:: The 4th Era ::
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The Top 10 Science Stories of 2011: Scientific American

The Top 10 Science Stories of 2011: Scientific American | :: The 4th Era :: | Scoop.it
Tsunami-damaged nuclear reactors, Twitter -fueled political uprisings, a possible violation of Einsteinian physics--these and other highlights defined this year in science and technology...

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:: The 4th Era ::
Exploration of the new era in human history marked by invention of the Internet
Curated by Jim Lerman
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Introducing this work

Introducing this work | :: The 4th Era :: | Scoop.it

For the purposes of this Scoop.it site, the history of human interaction with information may be divided into 4 eras. The first (spoken) era ended with the invention of writing around 3000-4000 BC. The second era ended with the invention of the printing press in 1440. The third era ended, and the fourth began, with the invention of the Internet (depending how one defines its operational beginning) somewhere between 1969 and 1982. We now exist early, but decidedly, in the fourth era.

 

All readers may not agree with this interpretation of the history of information, especially with the division and numbering of the eras. That is not the main point. Rather, it is that humankind is presently existing in an era distinctly different from the one that preceded it -- that in fact, this new era is accompanied with, and characterized by, a new - and quite different - information landscape. This new Internet information landscape will challenge, disrupt, and overpower the print-oriented one that came before it. It will not completely obliterate that which preceded it, but it will render it to a subsidiary, rather than primary, level of influence.

 

Just as the printing press altered humanity's relationship with information, thereby resulting in massive restructuring of political, religious, economic, social, educational, cultural, scientific, and other realms of life; so too will the advance of digital technology occasion analogous transformations in the corresponding universe of present and future human activity.

 

This site will concern itself primarily with how K-20 education in the US, and the people who comprise its constituencies, may be affected by this transformative movement from one era to the next. All ideas considered here appear, to me at least, to impact the learning enterprise in some way. Accordingly, this work looks at the present and the future through a lens that is predominantly, but far from entirely, a digital one. -JL

 

Opinions expressed, scooped, or copied in this Scoop.it topic are my own, or a result of my own judgment, and should in no way be understood to reflect those of my employer.

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Margaret Waage's comment, June 20, 2013 7:43 AM
Jim - I like your perspective. Great subject matter here!
Margaret Waage's comment, June 20, 2013 7:46 AM
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Azania Nduli-AmaZulu UbuntuPsychology.ORG's curator insight, July 8, 2013 6:24 PM

Beautiful!

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Gamifying education: what is known, what is believed and what remains uncertain: a critical review

Gamifying education: what is known, what is believed and what remains uncertain: a critical review | :: The 4th Era :: | Scoop.it
Gamification of education is a developing approach for increasing learners’ motivation and engagement by incorporating game design elements in educational environments. With the growing popularity of gamification and yet mixed success of its application in educational contexts, the current review is aiming to shed a more realistic light on the research in this field by focusing on empirical evidence rather than on potentialities, beliefs or preferences. Accordingly, it critically examines the advancement in gamifying education. The discussion is structured around the used gamification mechanisms, the gamified subjects, the type of gamified learning activities, and the study goals, with an emphasis on the reliability and validity of the reported outcomes. To improve our understanding and offer a more realistic picture of the progress of gamification in education, consistent with the presented evidence, we examine both the outcomes reported in the papers and how they have been obtained. While the gamification in education is still a growing phenomenon, the review reveals that (i) insufficient evidence exists to support the long-term benefits of gamification in educational contexts; (ii) the practice of gamifying learning has outpaced researchers’ understanding of its mechanisms and methods; (iii) the knowledge of how to gamify an activity in accordance with the specifics of the educational context is still limited. The review highlights the need for systematically designed studies and rigorously tested approaches confirming the educational benefits of gamification, if gamified learning is to become a recognized instructional approach.

