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MARABUNTA -- Anonymous Distributed P2P Network in Spain

MARABUNTA -- Anonymous Distributed P2P Network in Spain | Networked Society | Scoop.it
Sepp Hasslberger's insight:

Marabunta is a free and open networking protocol, software that allows users to communicate while remaining anonymous.

 

In contrast to other efforts, Marabunta achieves anonymity by broadcasting, rather than directly connecting to peers. Each peer has a limited number - something like 15 - of "brothers" forming a cell of the network, which are polled for presence and for news. If one sends a message that is new, it is re-broadcast to the rest of the "brothers". If not new, it is simply eliminated.

In this way, messages (they are like posts on a mailing list) propagate through the network at remarkable speed. Anonymity is relatively easy to achieve as no one connects directly to anyone else to send a specific message, making interception difficult.

 

While Marabunta works on wired networks, its cousin 'Enjambre' is an evolution of the protocol for use in wireless networks. 

A pdf document describing Marabunta (in Spanish) is

"MARABUNTA - P2P Anónimo y descentralizado" at

http://marabunta.laotracara.com/descargas/documentos/marabuntaApeiron.pdf

 

An English description of Marabunta is linked from the headline...

 

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Open Source Everything

Open Source Everything | Networked Society | Scoop.it
We find ourselves at the end of centuries of isolation and alienation. We are at the beginning of the Great Awakening.


The evolution of social technologies and communications media appears to align with prophecies of indigenous cultures like the classic Maya, who looked toward our epoch as the end of one great cycle and the beginning of another. It's a window of opportunity for us, potentially the threshold of transformation of humanity into a new psychic collectivity, a new global civilization that can attain galactic citizenship.


We have the potential to achieve a radical evolution and expansion of our consciousness as a species, once we put aside all lesser goals.

Sharing, not secrecy, is the means by which we realize such a lofty destiny as well as create infinite wealth. The wealth of networks, the wealth of knowledge, revolutionary wealth — all can create a nonzero win-win Earth that works for one hundred percent of humanity. This is the "utopia" that Buckminster Fuller foresaw, now within our reach.

Sepp Hasslberger's insight:

Robert David Steele Vivas is an ex intelligence agent turned advocate of everything open. His vision is certainly worth considering...

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The Internet Of Someone Else’s Things

The Internet Of Someone Else’s Things | Networked Society | Scoop.it

The Internet Of Things is coming. Rejoice! ...Mostly. It will open our collective eyes to petabytes of real-time data...


The fundamental issue here is that the Internet of Things will not have a standard set of open APIs for consumers. You can’t get your Tesla to dump all of its data to a server you specify. While Nest has a public API, they maintain gatekeeper control over it.


When you buy a Smart Thing, you get locked into its software ecosystem, which is controlled by its manufacturer, whether you like it or not.

Sepp Hasslberger's insight:

The Internet of Things connects sensors and smart devices. Trouble is, we aren't in control over what data is sent and where it ends up.

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The Rise of the Network Commons

The Rise of the Network Commons | Networked Society | Scoop.it

When I came to Barcelona in July 2014, I was thrilled to see that as part of the EU funded research project Confine a project was under way to develop Quick Mesh Project (QMP). QMP is a so called free firmware, a Linux based operating system for network devices.


Many people now have at home wireless routers. When you buy Internet access from a provider, you often also get a box that allows to wirelessly connect to the net. QMP would replace the operating system of such a device with a much improved version, one that speaks the language of mesh network protocols.


To give a simple example, if in a street of apartment blocks everybody who owns a wireless router replaces the firmware with QMP and the puts the router on the window sill, all those machines would automatically connect and build a network without using any cables or other hardware from commercial providers.


It would make it easy and simple to connect without having to go deep into system settings.


This has now changed from being a faraway utopian goal to something that is literally around the corner.

Sepp Hasslberger's insight:

The internet needs to be re-built from the bottom up. Network locally first and only then connect to the world "out there". 


A local wireless network might be coming to your neighbourhood soon. 

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Free Is a Lie | P2P Foundation

Free Is a Lie | P2P Foundation | Networked Society | Scoop.it

Designer and social entrepreneur Aral Balkan believes it is time to build an alternate future where we own our own tools, services, and data. And to do this we must create a new category of design-led, experience-driven ‘technology’.

Sepp Hasslberger's insight:

This is a 35 min video. Very interesting talk by Aral Balkan. About how our data is being mined by a few mega companies who offer 'Free' stuff. He also does have a solution... at least he's working on it. 

