Year Month Day Location Persons Event Volstead Act takes effect. Manufacture, transport, sale of alcohol are illegal - Jan. 16, 1920. 1920
Unione Siciliana organizes home breweries/distilleries in Little Sicilies. Torrio-Capone gang excluded from that supply of illicit alcohol. 1920 May 11 Chicago, US Jim Colosimo, Johnny Torrio, Alphone Capone, Frank Uale Colosimo is ambushed and killed, probably because he was reluctant to allow Torrio-Capone to wholeheartedly enter the alcohol business. Frank Uale was believed to have traveled to Chicago to perform the killing. 1920
New York, US Frank Uale In addition to Sicilian home breweries/distilleries, Uale organizes offshore transactions for imported liquor. Sells to organizations across the country, including Torrio-Capone. 1920 June
New York, US Tommy Pennochio The bootleggers' curbside Liquor Exchange is established along Kenmare, Broome, Grand and Elizabeth Streets, a short distance from police headquarters. Tommy Pennochio, an ally of Joe Masseria, supervises the exchange. Bootleggers can swap or sell their surpluses out in the open. One of the first significant inter-gang cooperative ventures of the Prohibition Era. 1920 June 30 United States Ignazio Lupo Harding Administration (Attorney General Harry Daugherty is credited with the decision) releases Lupo. The remaining 20 years of his counterfeiting sentence is conditionally commuted. Lupo swears off illegal endeavors and pledges to return to Sicily. "Murder Stable," Lupo's former headquarters, is reportedly torn down. Nineteenth Amendment gives women the right to vote - Aug. 26, 1920. 1920
New York, US Joseph Barbara Arrives in New York from Sicily. 1920
Cleveland, US Nicola Gentile, Umberto Valenti, Toto D'Aquila Rum-running in Cleveland and Pittsburgh exhausts Gentile, and he drops out of sight for a while. New York ally and apparent successor to Lupo-Morello, Umberto Valenti, visits Gentile, concerned that an attempt has been made on his life. Gentile-Valenti decide to oppose New York boss of bosses Toto D'Aquila. Gentile travels to Sicily for rest and to begin organizing resistance to D'Aquila. 1920
Cleveland, US Joe Lonardo, Toto D'Aquila "Big Joe" Lonardo, leader of Cleveland Mafia group, allies with self-proclaimed boss of bosses Toto D'Aquila of New York. 1920
New York, US Giuseppe Masseria, Salvatore Mauro, Umberto Valenti, Ciro Terranova Masseria, 41, rises to prominence in the New York Mafia after his murder of Mauro, a rival bootlegger, on Chrystie Street. Mauro may have been the final holdout in the Sicilian-Neapolitan feud. Masseria previously looked to be serving within Umberto Valenti organization, but now appears to be moving toward leadership role with support of Harlem's Ciro Terranova. 1920
Philadelphia Salvatore Sabella Sabella is engaged in business as an oil and cheese merchant and owner of a soft drink cafe. 1921 Jan
New York, US Salvatore Lucania (Luciano), Giuseppe Masseria Most sources agree that this is the earliest possible date for Lucania's involvement in the Masseria Mafia organization. Prior to this, his criminal activities were independent, in league with childhood allies or in cooperation with Arnold Rothstein and his associates. 1921 Aug.
New Jersey, US Stefano Magaddino, Camillo Caizzo, Frank Buccellato Magaddino and six others are arrested in connection with the murder of Camillo Caizzo, whose corpse was found in a large sack in New Jersey. The Caizzo murder was apparently a vendetta killing, as Caizzo and Frank Buccellato were believed to be responsible for the death of Magaddino's brother Pietro five years earlier (in Castellamare del Golfo, Sicily). The Buccellato clan seemed to be forever feuding with the Magaddino-Bonanno-Bonventre family. Magaddino escapes prosecution. 1921 Oct. 30 New York, US Ignazio Lupo Attorney General Harry M. Daugherty gives permission for Ignazio Lupo to visit Sicily and return. Upon his return (probably early in 1922), Lupo is working in bakery business and operating a wholesale fruit operation with his son. 1921 Nov.
New York, US Carlo Gambino Arrives in New York. Goes to work for Castellano bootlegging family. Chandler says Gambino's arrival date was Dec. 23.
