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The Baby Boom Bump | NY Times

The Baby Boom Bump |  NY Times | :: The 4th Era :: | Scoop.it

By Kenneth S. Baer and Jeffrey B Liebman

 

"For decades we have known that the retirement of the baby boomers would be a monumental event for the economy. But now that it’s happening, many fiscal policy makers are acting as if the boomers are eternal teenagers and are turning a blind eye to how the boomers’ aging changes how we should approach economic policy. And this affects two of the central issues of the negotiations: how much the government should spend and how we can cut unemployment. "

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:: The 4th Era ::
Exploration of the new era in human history marked by invention of the Internet
Curated by Jim Lerman
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Introducing this work

Introducing this work | :: The 4th Era :: | Scoop.it

For the purposes of this Scoop.it site, the history of human interaction with information may be divided into 4 eras. The first (spoken) era ended with the invention of writing around 3000-4000 BC. The second era ended with the invention of the printing press in 1440. The third era ended, and the fourth began, with the invention of the Internet (depending how one defines its operational beginning) somewhere between 1969 and 1982. We now exist early, but decidedly, in the fourth era.

 

All readers may not agree with this interpretation of the history of information, especially with the division and numbering of the eras. That is not the main point. Rather, it is that humankind is presently existing in an era distinctly different from the one that preceded it -- that in fact, this new era is accompanied with, and characterized by, a new - and quite different - information landscape. This new Internet information landscape will challenge, disrupt, and overpower the print-oriented one that came before it. It will not completely obliterate that which preceded it, but it will render it to a subsidiary, rather than primary, level of influence.

 

Just as the printing press altered humanity's relationship with information, thereby resulting in massive restructuring of political, religious, economic, social, educational, cultural, scientific, and other realms of life; so too will the advance of digital technology occasion analogous transformations in the corresponding universe of present and future human activity.

 

This site will concern itself primarily with how K-20 education in the US, and the people who comprise its constituencies, may be affected by this transformative movement from one era to the next. All ideas considered here appear, to me at least, to impact the learning enterprise in some way. Accordingly, this work looks at the present and the future through a lens that is predominantly, but far from entirely, a digital one. -JL

 

Opinions expressed, scooped, or copied in this Scoop.it topic are my own, or a result of my own judgment, and should in no way be understood to reflect those of my employer.

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Margaret Waage's comment, June 20, 2013 7:43 AM
Jim - I like your perspective. Great subject matter here!
Margaret Waage's comment, June 20, 2013 7:46 AM
Shared via LinkedIn!
Azania Nduli-AmaZulu UbuntuPsychology.ORG's curator insight, July 8, 2013 6:24 PM

Beautiful!

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Scientists discover how to 'upload knowledge to your brain' 

Scientists discover how to 'upload knowledge to your brain'  | :: The 4th Era :: | Scoop.it
Feeding knowledge directly into your brain, just like in sci-fi classic The Matrix, could soon take as much effort as falling asleep, scientists believe.

Via Mark E. Deschaine, PhD, Miloš Bajčetić
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mediated relatedness

mediated relatedness | :: The 4th Era :: | Scoop.it
Clay Shirky discussed this third aspect in Here Comes Everybody (2008).

“Ridiculously easy group-forming matters because the desire to be part of a group that shares, cooperates, or acts in concert is a basic human instinct that has always been constrained by transaction costs. Now that group-forming has gone from hard to ridiculously easy, we are seeing an explosion of experiments with new groups and new kinds of groups.”

This desire to relate is what drives people to support global social movements on one hand, and to take shelter in tribal identity politics on the other. In politics, social media extend participation but also make information manipulation by small motivated groups much easier.

“A new form of information manipulation is unfolding in front of our eyes. It is political. It is global. And it is populist in nature. The news media is being played like a fiddle, while decentralized networks of people are leveraging the ever-evolving networked tools around them to hack the attention economy.” —dana boyd 2017

Understanding this deep desire to relate to others should be foremost in mind in any change initiative. We will not have organizational transformation, or political reformation without people feeling like they belong. To counter fascist thinking, we need to appeal to emotions, not logic. The same goes for education and learning.
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FairTest | The National Center for Fair and Open Testing

FairTest | The National Center for Fair and Open Testing | :: The 4th Era :: | Scoop.it

News from FairTest
"Below find a chronological listing of news FairTest shares on our website. If you would like to receive weekly updates of Testing Resistance & Reform News, as well as occasional other news, updates or communications from FairTest, click here"

 

Jim Lerman's insight:

FairTest has published a weekly hotlist of links to articles about testing and its abuses since 2012. This page archives every one of the lists.

