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A Brief History of Information Design and Visual Storytelling

Humankind has been telling complex stories through simple visuals long before you saw your first infographic at Mashable. History is humbling, let's go back in

Via Karen Dietz
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Karen Dietz's curator insight, February 6, 2013 1:24 PM

If you are into data and storytelling, then this brief overview is for you. The slideshare program quickly explains data visualization through time.


Of course, how data is displayed -- if done well -- can tell its own story.  The next step is to give a presentation as a story, and tell the story of the data as you are doing so. 


Until then, enjoy this quick historical review of visual storytelling.


This review was written by Karen Dietz for her curated content on business storytelling at www.scoop.it/t/just-story-it

:: The 4th Era ::
Exploration of the new era in human history marked by invention of the Internet
Curated by Jim Lerman
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Introducing this work

Introducing this work | :: The 4th Era :: | Scoop.it

For the purposes of this Scoop.it site, the history of human interaction with information may be divided into 4 eras. The first (spoken) era ended with the invention of writing around 3000-4000 BC. The second era ended with the invention of the printing press in 1440. The third era ended, and the fourth began, with the invention of the Internet (depending how one defines its operational beginning) somewhere between 1969 and 1982. We now exist early, but decidedly, in the fourth era.

 

All readers may not agree with this interpretation of history, especially with the division and numbering of the eras. That is not the main point here. Rather, it is that humankind is presently existing in an era distinctly different from the one that preceded it -- that in fact, this new era is accompanied with, and characterized by, a new - and quite different - information landscape. This new Internet information landscape will challenge, disrupt, and overpower the print-oriented one that came before it. It will not completely obliterate that which preceded it, but it will render it to a subsidiary, rather than primary, level of influence.

 

Just as the printing press altered humanity's relationship with information, thereby resulting in massive restructuring of political, religious, economic, social, educational, cultural, scientific, and other realms of life; so too will the Internet occasion analogous transformations in the corresponding universe of present and future human activity.

 

This site will concern itself primarily with how K-20 education in the US, and the people who comprise its constituencies, may be affected by this transformative movement from one era to the next. All ideas considered here appear, to me at least, to impact the learning enterprise in some way. Accordingly, this work looks at the present and the future through a lens that is predominantly, but far from entirely, a digital one. -JL


Opinions expressed, scooped, or copied in this Scoop.it topic are my choice, and are in no way to be connected with my employer.

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Margaret Waage's comment, June 20, 2013 4:43 AM
Jim - I like your perspective. Great subject matter here!
Margaret Waage's comment, June 20, 2013 4:46 AM
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Azania Nduli-AmaZulu UbuntuPsychology.ORG's curator insight, July 8, 2013 3:24 PM

Beautiful!

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Ed Tech Promoters Need to Realize We’re Not All Autodidacts ~ Slate

Ed Tech Promoters Need to Realize We’re Not All Autodidacts ~ Slate | :: The 4th Era :: | Scoop.it

by Annie Murphy Paul


"This is a very particular take on learning: the autodidact’s take. We shouldn’t mistake it for most people’s reality. Productive learning without guidance and support from others is rare. A pair of eminent researchers has gone so far as to call the very notion of self-directed learning “an urban legend in education.”


"In a paper published in Educational Psychologist last year, Paul A. Kirschner of the Open University of the Netherlands and Jeroen J.G. van Merriënboer of Maastricht University challenge the popular assumption “that it is the learner who knows best and that she or he should be the controlling force in her or his learning.”

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Technology and Graduation Rate: A Direct Correlation ~ Huffington Post

Technology and Graduation Rate: A Direct Correlation ~ Huffington Post | :: The 4th Era :: | Scoop.it

by Matthew Lynch


"...technology has made it possible for students who fall off the traditional path to jump back on and finish what they spent most of their childhood working towards. This may be in the form of taking remote classes from home, remedial classes in on-campus computer labs or even by enrolling in full-time online schools, public or private. The technology available for these options benefits students who face difficulties with a normal school schedule including teenage parents, students with short-term or long-term illnesses, teens with substance abuse struggles, or those who had poor academic performance due to learning disabilities or bullying."

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Ivon Prefontaine's curator insight, July 24, 7:19 PM

What is interesting is that other sources indicate there is a growing digital divide. Could it be both are happening? We have some communities graduating students in greater numbers and others struggling. Is it possible what we look for is what we find in research sometimes?

