The Future of Waste
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The Future of Waste
Articles mapping out the future of waste. Blogs at www.garbologie.com
Curated by Adam Johnson
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Additives for mechanical plastic recycling - BASF

Additives for mechanical plastic recycling - BASF | The Future of Waste | Scoop.it

An interesting article about the work BASF is doing with additives to ensure that recycled plastics perform as well or better than virgin product across a range of products.

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Hospital PVC Recycling Pilot Programme

Hospital PVC Recycling Pilot Programme | The Future of Waste | Scoop.it

Hospitals in two Australian states have recycled 15 tonnes of PVC waste, turning it into industrial hoses and non-slip floor mats.

 

The hospitals are part of a recycling programme, PVC Recovery in Hospitals, sponsored by the Vinyl Council of Australia in conjunction with manufacturers.

 

Plastics apparently make up about one third of hospital waste, and PVC makes up 25% of that.

 

It is hoped that the programme will expand rapidly now, with education packets prepared for the hospitals.

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EnviroJMS's curator insight, September 17, 2013 4:57 PM

An ideal article showing the importance of recycling in hospitals, because some of the products used in hospitals can be very harmful to the environment. 

 

- Aphiwe Khambule.

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Kenyan company turns sea garbage into colourful toys

Kenyan company turns sea garbage into colourful toys | The Future of Waste | Scoop.it

Flip-flop sandals once harmed wildlife on beaches; now Kenya’s Ocean Sole sandal recycling company is making them into eco-friendly merchandise

 

Relevant site:

Ocean Sole: http://www.ocean-sole.com/

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Hilex Poly: Bag-2-Bag Plastic Recycling

Hilex Poly: Bag-2-Bag Plastic Recycling | The Future of Waste | Scoop.it

The Hilex Poly Bag-2-Bag Programme recently received the 2013 Society of Plastics Engineers Environmental Division’s Award for Plastics Recycling Technologies and Applications. The Bag-2-Bag Programme takes plastic bags and remanufactures them into new plastic bags.

 

Hilex Poly invested more than US$25 million in its recycling center in Indiana, USA, which recycled in excess of 20 million pounds (over 9,000 tonnes) of bags, sacks and wraps in 2012.


Compared to conventional bags, the bags made of recycled content reportedly require 20% less energy to produce and reduce lower carbon emissions by 11%.

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Compact disk recycling in the UK

Compact disk recycling in the UK | The Future of Waste | Scoop.it

Diskrecycling is a UK company that recycles CDs and DVDs.

 

The plastic that can be obtained from recycling CDs and DVDs can then be used in a variety of applications: 

 

As components for the automotive and electronics industriesAs a raw material to make new plasticAnd as jewel cases, for CDs!
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Weaving a solution from waste plastic

Weaving a solution from waste plastic | The Future of Waste | Scoop.it

A clever solution to waste plastic in Northern India - weaving the plastic into rope, plates, bowls and baskets. Add bamboo, and the plastic can be woven into chairs too.

 

The project is running in three villages, and dovetails in with scavenging programmes where saleable recyclables are recovered leaving plastic film.

 

Relevant site: 

Green Village Zero Rubbish Project: https://www.facebook.com/pages/Green-Village-Zero-Rubbish-Project-GVZR/274347512665738

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Turning poo into plastic

Turning poo into plastic | The Future of Waste | Scoop.it

This is a great story that is both converting waste into plastic, but also replacing fossil fuel made plastic with biodegradable bioplastic.


Bacteria are grown in nutrient (esp carbon) rich "broth", forming a bioplastic known as PHAs. The company is called Micromidas and is apparently 2-3 years off commercial scale.


Relevant site:

Micromidas: www.micromidas.com

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Turn Waste Plastic Into 3D Printer Filament

Turn Waste Plastic Into 3D Printer Filament | The Future of Waste | Scoop.it

The Filabot converts waste PVC into filament for 3D Printers. At $50 a spool, this could lead to significant long term savings. Importantly, it enables PVC to be used as a "technical nutrient", and recycling around and around and around.

 

 

You could imagine this becoming a very big deal.

 

Relevant site: 

Filabot: Filabot.com

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Mercor's curator insight, January 15, 2013 7:20 AM
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Eat Packaging, Save Landfills | Environment on GOOD

Eat Packaging, Save Landfills | Environment on GOOD | The Future of Waste | Scoop.it
We’re a society addicted to plastic. Plastic is increasing as a portion of our overall waste and is expected to account for 12% of household waste in 2012.

Via Flora Moon
Adam Johnson's insight:

Packaging of food is a large waste source. WikiCell is an invention to make packaging edible. Wikicell website at http://www.wikicells.com/

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Recycling plastic production scrap

Recycling plastic production scrap | The Future of Waste | Scoop.it

friedola®TECH is a German company recycling plastic production scrap. The company's REPLAG® recycling system makes valuable raw materials out of scrap that can be reinjected into production of new materials after sorting, crushing and regranulation. Today, 80% of the raw materials for production at friedola®TECH is made of recycled materials. 

