:: The 4th Era ::
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A Teacher's Guide to Classroom Backchannels & Informal Assessment Tools

Ideas and directions for using TodaysMeet, Wallwisher, and Socrative in the classroom.

Via Kathleen Cercone, Lynnette Van Dyke
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:: The 4th Era ::
Exploration of the new era in human history marked by invention of the Internet
Curated by Jim Lerman
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Introducing this work

Introducing this work | :: The 4th Era :: | Scoop.it

For the purposes of this Scoop.it site, the history of human interaction with information may be divided into 4 eras. The first (spoken) era ended with the invention of writing around 3000-4000 BC. The second era ended with the invention of the printing press in 1440. The third era ended, and the fourth began, with the invention of the Internet (depending how one defines its operational beginning) somewhere between 1969 and 1982. We now exist early, but decidedly, in the fourth era.

 

All readers may not agree with this interpretation of the history of information, especially with the division and numbering of the eras. That is not the main point. Rather, it is that humankind is presently existing in an era distinctly different from the one that preceded it -- that in fact, this new era is accompanied with, and characterized by, a new - and quite different - information landscape. This new Internet information landscape will challenge, disrupt, and overpower the print-oriented one that came before it. It will not completely obliterate that which preceded it, but it will render it to a subsidiary, rather than primary, level of influence.

 

Just as the printing press altered humanity's relationship with information, thereby resulting in massive restructuring of political, religious, economic, social, educational, cultural, scientific, and other realms of life; so too will the advance of digital technology occasion analogous transformations in the corresponding universe of present and future human activity.

 

This site will concern itself primarily with how K-20 education in the US, and the people who comprise its constituencies, may be affected by this transformative movement from one era to the next. All ideas considered here appear, to me at least, to impact the learning enterprise in some way. Accordingly, this work looks at the present and the future through a lens that is predominantly, but far from entirely, a digital one. -JL

 

Opinions expressed, scooped, or copied in this Scoop.it topic are my own, or a result of my own judgment, and should in no way be understood to reflect those of my employer.

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Margaret Waage's comment, June 20, 2013 7:43 AM
Jim - I like your perspective. Great subject matter here!
Margaret Waage's comment, June 20, 2013 7:46 AM
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Azania Nduli-AmaZulu UbuntuPsychology.ORG's curator insight, July 8, 2013 6:24 PM

Beautiful!

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So Long, Apple. – Mister G – Medium

So Long, Apple. – Mister G – Medium | :: The 4th Era :: | Scoop.it
Windows 10 has much room for improvement, but Microsoft is actively working on polishing the OS pushing updates and migrating the old architecture into the new interface. Apple seems to have stopped active development of their OS since 10.10, and while the system remains solid, it will soon lag behind the competition in terms of features and speed. This has made it easier to transition now than ever before.
Ultimately, I have to say it is truly with a heavy heart I bid farewell to all things Apple. iOS (which I was never fond of ) feels like the “lite” version of a mobile OS that’s missing all the Pro features. And macOS, as much as I enjoy it, is no longer a smart choice due to its overpriced, restrictive and underwhelming hardware. When you buy a new machine it should feel like an investment, not like you’re squandering money.
And on that note: So long, Apple. It was good while it lasted.

 

Jim Lerman's insight:

 

The tyranny of the now. This apple vs. microsoft controversy will never end, will it? But this article does have a good point -- Steve was a one in a billion genius.

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Ancestry.com takes DNA ownership rights from customers and their relatives

Ancestry.com takes DNA ownership rights from customers and their relatives | :: The 4th Era :: | Scoop.it
Don’t use the AncestryDNA testing service without actually reading the Ancestry.com Terms of Service and Privacy Policy. According to these legal contracts, you still own your DNA, but so does…

 

Jim Lerman's insight:

This is quite shocking!

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15 Social Media Tools That Will Instantly Increase Your Engagement

15 Social Media Tools That Will Instantly Increase Your Engagement | :: The 4th Era :: | Scoop.it
Nothing could be more demanding and time-consuming than manually running a business. When you keep having to do everything manually, you will often spend lots of time without achieving very much. Blogging has many branches, and I bet you already know that all of these branches take time to perfect, especially if you're someone who values quality (like me). The primary reason people succeed at internet marketing is that they have all of their tedious tasks systemized with tools. Social media marketing, for example, takes up a hell of a lot of time. How can you possibly do all of it manually? You

Via Tom D'Amico (@TDOttawa) , massimo facchinetti, Andrea Rossi
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12 Principles Of Modern Learning -

12 Principles Of Modern Learning - | :: The 4th Era :: | Scoop.it
What are the principles of modern learning?

Well, that depends on how you define ‘learning’ and what you’d consider ‘modern.’ Richard Olsen  put together this useful visual way, way back in 2013–a chart that lays out three categories of a modern approach to learning–Modern, Self-Directed, and Social.

