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Collective Intelligence in Neural Networks and Social Networks

Collective Intelligence in Neural Networks and Social Networks | :: The 4th Era :: | Scoop.it

"Context for this post: I’m currently working on a social network application that demonstrates the value of connection strength and context for making networks more useful and intelligent. Connection strength and context are currently only rudimentarily and mushily implemented in social network apps. This post describes some of the underlying theory for why connection strength and context are key to next generation social network applications."


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:: The 4th Era ::
Exploration of the new era in human history marked by invention of the Internet
Curated by Jim Lerman
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Introducing this work

Introducing this work | :: The 4th Era :: | Scoop.it

For the purposes of this Scoop.it site, the history of human interaction with information may be divided into 4 eras. The first (spoken) era ended with the invention of writing around 3000-4000 BC. The second era ended with the invention of the printing press in 1440. The third era ended, and the fourth began, with the invention of the Internet (depending how one defines its operational beginning) somewhere between 1969 and 1982. We now exist early, but decidedly, in the fourth era.

 

All readers may not agree with this interpretation of the history of information, especially with the division and numbering of the eras. That is not the main point. Rather, it is that humankind is presently existing in an era distinctly different from the one that preceded it -- that in fact, this new era is accompanied with, and characterized by, a new - and quite different - information landscape. This new Internet information landscape will challenge, disrupt, and overpower the print-oriented one that came before it. It will not completely obliterate that which preceded it, but it will render it to a subsidiary, rather than primary, level of influence.

 

Just as the printing press altered humanity's relationship with information, thereby resulting in massive restructuring of political, religious, economic, social, educational, cultural, scientific, and other realms of life; so too will the advance of digital technology occasion analogous transformations in the corresponding universe of present and future human activity.

 

This site will concern itself primarily with how K-20 education in the US, and the people who comprise its constituencies, may be affected by this transformative movement from one era to the next. All ideas considered here appear, to me at least, to impact the learning enterprise in some way. Accordingly, this work looks at the present and the future through a lens that is predominantly, but far from entirely, a digital one. -JL

 

Opinions expressed, scooped, or copied in this Scoop.it topic are my own and should in no way be understood to reflect those of my employer.

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Margaret Waage's comment, June 20, 2013 7:43 AM
Jim - I like your perspective. Great subject matter here!
Margaret Waage's comment, June 20, 2013 7:46 AM
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Azania Nduli-AmaZulu UbuntuPsychology.ORG's curator insight, July 8, 2013 6:24 PM

Beautiful!

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Introducing Google’s Tilt Brush an amazing New Innovative Technology for Artists

Introducing Google’s Tilt Brush an amazing New Innovative Technology for Artists | :: The 4th Era :: | Scoop.it
The next level of art is with the Google’s Tilt Brush wherein the user can turn the surroundings into a canvas to paint. Tilt Brush lets you paint in 3D space

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Lots of Talk, Little Action for Academic Advising and Planning Technology (EdSurge News)

Lots of Talk, Little Action for Academic Advising and Planning Technology (EdSurge News) | :: The 4th Era :: | Scoop.it
Academic advisors play a critical role in helping students stay the course to graduation, but budget cuts and enrollment increases have made these individuals harder to access for many students. While 82 percent of colleges and universities report that student retention and success are part of their strategic plan, only one in five believe their institution achieves an “ideal advising situation.”

These numbers are the result of the first annual survey on academic advising and planning in higher education from Tyton Partners, a Boston-based consulting group. “We see a big disconnect between institutions' aspirations and ability to execute against that,” says Gates Bryant, a partner at Tyton.
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UX to LX: The Rise of Learner Experience Design (EdSurge News)

UX to LX: The Rise of Learner Experience Design (EdSurge News) | :: The 4th Era :: | Scoop.it
The term “user experience” or “UX” wasn’t always an overused Silicon Valley buzzword. Coined in the mid ‘90s by Don Norman, while he was vice president of advanced technology at Apple, it refers to an abstract way to describe the relationship between a product and a human. Back then, Norman argued that technology must evolve to put user needs first—the opposite of how things were done at the time. It wasn’t until 2005 that UX gained mainstream relevance: 42 million iPods were sold that year and the mass market experienced great design at scale.