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12 New Yorker education articles to read while the archives are free ~ Vox

12 New Yorker education articles to read while the archives are free ~ Vox | :: The 4th Era :: | Scoop.it

from the website

via EdSurge


"The New Yorker has made its archives since 2007 (and a few articles from before that) free for the next three months. That includes some great journalism on education — a tour of the biggest debates in K-12 and higher education.


"If you need something to read on your next flight, want a break from beach reading, or are aiming for a better grasp of the American education system before the kids go back to school this fall… here's your summer reading syllabus."


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Ivon Prefontaine's curator insight, July 23, 4:11 PM

There are interesting titles and summaries listed.

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Competency-based education gets a boost from the Education Department @insidehighered

Competency-based education gets a boost from the Education Department @insidehighered | :: The 4th Era :: | Scoop.it
by Paul Fain

"The U.S. Department of Education will give its blessing -- and grant federal aid eligibility -- to colleges' experimentation with competency-based education and prior learning assessment.


"On Tuesday the department announced a new round of its “experimental sites” initiative, which waives certain rules for federal aid programs so institutions can test new approaches without losing their aid eligibility. Many colleges may ramp up their experiments with competency-based programs -- and sources said more than 350 institutions currently offer or are seeking to create such degree tracks."



Read more: http://www.insidehighered.com/news/2014/07/23/competency-based-education-gets-boost-education-department#ixzz38JAty0wZ 
Inside Higher Ed 
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How to Encourage More Creative Thinking ~ Sparring Mind

How to Encourage More Creative Thinking ~ Sparring Mind | :: The 4th Era :: | Scoop.it

by Gregory Ciotti


"Have you ever wished you were more creative? If you do creative work, have you ever suffered from a creative block and been stuck wondering what exactly is wrong, and how you can get yourself out of it? Of course you have, I mean, who hasn’t! Today, you’re in luck — you are about to read one."

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ISTE Survey Reveals Individualized Learning Is Educators’ Biggest Challenge | SYS-CON MEDIA

ISTE Survey Reveals Individualized Learning Is Educators’ Biggest Challenge | SYS-CON MEDIA | :: The 4th Era :: | Scoop.it


According to a survey of educators who attended the International Society for Technology in Education (ISTE) annual conference, individualized learning is the biggest challenge faced by educators today. Edmentum, a leading provider of online learning solutions, has released the results of an informal survey it conducted about challenges in education that included more than 500 respondents attending ISTE.

The survey asked event attendees to identify their top challenge from a list of seven challenges prevalent in education today. Individualized learning was by far the most common response, with nearly 38 percent of respondents reporting that as their biggest challenge, followed by intervention at 19 percent. The full results are below:


Biggest Challenge for Educators

Responses

Individualized learning 38%

Intervention 19%

Data analysis 11%

Instructional assistance 10%

College and career readiness 8%

School improvement 7.5%

Dropout prevention 6.5%

*from a total of 587 respondents"



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J. Mark Schwanz's curator insight, July 23, 8:48 AM

Do you agree that personalized or "individualized" learning is the greatest challenge today? I think the educator's greatest challenge is effectively harnessing a litany of e-teaching tools, open source and proprietary, while keeping research-based, appropriate pedagogy in balance.

With FEV Tutor we are helping to bridge the gap with a truly innovative and careful solution to the problem. We are able to offer teachers support to individualize instruction and it's not a stand-alone, do it yourself program. We partner with teachers as much as they need to provide targeted tutoring for students. We are effectively supporting response to intervention (RTI), special education, advanced placement programs, credit recovery, online and blended instructional strategies, and more.

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Why The Future Of Education Involves Badges - Edudemic

Why The Future Of Education Involves Badges - Edudemic | :: The 4th Era :: | Scoop.it

s"Higher education institutions are abuzz with the concept of Open Badges. Defined as a symbol or indicator of an accomplishment, skill, quality or interest, Open Badges are not only a hot topic as of late, but are also debated by some critics as the latest threat to higher education.


"A closer look at this emerging trend reveals benefits for traditional institutions and alternative learning programs alike. Some advocates have suggested that badges representing learning and skills acquired outside the classroom, or even in Massive Open Online Courses (MOOCs), will soon supplant diplomas and course credits."