1922 May 8 New York, US Vincent Terranova, Umberto Valenti Umberto Valenti believed responsible for murder of Vincent Terranova (Vincent Morello) outside of his home at 116th Street and 2nd Avenue. 1922 May 8 New York, US Joe Masseria, Umberto Valenti, Silva Tagliagamba Masseria, now known as "Joe the Boss," acts immediately to avenge the death of Vincent Morello. He personally sets up an ambush for Valenti and his bodyguard Silva Tagliagamba at the curbside liquor exchange, where bootleggers meet openly to swap their surpluses. Valenti escapes unharmed, but Tagliagamba is mortally wounded. Masseria is apprehended while fleeing from the scene. Police surprised to find he has a gun permit. Masseria is charged with the Tagliagamba killing but the case is never prosecuted. 1922 May
New York, US Ignazio Lupo After a couple of years in Sicily, Lupo, claiming he is a wine merchant (during Prohibition?), tries to re-enter the U.S. Immigration officials attempt to deport him. He is held three weeks on Ellis Island as the case is processed. 1922 June 12 New York, US Ignazio Lupo Rather than deport him, the U.S. government orders that Lupo be readmitted. 1922
Palermo, Sicily Joe Profaci, Vincent Mangano Profaci and Mangano travel together to the United States. 1922
New Orleans, US Carlo Matranga, Sam Carolla Matranga decides to retire from New Orleans Mafia. The organization is left in the control of Sam Carolla. 1922 Aug. 8 New York, US Joe Masseria, Umberto Valenti Masseria apparently ambushed outside of his home at 5th Street and 2nd Avenue. (Masseria's home address at the time is #80 Second Avenue.) He ducks into Heiney's Millinery and then ducks at least four bullets fired at close range, escaping unharmed but with bullet holes through a new straw hat. Umberto Valenti believed responsible for the attack. 1922 Aug. 11 New York, US Joe Masseria, Umberto Valenti After attending what was supposed to have been a successful peace conference with Masseria men (Masseria said he would resign from his position as "boss"), Valenti was shot down in the street by Masseria forces. Chandler says Valenti's murderer was Charlie Luciano, then a lieutenant under Masseria. The murder took place as Valenti was departing from a restaurant near #233 East 12th Street. 1922
New York, US Tommy Pennochio The Pennochio-supervised Liquor Exchange in lower Manhattan closes down in fall. The exchange has been the site of much bloodshed. 1922
New York, US Louis Buchalter Working with strikebreakers puts Buchalter in position to set up labor racketeering in city's garment district. 1923
Chicago (Cicero), US Al Capone Capone sets up headquarters at Hawthorne Inn, 4833 22nd Street in Cicero. 1923
New York, US Frank Costello Costello's home address is given as 234 East 108th St. President Harding dies in office - Aug. 2, 1923. 1923 Dec. 2 Brooklyn Ignazio Lupo, Anthony Forti Authorities note that Lupo conspired with Forti on a bakery extortion racket. 1923
New York, US Owney Madden Prison stay ends as "The Killer" Madden is paroled. Madden becomes city's top bootlegger and runs Harlem nightclubs. While he has no formal relationship with the Mafia, Madden cooperates with the organization. 1924
Brooklyn Frank Uale Police report that 17 bullets were fired into Uale's care as he returned home from a trip to Coney Island with friends. Uale was not injured. 1924 Nov.
Chicago Mike Merlo Chicago's longtime Unione Siciliana leader Merlo dies of cancer. Funeral is attended by entire Chicago underworld and representatives of Sicilian communities across the country, including Uale from Brooklyn. 1924 Nov. 10 Chicago Dion O'Bannion O'Bannion is killed, apparently on orders of Al Capone. The actual killing is often attributed to Brooklyn gangster Frank Uale. It occurred in O'Bannion's flower shop on North State Street. 1924 Nov. 13 Chicago Angelo Genna, Alphonse Capone Genna becomes president of the Chicago Unione, with support of Uale. Capone frustrated that he cannot control the Unione's bootleg liquor and is deprived the status of membership in the group. Capone-Uale relationship may be deteriorating. 1924 Nov. 24 Chicago Frank Uale, Dion O'Bannion Authorities say they believe Uale was one of the killer's of Chicago gang leader Dio O'Bannion. 1924 Dec.