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The Transcendent Nature of Sir Ken Robinson in Global Education

The Transcendent Nature of Sir Ken Robinson in Global Education | :: The 4th Era :: | Scoop.it

"Maybe it is a reflection of our global need to establish a voice in education. A voice that isn’t censored by political affiliation or appointment. A voice given permission to both challenge and motivate while identifying truths, in education, without fear of marginalizing one person or role in the complex system that is education.

"Matt Harris, Ed.D. an international technology expert and Deputy Head of School for the British School of Jakarta believes that this voice is a necessity to fully realize the potential of the education community at-large.

"Contemporary education is at crossroads where we are rich with creativity, straddled by regulation and absent any shining beacon to guide us. We need a Martin Luther King type leader to unify our passions and focus our efforts for the common good of learning for all. -Matt Harris, Ed.D."

 

Jim Lerman's insight:

 

A number of excellent links in this article.

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Theories of learning – epistemology of #connectivism - by Stephen Downes

Presentation of major branches of epistemology, placing connectivism into this content, and then describing learning theories in this framework. This becomes a…

Via Ana Cristina Pratas, Marco Pozzi, Jim Lerman
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Jess Chalmers's curator insight, November 8, 2016 6:35 AM

From Stephen Downe's site -Theories of learning – epistemology of connectivism

vgpascal's curator insight, November 10, 2016 5:42 AM
Behaviorisme vs. Cognitivisme vs. Connectivisme
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Bridging the Computer Science Education Gap - Southern Regional Education Board

Bridging the Computer Science Education Gap - Southern Regional Education Board | :: The 4th Era :: | Scoop.it
SREB’s Commission on Computer Science and Information Technology offers five actions for states and schools to help more young people — especially girls, black and Hispanic students, and students from low-income families — learn computer science and explore and choose careers in computing fields.

The actions show how schools can teach computer science and computational thinking in ways that deepen students’ mastery of core academic subjects. The full report also surveys the disciplines, workforce needs and current state of computer science education at the K-12 and postsecondary levels.

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Connectivism – the knowledge of the connected individual

Connectivism – the knowledge of the connected individual | :: The 4th Era :: | Scoop.it
It maybe useful to distinguish the types of learner that we are promoting a connectivist model towards. Learners who are experienced in a particular domain can pull knowledge from a variety of sources to interact with existing schema. Having some domain knowledge already allows them to create the interaction independently.

Via Nik Peachey, Jim Lerman
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Nik Peachey's curator insight, January 13, 10:09 AM

Always good to read more about connectivism.

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Tell Stories to Write a Successful College Entrance Essay - Carol Barash

Tell Stories to Write a Successful College Entrance Essay - Carol Barash | :: The 4th Era :: | Scoop.it
Carol Barash, PhD, is the founder and CEO of Story2, a web platform that helps students tap into the power of storytelling by using a step-by-step process to transform spoken stories into authentic college admission essays. Story2 wonGoldman Sachs’ 10,000 Small Businesses competition, completed the Kaplan TechStars accelerator, was included in Forbes 10 EdTech Companies You Need to Know About in 2015 and 14 NY Tech Companies to Watch in 2016. Barash has taught at Princeton University, the University of Michigan, and Rutgers University, where she served as faculty advisor to the admissions committee. She graduated summa cum laude from Yale University, completed her M.A. at the University of Virginia, and Ph.D. at Princeton University.
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The school of the future has opened in Finland

The school of the future has opened in Finland | :: The 4th Era :: | Scoop.it

Child psychologists have long argued that changing the approach we take to education would help many children learn to love school rather than hate it. We’ve all heard pre-schoolers talk about how they can’t wait to sit at their school desk and run to their next lesson with their rucksack over their shoulder. In fact, we probably remember that feeling of excitement ourselves the first time we went. But right from the first days of school, many children feel a huge sense of disappointment with what they encounter.

"At the Saunalahti school in the city of Espoo, Finland, they’ve found a brilliant way to overcome this problem. Starting just with the school building itself, you’d look at it and never think it was a school. Instead, it’s more a like modern art museum — wonderfully light and airy. Experts from VERSTAS Architects made sure they moved well away from the typical dour design for a public school which we all can’t stand:"

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Skills For Future Success in a Disruptive World of Work

Skills For Future Success in a Disruptive World of Work | :: The 4th Era :: | Scoop.it

“The secret of change is to focus all your energy, not in fighting the old, but on building the new.” – Socrates

The future that comes to us (and generations to come) will always be uncertain

Via Fred Zimny, steve batchelder
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A Diagram Of 21st Century Pedagogy

A Diagram Of 21st Century Pedagogy | :: The 4th Era :: | Scoop.it
A Diagram Of 21st Century Pedagogy by TeachThought Staff The modern learner has to sift through a lot of information. That means higher level thinking skills like analysis and evaluation...