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6,000 teachers, 3 continents, 1 problem - news - TES (Times Education Supplement: London)

6,000 teachers, 3 continents, 1 problem - news - TES (Times Education Supplement: London) | :: The 4th Era :: | Scoop.it

"When we decided to survey educators around the world about behaviour, we expected a mixed response. But it seems that whether you’re in the UK, the US or Australia, the challenges are the same. Here, teachers give us their perspective on a growing problem." 

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Easier Ways to Protect Email From Unwanted Prying Eyes ~ NY Times

Easier Ways to Protect Email From Unwanted Prying Eyes ~ NY Times | :: The 4th Era :: | Scoop.it

by Molly Wood


"Security experts say email is a lot more like a postcard than a letter inside an envelope, and almost anyone can read it while the note is in transit.


"One promising new encryption tool is Virtru, a feature that can be added to Chrome and Firefox browsers or installed on the Mail program on the Mac and for Outlook on Windows. One of Virtru’s big selling points is that it works with web-mail services like Gmail, Yahoo and Hotmail. There are also apps for iOS and Android."

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Social-Emotional Literacies and Digital Citizenship Best Practices | Connected Learning

Social-Emotional Literacies and Digital Citizenship Best Practices | Connected Learning | :: The 4th Era :: | Scoop.it

FREE LIVE WEBINAR


JULY 22, 11 AM, PDT


How to encourage multi-directional trust (from platforms to people) and empower learners of all ages to use learning resources confidently, effectively & safely.

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Flipping the Switch: SEL Lights the Path for Academic and Personal Success in Schools (EdSurge News)

Flipping the Switch: SEL Lights the Path for Academic and Personal Success in Schools (EdSurge News) | :: The 4th Era :: | Scoop.it

by Chelsea Miller

description by EdSurge


"Edtech products today often address academics and behavior independently," says Goalbook's Chelsea Miller, "under the assumption that the former is the focus of classroom learning, while social and emotional learning should be used as an intervention on an as-needed basis." She makes a compelling argument why this reactive model is ineffective."
 

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The REAL international story of American education | Dangerously Irrelevant

The REAL international story of American education | Dangerously Irrelevant | :: The 4th Era :: | Scoop.it

Scott McLeod quoting Linda Darling-Hammond:


"Federal policy under No Child Left Behind (NCLB) and the Department of Education’s ‘flexibility’ waivers has sought to address [the problem of international competitiveness] by beefing up testing policies — requiring more tests and upping the consequences for poor results: including denying diplomas to students, firing teachers, and closing schools. Unfortunately, this strategy hasn’t worked. In fact, U.S. performance on the Program for International Student Assessment (PISA) declined in every subject area between 2000 and 2012 — the years in which these policies have been in effect.


"Now we have international evidence about something that has a greater effect on learning than testing: Teaching. The results of the Teaching and Learning International Survey (TALIS), released last week by the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD), offer a stunning picture of the challenges experienced by American teachers, while providing provocative insights into what we might do to foster better teaching — and learning — in the United States.


"In short, the survey shows that American teachers today work harder under much more challenging conditions than teachers elsewhere in the industrialized world. They also receive less useful feedback, less helpful professional development, and have less time to collaborate to improve their work. Not surprisingly, two-thirds feel their profession is not valued by society — an indicator that OECD finds is ultimately related to student achievement."

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4 Technology Trends Changing Higher Education - Edudemic

4 Technology Trends Changing Higher Education - Edudemic | :: The 4th Era :: | Scoop.it

by Leslie Bass


"The adoption of technologies like mobile apps, cloud computing and game-based learning has helped students be more productive. From being consumers, students are now becoming creators and innovators, thanks to technology’s ubiquity.


"As universities continue to adopt new technology for higher education, here are some of the future learning trends to expect in the next few years:"

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Unions put teachers on streets — for votes ~ Politico

Unions put teachers on streets — for votes ~ Politico | :: The 4th Era :: | Scoop.it

by Stephanie Simon


"Teachers unions are struggling to protect their political clout, but as the midterm elections approach, they’re fighting back with their most popular asset: the teachers themselves.


"Backed by tens of millions in cash and new data mining tools that let them personalize pitches to voters, the unions are sending armies of educators to run a huge get-out-the-vote effort aimed at reversing the red tide that swept Republicans into power across the country in 2010."