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Waste plastics in asphalt mix at Vancouver

Waste plastics in asphalt mix at Vancouver | The Future of Waste | Scoop.it

Plastic waste such as bags and water bottles that are difficult to recycle have found a new life in the asphalt mix used to pave streets in Vancouver, Canada

 

An Ontario company, GreenMantra has developed a technology to develop a wax for asphalt from waste plastic. The wax lets asphalt flow smoothly at a lower temperature, thus reducing fuel costs to heat the asphalt and reducing vapours from the asphalt as it is placed.

 

Additional information at:

City of Vancouver: http://vancouver.ca/default.aspx

GreenMantra: http://www.greenmantra.ca/

 

Spotted via Springwise: http://www.springwise.com

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Recycling high-tech plastic and carbon fibre

Recycling high-tech plastic and carbon fibre | The Future of Waste | Scoop.it

Composites (high-tech plastics and carbon fibre) are used extensively in aircraft manufacture.

 

Boeing is working with Materials Innovation Technology and ELG Carbon Fibre to recycle raw composites into recycled composites. This is achieved by shredding and then pyrolysis, thus removing the resin from the composites and leaving a lower grade fibre.

 

Whilst the recycled composites can't be used for structural parts, they can be used in non-structural elements. Doing this is expected to yield environmental benefits and cost savings. The same amount of recycled fibre requires 5% of the energy as producing virgin fibre.

 

Relevant websites are:

Materials Innovation Technology: http://www.emergingmit.com/

ELG Carbon Fibre: http://www.elgcf.com/

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Combining 3D printing with waste plastic to make solutions for the developing world

Combining 3D printing with waste plastic to make solutions for the developing world | The Future of Waste | Scoop.it

The Washington Open Object Fabricators (WOOF) have won $100,000 at the 3D4D Challenge for their project, which will transform plastic waste into pieces for rainwater harvesting systems and composting toilets in the developing world.

 

The prize is awarded to the best business idea pitch. The decision is based on the level of innovation demonstrated by the project and the proposed use of 3D printing technology to improve the incomes and livelihoods of people in developing countries.

 

It would be an incredible thing to be able to facilitate decentralised manufacturing, with that manufacturing fed by waste materials.

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Ford Seat Fabric from recycled materials

Ford Seat Fabric from recycled materials | The Future of Waste | Scoop.it

The Ford Mondeo (Ford Fusion in USA) is the first global vehicle program to use seat fabric made from recycled material, with the potential to recycle enough plastic bottles and post-industrial waste to make 1.4 million metres of fabric annually.

 

One of the suppliers is Unifi, which has developed a yarn branded Repreve. Repreve is a polyester yarn made from recycled PET bottles.

 

Creating a world of no waste means that markets for recycled materials must be strong and diverse. Steps such as this are steps in the right direction.

 

Relevant site:

Repreve: http://www.repreve.com/

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Trex retools film recycling program in Southern California

Trex retools film recycling program in Southern California | The Future of Waste | Scoop.it

Trex Co. Inc is revamping its thin-film collection and recycling programme in Southern California. The programme initially started in 2008 but faded, in large part because of technical issues. The old balers apparently struggled with reliability, and the large bales were difficult to manage. The revamped programme uses compressed-air mini-balers that produce bales weighing a little over 20 kg.

 

Trex makes composite decking from the bags, with the bags comprising more than 95% recycled content. The key components are polyethylene plastics and sawdust.

 

Relevant site: 

 

Trex Co. Inc: http://www.trex.com/index.html

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Rumber Materials

Rumber Materials | The Future of Waste | Scoop.it

Rumber Materials manufactures products from 100% recycled tyre rubber and plastics.


Many of the products are boards that can substitute for wood or plastic. The Rumber composite material can also be molded, extruded or pressed into different types of products.


Rumber products are reportedly very durable, giving them an advantage of other materials through less down time, fewer replacement costs and a longer life for the products.


This seems to be a great way to make new, long lasting products from waste tyres and plastic.

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Building materials from recycled plastic to address aging bridges

Building materials from recycled plastic to address aging bridges | The Future of Waste | Scoop.it

The St. Lawrence Country Department of Highways is using Struxure boards manufactured by Axion to repair and restore bridge decking on a bridge in Clare, New York. The Struxure boards are made from recycled plastic and plastic composite building composites. There is a very significant market for this application.

 

Another of Axion's products being used in a separate project are the Ecotrax railway ties. They are being used for part of the Trinity Railway Express between Dallas and Fort Worth. The Ecotrax ties are made from a composite of recycled polyethylene plastic and fibreglass.

