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For the Love of Learning: The Politics of Personalization in the 21st Century

For the Love of Learning: The Politics of Personalization in the 21st Century | :: The 4th Era :: | Scoop.it

"In David Hargreaves’ view, personalized learning represents a larger movement that needs to be put forward on several fronts to (re)shape teaching and learning. His nine gateways to personalizing learning are assessment for learning; learning to learn; student voice; curriculum; new technologies; school design and organization; advice and guidance; mentoring and coaching; and workforce development (Hargreaves 2006)."

 

"Personalized learning is often represented as a novel approach to enhancing the pedagogical practices of educators to broadly reorganize schooling in the 21st century. The personalized (re)shaping of teaching and learning is generally to be achieved through assessing the strengths of individuals and then addressing the specific needs and learning styles of each student in a school community."


Via Kathleen McClaskey
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:: The 4th Era ::
Exploration of the new era in human history marked by invention of the Internet
Curated by Jim Lerman
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Introducing this work

Introducing this work | :: The 4th Era :: | Scoop.it

For the purposes of this Scoop.it site, the history of human interaction with information may be divided into 4 eras. The first (spoken) era ended with the invention of writing around 3000-4000 BC. The second era ended with the invention of the printing press in 1440. The third era ended, and the fourth began, with the invention of the Internet (depending how one defines its operational beginning) somewhere between 1969 and 1982. We now exist early, but decidedly, in the fourth era.

 

All readers may not agree with this interpretation of the history of information, especially with the division and numbering of the eras. That is not the main point. Rather, it is that humankind is presently existing in an era distinctly different from the one that preceded it -- that in fact, this new era is accompanied with, and characterized by, a new - and quite different - information landscape. This new Internet information landscape will challenge, disrupt, and overpower the print-oriented one that came before it. It will not completely obliterate that which preceded it, but it will render it to a subsidiary, rather than primary, level of influence.

 

Just as the printing press altered humanity's relationship with information, thereby resulting in massive restructuring of political, religious, economic, social, educational, cultural, scientific, and other realms of life; so too will the Internet occasion analogous transformations in the corresponding universe of present and future human activity.

 

This site will concern itself primarily with how K-20 education in the US, and the people who comprise its constituencies, may be affected by this transformative movement from one era to the next. All ideas considered here appear, to me at least, to impact the learning enterprise in some way. Accordingly, this work looks at the present and the future through a lens that is predominantly, but far from entirely, a digital one. -JL


Opinions expressed, scooped, or copied in this Scoop.it topic are my choice, and are in no way to be connected with my employer.

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Margaret Waage's comment, June 20, 2013 7:46 AM
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Azania Nduli-AmaZulu UbuntuPsychology.ORG's curator insight, July 8, 2013 6:24 PM

Beautiful!

M. Philip Oliver's curator insight, August 29, 2014 1:09 PM

Thanks to Jim Lerman

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How to Lead Professional Development for Makerspace and STEM Educators ^ EdSurge ^ by Todd Keruskin

How to Lead Professional Development for Makerspace and STEM Educators ^ EdSurge ^ by Todd Keruskin | :: The 4th Era :: | Scoop.it
At Elizabeth Forward High School, the 2015 Pittsburgh FAB Institute was held June 15 – 18, 2015. Sponsored by the Grable Foundation, the 2015 Pittsburgh FAB Institute provided a rich professional development to 75 teachers across the country focusing on digital fabrication. These educators ranged from beginners to experts, elementary, middle and high school teachers, educators from museums, college professors and school administrators and these educators were interested in what aFABLab looks like in schools.

