The First Fleet
21 views | +0 today
Follow
Your new post is loading...
Your new post is loading...
Rescooped by gemima pearson from austrailan contact history
Scoop.it!

At least 1,000 Aboriginal founders first arrived from Asia some 50,000 years ago

At least 1,000 Aboriginal founders first arrived from Asia some 50,000 years ago | The First Fleet | Scoop.it

Indirect estimates based on carbon dating point to intentional settlement by a large population. At least 1,000 Aboriginal founders first arrived in Australia some 50,000 years ago, a reconstruction indicates — numbers that could be evidence of an intentional migration rather than the accidental stranding of a few individuals at a time. The study also finds that the population was devastated during the latest Ice Age, but later rebounded.

 

The prehistoric settlement of Australia has long been considered a simple story: a founding group of 150 people or fewer made it to the Australian mainland 50 millennia ago and grew to no more than 1.2 million by the time European settlers arrived in 1788. Debate focused on whether the founding population grew immediately after colonization or boomed later, in the past 5,000 years.

 

To tease out a demographic signal from the past, Alan Williams, an archaeologist at the Australian National University in Canberra, amassed the most comprehensive radiocarbon data set ever put together for the continent, from both published and unpublished sources. He analysed the dates of 4,575 artefacts from 1,750 archaeological sites.

 

Applying methods that others had developed to analyse a similar dataset from North American artifacts, Williams graphed the number of data points for each 200-year period, and made the assumption that for each given area, changes in the number of data points from one period to the next were a good indication of changes in population size — while correcting for the fact that some types of archaeological site can be lost over time owing to processes such as erosion. Assuming that the population would be between 750,000 and 1.2 million by the eighteenth century, he fit a smooth population curve to the data.

 

According to Williams' curve, 1,000–2,000 founders would be necessary to reach the population that was in place when the Europeans arrived. After the founders arrived, the population would have stabilized at low levels, but crashed during the most recent Ice Age, around 20,000 years ago. “To quantify the impacts of the last glacial maximum — and see a 60% reduction in population — is quite horrendous,” says Williams. After the Ice Age, population growth rates began to increase in pulses, starting 12,000 years ago.


Via Dr. Stefan Gruenwald, James Miles, Zack Aislabie, Lachlan Wilks, leo hamilton
more...
Lachlan Wilks's curator insight, November 10, 2013 5:36 PM

Helps with some research. Should read if doing the First Fleet or Contact history.

 

Taine Barker's curator insight, November 10, 2013 5:38 PM

This will be really good for history studies I would suggest you to read over.

James Miles's curator insight, November 10, 2013 6:09 PM

The origin of the Aboriginal people in Australia.

Rescooped by gemima pearson from the first fleet
Scoop.it!

Captain Cook’s ivy a worthy sailor

Captain Cook’s ivy a worthy sailor | The First Fleet | Scoop.it
“Ambition leads me not only farther than any other man has been before me, but as far as I think it possible for man to go.” A quote by Captain James Cook in reference to him digging for potatoes in … Continue reading →...

Via Cassidy Graham
gemima pearson's insight:

Captain james cook the great explorer

more...
Manoli's curator insight, November 10, 2013 5:51 PM

This is well linked to contact history as it tell you that the reason captain cook travelled to Australia is cause of his ambutions of explorations

Lachlan Wilks's curator insight, November 10, 2013 5:54 PM

This  is why Captain Cook came to Australia!

Taine Barker's curator insight, November 10, 2013 6:05 PM

This is the reasoning for Captain Cooks voyage to Australia.

Rescooped by gemima pearson from Australian Contact History
Scoop.it!

Australian uranium discovery threatens ancient indigenous cave art - The Guardian

Australian uranium discovery threatens ancient indigenous cave art - The Guardian | The First Fleet | Scoop.it
Australian uranium discovery threatens ancient indigenous cave art The Guardian One of the world's biggest uranium producers has found a significant deposit in a remote tropical Australian mountain range near sandstone galleries holding some of the...