Via Yashy Tohsaku, Jim Lerman
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Nevermore Sithole's curator insight, January 10, 1:29 AM
A Diagram Of 21st Century Pedagogy
Walter Gassenferth's curator insight, January 13, 8:13 AM

Very interesting subject to be considered and discussed. I will disclose the post to my contacts and subscribers in http://www.quanticaconsultoria.com

Ron McIntyre's curator insight, January 14, 4:41 AM

Food for thought!

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Create So Much They Can’t Ignore You – ART + marketing

Create So Much They Can’t Ignore You – ART + marketing | :: The 4th Era :: | Scoop.it
If it’s getting harder and harder to get noticed in a sea of talent, yet it’s easier than ever to reach people, how do we get more attention, more of the time?
There are a few ways, including paying for advertising and getting someone famous to endorse your work. These might work in the short term.
But in the interest of genuine, organic and long-term attraction and attention, you simply must create in high quality AND in high volume AND with consistency.
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Little SIS for Google Classroom by @astillman - Teacher Tech

Little SIS for Google Classroom by @astillman - Teacher Tech | :: The 4th Era :: | Scoop.it

Guest blog post by Andrew Stillman

For many of the same reasons I created Doctopus, I agree with Alice Keeler that Google Classroom — used imaginatively, #notjustforworksheets;) — has an amazing potential to change the way kids and teachers interact and learn.  Simply put, Google Classroom makes it easier to manage tasks that involve rich student creation, collaboration, iteration, and timely feedback — essential ingredients for powerful learning at any age, and what school ought to be about.

Make Google Classroom Setup Easier

In this vein, one of the creations we’ve been simmering and stewing at Amplified Labs is called Little SIS for Classroom, which is built on the idea that Google Classroom can become much more widely adopted, and benefit more students with its transformative power, if it were even easier to set-up — specifically, if teachers didn’t have to build and update their Classroom rosters over time as students come and go from their official class lists. 

Little SIS

Here’s how Little SIS makes this possible.  By using data from your district’s Student Information System, Little SIS:

Sets up new Classroom Classes for teachers who need them.
Links onto existing Classroom classes for those who already have them. 
Keeps Google Classroom rosters synchronized with your official class rosters. No join codes or invites necessary. Kids are added and removed automatically every day.
Little SIS for Classroom offers deep insight into the way Google Classroom is currently being used by teachers across your G Suite for EDU domain, and gives IT leadership the automation superpowers they need to drive meaningful Classroom adoption at any scale, from a pilot group, to a single school, to your whole district."

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5 Reasons to Avoid Smart Assistants If You Value Your Privacy via Dan Price

5 Reasons to Avoid Smart Assistants If You Value Your Privacy via Dan Price | :: The 4th Era :: | Scoop.it
So, you've bought a new speaker-based smart assistant and it's proudly sitting in the center of your coffee table. But what security risks and privacy problems are you now exposing yourself to?

Via Tom D'Amico (@TDOttawa) , Miloš Bajčetić, Jim Lerman
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Yong Zhou's and Peter Gray's keynote addresses at the 2016 AERO Conference in Portland, Or.

Yong Zhou's and Peter Gray's keynote addresses at the 2016 AERO Conference in Portland, Or. | :: The 4th Era :: | Scoop.it

"[F]or the first time we are posting free links to last year's keynotes. Last we posted Peter Gray's presentation. Here is Peter Gray's fascinating and unique keynote. And here is Yong Zhao's insightful and hilarious keynote. Peter Gray is an evolutionary psychologist with expertise in the area of play and close connections to Sudbury Valley School. In this talk he traces education's roots further back that most people can imagine! Yong Zhao is a renowned expert on Chinese and American education. His talk was uniquely created for AERO and featured his personal "alternative" education in China. "

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12 Steps to Creating a Comprehensive Approach to #EdTech Integration - Consideration 6

12 Steps to Creating a Comprehensive Approach to #EdTech Integration - Consideration 6 | :: The 4th Era :: | Scoop.it

"Effective technology integration doesn’t happen organically. It takes intentional planning. There are twelve steps schools can take to get the ball rolling. It starts by looking at the district’s overall approach and seeing how your school can build upon what is in place and customize to the needs of your community.

