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Half an Hour: MOOCs will ultimately play a transformational role

Half an Hour: MOOCs will ultimately play a transformational role | :: The 4th Era :: | Scoop.it

by Stephen Downes


"...while we may agree that these are weaknesses of the current model, the fact is that the advantages of MOOCs make it more desirable to press forward with the concept, rather than abandoning it and returning to traditional online and classroom-based courses and programs. 

"The first advantage is accessibility. As the name 'Massive Open Online Course' suggests, MOOCs are available to everyone, requiring only an Internet connection (now 40 per cent of the world’s population, according to the International Telecommunications Union). Even if certification is not available, the fact that participants do not need to pay tuition makes them especially attractive to people outside the traditional university audience. As evidenced by the hundreds of thousands of people registering for courses like Stanford AI (artificial intelligence), there is significant demand for open access to higher education content. 

"As important to accessibility is flexibility. People can, for the most part, pick their own time to study. Even if students miss the live online presentations, they can view the recorded archive. They can study the material at their own pace, and even if they fall behind, they can continue to access content, work through the examples and assignments, and continue to learn from the course. 


"And this is what points to the most important element in the future of MOOCs. Today MOOCs are hosted by Coursera or Udacity are based at universities. But over time, they will develop their own presence and their own existence. Take, for example, the Stanford AI course, or the Introduction to Complexity course offered by Melanie Mitchell. While at the moment they are strongly associated with an individual university, over time on sites like Complexity Explorer they will forge their own identity, separating themselves from their university origin. 

What will happen in such a scenario is that one course may be offered by several universities. There is no reason why the complexity course could not be shared by MIT, Stanford and the University of Calgary, with local services (such as tutorials, labs and social events) being provided by host institutions, while the content, community and activities are based in the online environment. In the past I have referred to this as the 'online-host provider framework'.


"In any case, over time the importance of credentials and certificates will decline. What MOOCs offer is a place and a mechanism whereby individual students can participate in activities and events related to a discipline, work through challenges posed by the course with other members of the community in an online environment accessible worldwide (much like the way open source software works today). These activities leave digital traces, and future employers will not look so much at credentials as they will depend on intelligent software which harvests these traces and constructs a digital profile of prospective employees. 

"When we view MOOCs as a means of obtaining an education, and establishing a track record, rather than as courses leading to credentials, our original hesitation about the perceived weaknesses of MOOCs can be overcome. The democratization of learning will lead to large and small online courses provided by a range or providers - from major universities to governments to oil companies - but it will be students themselves who decide whether to participate, and whether these courses are worth their time."
Jim Lerman's insight:
Downes, one of the very earliest of MOOC designers and implementers, continues his leadership role in analyzing where they are headed and where their lasting impact may well lie.


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Zhang Meilan's curator insight, December 11, 2013 9:03 PM

Stephen Downes认为MOOCs将最终促进变革!他认为MOOCs有两大优势:1.可访问性,你只要能上网就可以学习MOOCs课程,而不需要缴纳学费;2.灵活性,你可以按自己的时间学习,即使错过实时授课,也可以回看纪录。

此外,他认为MOOCs的托管将来会不限于Coursera、Udasity等公司,大学也会创建自己的托管服务,一门课程也可能会由几所大学共同提供。

随时间的推移,MOOCs证书和文凭的重要性会有所下降。MOOCs提供的是一种机制、一个地方,让每个学生都可以参与相关的学科活动和事件,而这些活动留下的数字轨迹,会通过智能软件形成未来员工的数字形象,雇主通过这些数据而非文凭来了解员工。

Downes说:当我们看到MOOCs做为获得教育的手段并建立跟踪纪录,而不是获取文凭的工具的时候,我们当初的犹疑以及MOOCs的一些缺憾是可以弥补的。

 

:: The 4th Era ::
Exploration of the new era in human history marked by invention of the Internet
Curated by Jim Lerman
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Introducing this work

Introducing this work | :: The 4th Era :: | Scoop.it

For the purposes of this Scoop.it site, the history of human interaction with information may be divided into 4 eras. The first (spoken) era ended with the invention of writing around 3000-4000 BC. The second era ended with the invention of the printing press in 1440. The third era ended, and the fourth began, with the invention of the Internet (depending how one defines its operational beginning) somewhere between 1969 and 1982. We now exist early, but decidedly, in the fourth era.