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The Future of Social Learning: A Novel Approach to #Connectivism

The Future of Social Learning: A Novel Approach to #Connectivism | :: The 4th Era :: | Scoop.it

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Audrey Watters: "The History of the Future of Labor and Learning" - video

Audrey Watters: "The History of the Future of Labor and Learning" - video | :: The 4th Era :: | Scoop.it

"Teaching Machines and Turing Machines: The History of the Future of Labor and Learning"

"I want to talk to you today about the history and the future of teaching machines. I want to talk about teaching machines and teaching labor, specifically the belief that machines are necessary because they are efficient, labor-saving. Here at the University of Wisconsin, these questions are all the more imperative: what labor, whose labor is saved, is replaced in this, an age of economic precarity, adjunct-ification, anti-unionism, automation? What is the role of education technology in pedagogy, in scholarly labor, in the labor of learning and of love? And again, whose labor is saved, and whose is replaced? "

 

Jim Lerman's insight:

Watters invariably challenges our thinking. This keynote is no exception.

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We’ve studied the future of the internet since 2004. Here’s what we’ve learned. (short version)

We’ve studied the future of the internet since 2004. Here’s what we’ve learned. (short version) | :: The 4th Era :: | Scoop.it
Looking ahead, these experts predict more disruption, starting with digital interfaces: They say voice-recognition (think “Siri” and “Alexa”) and “air typing” on connected surfaces of all kinds will become mainstream activities. A data layer will be superimposed on the physical environment, allowing more context, history, and insight to be gained when people interact with their surroundings. Artificial intelligence will be ever-more-deeply ingrained in decision-making and logistics. Gigabit-enabled applications will be common — as people interact with holograms of others in both artificial and real worlds that otherwise may not be easy to get to. They predict the very notion of “being present” with another person or encountering another place will change. In all, the expert respondents to Center questions argued that by the year 2025, the internet will become “like electricity” — less visible, yet more deeply embedded in people’s lives for both good and ill.
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Workshop: Maker Education in a Context

Presentation slides for my ISTE 2017 maker education workshop.

 

Jim Lerman's insight:

 

This is an extraordinarily rich and well-researched presentation by the one and only Dr. Jackie Gerstein. Do follow the links on many of the slides. They will take you to a goldmine of solid research.


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Dr. Helen Teague's curator insight, June 25, 8:26 PM
Jim Lerman's insight: This is an extraordinarily rich and well-researched presentation by the one and only Dr. Jackie Gerstein. Do follow the links on many of the slides. They will take you to a goldmine of solid research.
Mayra.Loves.Books's curator insight, June 26, 8:40 AM
Excellent presentation!
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Inspirations: A Short Film Celebrating the Mathematical Art of M.C. Escher

Inspirations: A Short Film Celebrating the Mathematical Art of M.C. Escher | :: The 4th Era :: | Scoop.it

Almost two years ago, Spanish filmmaker Cristóbal Vila shot an exquisite little film, Nature by Numbers, which captured the ways in which mathematical concepts (Fibonacci Sequence, Golden Number, etc.) reveal themselves in nature.

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Margarita Parra's curator insight, February 24, 8:18 AM
"Although Escher had no formal training in mathematics beyond secondary school, many mathematicians counted themselves as admirers of his work."
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AL DíA: Online Interactive Tools

AL DíA: Online Interactive Tools | :: The 4th Era :: | Scoop.it

"It has been suggested that the use of active learning instructional strategies, both in traditional face-to-face classrooms as well as online courses, enhances learning and results in better learning outcomes. . .[Online Interactive Activities include] multiple choice, "drag and drop" matching exercises, and video and traditional case discussions, as active learning strategies to reinforce course concepts. This study examines whether the inclusion of these activities significantly improved learning outcomes as measured by performance scores on two required exams. 

 

"The findings that emerged...online interactive tools used as an adjunct to a course can enhance student performance ...these types of online supplements hold promise for students who are not performing well in the course."