Putting the “Station Rotation” Model to Work

For the first three days of the Pittsburgh FAB Institute, the 75 educators rotated through two stations each day, where each station lasted three hours and the educators were grouped according to ability. To get the educators revved up, each morning started with a keynote speaker to inspire the educators about design and creating makerspaces within schools. The keynotes included Dr. Stephen Whitehead (Associate Provost/Vice President of Innovation and Academics from California University of Pennsylvania) and Mike Hripko (Vice President of Youngstown State University, formerly from American Makes).
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8 Design Steps for an Academic Makerspace ^ THE Journal ^ by David Raths

8 Design Steps for an Academic Makerspace ^ THE Journal ^ by David Raths | :: The 4th Era :: | Scoop.it
Before enthusiastic school technology leaders start drawing up blueprints for their makerspaces, there's lots of planning that needs to take place, said Russ Jarowski, director of technology at Miss Hall's School, a private school for girls in Pittsfield, MA, who has been involved in the development of several makerspaces over the last 10 years, including at University of Maryland-Baltimore County. It won't help to build out a space if students don't show up and if parents don't support it, he said. "Also, unless its purpose is aligned with school culture and values, it will not succeed," he warned.

Speaking at the annual ISTE Conference in Philadelphia June 29, Jarowski detailed eight steps to work through in the creation of a successful child-centered academic makerspace.
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6 TED Talks Educators And Students Should Watch Together ^ Global Digital Citizen Fndtn.

6 TED Talks Educators And Students Should Watch Together ^ Global Digital Citizen Fndtn. | :: The 4th Era :: | Scoop.it
Education is a pretty hot-button issue for so many people out there. The issues in education are numerous and varied, and interestingly, many people find themselves feeling pretty strongly about one or two issues, and could take or leave many of the others. So whether special needs students, public funding, gender equality in education, or something else is ‘your’ issue, you can at least understand that many facets of education get people fired up.


"Below are six TED Talks that each address different aspects of education. You may look at some of the titles and think “that’s not ‘my’ issue”, but each one carries an important message and is worth the few minutes it will take to watch. These talks will both get you thinking about different issues, and will make you proud, angry, sad, excited, and inspired all at the same time."

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The Rise of Open Curriculum — Bright — Medium ^ by Eric Westendorf

The Rise of Open Curriculum - Bright - Medium
What do personal computers, cell phones, and digital cameras have in common? They all started on the fringes. Then they hit a tipping point and, suddenly, they were everywhere.

This past year, I believe “open curriculum” — or curriculum that is free and adaptable — hit a similar tipping point in K-12 education. For the first time, more school districts chose an open curriculum over work developed by traditional publishers, like Pearson.
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Urban Problems | Methods and Techniques in Urban Engineering | InTechOpen

Urban Problems | Methods and Techniques in Urban Engineering | InTechOpen | :: The 4th Era :: | Scoop.it

Description by The Scout Report


"Cities around the world run into a range of burdensome difficulties, from dwelling deficits to infrastructure problems to inefficient services to environmental pollution. The field of Urban Engineering attempts to address these complications with cost-effective and implementable strategies. This open access book outlines solutions related to urban automation, geographic information systems (GIS), monitoring and management of urban noise, floods, transportation, and many other topics. Each chapter of the book is available for individual download and covers a distinct topic. For instance, Chapter 3 focuses on "Experiences with the Ubranisation of Slums: Management and Intervention Models," while Chapter 10 looks at "Urban Flood Control, Simulation and Management - An Integrated Approach." For readers interested in understanding more about Urban Engineering, this freely accessible online book will provide a thorough introduction."

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turmoil and transition ^ adapting to perpetual beta ^ by Harold Jarche

turmoil and transition ^ adapting to perpetual beta ^ by Harold Jarche | :: The 4th Era :: | Scoop.it
For the past century, the job was the way we redistributed wealth and protected workers from the negative aspects of early capitalism. As the knowledge economy disappears, we need to re-think our concepts of work, income, employment, and most importantly education. If we do not find ways to help citizens lead productive lives, our society will face increasing destabilization. This is a challenge for government, as our institutions are premised on many assumptions that are no longer valid. Changing the worldview of politicians, public servants, and citizens will be a key part of addressing the issue of wealth redistribution. Old mental models will not help us much.

