:: The 4th Era ::
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:: The 4th Era ::
Exploration of the new era in human history marked by invention of the Internet
Curated by Jim Lerman
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Will Technology Lead to the Unbundling of Schools?

Will Technology Lead to the Unbundling of Schools? | :: The 4th Era :: | Scoop.it

By Justin Reich

 

"The plan espoused by Education Reform in the Digital Era proposes that students should no longer receive a comprehensive education from a single school. Rather, we should "unbundle" holistic schools and replace them with a free market of classes, where kids buy their education like they were buying dinner from conveyor belt sushi: whatever suits their fancy, one piece at a time.

 

"The key policy change that the Fordham authors propose is to "voucherize" school funding, so every student gets directly allotted their portion of municipal educational expenses. Then, as Paul Hill explains:

 

'Each student's account would, in a sense, constitute a "backpack" of funding that the student would carry along to any eligible school or instructional programs in which he or she enrolls. The contents of the backpack would be flexible dollars, not coupons whose use is restricted to a particular course or service.

 

'If a family decided to rely on one school or instructional provider for all of a child's education, all of the money would go to that school or provider. However, students might also enroll in courses provided by different organizations, in which case the funds would be divided. Students and families would then be free to shop for the best combination of courses and experiences their backpack funds could cover. Providers would compete with one another to offer services that were of high quality, effective, and reasonably priced.'

 

"In this model, schools are no longer comprehensive providers of a holistic educational experience, but rather the producers and marketers of a line of educational products. Students could outfit themselves with an entire line from one school, or they could could pick and choose from providers, buying math from Khan Academy, Spanish from Rosetta Stone, and biology from the Discovery Institute, the chief advocates of Intelligent Design. No longer would kids be bound to their neighborhood school; instead, they could shop the world for courses."

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What Are EdTech Pioneers Thinking About? | FounderDating

Summary by EdSurge

 

"How many ways can you get a peek into edtech entrepreneurship? Let's see: On Tuesday afternoon, NewSchools Venture Fund advisor and Inigral cofounder Michael Staton rounded up a smart panel of entrepreneurs to share their thoughts, including Audrey Watters (Hack Education), Jesse Pickard (MindSnacks), Nick Punt (EdSurge), Jessica Alter (FounderDating) and Jessie Arora (TeacherSqure). You can watch the edtech "fireside chat" here. "

 

Video is 1 hr. 43 mins.

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Unsure robots make better teachers than know-alls - New Scientist

Unsure robots make better teachers than know-alls -  New Scientist | :: The 4th Era :: | Scoop.it

By Douglas Heaven

Summary by EdSurge

 

"New Scientist reports that Japanese researchers at University of Tsukuba found that children learned English faster when working with robots who made mistakes and had to be corrected by the kids themselves. The small group of 19 children, between 4 and 8, seemed more engaged in learning with robots that appeared to "learn" from them, thus suggesting that mistake-prone robots feel more "human" than the perfectionist counterparts. It's a common theory: learning by teaching empowers the student and reinforces the value of the lesson, according to Digital Trends. Learn by doing is great--but we only wish that such reports rested on more than the tiny shoulders of 19 kids."

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Infographic: Personalization vs Individualization vs Differentiation

Infographic: Personalization vs Individualization vs Differentiation | :: The 4th Era :: | Scoop.it
When learning is personal, teaching and learning changes. Teachers' and learners' roles change. Last January, we created a chart comparing Personalization vs Individualization vs Differentiation and a report that explained the difference between these three terms including teacher-centered vs. learner-centered approaches. This chart has been downloaded tens of thousands of times from all over the world and prompted discussions around some of these questions:


> What does personalized or personal learning mean to you?

> How do you see teachers' and learners' roles changing?

> How does a school or district know they are Ready to Transform learning?

> What is Assessment AS Learning?

> Can personalization help close the achievement gap?

> Where are the conversations, models, and examples of personalizing learning?

 

These questions were part of an interview from Patricia Gomes, a reporter from Porvir in Brazil who wrote an article August 12, 2012 about the chart and resulted in an article and infographic in Portuguese.