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Zero Marginal Thinking: Jeremy Rifkin gets it all wrong

Zero Marginal Thinking: Jeremy Rifkin gets it all wrong | Networked Society | Scoop.it

In this book, Rifkin is fascinated by the phenomenon of goods for which the marginal cost of production is zero, or so close to zero that it can be ignored.


All of the present-day examples of these he points at are information goods – software, music, visual art, novels.


He joins this to the overarching obsession of all his books, which are variations on a theme of “Let us write an epitaph for capitalism”.


In doing so, Rifkin effectively ignores what capitalists do and what capitalism actually is. “Capital” is wealth paying for setup costs.


Even for pure information goods those costs can be quite high. Music is a good example; it has zero marginal cost to reproduce, but the first copy is expensive.


Musicians must own costly instruments, be paid to perform, and require other capital goods such as recording studios. If those setup costs are not reliably priced into the final good, production of music will not remain economically viable.

Sepp Hasslberger's insight:

Here is a contrary view to what is making the rounds on Jeremy Rifkin's latest book, The Zero Marginal Cost Society.

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Reinventing Organizations - a whole new organisational paradigm is emerging... YouTube Video (1h 43min)

A talk by Frederic Laloux about "Reinventing Organizations", a research and book that is turning into an international phenomenon. 

Increasingly, employees and managers (but also doctors, nurses, teachers, etc.) are disillusioned with the way we run organizations today. We all somehow sense that there simply must be better ways to run our businesses, nonprofits, schools and hospitals. 

This hopeful talk shares the key insights from groundbreaking research into the emergence, in different parts of the world, of truly powerful and soulful organizations that have made a radical leap beyond today's management thinking.

Sepp Hasslberger's insight:

This is an important talk.

Are we finding a way to organise ourselves in radically different kinds of companies?

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Exarchia, a countercultural island in downtown Athens | Video (12 min)

Exarchia, a countercultural island in downtown Athens | Video (12 min) | Networked Society | Scoop.it

Exarchia is a district of Athens that is home to leftists and anarchists, poor people and intellectuals.


Greece's economic crisis hit it hard.


But solidarity and a culture of autonomy mean people have got together to help themselves and each other.

Sepp Hasslberger's insight:

These people are living a new kind of economy, where contribution, rather than exchange, is most valued.

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Michael Trout, the originator of Foundups: "Did Ethereum raise over $15M off my idea? I think so."

Michael Trout, the originator of Foundups: "Did Ethereum raise over $15M off my idea? I think so." | Networked Society | Scoop.it

Ethereum is brilliant!  It's utterly amazing and what really hurts is I know I am responsible for helping to inspire it. You see, Ethereum is my Open !nnovation Framework built on the bitcoin 2.0 framework.


Everything that they claim it will be able to do in their Use Cases section of their video are things that I shared in 2010 about what would be possible on O!F with one of their founders... who stated:

"Your vision completes what we are setting up."-- Mihai Alisie, Ethereum

All I want is an opportunity to see my vision through and in doing so maybe even play a role in helping to save our planet... What would you do in my shoes? I want ethereum to succeed. We need ethereum.


All I am asking is that they invest a little of that they secured in to helping me launch foundups... that is all I want to happen. I think $1M is fare and reasonable for amount out of the $15M that was raised... you?

Sepp Hasslberger's insight:

My comment:  

You have a point, Michael, but you don't have a legal right to demand ethereum help you launch foundups and even if you had that right, you don't have the capacity to enforce it (patents, copyrights, lawyers and all that ... huge costs).  

So what to do? I say let it go.  

Promote foundups on any lines you can, go with Patreon. Do what you can personally control and do not expect others with their own commercial agenda to help you out of their good heart or because they should for moral reasons.  


You can make it! Ethereum is but one tool (a very important one though) for making your idea of foundups become reality. It won't lose its usability just because you can't get them to support you directly. But it might if you push too hard.  


In the end it will be the people you convince that foundups are the way to go that are the ones to make them become part of real life.

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An Airbnb or Uber for the Electricity Grid?

An Airbnb or Uber for the Electricity Grid? | Networked Society | Scoop.it

As Thomas Friedmanreported in the New York Times, the shared economy is booming, with companies likeUber and Airbnb continuing to disrupt the incumbent taxi service and hotel sectors.


The Ubers and Airbnbs of the world tap the huge value of underutilized assets and create millions of dollars of value for users in the process. Shared economy companies unbundle existing assets and enable value exchange out of those assets, with close to zero marginal capital cost since the users themselves own the actual physical assets, whether a car or a home.