Consider that almost all of our institutions and many of our laws are based on the notion of the job as the normal mode of working life. Schools prepare us for jobs. Politicians campaign on job creation. Labour laws are based on the employer-employee relationship. What happens when having a job is not the norm? In the USA today, half of all jobs are at a high risk of automation. But no society can afford to leave half of the workforce behind as it shifts to a creative economy. We have not had to deal with a problem of this scale before


Jim Lerman's insight:

I have lately encountered the work of Paul Mason, an economics-focused public intellectual based in the U.K. His latest book, "Is Capitalism Dead?" will be released at the end of July.


It seems to me that Mason has unusually acute perception regarding the direction of the modern world economy and yet I'm finding it quite a challenge to comprehend clearly and fully what he is saying.


Jarche, on the other hand, seems to be reading (and probably listening to) Mason closely (including, I am confident, a goodly number of other thinkers). Jarche's blog posts are helping me to understand Mason with greater clarity. 


If you are trying to keep up with the direction and meaning of world events, particularly in relation to organizational, social, and work life, then Jarche is certainly someone who can function as a very helpful guide. At least, he's doing that for me.

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The Fundamental Way That Universities Are an Illusion ^ NY Times ^ by Kevin Carey

The Fundamental Way That Universities Are an Illusion ^ NY Times ^ by Kevin Carey | :: The 4th Era :: | Scoop.it
People can learn a lot in college, and many do. But which college matters much less than everyone assumes. As Mr. Pascarella and Mr. Terenzini explain, the real differences exist at the departmental level, or within the classrooms of individual professors, who teach with a great deal of autonomy under the principles of academic freedom. The illusory university pretends that all professors are guided by a shared sense of educational excellence specific to their institution. In truth, as the former University of California president Clark Kerr observed long ago, professors are “a series of individual faculty entrepreneurs held together by a common grievance over parking.”

The problem for students is that it is all but impossible to know ahead of time which part of the disunified university is which. Consumers of higher education have been taught that their main choice lies between whole institutions that are qualitatively different from one another. Because this is wrong, the higher education market often fails, which is probably one reason that a third of students who enroll in four-year colleges transfer or drop out within three years.
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Formative Assessment To Initiate Personalized Learning ^ Getting Smart ^ by Megan Mead

Formative Assessment To Initiate Personalized Learning ^ Getting Smart ^ by Megan Mead | :: The 4th Era :: | Scoop.it

In order to truly personalize the learning environment for students, teachers need to have a genuine and comprehensive understanding of their students. This means knowing their academic strengths and weakness as part of a complete learner profile that gives a holistic view of each student. However, the academic strengths and weaknesses is not something that can be monitored a couple times of year. The assessment process should be embedded within each lesson and used as tool for immediate and consistent feedback.

The Difference Between Formative Assessment and Summative Assessment

"When it comes to assessing student knowledge, we have traditionally followed a model in which we teach and then assess. In this situation, teachers, students, and parents identify what has been learned only after the assessment has been completed (and graded). An example this type of summative assessment would be an end of unit exam. As we move towards more student centered and personalized learning environments, it is essential that we go beyond assessing to determine knowledge and move into assessing as part of the learning process. This formative assessment is embedded within the lesson and gives teachers and students an immediate feedback loop that enhances learning."

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Concerns about children, social media and technology use ^ Pew Research Center ^ by Maeve Duggan, et. al.

Concerns about children, social media and technology use ^ Pew Research Center ^ by Maeve Duggan, et. al. | :: The 4th Era :: | Scoop.it
One-in-three parents say they have had concerns or questions about their child’s technology use in the last year.

Previous research about teenagers and technology shows that parents of teens are both supportive and wary of their child’s use of the internet, social media, and cell phones.22 Many also take an active role in monitoring their teen’s online behavior and engaging in conversations about what is and is not appropriate to share online.23

In this survey, 33% of parents24 said they have had concerns or questions about their child’s technology use in the past 12 months. Mothers and fathers are equally likely to have had concerns and questions. Parents who have children over the age of 5 are significantly more likely than parents who only have children under age 5 to say they have had questions or concerns of this type over the past year (36% vs. 21%).
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Sharing simple solutions for student debt relief ^ American Federation of Teachers ^ by Virginia Myers

Sharing simple solutions for student debt relief ^ American Federation of Teachers ^ by Virginia Myers | :: The 4th Era :: | Scoop.it
AFT locals are teaming up with Jobs with Justice and the Student Labor Action Project to offer online guidance, practical workshops, clinics and trainings that help people pay off their student loan debt.