 

Relevant site:

Axion International: http://www.axionintl.com/

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Cleanup Array Could Remove Ocean Plastic

Cleanup Array Could Remove Ocean Plastic | The Future of Waste | Scoop.it

19 year old Boyan Slat has designed the Ocean Cleanup Array which could reduce the world’s oceanic garbage patches by removing 7,2500,000 tonnes from them.

 

The array is a network of floating booms and processing platforms laid out to funnel the plastic in the direction of the platforms, where the plastic is separated from plankton, filtered and stored for recycling.

 

Note:

Deep Sea News gives quite a few reasons for why this concept may not work, so read their site before deciding that the Ocean Cleanup Array will solve marine debris: 

http://deepseanews.com/2013/03/the-ocean-cleanup-the-newest-of-the-new-plans-to-remove-marine-plastic/

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Polyfloss: Creating a new material from waste plastic

Polyfloss: Creating a new material from waste plastic | The Future of Waste | Scoop.it

Ployfloss is a brilliant idea for creating a new type of material from waste plastic.

 

Rather than accepting that plastic manufacture has to be heavily industrialised and barely understood, The Polyfloss Factory has decided to make a new "fairy floss" type material from waste plastic that can be used in interesting ways.

 

Using polypropylene (typically), Polyfloss is created into a floss type network of fibres, which in turn can be moulded, welded or coated into new forms.

 

Behind Polyfloss are four Royal College of Art graduates, so be sure to see some truly exciting creations!

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Accessories Made out of Garbage

Accessories Made out of Garbage | The Future of Waste | Scoop.it

Coca-Cola and will.i.am have partnered up to create EKOCYCLE, an initiative that helps market gadgets, clothing and other products which use up to 100% plastic and aluminum waste as source material.

 

I must confess some ambivalence here, because Coca-Cola has been particularly destructive when it comes to Container Deposit Schemes in Australia.

 

Notwithstanding this, the initiative is interesting in its attempts to create high value markets for plastic and aluminium waste.

 

Relevant site:

EKOCYCLE: https://www.facebook.com/EKOCYCLE

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Jill Duncan's curator insight, September 23, 2013 5:43 PM

Accessories made out of garbage

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Emerging markets look to recycle PET locally

Emerging markets look to recycle PET locally | The Future of Waste | Scoop.it

A pretty dense, but essentially reporting on how Central Asian countries are buying PET recyclers to enable PET flakes to be reinserted into local manufacturing.

 

It is a very interesting positive in what is generally a sea of negativity (pun intended) about plastic and its marine impacts. By installing a PET recycler, local manufacturers can displace imported PET that is purchased at an average price of US $2,000/tonne. Uzbekistan alone imports around 70,000 tonnes/year.

 

That is a large potential market.

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Medical plastic recycling

Medical plastic recycling | The Future of Waste | Scoop.it

Plastic recycling projects at the Stanford University Medical Center and the Cleveland Clinic are being used to guide the design of plastic materials used in the health sector.

 

Research being conducted by the Healthcare Plastics Recycling Council, and using the services of Greenwaste in the Stanford case, is finding that high-end plastic waste that has not come into contact with patients and is not contaminated can be successfully recycled, saving hospitals money.

 

Relevant sites:

Healthcare Plastics Recycling Council: http://www.hprc.org/

Greenwaste: http://www.greenwaste.com/about-us

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Composite plastics from waste

Composite plastics from waste | The Future of Waste | Scoop.it

Interesting research from Brazil on converting waste plastic and bagasse into composite plastics. Has great potential to integrate in with poverty reduction work like that being done by Waste for Life.

 

Relevant sites: http://wasteforlife.org/

 

From my blog

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VinyLoop: Recycling PVC Plastics

VinyLoop: Recycling PVC Plastics | The Future of Waste | Scoop.it

PVC Is a problematic plastic, particular in waste to energy applications. VinyLoop recycles composite structures containing at least 70% PVC.

 

The process separates the PVC compound from other materials (other plastics, rubber, metal, textile and others) by selective dissolution and filtration. It precipitates it into micro granules of PVC compound.

 

The regenerated PVC compound can be processed by extrusion, injection or calendering.

 

Follow through to the website for a virtual tour of the plant via youtube. Solvay is releasing a white paper today regarding the life cycle benefits of recycling PVC.

 

Solvay's partner is Solvin: http://www.solvayplastics.com/sites/solvayplastics/EN/Companies/SolVin/Pages/SolVin.aspx

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Recycled plastic as a structural building material

Recycled plastic as a structural building material | The Future of Waste | Scoop.it
Several companies are using recycled plastic as ingredients for lighter, stronger composites.

 

Using plastics in lower grade applications such as park benches is not new. What is new here is the use of plastic as a structural material to replace timber and concrete.

 

The article refers to two companies currently producing composite structural materials:

Axion International: http://www.axionintl.com/

Affresol: http://www.affresol.com/

 

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