Could the electricity grid be next to go the way of a sharing economy?

Sepp Hasslberger's insight:

An interesting thought. It would certainly boost local distributed energy production if there was a simple way to sell your energy to people who want it ... directly.

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The Server needs to die to save the Internet - MaidSafe getting serious about decentralised data storage

The Server needs to die to save the Internet - MaidSafe getting serious about decentralised data storage | Networked Society | Scoop.it

A UK startup called MaidSafe, based in the small town of Troon in Scotland, reckons the myriad problems with today’s Internet can be linked to a design quirk of its underlying architecture. And that the answer to solving the web’s most perennial issues, such as finding sustainable digital business models for content, safeguarding user data and privacy, and thwarting hacking, malware and overreaching surveillance, is to begin again – with a whole new re-architected Internet.

So what exactly is this startup building? MaidSafe’s Nick Lambert summarizes the product as “a fully cross-platform, fully decentralized autonomous data and communications network”. What that means in practice is a network that does away with an intermediary layer of servers and datacenters — replacing that with peer-to-peer infrastructure.


Basically, the users of the network are also acting as the network infrastructure by donating a portion of their spare hard drive capacity – with built in incentives for them to do so in the form of a network specific cryptocurrency (called SafeCoin).
Sepp Hasslberger's insight:

De-centralizing communications and data ... MaidSafe is an ambitious project to make the internet safe, resilient and self-healing. Coming soon...

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How Blueberries and a Tiny Town in Alaska Could Change the World

How Blueberries and a Tiny Town in Alaska Could Change the World | Networked Society | Scoop.it

One of the most significant developments taking shape when it comes to global sustainability and community resilience will soon transform a little-known community called Chuathbaluk, tucked away in a beautiful, yet completely remote and isolated, area of southwestern Alaska, along the 700-mile-long Kuskokwim river.


If you like The Venus Project, The Zeitgeist Movement, One Community Global, New Earth Nation, or are interested in the viability of a resource based economy or a host of other projects and organizations taking us toward a more sustainable world, then you’ll love A.R.K. and what they are doing in Alaska.

Sepp Hasslberger's insight:

They are trying to find a way to make a small community sustainable in a changing world and at the same time build a culture and way of living to be proud of...

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Libya Uses World's First Mobile Voter Registration System for Parliament Elections

Libya Uses World's First Mobile Voter Registration System for Parliament Elections | Networked Society | Scoop.it

In just six months, a small staff of 20 people using open source tools, built a complex, first-of-its-kind mobile registration system in Libya, a transitioning country beset with violence.


Today, Libyans will vote for a new parliament and 1.5 million citizens have registered. Since the fall of Libya's long-ruling dictator, Muammar Gaddafi in 2011, the violence and tribal clashes that plague the country have overshadowed the work of a new government straining to rebuild it through innovation and openness.


Building the world’s first mobile registration system in a transitioning country like Libya was a daunting task, says Panthea Lee, co-founder of the social impact firm, Reboot. Libya needed to create an inclusive process while also encouraging people who have long lived under a repressive regime to cast their vote.


Reboot managed a team of technologists from around the world to build a system that could be used both in-country as well as by the 800,000 diaspora Libyans scattered across 13 countries around the world...

Sepp Hasslberger's insight:

Good for Libya - showing what can be done with technology that is widely available in all countries. 

- Why doesn't anyone in the industrialized West think of something like this, with all the resources we have?

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All Our Patents Belong To You - Tesla Motors opens its electric car patents to competitors!

All Our Patents Belong To You - Tesla Motors opens its electric car patents to competitors! | Networked Society | Scoop.it

Yesterday, there was a wall of Tesla patents in the lobby of our Palo Alto headquarters. That is no longer the case. They have been removed, in the spirit of the open source movement, for the advancement of electric vehicle technology.


Tesla Motors was created to accelerate the advent of sustainable transport. If we clear a path to the creation of compelling electric vehicles, but then lay intellectual property landmines behind us to inhibit others, we are acting in a manner contrary to that goal. Tesla will not initiate patent lawsuits against anyone who, in good faith, wants to use our technology.

Sepp Hasslberger's insight:

Hat off to Tesla Motors - they just open sourced their patents... there's no excuse any more for not making top notch electric vehicles!

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Arun Shrivastava's curator insight, June 13, 7:51 AM

GREAT NEWS

 

Tesla Motors electric car technology is now open sourced. Any one with car and electric motor making skill can assemble it. Tesla engine and power train mounted on hemp body is one sustainable solution to energy crisis.