Not long after, run-of-the-mill software engineers—once in high demand—weren’t as competitive in the job market. Job descriptions and expectations shifted from putting information online to tailoring the online experience to the needs of end users. The field of User Experience Design was born. Today, it is among the country’s fastest growing job categories.

Instructional design is now approaching a similar transition. Most student consumers have yet to experience great learning design, but the commoditization of online learning is forcing colleges and universities to think differently about how they construct digital courses. Courseware is enabling the development of new modalities and pedagogical shifts. An abundance of data now enables instructional designers to decode learning patterns. As a result, we are witnessing the growth of a new field: Learner Experience Design.

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Coding Bootcamp Market to Grow by 74% in 2016 (EdSurge News)

Coding Bootcamp Market to Grow by 74% in 2016 (EdSurge News) | :: The 4th Era :: | Scoop.it

via EdSurge

"FULL STEAM AHEAD: Aspiring programmers have plenty of options to hone their coding skills, and these opportunities continue to grow. The latest data from coding bootcamp review site Course Report is out, and it indicates that the market for these accelerating learning programs is doing some acceleration."

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Looking beyond Fisher v. University of Texas

Looking beyond Fisher v. University of Texas | :: The 4th Era :: | Scoop.it
As Reuters reports, plaintiff Abigail Fisher had argued that she was rejected in favor of "lesser-qualified" candidates of color in violation of her constitutional right to equal protection under the law. In his opinion, however, Justice Anthony Kennedy wrote that "it remains an enduring challenge to our nation's education system to reconcile the pursuit of diversity with the constitutional promise of equal treatment and dignity," adding that UT-Austin's attempts to boost racial diversity in race-neutral ways had been unsuccessful. 

Race-based affirmative action programs are not the only admissions policies that have an impact on the racial composition of student bodies. Legacy admissions benefit more white families because, going just a few generations back, many colleges only accepted white students. Preferences for athletes, too, benefit more white students than any other race. And in both cases, these white students are disproportionately from higher income families.

Richard Kahlenberg, a senior fellow at the Century Foundation, cites foundation research that found colleges were able to get similar results as affirmative action by using non-race-based measures, including getting rid of legacy preferences, paying attention to class, and beefing up transfer pipelines. But there’s a catch.

“There is a way to get racial diversity without affirmative action,” Kahlenberg said at a recent education conference. “It just costs more money.” 
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I have found a new way to watch TV, and it changes everything

I have found a new way to watch TV, and it changes everything | :: The 4th Era :: | Scoop.it
Now that tools are making it increasingly easy to alter the flow of how we watch films and television, viewers will also have power to change the plot and the characters of a show to suit their own tastes. We should look forward to a future that involves more cross-pollination, more crazy fan-theories, more creative misunderstandings, all of it enabled by new ways of consuming television, whether that means binge-watching, surfing clips on social media or even watching on fast-forward. We risk transforming, perhaps permanently, the ways in which our brains perceive people, time, space, emotion. And isn’t that marvelous?

Via Jim Lerman
Jim Lerman's insight:

This is seriously worth thinking about, at least on some level.

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Jim Lerman's curator insight, June 23, 2:19 AM

This is seriously worth thinking about, at least on some level.

Jim Lerman's curator insight, June 23, 2:20 AM

This is seriously worth thinking about, at least on some level.

Jim Lerman's curator insight, June 23, 2:21 AM

This is seriously worth thinking about, at least on some level.

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What Microsoft’s LinkedIn Acquisition Means for Higher Ed (EdSurge News)

What Microsoft’s LinkedIn Acquisition Means for Higher Ed (EdSurge News) | :: The 4th Era :: | Scoop.it
“As employers move from degree-based hiring to competency-based hiring, many will determine that degrees are not a priority or even required for certain jobs. Over the next few years, degrees are likely to become MIA in many job descriptions,” Craig says. “And this will lead an increasing number of students to seek postsecondary education bundles that are shorter, less expensive, and more clearly connected to careers or even specific employers.”
Jim Lerman's insight:

Fascinating analysis, illuminating the wisdom behind Microsoft's purchase. Well worth reading.