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Stephen Downes on a model of personal learning #learningtechday

Stephen Downes on a model of personal learning #learningtechday | :: The 4th Era :: | Scoop.it
STephen looks great while he takes the stage, and delivers an authentic, humorous talk with lots of ideas to reflect upon, whil

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Stephen Downes on #Connectivism

I describe how we set up the CCK08 course, talk about what the students added on, summarize the content of the course thus far, and outline the gRSShoppe

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Blended and Hybrid Environments are Driving the New Global Movement in Education

Blended and Hybrid Environments are Driving the New Global Movement in Education | :: The 4th Era :: | Scoop.it
Today’s global employers are searching for employees that have specific skills. Those skills may not be the same needed in 10 years though. In 2009, the US Department of Labor estimated 65% of today’s school children would eventually be employed in jobs that have yet to be created. The number is far higher today. The influx of technology is what has changed the shape of education forever. For this reason, schools must create opportunities for students to engage in higher level thinking skills and experience 21st century skills while using technology.

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Nathalie Ferret's curator insight, June 23, 4:43 AM
Interesting graphic-rate and pertinent for life long learning context...Good to see also that "global/Multicultural Fluency" is consider as "essential need..."even though at last position...
Rob Hatfield, M.Ed.'s curator insight, June 23, 8:40 AM
21st Century educational shifts to a blended / hybrid teaching and learning environments to support career readiness -kctestandtech.org
Gust MEES's curator insight, June 24, 11:41 AM

 

 

Today’s global employers are searching for employees that have specific skills. Those skills may not be the same needed in 10 years though. In 2009, the US Department of Labor estimated 65% of today’s school children would eventually be employed in jobs that have yet to be created. The number is far higher today. The influx of technology is what has changed the shape of education forever. For this reason, schools must create opportunities for students to engage in higher level thinking skills and experience 21st century skills while using technology.

 

Learn more / En savoir plus / Mehr erfahren:

 

http://www.scoop.it/t/21st-century-learning-and-teaching/?&tag=Hybrid-Learning

 

http://www.scoop.it/t/21st-century-learning-and-teaching/?&tag=Blended+Learning...

 

http://www.scoop.it/t/21st-century-learning-and-teaching/?&tag=Hybrid+Pedagogy

 

http://www.scoop.it/t/21st-century-learning-and-teaching?tag=Critical-Thinking

 

https://gustmees.wordpress.com/2015/05/26/what-are-the-skills-needed-from-students-in-the-future/

 

 

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Stepping Up: From fellowships to coaching, one teacher gets more involved

Stepping Up: From fellowships to coaching, one teacher gets more involved | :: The 4th Era :: | Scoop.it
Christian Scott-Hills is a secondary English teacher at Brooklyn Center High school in Brooklyn Center, Minnesota. In this conversation with E4E-Minnesota Outreach Director Holly Anderson, Christian shares why she is passionate about teacher diversity and getting involved to bring changes for her students.
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New study reveals where low-income students are doing best - The Hechinger Report

New study reveals where low-income students are doing best - The Hechinger Report | :: The 4th Era :: | Scoop.it

"The new index is designed to provide a standard way of comparing how effectively schools and districts are teaching low-income students, regardless of how many such students they enroll.

 

"Overall, the study confirmed that low-income students are still performing well below national averages.


"But the report identified a small group of cities that are getting more promising results for low-income students, and eight of the top 10 came from the Lone Star State. Almost all the cities were predominantly Latino, and only one – Mesquite – was more than 15 percent African-American. Brownsville, a city of 175,000 along the Mexican border where 94 percent of students receive free or reduced-price lunch, received the highest marks.

"By breaking down the results not only by city, but also by school, Douglass hopes to create a measurement that will be equally useful to policymakers looking for systemic solutions and to parents looking for schools for their kids.


"Though the top-performing cities in the report were generally mid-sized and concentrated in Texas, the majority of schools with the best results for low-income students were clustered in large cities like New York, Los Angeles and Chicago. In fact, eight cities account for half of the schools that reached “high above average” test scores for low-income students. New York City alone has 95 such schools."

