:: The 4th Era ::
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:: The 4th Era ::
Impact of the internet age on human culture and education policy/administration
Curated by Jim Lerman
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Rescooped by Jim Lerman from Into the Driver's Seat

How The Activity Learning Theory Works

How The Activity Learning Theory Works | :: The 4th Era :: | Scoop.it
How The Activity Learning Theory Works 

Vygotsky’s earlier concept of mediation, which encompassed learning alongside others (Zone of Proximal Development) and through interaction with artifacts, was the basis for Engeström’s version of Activity Theory (known as Scandinavian Activity Theory). Engeström’s approach was to explain human thought processes not simply on the basis of the individual, but in the wider context of the individual’s interactions within the social world through artifacts, and specifically in situations where activities were being produced.

In Activity Theory people (actors) use external tools (e.g. hammer, computer, car) and internal tools (e.g. plans, cognitive maps) to achieve their goals. In the social world there are many artifacts, which are seen not only as objects, but also as things that are embedded within culture, with the result that every object has cultural and/or social significance.

Tools (which can limit or enable) can also be brought to bear on the mediation of social interaction, and they influence both the behavior of the actors (those who use the tools) and also the social structure within which the actors exist (the environment, tools, artifacts). For further reading, here is Engeström’s own overview of 3 Generations of Activity Theory development. The first figure shows Second Generation AT as it is usually presented in the literature.

Via Gust MEES, Jim Lerman
manukadroopy's comment, August 30, 2016 5:36 AM
Thats interesting
Dr. Theresa Kauffman's curator insight, August 30, 2016 8:46 PM
This is a fascinating take on Vygotsky's work applied to modern technology. What do you think?
Jaydin Nies's curator insight, September 19, 2016 2:47 PM

Many times when we learn we use many tools. They may be our minds or they may be outside objects. This is how we put them together and use it for the better. 

Rescooped by Jim Lerman from 21st Century Learning and Teaching

Glad You Asked About the Digital Generation

Glad You Asked About the Digital Generation | :: The 4th Era :: | Scoop.it
  1. What are the most profound effects that digital bombardment has on children? How is this changing the way educators need to teach in today’s classrooms? The central issue is that kids tod...


The central issue is that kids today look pretty much the same as we did growing up, which belies the fact that on inside they are completely different.


Because of digital bombardment and their pervasive exposure to digital technology—exposure that primarily happens outside of school hours—our kids’ brains are literally being “rewired” on an ongoing basis. Their brains are constantly adapting to accommodate all the technology they spend so much time surrounded by.


They are what Canadian futurist Don Tapscott calls “screenagers”—the first generation that has grown up with a computer mouse and the assumption that images on a screen are to be interacted with. These technologies are their new learning tools and also are something to project their very identity onto – what writer Marc Prensky calls “digital natives.”


Via Ana Cristina Pratas, Gust MEES