The Anti-Immagration Laws 1920's
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Nicola Sacco and Bartolomeo Vanzetti were 2 normal immigrants it seemed. Sacco was born April 22, 1891. Sacco was a shoemaker born in Torremagglore, Foggia Province, and Rugila Regione. He came to America at the age of 17. Vanzetti was born June 11th, 1888. He was a fishmonger born in Villafalletto, Cuneo Province, and Plemonte Region. He came to America at the age of 20. They met each other in America at a 1917 strike. They both left Italy for the U.S. in 1908. They were followers of luigi Galleani. Galleani was an Italian anarchist who advocated revolutionary violence. Finally, since 1914, they had been identified as suspects in several violent bombings and assassination attempts.

 

           

The Sacco and Vanzetti was a tragic case.  They both were anarchist and criminals. Sacco was accused of murder and being an accomplice. Vanzetti was accused for theft, robbery, and murder. Next the trials, they both had 2 trials. The first trial began on June 22nd 1920. The prosecution presented several witnesses who put Vanzetti at the scene of the attempted robbery. On July 1st, 1920, the jury deliberated for 5 hours and returned guilty verdicts on both counts. The second trial Sacco and Vanzetti both stood trial in Dedham, Massachusetts for the south Braintree robbery and murders.  They were both sentenced death penalty.  Sacco and Vanzetti both gave their last court statements and Sacco’s court statement basically said they were getting treated that way because they were Italian.

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Anti-Immigration Definitions

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Definitions

 

 

1.Hostility- Hostile behavior; unfriendliness or opposition

 

2.Extent- the area covered by something

 

3.Antagonism- active hostility or opposition

 

4.Homogeneity- the quality of being similar or comparable in kind or nature

 

5.Subsequent-Coming after something in time

 

6.Consular officer -having to do with a consul or his office duties

 

7.Perceived-Become aware or conscious of something

 

8.Repatriated-send someone back to their own country

 

9.Coercion-The act of compelling by force of authority

 

10.Miniscule-very small

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Google Image Result for http://www.cic.gc.ca/english/resources/publications/legacy/images/ph-343ht.jpg

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Annotation: This photo to me is interesting. this photo was taken in 1920.  the photo is saying that they want to feel happiness. i don't know where they are but they are saying they want to move west. im guesing west is where they are going to find happiness. there are kids and grownmen in the pictures

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Immigration in The 1920s

Historical analysis of Immigration in The 1920s. The 1920s through the lens of Immigration
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Immigration Act of 1924 - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

The Immigration Act of 1924, or Johnson–Reed Act, including the National Origins Act, and Asian Exclusion Act (Pub.L. 68-139, 43 Stat. 153, enacted May 26, 1924), was a United States federal law that limited the annual number of immigrants who could be admitted from any country to 2% of the number of people from that country who were already living in the United States in 1890, down from the 3% cap set by the Immigration Restriction Act of 1921, according to the Census of 1890. It superseded the 1921 Emergency Quota Act. The law was aimed at further restricting the Southern and Eastern Europeans, among them Jews who had migrated in large numbers since the 1890s to escape persecution in Poland and Russia, as well as prohibiting the immigration of Middle Easterners, East Asians, and Indians. According to the U.S. Department of State Office of the Historian the purpose of the act was "to preserve the ideal of American homogeneity".[1] Congressional opposition was minimal.

The Immigration Act made permanent the basic limitations on immigration into the United States established in 1921 and modified the National Origins Formula established then. In conjunction with the Immigration Act of 1917, it governed American immigration policy until the passage of the Immigration and Nationality Act of 1952, which revised it completely.

For the next three years, until June 30, 1927, the 1924 Act set the annual quota of any nationality at 2% of the number of foreign-born persons of such nationality resident in the United States in 1890. That revised formula reduced total immigration from 357,803 in 1923–24 to 164,667 in 1924–25. The law's impact varied widely by country. Immigration from Great Britain and Ireland fell 19%, while immigration from Italy fell more than 90%.[2]

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America Past and Present Online - Bartolomeo Vanzetti, Court Statement (1927)

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Annotation: bartolomeo Vanzetti was a "murderer". he was arrested fro robbery and he was a Anarchist. he was arrested may 5th, 1920. he was convicted of murdering two men during a armed robbery. he was a itilian immigrant. he had a friend he always was with. his name was Ferdinado Nicola Sacco. Vanzetti was charged with the theft of $15,776.73 from a company. they bothe left italy for the u.s in 1908 but  didnt meet till a 1917 strike.

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"Shut the Door": A Senator Speaks for Immigration Restriction

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Annotation: it said that this speech is from 1924 from Ellison DuRant Smith, April 9, 1924 in washington Dc. she was saying her point of view with immigration. she was saying that everyone is the same. she was saying what they should be worried about. she also said who is american. is he a immigrant from germany? is he a imigrant from italy ? she said if we were to go abroad and some one were to meet you and say " i am a typical american, what would flash through your head. t

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