New York Joe Bonanno Bonanno, 19, returns to Brooklyn. Initially settles down with his uncle, Peter Bonventre. 1925
Sicily Benito Mussolini, Vito Cascio Ferro Mussolini begins a crackdown on Mafia activities in Sicily. A few Mafiosi side with the Fascists to ensure their safety. Vito Cascio Ferro organizes migration of key Mafiosi to America. He plans to relocate his operations there. 1925 Jan. 24 Chicago Johnny Torrio, Alphonse Capone Torrio is shot at his home a short time before he was to begin a nine-month prison term in connection with the police raid on the Sieben Brewery (set up by North Side gangsters). During his hospital and prison stays, Torrio decides to retire. Capone takes over the gang. 1925
Los Angeles, US Carlo Matranga Matranga heads west from New Orleans and establishes a Mafia organization in Los Angeles area. 1925 May 25 Chicago Angelo Genna Genna is killed in his car. (Capone responsible?) Samuel Amatuna takes over leadership of Unione Siciliana, still keeping its assets and prestige away from Capone. 1925
Brooklyn Salvatore Maranzano Maranzano, 39 and already a Mafia hero in his homeland, arrives in Brooklyn from Sicily. Begins working in bootlegging and other rackets with the cohesive Castellamarese organization in Brooklyn. Some sources, notably Chandler, indicate that Maranzano was not fleeing Sicily but deliberately preparing the way for Vito Cascio Ferro. Maranzano was to unite the traditional Mafiosi and wait for Cascio Ferro to arrive and take control of the group. These sources, however, also believe that Joe Bonanno was sent over as part of the preparation. And, in Bonanno's autobiography, he does not even mention Cascio Ferro. 1925 Aug.
Philadelphia, US Leo Lanzetti, Salvatore Sabella Leo, oldest of the Lanzetti brothers, is shot by passing car of gunmen as he leaves his barber at Seventh and Bainbridge Streets. It is believed that the murder was Sabella's way of countering incursions by the Lanzettis into Mafia territory. 1925 Nov. 10 Chicago Samuel Amatuna Amatuna is shot, dies three days later. (Capone again?) Capone uses his influence to install his ally and gang consigliere Antonio Lombardo as Unione president. 1925
Sicily Ignazio Lupo Lupo visits Sicily. Authorities believe he is transferring his cash assets to that country.
Chicago Antonio Lombardo Lombardo opens Unione membership to non-Sicilian Italians and changes the name of the group to the Italo-American National Union. Those moves are offensive to traditional Sicilian membership and further strains Capone-Uale relationship. Some sources indicate that the Chicago Unione ceased making regular dues payments to Uale's national headquarters at this time. 1926
Brooklyn Frank Uale Probable attempt on Uale's life. Police report that Uale's chauffer is killed while driving Uale's wife home from a wedding. 1926 Oct. 11 Chicago, US Earl "Hymie" Weiss, Al Capone Capone believed responsible for death of North Side mobster Weiss. Weiss was shot by rifles as he passed by the old O'Bannion flower shop on North State Street. 1927 May 30 Philadelphia, US Salvatore Sabella, Joseph and Anthony Zanghi, Vincent Cocozza A rebellious wing of the Philadelphia Mafia is sent a clear message as Vincent Cocozza and Joseph Zanghi are shot dead on a street corner. Joseph's brother Anthony leads police to accused killer Sabella. 1927 Sept.
Chicago Joe Aiello, Alphonse Capone Aiello family allies with the North Side Gang against Capone. Aiellos may have had the support of Uale and the traditional Sicilians in the Mafia for this move. 1927 Oct. 13 Cleveland, US Joe Lonardo, Joe Porrello Joe Porrello takes over Cleveland Mafia and leadership of local Unione Siciliana after having "Big Joe" Lonardo killed in Porrello Brothers' barbershop. 1927
Brooklyn Frank Uale Uale is believed to be hijacking his own liquor shipments to Capone, forcing the Chicago gangster to repeatedly pay for liquor that does not arrive. (Compensation for failure to pay dues payments.) Relationship between Uale and Capone becoming openly hostile. 1927
New York, Philadelphia, Atlantic City Salvatore Lucania (Luciano), Meyer Lansky, Frank Costello, Benjamin Siegel, Joe Adonis, Abner Zwillman, Nucky Johnson, Waxey Gordon, Nig Rosen, Johnny Torrio Under the guidance of Torrio, a number of Italian and Jewish bootleggers combine forces in the Seven Group. The organization quickly expands into Boston, Cleveland and Florida, providing a steady stream of quality liquor, a minimum of violence and a maximum of profits. The Seven Group functions almost entirely independent of the Mafia groups, but Luciano is pressured to combine with the established Mafiosi in New York. 1928 Jan.
