Librarians no longer expect or want libraries to be places of quiet solitude. Rather than walking around saying ''shhh'' and waving their steel rulers to enforce silence, he said contemporary librarians understand that ''using information, learning and reading are not just solitary activities''.
Media and Information Literacy education is a recently-developed pedagogical approach that take into consideration the new cultures emerging from the Information Society. Some prefer the terms Media Education, News Literacy, Digital Literacy, Information Literacy, or 21st Century Literacies. Media Studies and Media Ecology researchers world-wide are also contributing to the development of these new educational initiatives.