 

All readers may not agree with this interpretation of the history of information, especially with the division and numbering of the eras. That is not the main point. Rather, it is that humankind is presently existing in an era distinctly different from the one that preceded it -- that in fact, this new era is accompanied with, and characterized by, a new - and quite different - information landscape. This new Internet information landscape will challenge, disrupt, and overpower the print-oriented one that came before it. It will not completely obliterate that which preceded it, but it will render it to a subsidiary, rather than primary, level of influence.

 

Just as the printing press altered humanity's relationship with information, thereby resulting in massive restructuring of political, religious, economic, social, educational, cultural, scientific, and other realms of life; so too will the advance of digital technology occasion analogous transformations in the corresponding universe of present and future human activity.

 

This site will concern itself primarily with how K-20 education in the US, and the people who comprise its constituencies, may be affected by this transformative movement from one era to the next. All ideas considered here appear, to me at least, to impact the learning enterprise in some way. Accordingly, this work looks at the present and the future through a lens that is predominantly, but far from entirely, a digital one. -JL

 

Opinions expressed, scooped, or copied in this Scoop.it topic are my own and should in no way be understood to reflect those of my employer.

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Margaret Waage's comment, June 20, 2013 7:43 AM
Jim - I like your perspective. Great subject matter here!
Margaret Waage's comment, June 20, 2013 7:46 AM
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Azania Nduli-AmaZulu UbuntuPsychology.ORG's curator insight, July 8, 2013 6:24 PM

Beautiful!

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Routine, Ritual, and School Community

Routine, Ritual, and School Community | :: The 4th Era :: | Scoop.it

"...how do we, as educational leaders, get that buy-in, that commitment to create a strong sense of community within our district, school, or classroom? This post will illustrate the connection between culture, climate, and community, and will provide examples of ways that school and classroom leaders have built a sense of community through the use of routines."

Jim Lerman's insight:

Good advice on how to develop authentic community in classroom and school.

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The World’s Biggest Industry Just Got Served — NewCo Shift — Medium

The World's Biggest Industry Just Got Served - NewCo Shift - Medium

"Late last week the FDA finally announced a new food labeling regime, and it takes aim squarely at a new public enemy #1: Sugar.

 

"We live in an age of data. Food labels are a window into the data ecosystem that comprises the food industry, and that window just got a bit more transparent. Kudos to the FDA, and to the food industry itself, which fought the regulations tooth and nail, but in the end, capitulated to the reality of the facts on the ground. The new leaders of the food industry will be those who do more than simply bend to a new labeling regime, but instead focus on innovation and transparency to earn the newly informed public’s business by creating the next generation of healthier and more sustainable food products."

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A Tiny Robot That Can Fly and, Amazingly, Rest

A Tiny Robot That Can Fly and, Amazingly, Rest | :: The 4th Era :: | Scoop.it

"The RoboBee has landed. Well, actually, it has perched, which is even more impressive.

"The RoboBee is an insect-size robot that weighs less than four thousandths of an ounce. And it flies, which is a giant achievement for such a tiny machine.

"Until recently, however, it didn’t perch, and perching is the next frontier for tiny flying machines because robots, like birds, bats and insects, can keep going longer if they conserve energy by resting....

 

"RoboBee scientists came up with an elegant and, necessarily, lightweight solution involving an adhesive patch on the top of the robot. The trick, which allows the robot to detach from a perch easily, is that the patch is designed for a particular kind of stickiness — electrostatic adhesion."

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Elite Math Competitions Struggle to Diversify Their Talent Pool

Interest in elite high school math competitions has grown in recent years, and in light of last summer's U.S. win at the International Math Olympiad—the first for an American team in more than two decades—the trend is likely to continue.
But will such contests, which are overwhelmingly dominated by Asian and white students from middle-class and affluent families, become any more diverse?
Many social and cultural factors play roles in determining which promising students get on the path toward international math recognition. But efforts are in place to expose more black, Hispanic, and low-income students to advanced math, in the hope that the demographic pool of high-level contenders will eventually begin to shift and become less insular.
Jim Lerman's insight:

Excellent article

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What happens when a college recruits black students others consider too risky? - The Hechinger Report

What happens when a college recruits black students others consider too risky? - The Hechinger Report | :: The 4th Era :: | Scoop.it

"...a growing group of colleges and universities think that the calculation for who is “at risk” is fundamentally wrong. They not only accept students often turned away by other four-year universities, but also aggressively recruit them, believing that their academic potential has been vastly underrated.

 

"Rutgers University-Newark in New Jersey has a graduation rate for black students that is far above the national average. But instead of offering out-sized athletic scholarships or perks to potential out-of-state students, the university is doubling down on a bid for students who are often ignored — low-income, urban, public high school graduates with mediocre test scores.
Rutgers offers free tuition for low- and moderate-income Newark residents and local transfer students, regardless of their GPAs and test scores. Its newly minted honors program doesn’t consider SAT scores for admissions. It has put emotional and financial supports in place. Course offerings have been enhanced."

