? New survey offers answers | Edumorfosis.Work | Scoop.it

Are remote workers more satisfied with their situations, or more isolated and discontented? Do they feel more valued -- or less? Are they more productive -- or not?

With remote working arrangements becoming increasingly common, these are some of the valuable management questions addressed in a new survey, "What Leaders Need To Know About Remote Workers" from TINYpulse, an employee engagement firm. (Full disclosure: I'm quoted in the survey report as a management expert, but I had no influence on the report's content and have no contractual or financial connection to TINYpulse.)

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MILA ALVARADO's curator insight, March 19, 12:16 PM
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The Good, the bad, and the unknown about Telecommuting: Meta-Analysis of psychological mediators and individual consequences

The Good, the bad, and the unknown about Telecommuting: Meta-Analysis of psychological mediators and individual consequences | Edumorfosis.Work | Scoop.it
What are the positive and negative consequences of telecommuting? How do these consequences come about? When are these consequences more or less potent? The authors answer these questions through construction of a theoretical framework and meta-analysis of 46 studies in natural settings involving 12,883 employees. Telecommuting had small but mainly beneficial effects on proximal outcomes, such as perceived autonomy and (lower) work–family conflict. Importantly, telecommuting had no generally detrimental effects on the quality of workplace relationships.
 
Telecommuting also had beneficial effects on more distal outcomes, such as job satisfaction, performance, turnover intent, and role stress. These beneficial consequences appeared to be at least partially mediated by perceived autonomy. Also, high-intensity telecommuting (more than 2.5 days a week) accentuated telecommuting’s beneficial effects on work–family conflict but harmed relationships with coworkers. Results provide building blocks for a more complete theoretical and practical treatment of telecommuting.
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Will the Gig Economy make the office obsolete?

Will the Gig Economy make the office obsolete? | Edumorfosis.Work | Scoop.it

The gig economy, where independent consultants, contractors, and freelancers create portfolios of work in lieu of one full-time job, is transforming the way we work by disconnecting work from an office. In the traditional jobs economy, employers often require employee attendance in the office five days a week, eight hours a day. Gig economy employers, in contrast, focus entirely on performance, not attendance in the office. It doesn’t matter if the idea for how to solve a problem or the insight to craft a new strategy is generated in the middle of the night, or while showering, or in yoga class. The gig economy employer values the quality of worker results, not the process by which they are created.

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5 skills every Successful Entrepreneur must master

5 skills every Successful Entrepreneur must master | Edumorfosis.Work | Scoop.it
While the debate rages on as to whether entrepreneurs are born or made, one thing can’t be disputed: polishing certain skills can help you be a better entrepreneur. Whether you’re already great at the following skills or could use a few pointers, these are the areas you should focus on for success.

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3 important Business Skills they don't teach you in school

3 important Business Skills they don't teach you in school | Edumorfosis.Work | Scoop.it
History is filled with thousands of examples of entrepreneurs who changed the world without any formal education. In recent years, most of us knew about Steve Jobs' exit from the Ivy League to pursue his dreams. But I am not about to rest on one side of the debate or the other.

The fact is that a formal education will bring you up-to-speed on the latest develops, and history, of your chosen field. In addition, your dedication to post-secondary education will help you to create business networks that it will take decades to re-create without the college / university environment.
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Spanish & English resources about: Educative Disruption, Learning Design, Educational Technology, eLearning, mLearning, Learning is the Work, 70-20-10 Approach y more...