The Battle of Iwo Jima
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Essay | The Battle of Iwo Jima | Scoop.it
The Battle of Iwo Jima
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The Battle of Iwo Jima

            Many things influence what dictates America as a people and it could be anything from television to a simple bar of soap, but what is inside of that bar of soap is what matters. What is the content of America’s bars of soap? I know of one relevancy in which changed many aspects of not only war, but how we perceive it. A clash between the Japanese forces and the Marines of the United State’s military was ever so present starting February 19th and lasting all the way until March 26th, 1945. Not very many people actually have an acute understanding of how bloody and brutal this battle truly was. 70,000 US Marines were deployed for this battle in hopes of winning the war that has been so miserable, mind that this was only against 21,000 (approximately) Japanese soldiers. Iwo Jima was not just any regular island; it was practically home, similar to them as Tokyo was to others. Cave systems and unique defense were set up; month’s maybe even years of preparation for this battle had taken place. Japan was not going to surrender without a fight, and the 26,000 Marine casualties very well reflected just that. This was the first time that American casualties exceeded that of the enemies. 6,800 Marines died, that is twice the amount of deaths in relation to the twin towers on 9/11. Put that into perspective, this battle was a long envision that took a lot of will from American forces, but eventually the numbers were overwhelming for Japan. “At great cost, you’d take a hill to find then the same enemy suddenly on your flank or rear. The Japanese were not on Iwo Jima. They were in it!” Taken from perspective the practice and fighting styles, Colonel Thomas M. Fields not only described the situation at hand perfectly, but it gives a depth factor towards the horrors that US Marines had to face on this island.           

            Celebrations today are at the minimal for there is not much to celebrate towards such brutality. Marines who wear the uniform today not only remember this battle and learn about it, but they honor themselves for they are apart of a brotherhood that conquered what seemed to be like a suicide mission. Veterans still visit the island but it would be an annual thing, Japanese Navy has control of the island but we still communicate wisely throughout process amongst the Japanese. When you think about war, you don’t think about culture or exploring the world, you think about guns and violence, and how it affects the soldiers who fight in them. Many people do not realize the sheer terror these Marines must’ve had to face, for it was most likely something that traumatized all aspects of their lives, forever. There is reasons why certain things are kept secret, Iwo Jima is no secret but it’s definitely not a celebrated topic. Many battles lasted merely two or three days, but this one lasted much longer than that and it is a privilege to be able to write about it today. When I look back on History, there are things I look for in particular and they usually consist of violence/mass murderers. Our lives are made up of two parts, the living and the dead. We cannot focus too much on the death for then it may become reality, so therefore we shouldn’t celebrate it. It was a hard-fought battle only to win a victory that yes sealed a victory in a long war, but also scarred the lives of many. 

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Primary document #3 (speech)

Primary document #3 (speech) | The Battle of Iwo Jima | Scoop.it
Speeches by James Webb
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This speech came to a suprise to me, for its depth was enlightening. James Webb has such empowerment when he uses the words he used, and he compares todays Marines to the Marines who actually fought in the Battle. Lives were lost, and lives were spared, which is a reason for loyalty in my mind. James gives examples of people who left everything they knew for a chance to serve their country, he brought out the high points of the lowest of the lows. This speech was clearly well thought out, and definitely portrayed the success amongst the sadness that envoloped such prosperity amongst the taking and victory in Battle of Iwo Jima, even with the costs. 

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Primary document #1 (Article)

Primary document #1 (Article) | The Battle of Iwo Jima | Scoop.it
Austin Carter's insight:

This was the advance from the horrible, murderous Green beach that resulted in ultimate victory for the marines. They endured such tragic, and life-changing events from sniper fire, mortar fire, machine-gun rounds constantly beating into their eardrums, and even murderous onsluaghts from Japanese soldiers. The flag was a responsible symbol that represented a great conquer amidst blood lust. Men had to lay on their sides to do anything for it was too risky, trapped is the exact word to explain their situation. The climb to the peak of this hill was "revenge." 

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Connections: Iwo Jima today

Connections: Iwo Jima today | The Battle of Iwo Jima | Scoop.it
Austin Carter's insight:

Iwo Jima is now property of the Army, in order to visit this place you would need to go with an "organized tour" that goes once a year. No civilians live on this island, but many civilians and veterans like to visit to honor and "commemorate" the anniversary of everything that happened on this Island. Iwo Jima has a Naval Base of the Japanese forces and unwanted travelers are forbidden without permission. There are many memorials today that reside in America honoring the heroics of the Marines AND Japanese soldiers. 