Via Kathleen McClaskey
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How Overly Academic Learning Is Killing Education | TeachThought

How Overly Academic Learning Is Killing Education | TeachThought | :: The 4th Era :: | Scoop.it

By Terry Heick

 

"...the highly academic nature of reading and writing standards—while full of “rigor”–only serve to further detach the learning from the reality of the learner. If the ultimate measure of understanding is the ability of a learner to “transfer” understanding from a highly scaffolded situation to one without scaffolding—and hopefully from the classroom to the “real world”—highly artificial and academic standards, instruction, and assessment “data” only serve to further obscure the learning process from those who matter most: the learners and their families."

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11 Real Ways Technology Is Affecting Education Right Now | Edudemic

11 Real Ways Technology Is Affecting Education Right Now | Edudemic | :: The 4th Era :: | Scoop.it

Posted by Katie Lepi

 

"The amount of technology flooding into classrooms may vary widely, but there’s no denying that it’s a red-hot trend in education. A new study further bolsters this idea as it’s found that digital devices are saving students time, are widely accepted, and are actually making students more likely to do their homework.

 

"All these factoids and more are presented in the study by CourseSmart and Wakefield Research which focused on more than 500 currently enrolled college students. It found that nearly all of the students (98%) that own a device have used it in school. 90% of these students say it saves them time, too. Here’s the rundown of what the study found according to a recent MarketWatch article (also check out the handy infographic below for even more details):"

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Tap Dance Jams at Smalls, Led by Michela Marino Lerman | NY Times

Tap Dance Jams at Smalls, Led by Michela Marino Lerman | NY Times | :: The 4th Era :: | Scoop.it
In the tradition of Buster Brown, Michela Marino Lerman hosts a tap jam session every Wednesday evening at Smalls jazz club in the West Village.

 

By Brian Seibert

 

“Who’s got their shoes on?”

 

"It’s a question I still hear in the high, amiable voice of Buster Brown, a beloved tap dancer who spoke it often during the weekly tap dance jam sessions he hosted from 1997 until his death, at 88, in 2002. The supple bounce of Brown’s expert tapping was an extension of his easygoing personality, and the question was indicative of the loose structure and open format he preferred. Anyone who wanted to dance could have a turn. The shoes didn’t even need to be tied...

 

"Back when Brown was hosting, you could count on his question’s being answered, week after week, by a prodigy in her early teens named Michela Marino Lerman. These days it’s Ms. Lerman, now 26, who is doing the asking, as the host of her own session every Wednesday evening at Smalls in the West Village, the only weekly jam in town. She’s been at it for three years, but it wasn’t until August — a slow month for dance critics — that I dropped by a few times."

 

click title or photo for more.

 

That's my pride and joy--and daughter! -JL

 

Article is online now (Aug. 31). Will appear in printed issue of paper on Sept. 1. Jam is every Wed. 5:30-8:30 pm at Smalls, 183 West 10th Street (at 7th Ave.) New York, NY


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Education's digital divide more about bandwidth than computer hardware - The Denver Post

Education's digital divide more about bandwidth than computer hardware - The Denver Post | :: The 4th Era :: | Scoop.it

By Kevin Simpson

Summary by PEN Weekly NewsBlast

 

"The gap between the technological haves and have-nots, once defined by access to computer hardware, now centers on an information superhighway that too often dwindles into the digital equivalent of rutted rural back roads for some students, writes Kevin Simpson in The Denver Post. Classes ranging from Advanced Placement to world languages to credit-recovery courses are not available in areas with lagging local Internet connections. As Colorado moves toward online assessment, questions remain about whether the technological infrastructure can handle it. At a time when "flipped" classrooms, online courses, and blended learning present new educational opportunities for students, high-speed access to the Internet bedevils far-flung districts and the urban poor. In an effort to close the gaps, the Governor's Office of Information Technology has used grant money to promote statewide resource-sharing with a program that offers distance-learning through 12 interactive sites all across Colorado -- most in rural areas -- that will begin operation in January. In urban corridors, the problem isn't access but economics, particularly in low-income areas. A recent study found far more blacks and Latinos than whites use their mobile phones for most of their Internet access, and are therefore less likely to access the Internet for educational purposes whose technological demands exceed a phone's capacity."