These broad categories are then broken up into four principles per category. Each principle is then described by its Reality (its function) and Opportunity (the result of that function). Honestly, these two categories are a bit confusing–or at least the distinction between some of the entries are (the ability to participate and enables modern learners to participate, for example).

Overall, though, defining ‘modern learning’ through inquiry, self-direction, and connectivity is at the core of what we preach here at TeachThought.
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Hannah Johnston's curator insight, May 21, 9:46 AM

This chart by Richard Olsen is really useful for teachers who want to know the principles of Modern Learning. This visual chart can be used in a teacher's pedagogy by determining what kind of learning should occur in their classroom. 

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Open Whisper Systems (Privacy that fits in your pocket)

Open Whisper Systems (Privacy that fits in your pocket) | :: The 4th Era :: | Scoop.it

Description by The Scout Project

 

"Signal is a communications platform for iOS and Android devices that supports text messaging, voice calls, and video calls. While users are identified by their phone number, Signal messages and calls are sent via the internet using a wifi or data connection, not over the cellular voice network. Because of this, there are no charges beyond data fees for Signal calls, even for long distance or international calls. Signal conversations are encrypted using the namesake Signal Protocol, designed by Open Whisper Systems and subsequently also adopted by WhatsApp, Facebook Messenger, and Google Allo. Unlike the other systems using the Signal Protocol, complete source code for the Signal client applications as well as the Signal servers is available under a free software license. Signal has been recommended by the Electronic Frontier Foundation (EFF) in their "Surveillance self-defense guide," has been endorsed by Edward Snowden, and was recently approved by the US Senate's Sergeant at Arms for official use by Senate staff members."

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12 Lessons From The 100 Most Creative People Of 2017

12 Lessons From The 100 Most Creative People Of 2017 | :: The 4th Era :: | Scoop.it
Each year, our editorial team scours the globe to identify 100 all-new honorees whom we have not significantly covered in print before. This is how we initially introduced readers to Instagram founder Kevin Systrom–before his business was acquired by Facebook. It’s where we first talked about Princess Reema Bint Bandar Al-Saud of Saudi Arabia, Amazon Studios chief Roy Price, and Warby Parker cofounder Neil Blumenthal. And where we made the business case for Lin-Manuel Miranda‘s amazing accomplishments with Hamilton.
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Inclusion Technology Can Solve Corporate America's Diversity Problem

Inclusion Technology Can Solve Corporate America's Diversity Problem | :: The 4th Era :: | Scoop.it
Elana Lyn Gross: What inspired you to start Glassbreakers? What was your career path?

Eileen Carey: I was inspired to start Glassbreakers because I could not accept the systemic barriers to leadership in today’s workforce. I am passionate about civil rights and I believe the macroeconomic impact of equal representation in powerful roles in global corporations will lead to career opportunities for oppressed communities and greater financial returns for businesses.  My career path was fostered by my role models—women on Wall Street and in Silicon Valley who mentored me and fueled my ambitions because they led by example. Not everyone has access to mentors, and it’s hard to be what you can’t see. I went from being a writer to a marketing manager in luxury goods to a member of the global public affairs team in one of the world’s biggest banks to a communications lead in a fascinating enterprise software company all before I started Glassbreakers. The one thing all my career experiences had in common was the brilliant women who managed me.
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Unwed parents and the law: Carriage and horse | The Economist

Unwed parents and the law: Carriage and horse | The Economist | :: The 4th Era :: | Scoop.it
BRITAIN is nearly there; America not far behind; France passed the milestone in 2007. As couples wait longer to marry, and fewer eventually do, the number of countries where more births are out of wedlock than in it has risen to more than 20. Rates across the OECD group of 34 mostly rich countries vary hugely, from 2% in Japan to 70% in Chile. But overall the average is 39%—more than five times what it was in 1970 (see charts).
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Report: College seniors reveal triggers for career preparedness

Report: College seniors reveal triggers for career preparedness | :: The 4th Era :: | Scoop.it
New 2017 research captures more than 5,000 college students' hopes, worries, and opinions about their career preparedness for the future.

Via EDTECH@UTRGV
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Rescooped by Jim Lerman from Into the Driver's Seat
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Using Metacognition to Reframe Our Thinking about Learning Styles

Using Metacognition to Reframe Our Thinking about Learning Styles | :: The 4th Era :: | Scoop.it

"References to learning styles have become commonplace when faculty and students discuss learning experiences. Although learning styles seem to provide a useful explanation of why students perform differently on different tasks, there is a lack of methodologically sound research confirming their existence in the way they are most often described (Reiner & Willingham, 2010). In fact, most research suggests that people do not use one discrete style to learn new information but vary considerably in the methods they use to learn (Paschler, et al., 2009). Rather than relying on learning styles, focusing instead on metacognition can provide students with strategies that can be adapted and applied based on the learning environment and task. In this article, we briefly address the research on learning styles and metacognition and provide examples of activities to help students develop key metacognitive behaviors."