"There's a lot we can do to have a debt-free future," says Huang, especially for individuals. There's public service loan forgiveness, for starters—a program that erases student loan debt after 10 years of qualifying, on-time payments for people working jobs in public education, public health, emergency services, legal services, government organizations and some nonprofits. But it's underutilized and underpublicized. In fact, of the 33 million people who are eligible for student debt forgiveness, just 222,387 have enrolled."

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The researcher’s guide to literature: Visualising crowd-sourced overviews of knowledge domains.

The researcher’s guide to literature: Visualising crowd-sourced overviews of knowledge domains. | :: The 4th Era :: | Scoop.it

"In our work, we therefore aimed at creating an interactive visualization that can be used by anyone. As a first case, we chose to visualize the field of educational technology, as it represents a highly dynamic and interdisciplinary research field. As described in a recently published paper in the Journal of Informetrics (Kraker et al 2015), the visualization is based on a novel data source – the online reference management software Mendeley. The articles for the visualization were selected from Mendeley’s research catalog which is crowd-sourced from over 2.5 million users from around the world and offers structured access to more than a 100 million papers.

"The resulting knowledge domain visualization can be seen below {above, in this Scoop -JL}. The blue bubbles represent the main areas in the field. The size of the bubbles signifies the number of readers of publications in that area. The closer two areas are in the visualization, the closer they are subject-wise. An interactive version is also available; once you click on a bubble, you are presented with popular papers in that area. The dropdown on the right displays the same data in list form. Just go to Mendeley Labs (http://labs.mendeley.com/headstart) and try it for yourself! The source code is available on github: http://github.com/pkraker/Headstart"


Jim Lerman's insight:

I love this!

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Teachers21 - Resources for Teacher Leadershiop

Teachers21 - Resources for Teacher Leadershiop | :: The 4th Era :: | Scoop.it
Teachers21 is dedicated to continuous learning and the dissemination of information in the interest of enhancing our children's experience in school. Access to come resources may require you to log in to the website. Registering is quick, easy and only requires an email address.


Jim Lerman's insight:

Excellent resources for developing teacher leadership. Free registration brings access to more.

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Remake Learning Playbook

Remake Learning Playbook | :: The 4th Era :: | Scoop.it

"Since 2007, a diverse group of Pittsburgh’s educators, funders, academics, and citizens—known as the Remake Learning Network—has emerged to exchange ideas and implement strategies to enhance the region’s learning ecosystem. These efforts have provided the region’s children and youth with novel, engaging, and relevant learning opportunities that help them thrive in school, college, and the workforce. Indeed, what began with small, informal discussions has blossomed into a full-fledged movement that is yielding notable results and earning national recognition.


"In the spirit of open innovation, the Network is building the Remake Learning Playbook, a field guide full of ideas and resources for supporting learning innovation networks. Filled with practical and actionable information to help other communities build on the Pittsburgh model for learning innovation.


Current Release

"Release 1 includes several chapters of the Remake Learning Playbook focused on the structure, strategies, and lessons learned by the Remake Learning Network, as well as previews of 10 case studies examining how learning has been remade in schools, museums, libraries, and communities throughout Pittsburgh.



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iNACOL Offers Lessons for Successful Blended Learning Implementations ^ THE Journal ^ by Joshua Bolkan

iNACOL Offers Lessons for Successful Blended Learning Implementations ^ THE Journal ^ by Joshua Bolkan | :: The 4th Era :: | Scoop.it
The International Association for K-12 Online Learning (iNACOL) has released a new report, Blended Learning: The Evolution of Online and Face-to-Face Education from 2008-2015, that examines the history of blended learning and offers a range of implementation insights through several case studies.