In New York City we have a “Strategic Technology Plan” which is designed to help readers:


Understand connections between technology and the strategic goals of the NYCDOE
Discover opportunities for expanded technology programming and investment


Learn about the priorities for the next five years.


The plan addresses three areas:
Integrate Tech Into Instruction
Invest in Infrastructure and Devices
Focus on the User"

 

Download the plan for free.

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Swedish anti-smoking ad coughs when a smoker passes by

Swedish anti-smoking ad coughs when a smoker passes by | :: The 4th Era :: | Scoop.it

"Quitting smoking is one of the most popular New Years resolutions, but how many actually keep it?

"A pharmacy in Sweden wanted to help people (and promote themselves in the process), and they designed a provocative ad which coughs when smokers pass by it."

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Where the Jobs Are: The [U.S.] Computing Labor Market

Where the Jobs Are: The [U.S.] Computing Labor Market | :: The 4th Era :: | Scoop.it

{This chart is available on p. 5 of the SREB report "Bridging the Computer Science Education Gap, which is available here.}

 

Where the Jobs Are: The [U.S.] Computing Labor Market

 

"In the global labor market, knowledge of computer science, computer literacy and computational thinking skills are required in nearly all careers. Further, jobs in computer science, IT and related fields are a large and growing sector of the economy. The Association for Computing Machinery estimates that by 2020, as many as 4.6 million out of 9.2 million STEM jobs will be computer-related.20 By 2020, nearly 3.8 million jobs will be computer sciencerelated, with about 70 percent requiring a bachelor’s degree or higher.21

 

"Millions more jobs in fields like advanced manufacturing, business and medicine will also require individuals to possess high-level computing skills in areas like software development, programming and network maintenance.22 Such jobs have been described as requiring “double-deep skills” — significant computing expertise in addition to knowledge of the field.23 Overall, jobs in computing fields pay well and are in high demand. As of 2015, the average median salary of jobs in computer science and IT was $81,430 a year — more than double the $36,200 median salary of all jobs.24 One 2014 study found that software developer jobs ranked at the top of all jobs advertised online, at a mean salary of $92,000 annually.25

 

"Some jobs in informatics (business systems analysts, information architects), health informatics26 (medical coding specialists, physicians certified in clinical informatics) and cybersecurity27 ( forensics experts, security code auditors) are so new that Bureau of Labor Statistics data do not capture them. Nevertheless, the need for individuals in all three fields is high. In recent years, health informatics jobs grew at a rate of 36 percent, compared to 9 percent for health care jobs overall.28 Major data breaches at corporations like Anthem, The Home Depot and Target sparked a 91 percent growth in cyber jobs in the United States29 and sent salaries soaring to $100,000 per year or more.30 To meet demand, U.S. Defense Secretary Ashton Carter has said, “cyber may one day become the sixth service branch.”31

 

"Nationwide, employers in every industry report struggling to find individuals with the requisite computing skills. By 2020, the United States may have 1 million more computing jobs available than people to fill them.32 As a result, many American businesses are recruiting overseas. In 2015, the U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services office received approximately 233,000 applications for H-1Bs — skilled-worker visas that allow U.S. employers to employ foreign workers in specialty occupations for up to six years. Only 85,000 such visas are allotted each year, mainly in STEM fields.33

 

"The college-degreed computing workforce is small, lacks diversity and must rapidly expand if the United States is to meet labor market demand. By one estimate, only 2.4 percent of college graduates have degrees in computer science.34 Just 8 percent of college graduates with degrees in computer science are black,35 8 percent are Hispanic and 18 percent are women.36 Less than 1 percent of the technical employees of top Silicon Valley companies like Dropbox, Facebook and Google are black.37"

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Bridging the Computer Science Education Gap - Southern Regional Education Board

Bridging the Computer Science Education Gap - Southern Regional Education Board | :: The 4th Era :: | Scoop.it
SREB’s Commission on Computer Science and Information Technology offers five actions for states and schools to help more young people — especially girls, black and Hispanic students, and students from low-income families — learn computer science and explore and choose careers in computing fields.