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America's Inventive Mind | Acton Institute

America's Inventive Mind | Acton Institute | :: The 4th Era :: | Scoop.it

By Mary C. Bonnema

 

"I believe that the strength of the American economy resides in something very simple: It is the value we ascribe to human creativity. And there is no more salient example of this than the freedom our country prescribes in owning and protecting property rights .

 

"I’m not talking about real property (such as houses) or personal property (such as cars). I’m talking about intellectual property —otherwise known as the “property of the mind”—the fruits of our creative genius. Although real and personal property do set us apart from many other nations, our intangible assets are the real drivers of the American economy.

 

"Article I of the Constitution grants us the right to protect our inventions and creative expressions. This is the birth-provision of patent and copyright rights. It is our forefathers’ declaration that the fruits of our inventiveness and ingenuity should be protected. It is the decree that our intellectual property should be, must be , diligently tended and safeguarded. It is this freedom to create, a freedom that is fertilized by our legal system, which really accounts for our economic success."

 

Interesting point of view. -JL

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Why Apple Will Turn to Holograms | Bloomberg Business Week

Why Apple Will Turn to Holograms | Bloomberg Business Week | :: The 4th Era :: | Scoop.it

By Ben Kunz (August 7, 2012) [before the first decision in the Apple-Samsung suit]

 

"Look around your office hallway or college campus and you’ll see people holding interactive panes of glass. Smartphones and tablets, so revolutionary a few years ago, are quickly becoming commodities. Apple (AAPL) is now locked in a fierce patent battle with Samsung over tablet designs—a sure sign that, whoever is right, touchscreens are converging into gadgets that look like everything else.

 

"So as Apple prepares to launch its next iPhone in September, with a slightly bigger screen, here is a prediction—Apple devices will soon project holograms like you’ve never seen. This is not mere speculation, but insight based on Apple’s patents, recent acquisitions, and the business imperative to do something to break free of the tablet clutter.

 

"In November 2010, Apple patented a three-dimensional display system that would “mimic a hologram” without requiring special glasses. The patent narrative is fascinating, noting that one current market gap in screen technology is the ability of a device to project stereoscopic 3D images to multiple viewers at the same time."

 

Via The Committed Sardine

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Your Clever Password Tricks Aren't Protecting You from Today's Hackers | LifeHacker

Your Clever Password Tricks Aren't Protecting You from Today's Hackers | LifeHacker | :: The 4th Era :: | Scoop.it

By Melanie Pinola

 

"Security breaches happen so often nowadays, you're probably sick of hearing about them and all the ways you should beef up your accounts. Even if you feel you've heard it all already, though, unfortunately, today's password-cracking tools are more advanced and cut through the clever password tricks many of us use. Here's what's changed and what you should do about it. "

 

I've wrestled with this problem for several months now and am prepared to go with an online password manager. I have too many accounts and too limited a personal memory to spend my time trying to memorize a constantly changing array of logins and passwords. Now the challenge is to find a password manager that suits my particular needs: a PC at work, an iPhone, an iPad, and a MacBook Pro. Ohhhhh, this one makes my head hurt. -JL

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The Case for the Private Sector in School Reform | the Atlantic

The Case for the Private Sector in School Reform | the Atlantic | :: The 4th Era :: | Scoop.it

by Joel Klein

 

"There will always be a need for government to regulate capitalism's excesses and protect the public interest—a role to which I'm deeply committed, having prosecuted several major antitrust cases when I served in the Department of Justice in the 1990s. But to argue that the profit motive somehow disqualifies business from making vast social contributions is more than merely a fallacy. It's to miss the basic economic lesson of the past two centuries—when innovations spawned by the entrepreneurial talent and capital of the private sector have been harnessed for public purposes to become the greatest force for human betterment in the history of the world. "Doing well by doing good" is a cliché for a reason.

"

In education, of course, private firms have always been integral to the daily life of schools. Pencils, paper, blackboards, books, desks, and schools themselves have been built and sold by for-profit companies since the 19th century. Food, janitorial, transportation, and training services have been more recent additions, along with software and computer products as the close of the 20th century.