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Here's What Adaptive Technology Is Teaching Us About Learning 

Here's What Adaptive Technology Is Teaching Us About Learning  | :: The 4th Era :: | Scoop.it
Most educational leaders believe adaptive learning will make a positive impact on higher education, and preliminary data has confirmed their suspicions. According to a recent white paper by Education Growth Advisors (EGA), a partnership between Arizona State University and Knewton saw an 18 percent increase in pass rates and a 47 percent decrease in withdrawals in math courses, saving the university an estimated $12 million. Tutorials presented by Smart Sparrow in an engineering course at the University of New South Wales led to a 55 percent decline in drop-out rates.

Via Inma Contreras, juandoming, L. García Aretio, Carlos Fosca, Skylly_W
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Inma Contreras's curator insight, June 16, 4:35 PM
The importance of edtech, empathy and education
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Why the World Is Drawing Battle Lines Against American Tech Giants

Why the World Is Drawing Battle Lines Against American Tech Giants | :: The 4th Era :: | Scoop.it
There is Facebook co-opting your news media. Amazon is dominating book sales, while YouTube and Netflix are taking over television and movies. And the smartphone, arguably the most important platform for entertainment in this era, is controlled almost entirely by Apple and Google.

This backdrop of social anxiety explains why Europe is on the march against American tech giants. European governments have been at the forefront of an effort to limit the reach of tech companies, most often through privacy regulations and antitrust investigations. Now the European Commission is considering rules that would require streaming companies like Netflix to carry and even pay for local content in the markets they serve.

The European efforts are just a taste of a coming global freak-out over the power of the American tech industry. Over the next few years, we are bound to see increasing friction between the tiny group of tech companies that rule much of the industry and the governments that rule the lands those companies are trying to invade. What is happening in Europe is playing out in China, India and Brazil and across much of the rest of the globe, as well.
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Dept. of Education Staff Moves to Dump For-Profit College Accreditor

Dept. of Education Staff Moves to Dump For-Profit College Accreditor | :: The 4th Era :: | Scoop.it
The staff of the U.S. Department of Education has just recommended that a controversial college accrediting body face what a Department official labeled "termination" -- an end to recognition by the Department as an agency that accredits schools. The Accrediting Council for Independent Colleges and Schools (ACICS), founded in 1912, has been under fire for a year as part of the fallout of the collapse of giant for-profit Corinthian Colleges, which was exposed for egregious deceptions of students and taxpayers.
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Learning From (Reflection On) Experience - InformED

Learning From (Reflection On) Experience - InformED | :: The 4th Era :: | Scoop.it
“Within the world we find two dimensions, reflection and action, in such radical interaction that if one is sacrificed—even in part—the other immediately suffers.” –Paolo Freire, Pedagogy of the Oppressed

Skilled learners are aware not only of what they’re learning but how they’re learning (or not learning) it. They stop a moment during their studies to consider how much they’re retaining, assess their methods, shift gears, and test their own understanding of new material. As we’ll see, doing so is crucial to any successful education. The good news is, making a habit of it is far less complicated than it sounds.

“When students are aware of themselves as learners, anything is possible,” says Starr Sackstein, a high school English teacher in New York and the author of Teaching Mythology Exposed: Helping Teachers Create Visionary Classroom Perspective. “Think about how much easier it would be to help students get their needs met if they knew exactly what to ask for help with. It has been my experience that teaching these skills to students enhances their learning experience exponentially.”

She adds: “Every kid is getting what he or she needs and the one size fits all approach isn’t the norm. I think kids are more independent learners now too because they realize they don’t need me for everything. I’m here to support, but not as the only one who knows how. It’s great to see kids trusting themselves more.”