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Decentralized Internet Will Save Humanity! - YouTube

As technology is being used to control humanity more and more there lies an unsuspecting beacon of hope that will change everything. The decentralized intern...
Sepp Hasslberger's insight:

A little talk on why we should decentralize the internet...

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Valve pioneers a boss-free business

Valve pioneers a boss-free business | Networked Society | Scoop.it

Imagine a company where everyone is equal and managers don't exist. 


A place where employees sit where they want, choose what to work on and decide each other's pay. 


Then, once a year, everyone goes on holiday together.


You have just imagined Valve...

Sepp Hasslberger's insight:

A successful company without managers... apparently it's possible.


Their manual is on line here

http://www.valvesoftware.com/company/Valve_Handbook_LowRes.pdf ;

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Italy Pioneers An Internet Bill of Rights

Italy Pioneers An Internet Bill of Rights | Networked Society | Scoop.it

Today marks the first day Italy will open the bill for open consultation via the Civici platform, the first of its kind in Europe.


Introduced to the public and to European deputies on October 12 to 13, the initiative was created with an international framework in mind. The draft, for example, has been published in ItalianEnglish, and French. And its rationale is that “the many questions related to access and use of the Internet go well beyond national borders because of the very nature of the net and therefore, call for a coordinated effort at the international level.”


Since the bill is now open for public debate, it will therefore change substantially. As it is now, it consists of a preamble and 14 articles that span several pages.


Topics range from the “fundamental right to Internet access” and Net Neutrality to the notion of “informational self-determination.”


The bill also includes provisions on the right to anonymity and tackles the highly debated idea of granting online citizens a “right to be forgotten.”


Measures are taken against algorithmic discriminations and the opacity of the terms of service devised by “digital platform operators” who are “required to behave honestly and fairly” and, most of all, give “clear and simple information on how the platform operates.”

Sepp Hasslberger's insight:

I believe this is a good debate to have - what rights do we have when on the net? 

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The Sharing Economy Takes On Electricity, So You Can Buy Your Power From Neighbors

The Sharing Economy Takes On Electricity, So You Can Buy Your Power From Neighbors | Networked Society | Scoop.it

One startup in the Netherlands is creating an Airbnb-style site for electricity, cutting utilities out of the transaction entirely.


Vandebron says consumers and producers both benefit.


Producers can get a higher price per unit because they're no longer forced to accept what the utility offers.


Consumers save because they don't have to swallow the mark-up utilities charge for passing on that power.


Individuals pay exactly what producers price their product at. Vandebron doesn't add anything in the middle. However, it does charge a flat subscription fee to each side--about $12 a month.


"It means there is a better price for sustainable energy and also that the business case for investing in sustainable production is better," says Aart van Veller, another of the founders.


One farmer on the site says he can make $12,700 more revenue this year than he would have otherwise.

Sepp Hasslberger's insight:

Electric Utilities are soon getting some competition ... from direct p2p energy contracts

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Ello - an ad-free social network in beta testing

Ello - an ad-free social network in beta testing | Networked Society | Scoop.it

Ello is a beautiful, simple, and ad-free social network.


The Ello interface supports posting and private messaging. Ello allows users to share images, video, text, and sound files in an elegant environment that makes it fast and easy to read, post, and search content submitted by friends.


Ello does not mine user data and there are no advertisements.


Clutter management tools help users filter noise and minimize unwanted content while helping users focus on the posts that matter most.


"Ello is currently invitation-only. To join Ello, you need to know someone that is already on the network.


Alternatively, you can request an invitation by visiting the Ello Home Page."

 

Sepp Hasslberger's insight:

This social network promises not to use or sell your data, and it has a no-ad policy. 


Here is an article about Ello:

Mad Genius Creates Ello, the Elegant Anti-Facebook

There have also been critical voices of Ello. Here is one of them...

https://aralbalkan.com/notes/ello-goodbye/
 
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AXIOM Beta: The first open digital cinema camera

AXIOM Beta: The first open digital cinema camera | Networked Society | Scoop.it
Creating the first free software and open hardware digital cinema camera.
Sepp Hasslberger's insight:

An open source film camera being developed...  

Is film making going to have its own open source hardware? 

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Mesh networks could bridge the gap between internet capacity and demand

Mesh networks could bridge the gap between internet capacity and demand | Networked Society | Scoop.it

Internet providers are about to face a connectivity crisis. Micha Benoliel, CEO of Open Garden, says software-based mesh networking is the solution. According to Benoliel, soon every smartphone, tablet, computer and wearable device will become a node in the global internet.