 

"Thoughtful observers have always understood that when public authorities contract with private firms and oversee their provision of certain products and services, that's a very different thing from "privatization." This only stands to reason, since apart from salaries and benefits for teachers, principals, and other school personnel, virtually every dollar spent on K-12 flows through private firms today."

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Higher Education Reform in Motion | Huffington Post

Higher Education Reform in Motion | Huffington Post | :: The 4th Era :: | Scoop.it

By Ed Crego, George Munoz, and Frank Islam

 

"It's been said that necessity is the mother of invention. As we have shown in our first three posts in this series on higher education, there is much necessity. This necessity has spawned "inventions" and innovations ranging from system changes at the federal, state and local levels to individual initiatives.

 

"In this final post, we provide a Whitman's sampler of some of the approaches that are being discussed or are underway in the areas that we analyzed in our prior posts: costs; graduation and placement rates, return on investment, career education and skill development, teacher preparation; technology and education; and the nation's primary and secondary education system."

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TeacherSquare | Edtech Handbook

TeacherSquare | Edtech Handbook | :: The 4th Era :: | Scoop.it

From the website

 

"An early version of VentureHacks for Education, this handbook is designed to demystify the process of launching an edtech startup. This guide is a set of tightly curated articles from edtech entrepreneurs sharing their direct experience overcoming specific challenges in designing and launching products for teachers and schools."

 

via EdSurge

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Next gen Virtual Personal Assistants on the Horizon | Edsurge

Next gen Virtual Personal Assistants on the Horizon | Edsurge | :: The 4th Era :: | Scoop.it

From the website

 

"What this announcement says for the future of education is both exciting and terrifying. The democratization of information is providing new levels of access for learners across many backgrounds and levels of competence, but there are no best practices for navigating or directing learners through the data deluge. Today we know what to ask Siri when we need a quality cup of joe (and we’ll be able to ask more with the upcoming iOS 6 release), but what about tomorrow? Will we be ready to ask questions that can change our lives for the better?"

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Blended Learning Case Studies | Michael and Susan Dell Foundation

Blended Learning Case Studies | Michael and Susan Dell Foundation | :: The 4th Era :: | Scoop.it

Description by EdSurge

 

"The Michael and Susan Dell Foundation has released the first of five blended learning case studies conducted by SRI International and written by Foundation Strategy Group. The five participating organizations--KIPP LA, Summit Public Schools, FirstLine Schools, Alliance College-Ready Public Schools, and Rocketship Education--are part of a blended learning cohort that the Dell Foundation funded in some part during the 2011-2012 school year. The first release profiles a rotational blended learning model implemented at KIPP Empower Academy. Entrepreneurs seeking to get a glimpse at how the school runs its rotational blended learning model will grok over the operations and financial sections, which dive deep into the nitty gritty details such as staffing models and spending/savings per pupil."

 

Links to the studies and other information about blended learning are located on this page. -JL

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Dialogue with the Gates Foundation: What Happens When Profits Drive Reform?

Dialogue with the Gates Foundation: What Happens When Profits Drive Reform? | :: The 4th Era :: | Scoop.it

By Anthony Cody

 

"This post also appears on Anthony Cody's blog, Living in Dialogue. It is the last post in a weekly series of posts, over five consecutive weeks, between teacher Anthony Cody, and various members of the US education team at the foundation."

 

"This is the last exchange in this formal dialogue with the Gates Foundation. The tension uncovered by this dialogue reveals a disconnect between the work of the Gates Foundation and many of us who have spent our lives working in schools. Nonetheless, this represents an opportunity to move beyond the impasse. Similar to the polarization that has occurred in the national political scene, the battle lines over education reform have become so hardened that it seems as if we cannot even agree on a common understanding of reality. Therefore bridging our differences requires us to share and discuss those realities, even though our perspectives are very different. I hope that in the months to come this dialogue will deepen, and that the tensions we have revealed will not lead us throw up our hands and abandon the effort, but rather will strengthen our commitment to continue to wrestle with these issues in the interest of our students."