"Blended learning, also referred to as hybrid learning, combines the best features of traditional schooling with the advantages of online learning to deliver personalized, differentiated instruction across a group of learners," according to the report. "Students in formal blended learning educational programs learn online part of the time, yet have the benefit of face-to-face instruction and supervision to maximize their learning and to best fit their own needs."

Blended learning models generally fall into one of four categories, according to the report's authors, originally identified through research from the Clayton Christensen Institute. Those models include:
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5 non-curricular ways to boost student outcomes ^ eCampus News ^ by Frank Healy

5 non-curricular ways to boost student outcomes ^ eCampus News ^ by Frank Healy | :: The 4th Era :: | Scoop.it

"With a dramatically increasing number of both traditional and non-traditional students seeking post-secondary education, student retention and post-grad outcomes continue to be an increasingly important topic for both colleges and universities.


"The following are five fundamental ways to promote student success within colleges and universities:"


Free registration with eCampus News may be required to read this article.

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As Tech Booms, Workers Turn to Coding for Career Change ^ NY Times ^ by Steve Lohr

As Tech Booms, Workers Turn to Coding for Career Change ^ NY Times ^ by Steve Lohr | :: The 4th Era :: | Scoop.it
Companies cannot hire fast enough. Glassdoor, an employment site, lists more than 7,300 openings for software engineers, ahead of job openings for nurses, who are chronically in short supply. For the smaller category of data scientists, there are more than 1,200 job openings. Demand is highest in San Francisco. Nationally, the average base salary for software engineers is $100,000, and $112,000 for data scientists.
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Homeroom: Official Blog of the US Dept. of Education

Homeroom: Official Blog of the US Dept. of Education | :: The 4th Era :: | Scoop.it

Description by The Scout Report


"As the official blog of the U.S. Department of Education, Homeroom addresses dozens of issues with multiple posts every week. Some of the posts are primarily text-based, others lean heavily on well-developed graphs, charts, and other graphics, and still others include videos about programs, teachers, students, and communities. Homeroom can be scouted via an efficient search function. Readers may also like to peruse the offerings by scrolling through the several dozen categories, which cover College Completion, Success Stories, Headlines, Interviews, and many others. Recent stories have included a graphically oriented narrative about the progress of the Elementary and Secondary Act, and an educator's account of her time at Edcamp, a conference that brings together teachers from around the nation to discuss problems and solutions in today's educational environments."

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The Hard Truths of Ta-Nehisi Coates ^ NY Magazine ^ by Benjamin Wallace-Wells

The Hard Truths of Ta-Nehisi Coates ^ NY Magazine ^ by Benjamin Wallace-Wells | :: The 4th Era :: | Scoop.it
Late this spring, the publisher Spiegel & Grau sent out advance copies of a new book by Ta-Nehisi Coates, a slim volume of 176 pages called Between the World and Me. “Here is what I would like for you to know,” Coates writes in the book, addressed to his 14-year-old son. “In America, it is traditional to destroy the black body — it is heritage.” 

The only endorsement he had wanted was the novelist Toni Morrison’s. Neither he nor his editor, Christopher Jackson, knew Morrison, but they managed to get the galleys into her hands. Weeks later, Morrison’s assistant sent Jackson an email with her reaction: “I’ve been wondering who might fill the intellectual void that plagued me after James Baldwin died,” Morrison had written. “Clearly it is Ta-Nehisi Coates.” Baldwin died 28 years ago. Jackson forwarded the note to Coates, who sent back a one-word email: “Man.”


Jim Lerman's insight:

For those new to or only somewhat aware of Coates, this excellent article provides a rich introduction to the man and his ideas.

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25 Impact Opportunities In U.S. K-12 Education ^ Getting Smart

25 Impact Opportunities In U.S. K-12 Education  ^ Getting Smart | :: The 4th Era :: | Scoop.it
With support from Vulcan Inc, a Paul Allen company, Getting Smart conducted a series of expert interviews with education and philanthropy leaders, and led a design workshop, to identify and vet impact investment strategies in U.S. K-12 education. This resulting report outlines opportunities where organizations can participate in making significant shifts in the American education landscape, ultimately improving student outcomes.