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Website 2: Iwo Jima: A Remembrance

Website 2: Iwo Jima: A Remembrance | The Battle of Iwo Jima | Scoop.it
Austin Carter's insight:

I learned that the General in charge gave very harsh orders to be ruthless, and that   years upon years of defense systems had been logged into the Japanese way of fighting which proved useful. Also, there were no front lines, or rear, it was all battlefront. For every Japanese killed, 10 marines died (approx.) Iwo Jima was an important Island to takeover, but it came at great cost. 

 

 

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Vocabulary List

Vocabulary words and sentences

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1. Ascendancy- Occupation of power or dominance ; America had the ascendancy in the Pacific war. 


2. Amphibious- Able to live on/in both land and water ; Alligators are amphibious creatures. 


3. Hinterland- Uncharted areas beyond what is visible ; The hinterland created an avantage for the Japanese at the Battle of Iwo Jima. 


4. Barrage- A concentrated military bombardment over a specific area ; The Germans had the ultimate barrage of many cities during ww2. 


5. Mainland- What is considered the larger part of a territory, the main area of a country or terrain ; The Japanese mainland was heavily defended with many obstacles and machine-gun nest. 


6. Tactical- Carefully planned military action to gain an edge or position ; The Marines had to be very tactical in order to gain territory in the battle. 


7. Resistance- A force usually military related to stop another force and or to provide direct assistance ; The resistance force was able to stop and control the harpoint. 


8. Blockade- Sealing of an area to prevent people or forces from entering any specific area ; The Japanese created multiple blockades to stop the Marines from gaining land. 


9. Seizure- The capture or overtaking of any land/territory/or related corridors in a manor that is hostile ; The seizure of Iwo Jima is vital for the war in favor of the Americans and its allies. 


10. Marianas- A group of islands in the Western Pacific comprisin Guam ; The supply for the B-29 bombers in this operation was located in the Marianas. 



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Primary document #2

Primary document #2 | The Battle of Iwo Jima | Scoop.it
This time in history, 67 years ago to be exact, more than 70,000 Marines were engaged in the deadliest battle of World War II, the battle for Iwo Jima. It’s historic place in Marine Corps lore can be traced through quotes describing the hellish conditions in which Marines persevered.
Austin Carter's insight:

This document is a good resource for information on the Battle of Iwo Jima, plus it gives insight into perspectives of more than one person that was involved. "Victory was never in doubt. Its cost was..." this was stated by Maj. Gen. Graves B. Erskine, who commanded the 3rd Marine Division. It gives detailed information on the most important aspects of the battle right down to the little things that mattered, mainly for the glory of Marines. "The raising of that flag means a Marine Corps for the next 500 years," stated by James Forrestal, secretary of the Navy. It gives people who don't know what it was like, a look into the bloody, gruesomeness of war. 

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Lessons from Iwo Jima

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Today we have many battles in the Middle East and even in parts of Africa that are not necessarily easy and peaceful. The advantages of taking a land that will benefit you greatly are endless and can commute a great factor of war, when indeed we are at war. Not many battles can top Iwo Jima in terms of violence, but in todays fighting, many assaults are necessary in order to claim territory and resolve "order" amongst countries. America is at war, and countless amounts of bloody standoffs and epic gunfights are most likely common, so this representation of a modern Iwo Jima can correlate to many things. 

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Website 3: Iwo Jima Operation, February - March 1945

Website 3: Iwo Jima Operation, February - March 1945 | The Battle of Iwo Jima | Scoop.it
This page features a historical overview and special image selection on the Iwo Jima operation of February - March 1945.
Austin Carter's insight:

This Island was already a refuge for U.S. Bombers, therefore it was important to be assaulted. This invasion was the most difficult of all the battles mainly because of the intricate and well thought out defenses conducted by the Japanese forces. Iwo Jima became the base for the air campaign, making the actions of the U.S. relived and not in vein. If the war had continued, Iwo Jima would have been a big factor in the outcome of many battles to happen. 

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Website 1: Department of Defense - Battle for Iwo Jima

Austin Carter's insight:

I learned that this battle was the first for Marines in a sense that there were more Marine casualties then there were Japanese (enemy casualties). Also, it started in February and ended in March (1945). It was a very brutal battle for the Americans. “The Japanese were not on Iwo Jima, they were in it!” Nearly 90 % of the Japanese soldiers were killed and over 8,000 Marines were also killed. 

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