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Halesha Shailer's curator insight, May 16, 12:05 AM
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The Rise of Educational Technology as a Sociocultural and Ideological Phenomenon

The Rise of Educational Technology as a Sociocultural and Ideological Phenomenon | :: The 4th Era :: | Scoop.it
The push for educational technology exists within a broader political, economic, ideological, and technological context. The all-too-common ignorance of this context and the subtleties of learning itself may prove problematic for edtech — and higher education's future.

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The meaning of life in a world without work

The meaning of life in a world without work | :: The 4th Era :: | Scoop.it

"...virtual realities are likely to be key to providing meaning to the useless class of the post-work world. Maybe these virtual realities will be generated inside computers. Maybe they will be generated outside computers, in the shape of new religions and ideologies. Maybe it will be a combination of the two. The possibilities are endless, and nobody knows for sure what kind of deep plays will engage us in 2050.

"In any case, the end of work will not necessarily mean the end of meaning, because meaning is generated by imagining rather than by working. Work is essential for meaning only according to some ideologies and lifestyles. Eighteenth-century English country squires, present-day ultra-orthodox Jews, and children in all cultures and eras have found a lot of interest and meaning in life even without working. People in 2050 will probably be able to play deeper games and to construct more complex virtual worlds than in any previous time in history."

 

Jim Lerman's insight:

Excellent article. If you've been following the thread of "the end of work" or "guaranteed minimum income", or are just learning about it, this brief piece encompasses a lot of territory in a very readable fashion.

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What Employers Look For In Your Social Media

What Employers Look For In Your Social Media | :: The 4th Era :: | Scoop.it
What Employers Look For In Your Social Media

Via Elaine J Roberts, Ph.D.
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Elaine J Roberts, Ph.D.'s curator insight, March 5, 9:48 AM

It may never be so important to think about what you say and how you say it than in social media.

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School Should Be Impractical – The Synapse – Medium

School Should Be Impractical – The Synapse – Medium | :: The 4th Era :: | Scoop.it
When I taught middle school, students worked through this cycle in our rapid prototyping Maker Projects and cardboard challenges. They weren’t always practical. In fact, some of the ideas were downright fantastical. But in the midst of the impractical, students gained long-lasting practical skills. Students who tinker with products and ideas learn to think divergently by using materials in unexpected ways. As they split test their ideas through experimentation, they engage in iterative thinking. In other words, they learn to think like entrepreneurs.

 

Jim Lerman's insight:

Quite an interesting and thought-provoking article. At times, it might seem that Spencer is making a mountain out of a molehill, but if you stop and think about what he's saying, in the macro view, it makes a lot of sense. A good question is then, how do, we in education, get to ponder (and even act upon) the macro view when we are perpetually swamped with micro concerns? 

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Designing the Future of Kids TV - MIPTV 2017

Inspiring speakers explore the future of kids content -which will only grow more immersive with time. We'll explore the innovations that will disrupt ho

Via Soraia Ferreira, Ph.D., Andrea Rossi
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Is mindfulness meditation good for kids? Here’s what the science actually says.

Is mindfulness meditation good for kids? Here’s what the science actually says. | :: The 4th Era :: | Scoop.it
I read more than a dozen studies — including systematic meta-reviews, which account for thousands of other papers — analyzing the best available research on mindfulness (in both students and adults) and talked to researchers and advocates involved in the work. I asked these experts what questions and concerns parents should have when they hear mindfulness is coming to their schools. (Scroll down for those questions.)

The short of it: The relatively few studies we have on mindfulness in schools suggest a generally positive effect on decreasing anxiety and increasing cognitive performance. But the hype around mindfulness also seems to be outpacing the science, especially when it comes to teaching these practices to children.

 

Jim Lerman's insight:

 

Appears to be quite a comprehensive synthesis of the available research.

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Ivon Prefontaine, PhD's curator insight, May 23, 12:49 PM
Meditation and mindfulness are not cure-alls. They offer benefits, but we need to make sure they are not treated as fix-its.
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Computational Thinking for Teacher Education

Computational Thinking for Teacher Education | :: The 4th Era :: | Scoop.it
Within the computer science education community, computational thinking is a familiar term, but among K-12 teachers, administrators, and teacher educators there is confusion about what it entails. Computational thinking is often mistakenly equated with using computer technology.11,29 In order to address this misrepresentation, the scope of this article includes a definition of computational thinking and the core constructs that would make it relevant for key stakeholders from K-12 education and teacher-training programs.
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DataBank Indicators - Child Trends

DataBank Indicators - Child Trends | :: The 4th Era :: | Scoop.it

Description by The Scout Report

 

"Child Trends is a nonprofit research organization that addresses a range of issues related to child well-being in the United States. Child Trends offers Databank Indicators, a collection of user-friendly data reports. Each Indicator contains a short (approximately 10-15 pages) report with data tables, charts, and links to related resources. These reports are available as PDFs to allow for easy download. Recent Indicator topics include an investigation of how many teenagers are meeting the Department of Health and Human Service's recommendation for physical activity; an exploration of cigarette use among youth; and data about the number of youth living in homes with food insecurity. These informative and succinct reports may be of interest to policy makers, grant writers, youth workers, and educators."