Read more: http://www.politico.com/story/2014/07/unions-teachers-streets-votes-109305.html#ixzz38UrZeJxj
..


via Education Dive

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How the Maker Movement Connects Students to Engineering and Tech ~ Edutopia

How the Maker Movement Connects Students to Engineering and Tech ~ Edutopia | :: The 4th Era :: | Scoop.it
Eighth-grader Quin uses his passion for electronics to teach fellow students about 3D printing, arduinos, and other hands-on lessons in STEM skills.
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Teaching Kids to Code (EdSurge Guides)

Teaching Kids to Code (EdSurge Guides) | :: The 4th Era :: | Scoop.it

from EdSurge


"When it comes to teaching students to code, finding cheap or free software isn't the problem. (Just check out the 50+ tools in our updated EdSurge Coding Guide!) But finding inexpensive or free personnel who are trained in curriculum and coding instruction? Now that's a challenge. In comes Google, with a program that could cost nothing. Here's what students and teachers are saying about the CS First club."

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This is educational ‘innovation’? ~ Washington Post

This is educational ‘innovation’? ~ Washington Post | :: The 4th Era :: | Scoop.it

by Valerie Strauss


"The Organization of Economic Cooperation and Development, which brings the world the international testing program of 15-year old studentsknown as PISA, just issued a new report called “Measuring Innovation in Education: A New Perspective, Educational Research and Innovation.”


"Yes, the OECD is measuring innovation in education. There are, of course, innovation metrics for evaluating businesses, but schools aren’t businesses and shouldn’t be operated as if they were. So what exactly constitutes “innovation” in the educational world as viewed by the OECD?"

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Ivon Prefontaine's curator insight, July 21, 5:06 PM

Schools are not businesses and should not be treated as such. That is a good place to begin. Most re-form and de-form in School is a result of wanting to use business-like metrics to prove that the businesses providing the textbooks, the digital technologies, the professional development experts, etc. can justify their sales to School. Statistics are good when used well and help children at the classroom level in their learning and teachers in their teaching. The OECD stats are just badges worn by bureaucrats, technocrats, School managers, etc.

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Nine of the Best Ways to Boost Creative Thinking

Nine of the Best Ways to Boost Creative Thinking | :: The 4th Era :: | Scoop.it

by Gregory Ciotti


"When it comes to creativity, one of our biggest concerns is usually how we can be more creative, or how to come up with better ideas. Research in this area is all over the place, but I've gathered some of the most practical studies out there to help you utilize specific techniques that can boost your creativity."

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These Real-World Professional Development Setups Actually Work - Edudemic

These Real-World Professional Development Setups Actually Work - Edudemic | :: The 4th Era :: | Scoop.it

by Lisa Johnson


"So What is a Wicked Good Idea? It is more than pin-worthy… it is something that forces you to stop and challenges you to think differently. In this two-part series, we will delve into professional development ideas that not only make you halt and take notice… but also jump-start your imagination and inspiration and drive you to pluck them and take action by remixing them or even creating one of your own."

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How to Create a Social Media Marketing Plan From Scratch ~ Buffer

How to Create a Social Media Marketing Plan From Scratch ~ Buffer | :: The 4th Era :: | Scoop.it

by Kevan Lee


"The complete beginner's guide to creating a social media marketing plan, for those brand new to social media and looking for a straightforward way to start."


Jim Lerman's insight:


A practical and useful guide put together by the folks at Buffer. Nicely done.

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New Data Show Faster Job Growth in States With Higher Minimum Wage ~ Time

New Data Show Faster Job Growth in States With Higher Minimum Wage ~ Time | :: The 4th Era :: | Scoop.it

by Sam Frizell


"New data show that the 13 states that raised the minimum wage this year are adding jobs at a faster pacethan those that did not.


"State-by-state hiring data released Friday by the Labor Department reveal that in the 13 states that boosted minimum wages at the beginning of this year, the number of jobs grew an average of 0.85 percent from January to June. The average in the other 37 states was 0.61 percent."

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Phonar: Openly Networked Digital Storytelling - Connected Learning Alliance

Phonar: Openly Networked Digital Storytelling - Connected Learning Alliance | :: The 4th Era :: | Scoop.it

A case study by Howard Rheingold


"Phonar, an abbreviation of PHOtography and NARrative, is an in-person course at Coventry University in the UK and an open online course for as many as 35,000 participants around the world who co-create learning communities through a variety of media including blogs and a blog hub, Twitter (using the #phonar hashtag), and a Google+ community. The class grew out two forces that were created by the advent of digital media and global networks: (1) the problem of how to monetize cultural products such as photographs now that they can be so easily reproduced and distributed; and (2) the phenomenon of open, connected, hybrid courses that take place simultaneously online and in a physical classroom. In Phonar, the subject matter of photography as a vehicle for transmedia storytelling meshes with — and mutually amplifies — the networked forums through which students and instructor communicate."