Chicago Frank Uale, Joe Aiello, Antonio Lombardo Uale demands that Lombardo leave the Chicago Unione presidency, turning the role over to Joe Aiello. Lombardo, backed by Capone, stands his ground. 1928
Chicago, US Al Capone Capone's main office is now Room 430 of Hotel Lexington. 1928 June
Miami, FL, US Alphonse Capone, Frank Uale Capone meets with some his top henchmen, including Charlie Fischetti, Jack Guzik and Dan Serritella, in Florida. The meeting may have been to set up a hit on Frank Uale. The Capone men appear to detour toward Brooklyn on their way back to Chicago. 1928 July 1 Brooklyn Frank Uale, Alphonse Capone Uale is killed in his car. Capone believed to have dispatched his old mentor. Tommy gun is found at the scene but appears not to have been responsible for the wounds to Uale's body. Four men in a black sedan overtook Uale's Lincoln and shot through the car's side and rear window. Uale's body, his skull crushed by bullets and buckshot, was found on the stone steps of 923 44th Street. 1928 Sept. 7 Chicago Antonio Lombardo Lombardo is killed. Pasqualino Lolordo takes over Chicago Unione. Without Uale to support him, Joe Aiello appears hesitant to grab Unione top spot. 1928 Oct. 15 New York, US Dutch Schultz, Joey Noe, Jack Diamond, Arnold Rothstein Joey Noe, close business associate of Schultz, is shot in ambush on West 54th Street in front of Chateau Madrid. Clings to life for more than a month at Bellevue Hospital. Dies Nov. 21. Jack "Legs" Diamond is believed responsible for Noe's death. Arnold Rothstein may have assisted Diamond. 1928 Nov. 4 New York Arnold Rothstein Shot and killed about 10 p.m. at servant's entrance of the Park Central Hotel on Seventh Avenue. Famous as a gambler and loan shark, Rothstein was also believed to have been the force behind the 1919 Black Sox scandal (probably untrue) and the early careers of Frank Costello, Charlie Luciano and Meyer Lansky (probably true). Police decide that Rothstein has been killed because of gambling debts. But the murder may also be the result of Dutch Schultz anger over a Rothstein role in Joey Noe's killing. 1928 Dec. 5 Cleveland Joe Porrello Porrello, eager for national recognition, hosts a gathering of national Unione Siciliana in Cleveland. Porrello hopes to solidify his new position in the Unione. The Unione itself must regroup after loss of Uale and turmoil in Chicago. Police are alerted to convention and 23 arrests of known Mafiosi are made. 1928 Dec. 8 New York, US Arnold Rothstein, George McManus Gambler George McManus and his associate Hyman Biller are indicted for the murder of Rothstein. State cannot make charges stick. 1928 Dec. 25 New York, US Salvatore Lucania (Luciano) According to Selvaggi, Luciano holds a conference with a number of his young associates and plans to unseat the old-line Mafiosi and take over the underworld. 1929 Jan. 8 Chicago Pasqualino Lolordo, Giuseppe Guinta, John Scalise, Albert Anselmi Lolordo is murdered in his home. Capone rival Joseph Guinta takes over Unione and begins to draw some of Capone's Sicilian supporters from him. John Scalise and Albert Anselmi, Capone enforcers and prominent figures in the Unione, secretly join Guinta faction. 1929 Feb. 14 Chicago Alphonse Capone Capone has much of the North Side mob murdered in what has become known as the St. Valentine's Day Massacre. Four men - two in police uniforms - drove up in a police car to a stronghold of Bugs Moran, a garage at 2122 North Clark Street. Six Moran gangsters and one friend of Moran's were lined up against a wall and shot to death by the four assailants. Moran had been returning to the building when he saw the police car and decided to beat it. Capone was relaxing (and establishing an alibi) near his Florida home at the time of the killings. 1929 May 7 Chicago Alphonse Capone, John Scalise, Albert Anselmi Capone invites the important members of his organization to a meeting/celebration at the Hawthorne Inn in Cicero, just outside Chicago. He then brutally beats and shoots to death Guinta, Scalise and Anselmi, the Sicilian defectors from his gang. His action puts an end to the Sicilian rebellion in his Chicago outfit but earns the disapproval of mob bosses in New York and elsewhere. 