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The Rise of Online Video on the TV Screen

The Rise of Online Video on the TV Screen | :: The 4th Era :: | Scoop.it

"People have been casting and streaming online video to their TV screens for a while now. Is this fundamentally changing how people watch TV? Or just changing the kinds of content they're watching there? Here we explore the state of online video on TV through the lens of new YouTube research."

 

Jim Lerman's insight:

 

This confirms what many people already suspect: that very substantial numbers are watching internet-delivered TV on their TV screens and that their number is increasing fast.

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2017 Future Workforce Survey

2017 Future Workforce Survey | :: The 4th Era :: | Scoop.it

"The McGraw-Hill Education 2017 Future Workforce survey captures more than 5,000 college students' hopes, worries, and opinions about their preparedness for future careers"

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nsf.gov - Women, Minorities, and Persons with Disabilities in Science and Engineering - NCSES - US National Science Foundation (NSF)

nsf.gov - Women, Minorities, and Persons with Disabilities in Science and Engineering - NCSES - US National Science Foundation (NSF) | :: The 4th Era :: | Scoop.it

Description by The Scout Project

 

"Earlier this year, the National Center for Science and Engineering Statistics, a division of the National Science Foundation, released the 2017 Women, Minorities, and Persons with Disabilities in Science and Engineering report. This formal report, now in the form of a digest, is issued every two years and examines the degree to which women, people with disabilities, and people who identify as black, Hispanic and American Indian or Alaska Native are underrepresented in Science and Engineering (S&E) education and employment. Readers may explore an interactive presentation of the report by selecting Digest from the homepage. The engaging format invites readers to explore trends in greater depth through detailed data tables and graphics. Data tables are also available as both PDFs or Excel files, allowing for easy viewing, printing or downloading for further analysis."

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The Rise of Educational Technology as a Sociocultural and Ideological Phenomenon

The Rise of Educational Technology as a Sociocultural and Ideological Phenomenon | :: The 4th Era :: | Scoop.it

"Key Takeaways
-The rise of educational technology is part of a larger shift in political thought, from favoring government oversight to asserting free-market principles, as well as a response to the increasing costs of higher education.

 

-The technocentric view that technology can solve these challenges combines with a vision of education as a product that can be packaged, automated, and delivered to students.

 

-Unless greater collaborative efforts take place between edtech developers and the greater academic community, as well as more informed deep understandings of how learning and teaching actually occur, any efforts to make edtech education's silver bullet are doomed to fail."

 

Jim Lerman's insight:

Good think piece. Do you agree with its conclusion?

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What France and the UK can teach Trump about reviving America's middle class

What France and the UK can teach Trump about reviving America's middle class | :: The 4th Era :: | Scoop.it

"Pretty much everyone agrees on the need for a strong middle class. Yet in the U.S., it’s been eroding for decades as more and more Americans say they can no longer afford a middle-income lifestyle. Colorado State economist Steven Pressman crunched reams of income data to compare the size of the U.S. middle class with that of eight other developed countries, such as the U.K., France and Canada. He hoped to learn what policies help build and sustain a vibrant middle class. Here’s what he found."

 

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"My computations show that just half of U.S. households in 2013 were middle-class, down from almost 60 percent in 1980. The decline was fairly continuous, the only exception being the late 1990s, when a booming economy increased the size of the U.S. middle class slightly.

"Every other developed country I examined has a larger middle class, ranging from 57 percent (Canada and the U.K.) to more than 65 percent (Sweden, France and Norway). While in some cases, the middle class did fall since the 1980s, as it did in the U.S., nowhere was the decline nearly as severe. And in France, it actually expanded over this period."

 

Jim Lerman's insight:

Well researched piece that demonstrates a clear way to grow the middle class in the US.

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The Future Keeps Getting Less Evenly Distributed – NewCo Shift

The Future Keeps Getting Less Evenly Distributed – NewCo Shift | :: The 4th Era :: | Scoop.it
Geography is destiny, when it comes to both employment and longevity. New studies show how the inequality that dug its heels into the U.S. economy in recent decades varies by location, not only in differentials of wealth but also of life expectancy — and in the likelihood that a robot or algorithm will take your job.
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