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Sesame Street Framework for School Readiness

description by EdSurge


"To catch up with peers who have low risk factors, a high-risk child would need to make nearly twice as much progress during a year in kindergarten. At least, that's the disheartening conclusion of Kindergartners' Skills at School Entry, a report from the Sesame Workshop, the nonprofit behind Sesame Street. The Sesame Workshop also shared an Educational Framework for School Readiness, which outlines preschoolers' development paths on 20 core school readiness skills, from memorizing the alphabet to curiosity to self-regulating their emotions."

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Bonnie Bracey Sutton's curator insight, July 17, 8:05 AM
Sesame Street is a jewel in the crown of pre-school. I love this way of thinking about change and preparation.
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Jill Lepore: What the Theory of “Disruptive Innovation” Gets Wrong : The New Yorker

Jill Lepore: What the Theory of “Disruptive Innovation” Gets Wrong : The New Yorker | :: The 4th Era :: | Scoop.it

by Jill Lapore


"Every age has a theory of rising and falling, of growth and decay, of bloom and wilt: a theory of nature. Every age also has a theory about the past and the present, of what was and what is, a notion of time: a theory of history. Theories of history used to be supernatural: the divine ruled time; the hand of God, a special providence, lay behind the fall of each sparrow. If the present differed from the past, it was usually worse: supernatural theories of history tend to involve decline, a fall from grace, the loss of God’s favor, corruption. Beginning in the eighteenth century, as the intellectual historian Dorothy Ross once pointed out, theories of history became secular; then they started something new—historicism, the idea “that all events in historical time can be explained by prior events in historical time.” Things began looking up. First, there was that, then there was this, and this is better than that. The eighteenth century embraced the idea of progress; the nineteenth century had evolution; the twentieth century had growth and then innovation. Our era has disruption, which, despite its futurism, is atavistic. It’s a theory of history founded on a profound anxiety about financial collapse, an apocalyptic fear of global devastation, and shaky evidence.


"Most big ideas have loud critics. Not disruption. Disruptive innovation as the explanation for how change happens has been subject to little serious criticism, partly because it’s headlong, while critical inquiry is unhurried; partly because disrupters ridicule doubters by charging them with fogyism, as if to criticize a theory of change were identical to decrying change; and partly because, in its modern usage, innovation is the idea of progress jammed into a criticism-proof jack-in-the-box.


"The idea of progress—the notion that human history is the history of human betterment—dominated the world view of the West between the Enlightenment and the First World War. It had critics from the start, and, in the last century, even people who cherish the idea of progress, and point to improvements like the eradication of contagious diseases and the education of girls, have been hard-pressed to hold on to it while reckoning with two World Wars, the Holocaust and Hiroshima, genocide and global warming. Replacing “progress” with “innovation” skirts the question of whether a novelty is an improvement: the world may not be getting better and better but our devices are getting newer and newer."



Read more: http://www.newyorker.com/reporting/2014/06/23/140623fa_fact_lepore?printable=true&currentPage=all#ixzz37Kp1xZJV


Jim Lerman's insight:


You've heard about this battle; now read it for yourself. In the pages of the New Yorker, Lapore takes on Clayton Christensen in a no-holds-barred, heavyweight, intellectual boxing match -- arguing that "disruption" and its supporters lie at the root of what ails the age we live in.

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Connected Learning: An Agenda for Research and Design ~ DML Hub

From the website


"This report is a synthesis of ongoing research, design, and implementation of an approach to education called “connected learning.” It advocates for broadened access to learning that is socially embedded, interest-driven, and oriented toward educational, economic, or political opportunity. Connected learning is realized when a young person is able to pursue a personal interest or passion with the support of friends and caring adults, and is in turn able to link this learning and interest to academic achievement, career success or civic engagement.


"This model is based on evidence that the most resilient, adaptive, and effective learning involves individual interest as well as social support to overcome adversity and provide recognition.


"This report investigates how we can use new media to foster the growth and sustenance of environments that support connected learning in a broad-based and equitable way. This report also offers a design and reform agenda, grounded in a rich understanding of child development and learning, to promote and test connected learning theories."

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