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How to apply a design thinking, HCD, UX or any creative process from scratch — Digital Experience Design — Medium

How to apply a design thinking, HCD, UX or any creative process from scratch - Digital Experience Design - Medium

"This how-to article aims at providing designers, creative thinkers or even project managers with a tool to set up, frame, organise, structure, run or manage design challenges, and projects: The Double Diamond revamped.

In order to do so, I have come up with an own and a revamped version of the Double Diamond process. In case, you are familiar with the British Design Council’s Double Diamond, IDEO’s human centred design ideology or @d.school’s Design Thinking process you might be familiar with the majority of approaches, steps and tools in the following paragraphs of this article."

Jim Lerman's insight:

This remarkable article presents a Master's degree in design in a 7-minute read. One might read it in 7 minutes, but the knowledge will last for a lifetime. Outstanding presentation, not to be missed.

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Play is the new PHD: Kelsey Ramsden at TEDxKelowna

Kelsey Ramsden is Canada's Top Female Entrepreneur ranked by Profit and Chatelaine Magazines. In her work she balances venom and virtue, book and stree
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TEDxSJU - Rita J King and Joshua Fouts - Career advice

Science House, New York, NY A journalist and entrepreneur, Rita uses the Internet and digital environments to innovate work, education, and outreach. In th
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TEDxNASA - Rita King - Creativity and Design of Identity and Community

She thinks of technology as a prism held up to the bright beam of the imagination to create a new global culture and economy. Rita J. King i
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Web 1.0 vs Web 2.0 vs Web 3.0 vs Web 4.0 vs Web 5.0 – A bird’s eye on the evolution and definition

Web 1.0 vs Web 2.0 vs Web 3.0 vs Web 4.0 vs Web 5.0 – A bird’s eye on the evolution and definition | :: The 4th Era :: | Scoop.it
Do you know the answer to the next simple question? "What do you know about web 2.0 technology?" What's so interesting about this video, is the simple fact that none of these so called digital natives are familiar with the term web 2.0. Although they never had a life without technology, they just don't know…

Via Ramiro Aduviri Velasco
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juandoming's curator insight, May 20, 2:32 PM

E

Stewart-Marshall's curator insight, May 23, 2:34 AM
Web 5.0 will be about the (emotional) interaction between humans and computers. The interaction will become a daily habit for a lot of people based on neurotechnology.
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Portfolios hold new promise for schools

Portfolios hold new promise for schools | :: The 4th Era :: | Scoop.it
Decades ago, portfolio assessment—using samples of classroom work to document students’ progress toward learning goals—meant finding room for bulging binders stuffed with paper. But digital technologies that make it far easier to collect, curate, share and store student work have dismantled the physical barriers that once made portfolio assessment daunting. Schools are now taking a fresh look at the practice.

“The technology is so powerful,” says Mark Barnes, a former Cleveland-area teacher who now runs educational publishing company Times 10. “It gives educators an opportunity to create an ongoing conversation about learning.”
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OER Commons

OER Commons | :: The 4th Era :: | Scoop.it

from Ed Surge

 

"OER Commons—a public library of Open Educational Resources (OER). Use a simple search bar to explore over 50,000 open resources by keyword, subject and level. Create a group to share common resources; mix and match content with authoring tools; or design a microsite at a unique URL for your individual course.

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Q & A with Edorble CEO Gabe Baker | PeacheyPublications.com

Q & A with Edorble CEO Gabe Baker | PeacheyPublications.com | :: The 4th Era :: | Scoop.it
I’ve long been interested in the potential of 3D virtual worlds for online education so I was delighted when I first found Edorble. I had my own 3D virtual classroom set up within about 5 minutes and was ready to start inviting students and trainee teachers. I think Edorble has huge potential for education, so I was really delighted when Gabe Baker – CEO of Edorble agreed to be interviewed.

What’s your elevator pitch?
We want to make online classes and meetings more personal, playful, and powerful. We do this with Edorble, a private 3D world that is purpose-built for online education and collaboration. Online, it can be difficult to have a sense of togetherness and to do simple things like break into small groups, raise hands, or watch videos and content together. We make all of that, and more, easy in Edorble.
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Educational Leadership:Creating Caring Schools:Creating a School Community

Educational Leadership:Creating Caring Schools:Creating a School Community | :: The 4th Era :: | Scoop.it
A growing body of research confirms the benefits of building a sense of community in school. Students in schools with a strong sense of community are more likely to be academically motivated (Solomon, Battistich, Watson, Schaps, & Lewis, 2000); to act ethically and altruistically (Schaps, Battistich, & Solomon, 1997); to develop social and emotional competencies (Solomon et al., 2000); and to avoid a number of problem behaviors, including drug use and violence (Resnick et al., 1997).