1929 May 13-16 Atlantic City Alphonse Capone, Frank Costello, Nucky Johnson Younger gangsters - the original Seven Group and its allies - from around the country gather in Atlantic City, Nucky Johnson's territory, to fine tune their working relationships, plan for the post-Prohibition Era and deal with the aftermath of Capone's recent actions. Costello hosts the gathering, urges Capone to allow himself to be arrested and jailed for a while so public opinion can be calmed. Several prominent Sicilian-American Mafiosi take part in the meeting, but the group is separate from the Mafia. Some sources point to the President Hotel as the location of the meeting. Others say it occurred at the Breakers Hotel. 1929 May 17? Philadelphia Alphonse Capone Capone arranges to be arrested on a weapons charge in Philadelphia. He does one year (actually serves just 10 months) of easy jail time, continuing to run his Chicago mob all the while. The arrest, conviction and imprisonment were apparently set up without the knowledge of the local Philadelphia Mafia, who - as allies of New York's Salvatore Maranzano - viewed Capone as an unwelcome guest in their city. 1929
Philadelphia, US Salvatore Sabella Sabella and nine of his men (probably including some who were hastily initiated into the Philly Mafia) move to New York to assist the Brooklyn Castellamarese clan in its fight against Joe Masseria. 1929 May
Chicago Joe Aiello, Alphonse Capone With Capone temporarily out of the way, Joe Aiello steps to the presidency of the Chicago Unione. 1929 Oct. 17 New York Salvatore Lucania (Luciano) Luciano is taken "for a ride" but survives. He is permanently scarred on the face from a stab wound. He refuses to cooperate with police, indicating he will handle the matter himself. Stock Market crash signals start of Great Depression - Oct. 29, 1929. 1929 Dec. 7 Bronx Ciro Terranova, Albert Vitale A fundraiser dinner for magistrate Albert Vitale at Roman Gardens in the Bronx is crashed by several holdup men, who take jewelry, money and weapons from guards and one off-duty police officer. A few phone calls afterward, and all items are returned. Public is outraged at the number of underworld characters (including Terranova, who, according to some accounts, hosted the event) at the dinner and at Vitale's connections to organized crime. Eventually, the press decides to accept a ludicrous explanation from the police that the holdup was staged by Terranova in order to rob one of his guests of incriminating evidence relating to the Uale murder. 1929 Dec. 27 Atlantic City Ciro Terranova Police/press eager to question Terranova about the Dec. 7 Vitale dinner learn that he left after Christmas to rest a few days in Atlantic City. He might be getting up to speed on the convention of May 13-16 and pledging himself to the reforms of the younger Mafiosi. Terranova appears to be more closely allied to Luciano than to Masseria after this point. 1929
Sicily Vito Cascio Ferro Cascio Ferro's plans to transplant his criminal network to the New World are dealt a severe blow when he is arrested and convicted on trumped up charges. Maranzano appears to proceed from this point on his own initiative.
Sharing your scoops to your social media accounts is a must to distribute your curated content. Not only will it drive traffic and leads through your content, but it will help show your expertise with your followers.
How to integrate my topics' content to my website?
Integrating your curated content to your website or blog will allow you to increase your website visitors’ engagement, boost SEO and acquire new visitors. By redirecting your social media traffic to your website, Scoop.it will also help you generate more qualified traffic and leads from your curation work.
Distributing your curated content through a newsletter is a great way to nurture and engage your email subscribers will developing your traffic and visibility.
Creating engaging newsletters with your curated content is really easy.