The Four Perfect Pebbles: Germany
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Introduction to the Holocaust

Introduction to the Holocaust | The Four Perfect Pebbles: Germany | Scoop.it
Colleen's insight:

The Holocaust is the name for the massive genocide tat occured under Adolf Hitler's regime in Nazi Germany during World War II.  Hilter believed he and all other pure Germans were considered the "racial elite" and anyone who was Jewish was a stain on the German name.  This began the stripping of Jewish people's rights, the transfers of all Jewish Germans to concentration camps, and the mass murders of anyone who was considered unfit by Adolf Hitler. 

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Map of Germany

Map of Germany | The Four Perfect Pebbles: Germany | Scoop.it
Colleen's insight:

The Blumenthal's were living in Brernen, Germany (Northwest Germany) when their lives were turned upsidedown when they were taken by Nazi soldiers.

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The Blumenthal's

The Blumenthal's | The Four Perfect Pebbles: Germany | Scoop.it
Colleen's insight:

This is a picture of the Blumenthal's before being taken from Brernen, Germany to the concentration camp of Bergen-Belsen.  To the far left is Ruth Blumenthal (30), Marion Blumenthal (9), Papa (34), and Albert (12).  This family had anything but the ordinary life.

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Nazi Soldiers

Nazi Soldiers | The Four Perfect Pebbles: Germany | Scoop.it
Colleen's insight:

This is a picture of the Nazi Soldiers in Germany.  These soldiers were around to make sure Jewish people were following Hitler's rules and in some cases they were around to send families to concentration camps or to make them suffer at the concentration camps.

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Map of Concentration Camps in Germany

Map of Concentration Camps in Germany | The Four Perfect Pebbles: Germany | Scoop.it
Colleen's insight:

This is a map of Germany labeled by concentration camps.  In northwest Germany, in yellow writing, there is Bergen-Belsen where the Blumenthal's suffered for over a year.  In the southeast corner of Germany, there is the worst concentration camp in history, Auschwitz and in the center of West Germany is Buchenwald, where Marion Blumenthal's father spent several months before being sent to Bergen-Belsen.

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Speech by Ronald Regan at Bergen-Belsen

Speech by Ronald Regan at Bergen-Belsen | The Four Perfect Pebbles: Germany | Scoop.it

World History in Context

 

Colleen's insight:

This article is the quoted speech that Ronald Regan gave at the Bergen-Belsen. He talked about the painful walk through the camp, the sights of the rooms where prisoners were kept and the extreme circumstances that they had to endure. Although President Regan could not see Bergen-Belsen in full swing during the 1940s, he still very much understood that it was a terrible place for everyone. He said, "All was gone for them forever-- not to feel again the warmth of life's sunshine and promise, not laughter and the splendid ache of growing up, not consoling embrace of a family. Try to think of being young and never having a day without searing emotional and physical pain-- desolate, unrelieved pain". President Regan discussed the terrible times of Bergen-Belsen and then he discussed the hope of the survivors. He commended their emotional and physical strength during the unimaginable time at the concentration camp. He expressed his sympathy and sorrow for those who died at the camp and for those who lost someone there as well. It was a captivating speech that grasped every aspect of Bergen-Belsen.


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The Diary of Anne Frank

The Diary of Anne Frank | The Four Perfect Pebbles: Germany | Scoop.it
Anne Frank's diaries have always been among the most moving and eloquent documents of the Holocaust. This new edition restores diary ent...
Colleen's insight:

After reading the book "The Four Perfect Pebbles", I intend to read "The Diary of Anne Frank".  The Diary of Anne Frank is about a little girl, Anne, who was taken by Nazi soldiers to the concentration camp Bergen-Belsen.  Just like Marion Blumenthal from my book, she suffered in Bergen-Belsen for close to a year.  Unfortunately, if you have ever heard of Anne Frank before, you will know this story does not have a happy ending.  However, I want to read this book because I feel like it will be a lot like Marion's story as well as informational and a good read.

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Four Perfect Pebbles

Four Perfect Pebbles | The Four Perfect Pebbles: Germany | Scoop.it
If she could find four perfect pebbles of almost exactly the same size and shape, it meant that her family would remain whole. Mama and p...
Colleen's insight:

The book Four Perfect Pebbles, by Lila Perl and Marion Blumenthal Lazan, takes place in Europe, specifically Germany, during World War II. The Blumenthal's are Jewish Germans living in Germany during the time that Adolf Hitler was pronounced Prime Minister and, eventually, President of Germany. The family, father, mother Ruth, son Albert and daughter Marion, moves to Holland to avoid being taken to a concentration camp by force. In Holland, the Blumenthal's apply for a visa to go to the United States of America. Even though they are accepted, they are forced into a program called "Star". The members of Star are all Jewish and have all applied and been excepted for leaving Europe. The Star camp is basically a high class and humane concentration camp, so the Blumenthal's count their blessings. However, the family never receives an opportunity to get on the transfer boat to America. Therefore, the Blumenthal's are forced into the concentration camp, Bergen-Belsen. Bergen-Belsen was considered the second worst concentration camp in Europe, behind Auschwitz. The Blumenthal's are faced with many hardships including injuries, disease, hunger and overall emotional damage. On April 9th of 1945, the Blumenthal's are moved to "The Death Train" along with 75 other prisoners of Bergen-Belsen. They stay on the train for two weeks until almost half of the passengers die of disease and until they are liberated by soldiers from Great Britain. The Blumenthal's make their way back to normal, however, their beloved father passes away weeks after contracting a disease, Trobitz, on The Death Train. Ruth, Albert and Marion are blessed enough to receive a transfer to the United States. They leave as much of the pain and suffering from the Holocaust in Europe as they move their life to Peoria, Illinois.