Joshua Block, a humanities teacher at the Science Leadership Academy in Philadelphia, agrees. “The end of a [course] period may often feel like a time to slow down and regroup before another set of students arrives. An alternate view is that these last moments, which usually occur when ideas have had a chance to marinate, can be a time when quiet thinkers finally articulate their ideas.”
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The Rise of Games and High Performance Computing for Modeling and Simulation

The Rise of Games and High Performance Computing for Modeling and Simulation | :: The 4th Era :: | Scoop.it
The technical and cultural boundaries between modeling, simulation, and games are increasingly blurring, providing broader access to capabilities in modeling and simulation and further credibility to game-based applications. The purpose of this study is to provide a technical assessment of Modeling, Simulation, and Games (MS&G) research and development worldwide and to identify future applications of this technology and its potential impacts on government and society. Further, this study identifies feasible applications of gaming and simulation for military systems; associated vulnerabilities of, risks to, and impacts on critical defense capabilities; and other significant indicators and warnings that can help prevent or mitigate surprises related to technology applications by those with hostile intent. Finally, this book recommends priorities for future action by appropriate departments of the intelligence community, the Department of Defense research community, and other government entities.

The Rise of Games and High Performance Computing for Modeling and Simulation will serve as a useful tutorial and reference document for this particular era in the evolution of MS&G. The book also highlights a number of rising capabilities facilitated by MS&G to watch for in the coming years.
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Free download, read online, or purchase.

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David W. Deeds's curator insight, June 8, 6:21 PM

Here we go! Thanks to Jim Lerman.

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Google’s futuristic touch fabric is coming to a real Levi’s jacket

Google’s futuristic touch fabric is coming to a real Levi’s jacket | :: The 4th Era :: | Scoop.it
Jacquard, the touch-sensitive fabric technology is getting more real. ATAP had already partnered with Levi's to create clothing with the technology. But, Poupyrev says, "we are not making smart pants." Instead, it's the "Levi's commuter trucker jacket." You can touch the sleeve of your jacket while you're, say, biking, to control your phone. You can answer a phone call or block a phone call, and do a bit more, too. It will work with Spotify, Google Maps, Strava, and Google will release some APIs so other developers can use it. The touch-sensitive area is on the cuff, and in the on-stage demo it worked really well.

It comes out Spring 2017, with a beta test this fall.
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Lessons Learned from a Decade of Blogging :: Bill Ferriter

Lessons Learned from a Decade of Blogging :: Bill Ferriter | :: The 4th Era :: | Scoop.it
One of the things that blows my mind about being an educator in today's day and age is JUST how easy it is to find valuable resources and ideas.  Gone are the times when finding new lessons or materials was a time-consuming process of ripping through someone else's file cabinet or subscribing to Mailbox magazine.  Instead, great ideas are a few digital clicks through our Pinterest pages or Twitterstreams away.

But what many forget is that those great ideas aren't magically dropping out of the sky.  They are being shared by regular people just like you and I who are willingly giving away their best thinking in order to improve education.  The way I see it, if I am going to take from that well of shared knowledge, I have an obligation to give back.  Each post I write is my contribution.
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5 Questions That Promote Student Success in High-Poverty Schools

5 Questions That Promote Student Success in High-Poverty Schools | :: The 4th Era :: | Scoop.it
Leaders in high-performing, high-poverty (HP/HP) schools know that success requires more than just high-quality teaching and learning. The entire school, as a system, should work together to develop a common instructional framework that provides a vision of what success looks like. When a ship loses its compass, getting to port becomes a game of chance. It's no different for a school. When a school, particularly one characterized by high poverty and low performance, lacks an instructional plan or framework, progress will be anything but systematic, and more than likely patterns of low performance will continue.