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Stop Calling College Teachers ‘Professors.’ Try ‘Cognitive Coaches,’ Says Goucher President. TEACHING NAKED - EdSurge News

Stop Calling College Teachers ‘Professors.’ Try ‘Cognitive Coaches,’ Says Goucher President. TEACHING NAKED - EdSurge News | :: The 4th Era :: | Scoop.it


"TEACHING NAKED? That’s what Goucher College’s president, Jose Bowen, calls going tech-free in the classroom, and he thinks more teachers should try it. He’s not anti-tech, but he worries that PowerPoint encourages professors to “profess” too much—spouting content rather than encouraging active learning. Bowen shares his provocative take on teaching in this week’s EdSurge Podcast."

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Artificial Intelligence, the Future of Work, and Implications for Education

Artificial Intelligence, the Future of Work, and Implications for Education | :: The 4th Era :: | Scoop.it

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Steve Wheeler & Tony O'Driscoll - Emerging technologies - LT17 conference

Published on Feb 28, 2017
Emerging technologies
It wouldn't be the Learning Technologies conference without an overview of what lies ahead. The pace of change in our field is unpredictable. Sometimes it seem terribly slow, but right now it seems we are on the cusp of an enormous shift. Helping us understand and find our way through it are Steve Wheeler and Tony O’Driscoll, who will look not only at the new technologies, but also at their likely impact on L&D.
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Situated Learning Theory (Lave)

Situated Learning Theory (Lave) | :: The 4th Era :: | Scoop.it
Summary: Situated Learning Theory posits that learning is unintentional and situated within authentic activity, context, and culture. Originator: Jean Lave Key Terms: Legitimate Peripheral Participation (LPP), Cognitive Apprenticeship Situated Learning Theory (Lave) In contrast with most classroom learning activities that involve abstract knowledge which is and out of context, Lave argues that learning is situated; that is, as it normally occurs, learning is embedded within activity, context and culture. It is also usually unintentional rather than deliberate. Lave and Wenger (1991) call this a process of "legitimate peripheral participation." Knowledge needs to be presented in authentic contexts -- settings and situations that would normally involve that knowledge. Social interaction and collaboration are essential components of situated learning -- learners become involved in a "community of practice" which embodies certain beliefs and behaviors to be acquired. As the beginner or novice moves from the periphery of a community to its center, he or she becomes more active and engaged within the culture and eventually assumes the role of an expert. Other researchers have further developed Situated Learning theory. Brown, Collins & Duguid (1989) emphasize the idea of cognitive apprenticeship: "Cognitive apprenticeship supports learning in a domain by enabling students to acquire, develop and use cognitive tools in authentic domain activity. Learning, both outside and inside school, advances through collaborative social interaction and the social construction of knowledge."

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Ivon Prefontaine, PhD's curator insight, June 26, 12:26 PM
The idea here is that learning happens in and out of school. The learning that occurs in school is taken outside and influences that learning, and vice-versa.

We have used the concept of Communities of Practice as a catch phrase. Vygotsky and Dewey were writing about similar concepts at the same time,
Margarita Parra's curator insight, June 27, 10:36 AM
"Situated Learning Theory posits that learning is unintentional and situated within authentic activity, context, and culture."
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Trend Magazine | The Internet of Things Is the Next Digital Evolution—What Will It Mean?

Trend Magazine | The Internet of Things Is the Next Digital Evolution—What Will It Mean? | :: The 4th Era :: | Scoop.it
The next digital evolution is the rise of the internet of things—sometimes now called the “internet on things.” This refers to the growing phenomenon of building connectivity into vehicles, wearable devices, appliances and other household items such as thermostats, as well as goods moving through business supply chains. It also covers the rapid spread of data-emitting or tracking sensors in the physical environment that give readouts on everything from crop conditions to pollution levels to where there are open parking spaces to babies’ breathing rates in their cribs. 
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Learning By Thinking: How Reflection Improves Performance

Learning By Thinking: How Reflection Improves Performance | :: The 4th Era :: | Scoop.it

"*Learning from direct experience can be more effective if coupled with reflection-that is, the intentional attempt to synthesize, abstract, and articulate the key lessons taught by experience.

 

*Reflecting on what has been learned makes experience more productive.

 

*Reflection builds one's confidence in the ability to achieve a goal (i.e., self-efficacy), which in turn translates into higher rates of learning."