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Webinar on “The Global Crisis and Promise of Higher Ed” Co-sponsored by Kean U. and 4Humanities | 4Humanities

Webinar on “The Global Crisis and Promise of Higher Ed” Co-sponsored by Kean U. and 4Humanities | 4Humanities | :: The 4th Era :: | Scoop.it

From the website

 

"The Kean University Faculty Seminar in partnership with 4Humanities will be running an online faculty and professional webinar series on “The Global Crisis and Promise of Higher Education” with eight video conference meetings September 2012 to May 2013. See announcement flyer."

 

FIRST SESSION: MONDAY, SEPT. 10, 3:20-4:20 PM EASTERN TIME

This is a free program

-------------------------------------------------------

DEBBIE MORRISON -‐ Session Leader for Sept. 10


THE FUTURE OF HIGHER EDUATION AND HOW EDUCATORS CAN REMAIN RELEVANT
Ms. Morrison is a leading exponent for online learning pedagogy and serves as the head curriculum developer for the Online Learning Department of a four-‐year liberal arts college in southern California

--------------------------------------------------------

 

Register at http://bit.ly/KEANhiedWBNR

 

I am co-chairing this series with Dennis Klean. -JL

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Stanford Creates New Office Designed To ‘Fundamentally Reshape Education’ | Edudemic

Stanford Creates New Office Designed To ‘Fundamentally Reshape Education’ | Edudemic | :: The 4th Era :: | Scoop.it

Posted by Jeff Dunn

 

"Stanford University, the hotbed of education innovation, has just announced the creation of a new department and Vice Provost dedicated to online learning. It’s crystal clear that online learning is the future of educationat this point … and Stanford is not messing around.

 

"The school officially created the ‘Office of the Vice Provost for Online Learning‘ today and appointed computer science professor John Mitchell as the head."

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Financial landscape shifting in higher education - Buffalo - Business First

Financial landscape shifting in higher education - Buffalo - Business First | :: The 4th Era :: | Scoop.it

By Dan Miner

 

"The financial landscape in higher education is steadily shifting, based on two basic factors: schools are costing more and people are making less. That resulting stress hits everybody, from governments at all levels to taxpayers, and from institutions to students and their families.

 

"An upcoming Business First story will thoroughly explore that dynamic, based on some novel statistics regarding need-based aid at the University at Buffalo, Buffalo State and Canisius. The raw data follows:"

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New Schools | frieze magazine

New Schools | frieze magazine | :: The 4th Era :: | Scoop.it

By Sam Thorne

 

"I invited representatives from three artist-led education programmes, each of which was or will be launched this year, to contribute case studies about their projects: Los Angeles-based Sean Dockray, co-founder of The Public School and Telic Arts Exchange, discusses the background for The External Program, an online learning network based on a Victorian correspondence course; the Turkish artist Ahmet Öğüt introduces The Silent University, a multi-lingual, nomadic institution organized by asylum seekers and political refugees; and the London-based artist collective LuckyPDF interview students from their School of Global Art, a ‘peer-2-peer meshwork’ of learning, about debt and intellectual property. Additionally, I asked the founders of three artist-run art schools – SOMA in Mexico City, mass Alexandria, Egypt, and Islington Mill Art Academy in Salford, UK – to sketch out their influences and aims, as well as the competing ideologies and practicalities at play in the day-to-day running of a school. "

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Personalize Learning: Stages of Personalized Learning Environments (Version 2)

Personalize Learning: Stages of Personalized Learning Environments (Version 2) | :: The 4th Era :: | Scoop.it

From the website

 

"In attempting to transform teaching and learning to personalized learning, consider where you are currently and envision which stage you can see feasible for your school, district or community.

 

"The Stages of Personalized Learning Environments (PLE) Version One chart needed to be updated. Why? Because of the considerable feedback we received after posting our first version of the chart. Some of the feedback was about consistency and flow across the stages. What worked in what stage?

 

"Go to our forum discussion for Connected Educator Month: Stages of Personalized Learning Environments to share your ideas or leave comments below.

 

"We definitely want to thank those that critiqued the stages for us and helped us with this version two. Some districts shared with us that our version one was going to be their foundation of their personalized learning initiative. We wanted to refine it so it was clear, consistent, and easily understood. We went to work to update the stages for them and anyone else moving to a personalized learning environment.