Through the collaborative efforts of the leaders and staff, HP/HP schools focus on three kinds of learning: student, professional, and system. These learning agendas influence each other, and leaders in HP/HP schools make the most of this connection to facilitate sustainable improvements in teaching and learning. Professional learning is the adult learning that takes place within a school, while system learning conveys how the school as a whole learns to be more effective. In other words, as people within the school learn, the system learns.
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38 Community Colleges Launch Entire Degree Programs With Open Educational Resources (EdSurge News)

38 Community Colleges Launch Entire Degree Programs With Open Educational Resources (EdSurge News) | :: The 4th Era :: | Scoop.it
Today national community college reform network Achieving the Dream announced an initiative to remove some of the financial burdens that traditional educational resources place on students. Over the next three years, 38 community colleges in 13 states will build entire degree programs around open educational resources (OER). The goal of the “OER Degree Initiative” is not only to reduce financial burdens on students, but also to encourage faculty to teach in more engaging ways that encourage students to more actively participate in the use of OER.
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Colleges offer microgrants to help low-income students pay bills that can derail them - The Hechinger Report

Colleges offer microgrants to help low-income students pay bills that can derail them - The Hechinger Report | :: The 4th Era :: | Scoop.it

"The idea, being tried at a growing number of colleges and universities, is simple: For low-income students, many of them minorities or the first in their families to go to college, surprisingly small financial shortfalls are often all that stands between them and their goals, according to Tim Renick, vice president for enrollment management and student success at Georgia State. Microgrants ranging from several hundred dollars to $2,000 can get them to the finish line.

Without such help, said Stacey Moore, associate provost for student success and retention at the University of Akron, “there is no other way for them to continue.”

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Education for a jobless future: Are colleges preparing students for the workforce?

Education for a jobless future: Are colleges preparing students for the workforce? | :: The 4th Era :: | Scoop.it
What kinds of jobs should the education system be preparing students for? How does anyone know what the job market might look like in two or four years when today’s high-school seniors will be looking for employment? Giving solid career advice to teenagers or young adults these days seems about as safe a bet as picking stocks or trying to win at roulette.
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The Missing IDEAs in Edtech? Inclusion, Diversity, Equity and Access (EdSurge News)

The Missing IDEAs in Edtech? Inclusion, Diversity, Equity and Access (EdSurge News) | :: The 4th Era :: | Scoop.it

description by EdSurge

 

"WHAT ARE THE MISSING IDEAS IN EDTECH? The answer is in the question. At last week’s SF Edtech Meetup, 70 devoted attendees skipped Game 6 of the NBA Finals to join Stacey Wang (Oakland Unified), Sherif Abushadi (Dev Bootcamp), Eric Cuentos (Mission Graduates), Michelle Ching (Literator) and Luis Avila (270 Strategies) for a lively conversation around Inclusion, Diversity, Equity and Access. Also check out our Facebook page for the video."

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Continuing Professional Development (CPD) Framework for teacher educators

Continuing Professional Development (CPD) Framework for teacher educators | :: The 4th Era :: | Scoop.it

The British Council’s Continuing Professional Development (CPD) Framework for teacher educators is a guide to the professional development of all those involved in the education and training of teachers.


Via Nik Peachey
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Nik Peachey's curator insight, June 19, 1:56 AM

Good to see a more formal skillset being outlined.

Willem Kuypers's curator insight, June 20, 3:34 PM
Document à lire pour des enseignants désireux d'évoluer.
Rosemary Tyrrell, Ed.D.'s curator insight, June 21, 12:46 PM
Excellent framework for evaluating PD.
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Seth Godin on Vulnerability, Creative Courage, and How to Dance with the Fear: A Children’s Book for Grownups

Seth Godin on Vulnerability, Creative Courage, and How to Dance with the Fear: A Children’s Book for Grownups | :: The 4th Era :: | Scoop.it
At the 2014 HOW conference, Debbie Millman, host of the excellent interview show Design Matters and a remarkable mind, sat down with the prolific Seth Godin to discuss courage, anxiety, change, creative integrity, and why he got thrown out of Milton Glaser’s class. She used an unusual book of Godin’s as the springboard for their wide-ranging conversation: V is for Vulnerable: Life Outside the Comfort Zone (public library) — an alphabet book for grownups illustrated by Hugh MacLeod with a serious and rather urgent message about what it means and what it takes to dream, to live with joy, to find our purpose and do fulfilling work.