I want to research the concentration camp where the Blumenthal's stayed for most of the Holocaust, Bergen-Belsen. All I know is the camp was located in north western Germany. Other than that, I know that it was considered the second worst concentration camp in all of Europe, behind Auschwitz. I would also like to research the yellow star that all Jewish people were supposed to wear in order to indentify themselves as Jews. Another thing I would like to research would be the man in charge, Adolf Hitler and his rise from small organization leader to ruler of Germany and most of Europe. I could also research the rules and laws that Hitler put on the Jewish people. From the book, I could tell most of them stripped Jewish people of their constitutional rights and human rights. Finally, I would like to research Marion Blumenthal Lazan. Since this was a true story and written by a surviving person of the Holocaust, I feel it would be interesting to know more about her.

I really enjoyed this book because it was interesting and had a lot of valuable information. I really connected to Marion Blumenthal, the author and main person in the book. Her journey and struggle through the Holocaust and World War II was really compelling and I enjoyed how it was written. I would recommend this book to anyone interested and someone for this project next year.

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BBC Auschwitz The Nazis and the Final Solution Episode 6 1 5

Colleen's insight:

This documentary, Auschwitz: The Nazi and the Final Solution: Episode 6, was a very powerful 48 minutes. Those interviewed discussed the liberation of the concentration camp of Auschwitz. The Soviet army came in January of 1945 to punish those who ran the camp and to liberate the prisoners who were being held there. One nurse who worked with the Soviet army during the liberation said, “We ran up to them and they gave us hugs, cookies and chocolate. Being so alone, a hug meant more than anybody could imagine because that replaced the human warmth that we were starving for. We were not only starved for food, but we were starved for human kindness. On that day the Soviet Army helped more than they could ever imagine”. It was a moment like this that showed prisoners that there was good in the world and that there was still hope for a life after Auschwitz.

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Bergen-Belsen Stone Enterance

Bergen-Belsen Stone Enterance | The Four Perfect Pebbles: Germany | Scoop.it
Colleen's insight:

This is a picture of the stone enterance sign in front of the concentration camp, Bergen-Belsen, where people like Marion Blumenthal and Anne Frank were held during the Holocaust

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Jewish Star

Jewish Star | The Four Perfect Pebbles: Germany | Scoop.it
Colleen's insight:

This is a picture of the yellow star Jewish people had to wear during WWII so they could be identified by Nazi soldiers.  The word "jude" is German for Jew and they had to wear this star at all times, even in the Bergen-Belsen concentration camp.

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HOLOCAUST SURVIVOR: 'YOU'RE THE LAST GENERATION THAT WILL HEAR FROM US'

HOLOCAUST SURVIVOR: 'YOU'RE THE LAST GENERATION THAT WILL HEAR FROM US' | The Four Perfect Pebbles: Germany | Scoop.it

Biography in Context

 

Colleen's insight:

This newspaper article is a story about Marion Blumenthal. She was a holocaust survivor who was brought to Bergen-Belsen at the age of 9. She went through a lot of hardships which included losing a lot of weight, burns on her legs, hair lice, the death of her father, and the mental and physical abuse from the Nazi guards. She talked about the fact that the Holocaust survivors are all dying. Now at the age of 77, Marion knows her days are limited along with the other Holocaust survivors and their tragic stories. Her message is to "keep the memory of this horrible tragedy so we aren't likely to repeat our mistakes".


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Holocaust Survivors Friendship Association

Holocaust Survivors Friendship Association | The Four Perfect Pebbles: Germany | Scoop.it
Colleen's insight:

This website, The Holocaust Survivors Friendship Association, is a place where people can learn about the Holocaust in many different ways. The HSFA is an organization for survivors to write about their experience in World War II, in concentration camps, and on the run from Nazi Germany. It is a great place for those who are trying to learn about what it was like for the thousands of people that suffered for years under Nazi Germany. This website is helping to preserve the memory of the Holocaust and to educate people so they are not misinformed by false statements about the Holocaust. It is also a place where you can donate to the organization to help them with the living conditions of Holocaust survivors today. The HSFA is a worldwide organization and has helped many people not only understand but move past the tragedy.

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United States Holocaust Memorial Museum

United States Holocaust Memorial Museum | The Four Perfect Pebbles: Germany | Scoop.it
Colleen's insight:

The United States Holocaust Memorial Museum is accessed through their website by the entire world to unite everyone interested in learning about the tragedy of the Holocaust. It is available in all world languages so the entire globe can be informed the easiest way. This website gives first hand stories about the Holocaust from survivors, helps you plan a visit to the Holocaust museum in Monday, and allows you to donate to the museum to keep it running for many years. Each month they feature a Holocaust survivor in order to keep the memory of the concentration camps and the war alive. There is also a part of the website called “Preventing Genocide”. This is a very important part because learning about history is so we don’t repeat our mistakes.

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