Through our research and interviews, approximately four dozen impact opportunities were identified in the following 10 categories and are described within the report:

Student-Centered Learning
New School Development
Professional Learning & Development
Next-Gen Assessment
Entrepreneurship Education
Portable Data & Parent Engagement
Learning Resources
Social-Emotional Learning
Early Learning
STEM, Coding & Computer Science
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The Road to Competency-Based Learning ^ Getting Smart ^ by Megan Mead

The Road to Competency-Based Learning ^ Getting Smart ^ by Megan Mead | :: The 4th Era :: | Scoop.it

"Fundamental to competency-based learning and any attempt to personalize is mastery tracking, fed by formative assessment. In Formative Assessment to Initiate Learning, we touch on the idea that formative assessment is an ideal starting point on the path to personalization. Next, we dive into why using these results to track mastery is so important....

"Realistically, 5% – 10% a typical day is spent on instruction that is targeted. What if we flip that so that learning at the right level in the right the way occupies the majority of the day? Then we optimize customization, increase productivity, maximize motivation, boost persistence — all while radically improving achievement."

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How a Small Country In Africa Taught Me the Greatest Lesson on Innovation - A.J. Juliani

How a Small Country In Africa Taught Me the Greatest Lesson on Innovation - A.J. Juliani | :: The 4th Era :: | Scoop.it
The police were on strike, yet we were still walking through the streets of Tembisa. It was the middle of July, but it wasn’t hot. We were in the southern hemisphere after all, and Africa is an enormous continent whose western stereotypes were consistently being shattered during our visit.

This was in 2006, when I took my first trip to the South African township, Tembisa (right outside of Johannesburg). I could list many different reasons of why I went on this trip. I enjoyed traveling. I had been a part of mission work before in Guatemala, Europe, and in the US. My wife (fiance at the time) was going with me as well. So were my brothers and sister.

All of these reasons would make sense of why we went to South Africa in the middle of summer, but they aren’t the real reason. My wife and I went to Tembisa because my Dad was extremely passionate about this cause. We could see how passionate he was in the way he talked about Africa and the people in Tembisa. My dad is a Pastor, and the year prior he had led a small team to Swaziland (a small country landlocked inside of South Africa) and had came back to the US on fire. Our group was headed to South Africa to learn from the people there, help run a huge kids camp, and volunteer at an AIDS clinic and orphanage.

Although we spent a lot of time learning about the culture and people of South Africa, nothing could prepare me for this experience. It changed my life in so many different ways. After a 7 hour flight to Paris, and a 11 hour flight to Johannesburg, our plane touched down and we headed towards an adventure I’d never forget.
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What’s ‘Value Added’ About Tech Tools in the Classroom? ^ Educator Innovator ^ by Nicole Mirra

What’s ‘Value Added’ About Tech Tools in the Classroom? ^ Educator Innovator ^ by Nicole Mirra | :: The 4th Era :: | Scoop.it
During our conversation, Dr. Beach identified what I consider to be one of the most important educational innovations that digital texts bring to the classroom, namely their dialogic nature. While print texts may inspire dialogue, they exist as static, fixed entities offering one-way communication. Digital texts, on the other hand, can exist in a state of collaboration and change as users create, remix, mash up, or annotate.

More than any other aspect of digital texts, this sense of malleability is what I find most exciting as an educator because it helps us expand the definition of what constitutes writing and it reminds us that writing, just like all forms of creation, is a social practice in conversation with others in the world around us.
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F1000Prime Recommended Article: Extreme Metal Music and Anger Processing

F1000Prime Recommended Article: Extreme Metal Music and Anger Processing | :: The 4th Era :: | Scoop.it

"Feeling hurt? Want to run to the hills? Stick on some metal - aggressive music helps increase positive emotions! Read the latest recommendation by Gerald Zamponi from the Neuroscience Faculty, at F1000Prime."

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