I had the pleasure of seeing and recording the conversation — transcribed highlights below.
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Jim Lerman's curator insight, June 19, 2:23 PM

An interesting example of what changing one's genre of expression allows and enables one to do...in a good way.

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Digital Reality | Edge.org

Digital Reality | Edge.org | :: The 4th Era :: | Scoop.it
What interests me is how bits and atoms relate—the boundary between digital and physical. Scientifically, it's the most exciting thing I know. It has all sorts of implications that are widely covered almost exactly backwards. Playing it out, what I thought was hard technically is proving to be pretty easy. What I didn't think was hard was the implications for the world, so a bigger piece of what I do now is that. Let's start with digital.

Digital is everywhere; digital is everything. There's a lot of hubbub about what's the next MIT, what's the next Silicon Valley, and those were all the last war. Technology is leading to very different answers. To explain that, let's go back to the science underneath it and then look at what it leads to.
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I’m afraid I can’t do that

I’m afraid I can’t do that | :: The 4th Era :: | Scoop.it

"There is plenty of research to suggest that restaurant workers are not the only ones at risk. One widely cited paper by Carl Frey and Michael Osborne at Oxford University found that as many as 47% of Americans work in jobs that will be highly susceptible to automation over the next two decades. But a new working paper by Melanie Arntz, Terry Gregory and Ulrich Zierahn of the Centre for European Economic Research paints a slightly brighter picture. The earlier study quizzed experts on the chance that a particular occupation could be automated, and then totted up the proportion of American workers in such jobs. But the newer study suggests that this method was too blunt."



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Beyond Productivity: Information, Technology, Innovation, and Creativity

Beyond Productivity: Information, Technology, Innovation, and Creativity | :: The 4th Era :: | Scoop.it
Computer science has drawn from and contributed to many disciplines and practices since it emerged as a field in the middle of the 20th century. Those interactions, in turn, have contributed to the evolution of information technology – new forms of computing and communications, and new applications – that continue to develop from the creative interactions between computer science and other fields.

Beyond Productivity argues that, at the beginning of the 21st century, information technology (IT) is forming a powerful alliance with creative practices in the arts and design to establish the exciting new, domain of information technology and creative practices—ITCP. There are major benefits to be gained from encouraging, supporting, and strategically investing in this domain.
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Published in 2003, this book's perspective is now historical rather than futuristic. Times have certainly changed.

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Science Teachers' Learning: Enhancing Opportunities, Creating Supportive Contexts

Science Teachers' Learning: Enhancing Opportunities, Creating Supportive Contexts | :: The 4th Era :: | Scoop.it
Download a PDF of "Science Teachers' Learning" by the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine for free. Description: Currently, many states are adopting the Next Generation Science Standards (NGSS) or are revising their own state standards in ways that reflect the NGSS. For students and schools, the implementation of any science standards rests with teachers. For those teachers, an evolving understanding about how best to teach science represents a significant transition in the way science is currently taught in most classrooms and it will require most science teachers to change how they teach.
That change will require learning opportunities for teachers that reinforce and expand their knowledge of the major ideas and concepts in science, their familiarity with a range of instructional strategies, and the skills to implement those strategies in the classroom. Providing these kinds of learning opportunities in turn will require profound changes to current approaches to supporting teachers' learning across their careers, from their initial training to continuing professional development.
A teacher's capability to improve students' scientific understanding is heavily influenced by the school and district in which they work, the community in which the school is located, and the larger professional communities to which they belong. Science Teachers' Learning provides guidance for schools and districts on how best to support teachers' learning and how to implement successful programs for professional development. This report makes actionable recommendations for science teachers' learning that take a broad view of what is known about science education, how and when teachers learn, and education policies that directly and indirectly shape what teachers are able to learn and teach.
The challenge of developing the expertise teachers need to implement the NGSS presents an opportunity to rethink professional learning for science teachers. Science Teachers' Learning will be a valuable resource for classrooms, departments, schools, districts, and professional organizations as they move to new ways to teach science.
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