Via David Connolly, Shannon Pulver
gemima pearson's insight:

During thier drilling, a mining compant has found aborignal paintings dating back 15,000 years ago adoring the walls of cave.

more...
Lachlan Wilks's curator insight, November 10, 2013 6:01 PM

They should leave the cave art alone! Why does this need to be ruined all because of Uranium?!?!

leo hamilton's curator insight, November 10, 2013 6:03 PM

They should leave the cave art alone! Why does this need to be ruined all because of Uranium?!?!

lucas hodge's curator insight, November 10, 2013 6:06 PM

This scoop tells informs us about the threats to the very old and sacred cave art works that the original custodians of the land created.

Rescooped by gemima pearson from australian contact history
Scoop.it!

Year 4 First Fleet & Convicts in Australia

Year 4 First Fleet & Convicts in Australia | The First Fleet | Scoop.it
For the first few decades of life in Australia, most of the inhabitants were either convicts, or the troops who had brought them here.

Via Maree Whiteley, cy.osaki
more...
lucas hodge's curator insight, November 10, 2013 5:59 PM

This is all about the convicts that inhabited Australia and did hard larbour for example build farms, houses and roads etc

Cassidy Graham's curator insight, November 10, 2013 6:02 PM

convicts arrived in australia in 1788, on the first fleet,this article tells you about the first fleet and what happened to onvicts.

Erin Behn's curator insight, November 10, 2013 6:04 PM

Some key points about the First Fleet.

Rescooped by gemima pearson from Australian Contact History
Scoop.it!

DNA confirms Aboriginal culture one of Earth's oldest

DNA confirms Aboriginal culture one of Earth's oldest | The First Fleet | Scoop.it
The first Aboriginal genome sequence confirms Australia's native people left Africa 75,000 years ago.

Via Dawn Hawthorn-Jackson, Shannon Pulver
gemima pearson's insight:

Aborignal Australians are one of the longest lasting culture on earth!

more...
Lachlan Wilks's curator insight, November 10, 2013 5:57 PM

I never knew that Australia had one one of the Earth's oldest cultures. Very, very interesting as they left Africa over 75,000 years ago!

Taine Barker's curator insight, November 10, 2013 5:59 PM

This is our first blood that we know of, that6 brought aboriginal culture alive.

cy.osaki's curator insight, November 10, 2013 6:02 PM

it tells how aboriginals culture is one of the oldest

Rescooped by gemima pearson from Science&Nature
Scoop.it!

Who Were the First Australians, and How Many Were There? - ScienceNOW

Who Were the First Australians, and How Many Were There? - ScienceNOW | The First Fleet | Scoop.it

Some 40,000 to 50,000 years ago, a band of intrepid Southeast Asians became the first humans to reach Australia, and without a single glance at a GPS unit. Now new research suggests that perhaps 3000 people—many more than previously thought—made that foray into the unknown to become the continent's founding population and the ancestors of Australia's aboriginal people.

 

 

 


Via Laran
gemima pearson's insight:

The History of the very first Austrlians and how they got to this land.

more...
Taine Barker's curator insight, November 10, 2013 6:00 PM

Not completely on the topic but still talks about the aboriginal ancestors

James Miles's curator insight, November 10, 2013 6:06 PM

The first Australians derived from Southeast Asia, and traveled to Australia.

angie gil's curator insight, November 10, 2013 6:08 PM

everything about the first australians, how many there were and many more facts.

Rescooped by gemima pearson from contact history
Scoop.it!

The First Fleet – Australia 1787 – View from England

The First Fleet – Australia 1787 – View from England | The First Fleet | Scoop.it
I thought as a born and bred Portsmouth chap I thought I would list the first fleet to Australia that left Portsmouth, England in 1787. Portsmouth is famous for its many famous events and people.

Via paul cuthbertson, daisy fomm-kelso, Lachlan Wilks, chloe bear, teigan cotterill, angie gil
gemima pearson's insight:

The english view on the first fleet

more...
angie gil's curator insight, November 10, 2013 5:58 PM

many facts about the first fleet.

Erin Behn's curator insight, November 10, 2013 6:03 PM

Information about where and when the First Fleet settled.

layne peebles's curator insight, November 10, 2013 6:07 PM

what would the convicts be thinking when thry get sent to see for 9 months to this different country where the climet is different. what would the free setterlers be think , what is this place going to be like and are there any natives and will they be hostal or friendly.