"These benefits are often lasting. Researchers have found that the positive effects of certain community-building programs for elementary schools persist through middle and high school. During middle school, for example, students from elementary schools that had implemented the Developmental Studies Center's Child Development Project—a program that emphasizes community building—were found to outperform middle school students from comparison elementary schools on academic outcomes (higher grade-point averages and achievement test scores), teacher ratings of behavior (better academic engagement, respectful behavior, and social skills), and self-reported misbehavior (less misconduct in school and fewer delinquent acts) (Battistich, 2001). A study that assessed the enduring effects of the Seattle Social Development Project—another elementary school program—on former participants at age 18 found lower rates of violent behavior, heavy drinking, and sexual activity, as well as higher academic motivation and achievement, for program participants relative to comparison group students (Hawkins, Catalano, Kosterman, Abbot, & Hill, 1999)."

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Nneze Akwiwu: The First Female President Of Nigeria

Nneze Akwiwu: The First Female President Of Nigeria | :: The 4th Era :: | Scoop.it
A chance conversation gives Nneze Akwiwu a chance to study in the United States.

Nneze Akwiwu is currently a senior Biology major at Spelman College. She thinks of herself as a bubbly, outgoing and very family oriented individual. She has plans of becoming the first female president of Nigeria.
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A Handwritten Card, Signed and Sealed by the Latest Technology

A Handwritten Card, Signed and Sealed by the Latest Technology | :: The 4th Era :: | Scoop.it
Communication today is faster and more ephemeral than ever. We fire off emails, skip the punctuation in our texts, and watch our photos and messages vanish in seconds on Snapchat.

Digital tools have made communicating with others easier but not necessarily more thoughtful, and this bothered Sonny Caberwal, an entrepreneur. “We’re in a rush to make everything disappear,” he said.

Receiving a physical, handwritten thank-you note or letter these days feels special, but it also requires some work. “You have to assemble all the pieces,” Mr. Caberwal said — including paper, a pen, the recipient’s address, an envelope and a stamp — and then the note has to be written and mailed, all of which is time-consuming. He wanted to enable people to do that more easily, by harnessing technology to create a product that still felt very personal and worth keeping.

His company, Bond, harks back to a time of fountain pens, creamy sheets of writing paper and wax-sealed envelopes. Mr. Caberwal, founder and chief executive of the New York City start-up, describes it as “the opposite of Snapchat.” Bond was started in 2013, and has about 50 full-time employees and several high-profile backers, like Gary D. Cohn, the president of Goldman Sachs, and the rapper Nasir Jones (known as Nas).
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Teach with the Force: 15 Resources | Shelly Terrell :: Tech Learning

Teach with the Force: 15 Resources | Shelly Terrell :: Tech Learning | :: The 4th Era :: | Scoop.it
Below, I have collected over 10 posts full of ideas from how to manage your classroom like a Jedi to teaching math with Star Wars infographics. You will find posters, lesson plans, and activities to help engage your learners and maybe seem like a Jedi teacher.
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The Oracle-Google Case Will Decide the Future of Software

The Oracle-Google Case Will Decide the Future of Software | :: The 4th Era :: | Scoop.it
THE LEGAL BATTLE between Oracle and Google is about to come to an end. And nothing less is as stake than the future of programming. Today lawyers for both companies are set to make their closing arguments in the fight over whether Google’s use of the Java application programming interface (API)—an arcane but critically important part of the Android mobile operating system—was legal. Regardless of how the jury rules, the case has already had a permanent effect on the way developers build software.