The actions show how schools can teach computer science and computational thinking in ways that deepen students’ mastery of core academic subjects. The full report also surveys the disciplines, workforce needs and current state of computer science education at the K-12 and postsecondary levels.
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Overview of Adaptive Learning Technolog Today | EdSurge

Overview of Adaptive Learning Technolog Today | EdSurge | :: The 4th Era :: | Scoop.it

"So far, adaptive technology (which we define here) has touched only a fraction of America’s K-12 students—maybe 20 percent, based on an informal poll of educators and entrepreneurs. Yet it attracts attention because it takes aim at several fundamental questions: Can we create a way to deliver content that keeps kids more engaged than the classic textbook? How much does the order in which concepts or skills are taught, or “sequenced”, matter? How do we use testing—or assessment—not simply to rank students but as meaningful windows into why they struggle to learn? And the big one: Can changes in digital curriculum help close the aching achievement gap?

"The need to tackle these issues cuts deeper daily: The students entering America’s classrooms come from more diverse backgrounds and bring a wider set of needs and abilities than ever in history. By contrast, funding for schools grows modestly at best. In most segments of life, when we’ve tried to do more with the same (or fewer) resources, we’ve invented tools to help.

"But like so many bright and shiny technology promises, adaptive learning has yet to offer any definitive answers, despite decades of work. Both industry and teachers are even wrestling with exactly what will constitute the “evidence” that so many educators crave. If there’s scant proof that these tools raise test scores, is it worth doing if it makes students more enthusiastic learners, or if it frees up teachers to spend more time teaching to smaller groups? These questions unnerve many, including parents who don’t want their children to get an inferior education as schools work out the kinks in new technology, and school district leaders, who are loath to champion risky projects that could get them in hot water with the school board or on the front page of the local paper.

"No one, even that most evangelical proponent of technological change, former Harvard Business School professor Clayton Christensen, promises change will be easy. New technologies, Christensen has observed, are typically inferior to existing ones—until people change the way they work. And so exploring what “adaptive learning” might mean in education has pulled a small group of educators, business and philanthropists into a tentative and at times, awkward dance. Here’s what they are doing—and what they’re learning along the way."

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David W. Deeds's curator insight, January 13, 2:29 AM

Thanks to Jim Lerman.

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Half of young people have so many 'emotional problems' they cannot focus at school, study finds :: The Telegraph (UK)

Half of young people have so many 'emotional problems' they cannot focus at school, study finds :: The Telegraph (UK) | :: The 4th Era :: | Scoop.it

"Half of young people have so many emotional problems they cannot focus at school, a study has found.

"Some 48 per cent of youngsters said that they experienced problems during their school years that prevented them from concentrating on their academic work.

"Of these, 46 per cent did not talk to anyone about their problems, mainly because they did not want other people to know that they were struggling.
 
"The latest report from the Youth Index, which gauges how students feel about a range of topics from home life to health, showed that mental health is at its lowest level since the Index was first commissioned."

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VRLearn: Virtual Reality and Learning ~ Stephen Downes

VRLearn: Virtual Reality and Learning ~ Stephen Downes | :: The 4th Era :: | Scoop.it
Online learning, new media, connectivism, MOOCs, personal learning environments, new literacy, and more from Stephen Downes

 

Jim Lerman's insight:

 

To my way of thinking, Downes is one of today's deepest writers about digital learning. This piece does not disappoint.


Via juandoming, michel verstrepen, steve batchelder
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New Research On Teens & Sleep via @LarryFerlazzo

New Research On Teens & Sleep via @LarryFerlazzo | :: The 4th Era :: | Scoop.it
Here are new additions to The Best Resources For Helping Teens Learn About The Importance Of Sleep (you can also find ideas there on how I use this kind of research in lessons): Starting school lat…

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A dean from MIT is starting a radical new university with no majors, lectures, or classrooms

A dean from MIT is starting a radical new university with no majors, lectures, or classrooms | :: The 4th Era :: | Scoop.it
Her new university is among a number of recent initiatives to change the way American students learn and the values they take away with them. Ivy League universities are now particularly keen to shake up their admission process and focus less on students with great grades and a set of extra-curricular activities, and prioritize meaningful experience instead.

Via Kim Flintoff, Mark E. Deschaine, PhD, Ines Bieler
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Be Careful What You Code For – Data & Society: Points

Be Careful What You Code For – Data & Society: Points | :: The 4th Era :: | Scoop.it
Technology can be amazingly empowering. But only when it is implemented in a responsible manner. Code doesn’t create magic. Without the right checks and balances, it can easily be misused. In the world of civic tech, we need to conscientiously think about the social and environmental costs, just as urban planners do.
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