The humble smartphone’s ease of use, connectivity and widespread adoption puts it in a good position to bring reliable internet access to everyone. Considering that most smartphones already have the components to act as routers, one can imagine a new generation of networks, where each device becomes an active part of the network.


Mesh networks, as they’re called, are built out of a patchwork of wireless-enabled devices — smartphones, tablets, computers, even wearable devices that connect with one another directly in a peer-to-peer mode.


These networks configure the data-sharing capabilities within those devices, so that the devices can share and receive not just data, but the connection itself, becoming pieces of the network’s piping.


A group of devices linked along a mesh network becomes an incredibly powerful intranet. And if one of the network devices connects to the internet, they can share that access across all the other devices as well.


It’s like crowdsourcing the network.

Sepp Hasslberger's insight:

Directly mesh networking mobile phones to share data and connectivity with the internet... it's coming, and it will make the network more resilient.

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Ethereum: a social operating system meets Foundups

Ethereum: a social operating system meets Foundups | Networked Society | Scoop.it

Foundups® is a decentralized bottom-up open business model for the People, by the People; replacing the top-down closed startups business model of the few.


Below is a talk on it and I even talk a bit on what PLAY FOUNDUPS® gamified app will be like at the end...

Sepp Hasslberger's insight:

Foundups - a solution to the exclusively profit-oriented culture of the startup. 

It's something to watch. There will be more information on this stuff. 

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Civilians in Abandoned McDonald’s Seize Control of Wandering Space Satellite

Civilians in Abandoned McDonald’s Seize Control of Wandering Space Satellite | Networked Society | Scoop.it
For the first time in history, an independent crew is taking control of a NASA satellite and running a crowdfunded mission.


Their mission control console is a refurbished flat screen and some parts found on eBay. Yes, this is really happening.


The satellite had been built for longevity with very simple technology. To get it back would simply be like trying to make concrete with the original Roman recipe. In other words, they’d need a few outdated parts, but it could definitely be done.


“What’s so hard about that?” Mr. Cowing remembers asking.


Two weeks later, they began a crowdfunding campaign that would beat its $125,000 goal and go on to raise $160,000. Within another six weeks, a small team was in Puerto Rico, running around Arecibo Observatory running tests, hoisting a transmitter into place with a helicopter, ready to make contact.


In the mean time, they’ll be constantly taking in solar weather data — and then sharing it with everyone.


An Open Source Satellite


Until now, when NASA wanted to conduct research, they’d collect data and disappear with it for a few months before publishing. But the data from ISEE-3 is going to be available to anyone who wants access to it. It’s a spacecraft funded by the public, and available for the public.


“We’re allowing anybody who is interested and has a computer to be able to do something with the data,” Mr. Cowing said.

Sepp Hasslberger's insight:

Can an abandoned satellite still be useful? A group of open source enthusiasts think so, and they are ready to prove it... they will share their solar weather data.

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Real Money, Real Power: Participatory Budgeting lays the base for real democracy

Participatory Budgeting (PB) is a democratic process in which community members directly decide how to spend part of a public budget. It gives ordinary people real power over real money, letting them work with government to make the budget decisions that affect their lives.

The Participatory Budgeting Project (PBP) is a non-profit organization that works with governments and organizations to develop participatory budgeting processes. Our mission is to empower community members to make informed, democratic, and fair decisions about public spending and revenue. Find out more atparticipatorybudgeting.org

Sepp Hasslberger's insight:

A much needed effort to start democracy from the bottom up...

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The future of the open Internet is decentralized

The future of the open Internet is decentralized | Networked Society | Scoop.it

This movement toward a decentralized Internet—to a truly free space, where anyone can communicate privately with anyone else without censorship—does not originate from the White House, Pentagon, or the halls of the United Nations.

Instead, as has so often been the case with Internet evolutions, groups of hackers, technologists, and idealists are tucked away in the cracks and shadows, slaving away to make this dream a reality.


One of the people leading the charge towards decentralization is David Irvine, founder of MaidSafe, who created a unique method of securely distributing data in a way that makes it virtually impossible to stop its flow...

Sepp Hasslberger's insight:

The more surveillance and censorship, the more the internet will adapt to route around them...

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Open Wireless Movement

Open Wireless Movement | Networked Society | Scoop.it
Imagine a future with ubiquitous open Internet. We're working with a coalition of volunteer engineers to build technologies that will let users open their wireless networks without compromising their security or sacrificing bandwidth. And we're working with advocates to help change the way people and businesses think about Internet service.
Sepp Hasslberger's insight:

The trend now...

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