 

Jim Lerman's insight:

 

Many of us already believe this; here it is confirmed by a Harvard Business School study. Full article may be downloaded here.

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Dr. Helen Teague's curator insight, June 25, 8:41 PM
Reflection supports scooped by Jim Lerman with this insight:  Many of us already believe this; here it is confirmed by a Harvard Business School study. Full article may be downloaded at this link: https://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=2414478
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Out of High School, Into Real Life :: NY Times

Out of High School, Into Real Life :: NY Times | :: The 4th Era :: | Scoop.it

"Some 30 percent of this year’s three million graduating seniors will not go straight to college, a number that is ticking up as an improving economy draws more graduates directly to work. They go to Walmarts and to welding shops, restaurants, salons, hospitals and construction sites, to start careers on the tougher side of the vast economic and cultural divide that is demarcated by a college degree.

"Some — mostly boys, researchers say — will land high-paying jobs as welders, electricians, plumbers or air-conditioning technicians. But the number of higher-skilled jobs attainable with a high school diploma is eroding over the long term, replaced by low-skilled work, despite President Trump’s promises to champion blue-collar workers.

"This graduation season, The New York Times visited schools in rural Idaho, an industrial city in Indiana and California’s suburban Inland Empire to talk with seniors and their parents about their plans, hopes and dreams — and their decisions not to continue their education."

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The new power of collaboration

The new power of collaboration | :: The 4th Era :: | Scoop.it
Howard Rheingold talks about the coming world of collaboration, participatory media and collective action -- and how Wikipedia is really an outgrowth of our natural human instinct to work as a group.

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A Model of Personal Learning (Take Two) By Stephen Downes

Presented at #LearningTechDay in Ghent, Belgium

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Massive List of #MOOC Providers Around The World

Massive List of #MOOC Providers Around The World | :: The 4th Era :: | Scoop.it
Where to find MOOCs: The definitive guide to MOOC providers.

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Oskar Almazan's curator insight, June 20, 3:01 AM
It’s been more than five years since online education got a massive boost when three free online courses, all taught by Stanford professors, launched in October 2011. Each of these courses has had over 100,000 students. Soon after that, Coursera, edX, and Udacity were launched and the media started calling the courses provided by these websites “MOOCs”: Massive Open Online Courses. Since then more than 700 universities around the world have launched free online courses. By the end of 2016, around 58 million students had signed up for at least one MOOC. Many countries around the world (e.g. India, Mexico, Thailand, Italy, and more) have launched their own country-specific MOOC platform.
 
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I'm Suing New York City to Loosen Verizon's Iron Grip

I'm Suing New York City to Loosen Verizon's Iron Grip | :: The 4th Era :: | Scoop.it

Description by BackChannel

 

"Our brilliant tech policy columnist Susan Crawford this time makes news herself. Outraged at the arrangement between Verizon and New York City that has let the telecom giant hoard the essential information citizens need to move broadband forward, Susan has taken the matter to court. And she’s winning. Read her amazing account of this here and try not to get outraged."

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Garry Kasparov: "Deep Thinking" | Talks at Google

"Garry Kasparov and DeepMind’s CEO Demis Hassabis discuss Garry’s new book “Deep Thinking”, his match with Deep Blue and his thoughts on the future of AI in the world of chess."

 

Jim Lerman's insight:

 

Quite an interesting interview, covering numerous areas.

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How Googlers Avoid Burnout (and Secretly Boost Creativity)

How Googlers Avoid Burnout (and Secretly Boost Creativity) | :: The 4th Era :: | Scoop.it

"Burnout is undoubtedly one of Google’s gravest threats, and holding back passionate employees is often a far more formidable challenge than pushing them ahead. Fortunately, Google has brought the same innovative mindset to this dilemma as the company has to all its other projects. But unlike just about everything else that Google does, the company isn’t helping its employees rest by looking ahead to cutting-edge technologies. Rather, Google nails rest by looking back to an ancient Eastern practice.


Creativity and the Brain at Rest
It turns out that meditation and other restful practices don’t just help workers disconnect—they may boost innovation, too."

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