 

"Download the chart below for free: http://eepurl.com/fLJZM"

 

Via Gregg Festa

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Affording the Classroom of the Future -- THE Journal

Affording the Classroom of the Future -- THE Journal | :: The 4th Era :: | Scoop.it

By Bridget McCrea

 

"New technology equipment and tools, state of the art building materials and methods, and experimental teaching practices are all impacting today's K-12 classroom. Districts nationwide are struggling to patch together learning environments that they think represent the future of learning at the elementary, middle school, and high school levels. As they adopt campus-wide IT infrastructures, invest in classroom technology, and test out alternatives to traditional learning spaces, the final results of all this innovation remains to be seen.

 

"To help decipher that code and give principals, administrators, IT directors, and teachers an insider look into what might be coming a few years down the road, THE Journal asked a half a dozen educational experts for their take on three different key concerns: what the classrooms will look like, who will pay for them, and whether we'll ever see them during our lifetimes."

 

This article at least scratches the surface of a discussion about the future of educational facilities and hardware. I'm thinking that a lot of the information here tends to conceive of future settings using today's ideas...and doesn't account for the fact that the landscape will be very different even just 3 or 4 years from now. It would take that much time, at a minimum, to implement these changes, but by then, they will already be out of date. The answer is most elusive. -JL

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Totally Addictive Education: The Future of Learning - Forbes

Totally Addictive Education: The Future of Learning - Forbes | :: The 4th Era :: | Scoop.it

By Steven Kotler

 

"Today, most educational systems are designed to work from the microscopic to the macroscopic. Students learn facts and figures and tiny fractions of knowledge long before anyone really puts things into a larger context. We assume kids should learn long division before gravitational physics, but this present a problem for macroscopic learners. If we don’t first tell these students about gravitational physics—about what they could do with that long division and why they’re learning it—they literally cannot learn.

 

"Macroscopic learners need context. They need to know the big why before learning the little what. It’s a scaffolding problem. Macroscopic learners need to see the whole X-Mas tree before they start to hang the ornaments. Without this scaffolding, without understanding why they’re learning what they’re learning—aka context—then little makes sense and nothing is retained."

 

I like what Kotler is saying and hope he continues to dig deeper. Could it be that Forbes is beginning to understand the complexity of providng for multiple kinds of learners? -JL

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Tough’s Book Supports Carnegie Work in Productive Persistence | Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching

Tough’s Book Supports Carnegie Work in Productive Persistence | Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching | :: The 4th Era :: | Scoop.it

From the website

 

"Carnegie Senior Partner Tom Toch reviews Paul Tough’s book “How Children Succeed” in The Washington Monthly. Toch notes that Tough maintains that “efforts to engender resilience, persistence, and other character strengths in … students” are integral to student success.

 

"This is reinforced in a New York Times book review of the Tough book by Annie Murphy Paul. Paul writes that Tough replaces the assumption “that success today depends primarily on cognitive skills — the kind of intelligence that gets measured on I.Q. tests, including the abilities to recognize letters and words, to calculate, to detect patterns — and that the best way to develop these skills is to practice them as much as possible … with what might be called the character hypothesis: the notion that noncognitive skills, like persistence, self-control, curiosity, conscientiousness, grit and self-confidence, are more crucial than sheer brainpower to achieving success.”

 

"Both the book and Toch’s and Paul’s reviews underscore research by Carnegie Fellow David Yeager that has shown (as Toch notes) “ that even modest interventions, like teachers writing encouraging notes on student’ essays, motivate children to persevere academically.” Yeager’s research is integral to Carnegie’s work in Productive Persistence, one of the key elements of the instructional system in Carnegie’s two mathematics pathways that aim to get students to and through a college credit math course in one year. T

 

"Through a package consisting of targeted student interventions that support faculty to create more engaging classroom environments and organize meaningful instructional experiences for students, our network faculty have strengthened students’ interest in this subject matter, reduced their anxiety about learning math, and convinced many students that they too can actually come to learn this subject. The latter is what we call developing a growth mindset."

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