Rescooped by gemima pearson from Australian Contact History
Scoop.it!

Compassion the key

Compassion the key | The First Fleet | Scoop.it
Elections are not won or lost on the issue of compassion, but perhaps they should be.

 

Philosopher Arthur Schopenhauer was born in 1788, the year the First Fleet with its human cargo put down anchor. When he grew up, Schopenhauer wrote that compassion was the basis of morality. Of many and varied things he also said: ''If an action has as its motive an egoistic aim, it cannot have any moral worth.''

Have we, as a nation, grown up? Have our motives and therefore actions in relation to the treatment of asylum seekers been without ego? We are, of course, not one but many; however, the question goes to that intangible, elusive essence: the national psyche.
 

Warwick McFadyen


Via Edwin Rutsch, Shannon Pulver
gemima pearson's insight:

The philospher Arthur Schopenhauer was born in 1788 the year the firts fleet arrived in australia. He wrote about elections and country lines

more...
Cherylynn's comment, September 9, 2013 7:33 AM
No the Nation has not grown up. We are still in let's play war games mode. It can not be the answer to everything. I understand they want the money for being mercenary but come on. Egypt survived for longer without making the people suffer. Give peace a chance.
Shannon Pulver's curator insight, November 10, 2013 5:35 PM

This article explains that Australia's multiculturalism wasnt always as wide as it is now. Societies actions from the First Fleet resulted in the original founders of Australia driven away from their own country, because of the ethics of society.

Taine Barker's curator insight, November 10, 2013 5:56 PM

This is some really goosd information, I would suggest to read over a few times, it explains alot.

Rescooped by gemima pearson from Australian Contact History
Scoop.it!

Lost indigenous language revived in Australia

Lost indigenous language revived in Australia | The First Fleet | Scoop.it
The BBC's Phil Mercer reports on how an indigenous language, once thought of as dead in Australia, is now coming back to life.

Via Charles Tiayon, Shannon Pulver
gemima pearson's insight:

The aborignal lanuage started to die out around the 1860s. It seems to be coming back to life now

more...
Shannon Pulver's curator insight, November 10, 2013 5:41 PM

The power of the First Fleet, or the  'Colonisation' of Australia caused many indigenous launguages and cultures to be lost. This article explains how the lost 'Kaurna' language is being revived.

Cassidy Graham's curator insight, November 10, 2013 6:05 PM

the aboriginal language began to die out at around the 1860's. This language is now coming back to life.

Rescooped by gemima pearson from Indigenous Australians History Year 4
Scoop.it!

The Dreaming, Australia before 1788, Aboriginal colonisation and contact, History Year 8, NSW | Online Education Home Schooling Skwirk Australia

The Dreaming, Australia before 1788, Aboriginal colonisation and contact, History Year 8, NSW | Online Education Home Schooling Skwirk Australia | The First Fleet | Scoop.it
The Dreaming, Australia before 1788, Aboriginal colonisation and contact, History, Year 8, NSW Australian human history did not just start when the first white settlers arrived in 1788.

Via Lisa Thomas
gemima pearson's insight:

Aborignal dream time stories/history.

more...
angie gil's curator insight, November 10, 2013 6:03 PM

this tells us about the aboriginal colony being the first people on australia and all about their culture.

James Miles's curator insight, November 10, 2013 6:04 PM

The history of Australia started before the first white settlers.

Erin Behn's curator insight, November 10, 2013 6:06 PM

Australia before British colonisation and invasion.

Scooped by gemima pearson
Scoop.it!

Paintings inspired by Captain Cook's epic voyage to stay in country - The Northern Echo

Paintings inspired by Captain Cook's epic voyage to stay in country - The Northern Echo | The First Fleet | Scoop.it
The Northern Echo Paintings inspired by Captain Cook's epic voyage to stay in country The Northern Echo THE paintings inspired by Captain James Cook's first voyage of discovery to the Pacific which gave the British public their first glimpse of a...
gemima pearson's insight:

Painting of captain cook. The man who captained the first fleet.

more...
Taine Barker's curator insight, November 10, 2013 6:03 PM

Some really understandable stuff here.

lucas hodge's curator insight, November 10, 2013 6:03 PM

These are photos which show images of The First Fleet