The Battle of Iwo Jima
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#1The fight for Iwo Island began on February 19th, 1945.  Iwo Jima was defended by about 23,000 Japanese military and naval troops, and it was attacked by three marine divisions after complex air and naval bombardment. Approximately 68 hundred tons of bombs and 22 thousand shells were used. The Japanese frequently changed their defense tactics. Moving from the beach line and regrouping more inland. Japanese armies fought from networks of caves, tunnels, dugouts and underground trenches. These complex networks made it hard for U.S. forces to find and destroy. Except for 1,083 prisoners ( two of which didn't surrender until 1951) the entire fort was wiped out. American losses included 5,900 dead and 17,400 were wounded. A damaged B-29 landed on Iwo Jima as early as March 4. Before the wars end between 2,250 and 2,400 other bombers did so too. Fighter also began to operate from Iwo Jima on March 11th, 1945. 

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Primary Doc. #3 "Letter from John H. Bradley"

Primary Doc. #3 "Letter from John H. Bradley" | The Battle of Iwo Jima | Scoop.it
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 Letter from the U.S.N. Hospital. July 9, 1945. “In that picture of the flag raising on Mt. Suribachi there were 5 Marines and One Navy Pharmacist mate. Three of the Marines were later killed. The flag raising took place on Feb. 23, 1945. Two Marines were killed March 1st and the third was killed March 19. Gagnon & Ira Hayes, two Marines were uninjured and I was wounded on March 12th.” Bradly was one of the flag raisers; his son was the author of "Flags of our Fathers".

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Primary Doc. #1 "Stars & Stripes"

Primary Doc. #1   "Stars & Stripes" | The Battle of Iwo Jima | Scoop.it
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Many people will remember the battle of Iwo Jima, from this famous photo. A total of six flag raisers. Four in the front and two in back.

 

The front four are (from left to right) Ira Hayes, Franklin Sousley, John Bradley and Harlon Block.

 

The two in the back are Michael Strank (who is behind Sousley) and Rene Gagnon (which is behind Bradley).

 

Strank, Block and Sousley would die shortly afterwards. Bradley, Hayes and Gagnon would later become national heroes.

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Battle for Iwo Jima, 1945

Battle for Iwo Jima, 1945 | The Battle of Iwo Jima | Scoop.it
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Elijah Edminster's curator insight, January 29, 2014 9:31 AM

One of the main reasons the U.S. wanted to conquer Iwo island is because, they belived it was a smart and strategic option. If they overcame the islad they could use it for an emergency landing strip for damaged B-29's and as a refueling station. Fighter escorts could support U.S. Military units with long-range bombing missions. This gave U.S. forces the advantage to get into mainland Japan quickly. The capture was deemed necessary.

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Vocabulary

Vocabulary words 

 

Elijah Edminster's insight:

#1 Iwo Jima- Transaltes into "Sulfur Island" that is located 660 miles south of Tokyo, Japan. 

 

#2 Amphibious Coprs- An amphibious task force and a landing force organized, and equipped for amphibious operations.

 

#3 Bombardment- Rigorous shelling by the Air Force that occured before the invasion.

 

#4 D-Day- February 19, 1945, the day the marines invaded Iwo Jima.

 

#5 Mount Suribachi- An extinct volcano in the southern part of Iwo Jima; where the Amerian flag was raised on its summit. 

 

#6 Pacific Ocean- Location of Iwo Jima and where ships and vessels were deployed.

 

#7 Platoon- A subdivision of a company of soldiers.

 

#8 Motoyama Airfield No.1- An airfield on the island that was first captured by the Americans.

 

#9 B-29 Bombers- The B-29 is a four-engine propeller-driven heavy bomber designed by Boeing. 

 

#10 Admiral Raymond A. Spruance- The Commanding Officer in charge of all operations. 

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Primary Doc. #2 "Assault Plans"

Primary Doc. #2  "Assault Plans" | The Battle of Iwo Jima | Scoop.it
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This photo of these two maps shows "Sulfur Island" from an Aerial view. The left photo of this map shows the preferred assault plan. The right photo shows an alternative Marine assault plan. These pictures show original draft landings. 

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Battle for Iwo Jima, 1945

Battle for Iwo Jima, 1945 | The Battle of Iwo Jima | Scoop.it
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Elijah Edminster's insight:

One of the main reasons the U.S. wanted to conquer Iwo island is because, they belived it was a smart and strategic option. If they overcame the islad they could use it for an emergency landing strip for damaged B-29's and as a refueling station. Fighter escorts could support U.S. Military units with long-range bombing missions. This gave U.S. forces the advantage to get into mainland Japan quickly. The capture was deemed necessary.

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Battle of Iwo Jima Video — History.com

Battle of Iwo Jima Video — History.com | The Battle of Iwo Jima | Scoop.it
The picture of Americans raising the flag over Mount Suribachi is one of the U.S. Marine Corps's most enduring images.
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