For a case with such potentially great impact on the tech industry, it can be tough to follow. It’s dragged on for years, and the details, both technical and legal, can get deeply esoteric. But for anyone who cares about the future of business or technology, it’s a vital case to understand. So we’ll do our best to make sense of it for you.
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Stuff I read every day :: Sarah Blask — Medium

Stuff I read every day :: Sarah Blask — Medium | :: The 4th Era :: | Scoop.it
I’ve had a surprisingly large number of people ask me recently how I manage to stay so on top of the news every day so I thought I’d pull it together in a post here.
I spend a minimum of an hour each weekday reading and many more than that on weekends. Some people will try to tell me they “don’t have time” for reading news which I find to be pretty inexcusable, TBH. Maybe they don’t have an hour, but reading every day is like exercising—you have to intentionally budget the time and if you select the right two newsletters to skim, you can accomplish this in ten minutes.
The hour I spend is easily the most important and fulfilling hour of my day. I care deeply about what’s going on in the world and how the heartbeat of our culture is evolving as a result. To understand that dynamic, it’s critical to closely follow what’s going on.
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After Robots Take Our Jobs, This Is What the Economy Will Look Like

Imagine a world where robots perform the vast majority of our jobs. Food is factory-farmed by automated machines and delivered to us by fleets of drones and self-driving trucks. Our houses are built by giant, roving 3-D printers. We're free to simply pursue our passions and explore. Now ask yourself: How is anyone going to make any money?

For many futurists and economic theorists, the answer is a "basic income," a wage you receive from the government just for being human.

The idea isn't as far-fetched as it sounds. 
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Cusp 2011 Rita J King

Rita J. King's lifelong passion for science started in childhood when she first learned about quarks. Today she's Executive Vice President for Busines
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Imagination age - Wikipedia

Imagination age - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

The imagination age is a theoretical period beyond the information age where creativity and imagination will become the primary creators of economic value. This contrasts with the information age where analysis and thinking were the main activities.

"The concept holds that technologies like virtual reality, user created content and YouTube will change the way humans interact with each other and how they create economic and social structures. A key concept is that the rise of the immersive virtual reality, the cyberspace or the metaverse will raise the value of imagination work of designers, artists, video makers and actors over rational thinking as a foundation of culture and economics.

"Imagination Age" has been popularized as a cultural and economic philosophy by artist, writer and cultural philosopher Rita J. King in her November 2007 essay for the British Council, "The Emergence of a New Global Culture in the Imagination Age" where she began using the phrase, "Toward a New Global Culture and Economy in the Imagination Age".[4] King further refined the development of her thinking in a 2008 Paris essay entitled, "Our Vision for Sustainable Culture in the Imagination Age"[5]

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The Every Student Succeeds Act includes some new ideas on how to train better teachers - The Hechinger Report

The Every Student Succeeds Act includes some new ideas on how to train better teachers - The Hechinger Report | :: The 4th Era :: | Scoop.it

"The Every Student Succeeds Act (ESSA) could usher in new ways to prepare teachers for the classroom, wrote Sarah Garland in December 2015 for The Hechinger Report. Some ESSA provisions allow states to institute new degree-granting academies for teachers outside of traditional higher education systems, and encourage the creation of residency programs in which teacher recruits are paired with veterans for a year of in-classroom training alongside coursework. Alternative programs like these are already popular in certain states, but the new law could spur even faster expansion -- which could be controversial. "The way the language is couched, you read it, it sounds so fabulous for prospective teachers and education generally. And then you stop and think, 'Wait a minute. We're talking about using money to support teacher preparation programs that aren't accountable,'" said Pamela Carroll of the University of Central Florida. But even those concerned about a possible lowering of standards were heartened by the law's promotion of training in which new recruits spend significant time overseen by an experienced teacher in a real classroom. New regulations for teacher-preparation programs that the Department of Education is set to release could indicate whether regulations will apply across the board to traditional programs and alternatives."

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Google's plan to revolutionize smartphones will start shipping next year

Google's plan to revolutionize smartphones will start shipping next year | :: The 4th Era :: | Scoop.it
A base frame contains the phone's core components, but each additional part will be bought separately so your phone specializes in whatever you want it to.

Via Philippe Trebaul, Yves Carmeille "Libre passeur"
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Prometheus's curator insight, May 22, 11:31 PM
Interesting technology...one wonders if Google may expand this concept into larger devices like tablets.....
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Robot Butler's Creativity Surprises Its Own Makers

Robot Butler's Creativity Surprises Its Own Makers | :: The 4th Era :: | Scoop.it
A robot designed to clear clutter has learned how to cradle items in its arms, the same way a human might hold a baby, Carnegie Mellon University said Wednesday. Even more remarkable, the robot seems to have tapped into this tender side all on its own.

“We never taught it that,” Siddhartha Srinivasa, an associate professor of robotics at the school, said in a press release.

The robot, dubbed the Home Exploring Robot Butler (HERB), uses a series of algorithms to solve problems and move objects around. HERB’s most remarkable feature is the ability to both recognize specific types of items and move them to certain areas. In a video shared by Carnegie Mellon, HERB can be seen locating blocks and sorting them according to color.
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