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Seven Degrees of Connectedness | Langwitches Blog

Seven Degrees of Connectedness | Langwitches Blog | :: The 4th Era :: | Scoop.it

Rodd Lucier, from the Clever Sheep blog, published a post titled Seven Degrees of Connectedness. The closing questions to Rodd’s post caught my eye:  Can [the framework] serve as an introduction to the concept of a personal learning network?


Via Stephanie Sandifer, Dennis T OConnor, Nancy Jones
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:: The 4th Era ::
Exploration of the new era in human history marked by invention of the Internet
Curated by Jim Lerman
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Introducing this work

Introducing this work | :: The 4th Era :: | Scoop.it

For the purposes of this Scoop.it site, the history of human interaction with information may be divided into 4 eras. The first (spoken) era ended with the invention of writing around 3000-4000 BC. The second era ended with the invention of the printing press in 1440. The third era ended, and the fourth began, with the invention of the Internet (depending how one defines its operational beginning) somewhere between 1969 and 1982. We now exist early, but decidedly, in the fourth era.

 

All readers may not agree with this interpretation of the history of information, especially with the division and numbering of the eras. That is not the main point. Rather, it is that humankind is presently existing in an era distinctly different from the one that preceded it -- that in fact, this new era is accompanied with, and characterized by, a new - and quite different - information landscape. This new Internet information landscape will challenge, disrupt, and overpower the print-oriented one that came before it. It will not completely obliterate that which preceded it, but it will render it to a subsidiary, rather than primary, level of influence.

 

Just as the printing press altered humanity's relationship with information, thereby resulting in massive restructuring of political, religious, economic, social, educational, cultural, scientific, and other realms of life; so too will the advance of digital technology occasion analogous transformations in the corresponding universe of present and future human activity.

 

This site will concern itself primarily with how K-20 education in the US, and the people who comprise its constituencies, may be affected by this transformative movement from one era to the next. All ideas considered here appear, to me at least, to impact the learning enterprise in some way. Accordingly, this work looks at the present and the future through a lens that is predominantly, but far from entirely, a digital one. -JL

 

Opinions expressed, scooped, or copied in this Scoop.it topic are my own, or a result of my own judgment, and should in no way be understood to reflect those of my employer.

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Margaret Waage's comment, June 20, 2013 7:43 AM
Jim - I like your perspective. Great subject matter here!
Margaret Waage's comment, June 20, 2013 7:46 AM
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Azania Nduli-AmaZulu UbuntuPsychology.ORG's curator insight, July 8, 2013 6:24 PM

Beautiful!

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The Long Game of Betsy DeVos – EduShyster

The Long Game of Betsy DeVos – EduShyster | :: The 4th Era :: | Scoop.it

"There is a queasy, racialized undertone to much of the education reform debate, with its constant implication that students of color fare best in schools over which their communities have little say. In Michigan, though, that argument has been taken by reform advocates, Betsy DeVos chief among them, to its extreme conclusion. The official message of DeVos’ organization, the Great Lakes Education Project, during last summer’s legislative battle was that dissolving the Detroit Public Schools would *protect kids and empower parents,* a cause that came with its own hashtag: #EndDPS. But what GLEP really meant was hard to miss. Detroit is a tax-hoovering abyss whose residents are too corrupt and incompetent to oversee their own schools."

 

Jim Lerman's insight:

 

This time Jennifer Berkshire takes her turn indicting Betsy DeVos, Trump's nominee for Secretary of Education.

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How much could Trump’s education secretary damage public schools? Just look at Detroit.

How much could Trump’s education secretary damage public schools? Just look at Detroit. | :: The 4th Era :: | Scoop.it
President-elect Donald Trump has tapped Betsy DeVos, a philanthropist and a strong supporter of school choice, as his education secretary. And although DeVos isn’t a household name, she could end up having a big impact on public school students across the country.
For evidence, just take a look at Detroit — a city where DeVos’ influence shows how an expansion of charter schools without the proper oversight can hurt the quality of education for low-income students.
Throughout DeVos’ career as a school choice advocate, she has aggressively pushed for the expansion of charter schools. Although many charter schools across the country benefit low-income families seeking an alternative to public schools, educational equity advocates often raise concerns that a lack of accountability allows less effective charter schools to thrive. And DeVos has been at the forefront of efforts to push against this accountability.
DeVos sits on the board of the Great Lakes Education Project, which advocates for its education reform priorities in the Michigan state legislature. This group is responsible for pushing the legislature to end its plans for a Detroit commission to regulate charter schools.
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Rethinking learning in the Digital Age (Mitchel Resnick)

MIT Prof. Mitchel Resnick on ways to transform education, the Lego Mindstorms, and the idea of constructionist learning

Via Edumorfosis, steve batchelder
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Her Code Got Humans on the Moon—And Invented Software Itself

Her Code Got Humans on the Moon—And Invented Software Itself | :: The 4th Era :: | Scoop.it
MARGARET HAMILTON WASN’T supposed to invent the modern concept of software and land men on the moon. It was 1960, not a time when women were encouraged to seek out high-powered technical work. Hamilton, a 24-year-old with an undergrad degree in mathematics, had gotten a job as a programmer at MIT, and the plan was for her to support her husband through his three-year stint at Harvard Law. After that, it would be her turn—she wanted a graduate degree in math.

But the Apollo space program came along. And Hamilton stayed in the lab to lead an epic feat of engineering that would help change the future of what was humanly—and digitally—possible.

As a working mother in the 1960s, Hamilton was unusual; but as a spaceship programmer, Hamilton was positively radical. Hamilton would bring her daughter Lauren by the lab on weekends and evenings. While 4-year-old Lauren slept on the floor of the office overlooking the Charles River, her mother programmed away, creating routines that would ultimately be added to the Apollo’s command module computer.
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Educating for Democracy in the Digital Age | Educator Innovator

Educating for Democracy in the Digital Age | Educator Innovator | :: The 4th Era :: | Scoop.it
The Educating for Democracy in the Digital Age (EDDA) Initiative in Oakland, California includes more than 100 teachers who are grappling with how to productively engage their students in today’s civic and political world. EDDA is a partnership between Oakland Unified School District (OUSD), Mills College, and the National Writing Project (NWP). EDDA aims to expand the opportunity structure in OUSD high schools and to develop students’ commitments and capacities for meaningful civic action in the 21st century.

EDDA recently launched a series of videos with the Teaching Channel that captures how teachers in the Initiative are leveraging web 2.0 tools and best practices in civic education to provide students with civic learning opportunities that will prepare and motivate them to work for positive change in their communities. Two EDDA teachers–Matt Colley and Chela Delgado–invited us into their classrooms to capture this work in action and share it with others. Both teachers worked with students, as part of a broader unit on deeply analyzing a civic and political issue, identifying ways to take action in response to an issue, and reflecting on how their action steps may have an impact on the community and others.
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Jared Kushner Might Now Be Our Best Hope for World-Class Internet

Jared Kushner Might Now Be Our Best Hope for World-Class Internet | :: The 4th Era :: | Scoop.it
When you mention infrastructure, people think of bridges and roads. Well, those are multipurpose and no one can control them—that’s what makes them great. And today’s transformative infrastructure, equivalent in its importance to the railroads and highways of the past, is fiber and high-capacity internet access. We need it nearly everywhere, and in very near every house and business in the country.
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The Top 10 AI And Machine Learning Use Cases Everyone Should Know About

The Top 10 AI And Machine Learning Use Cases Everyone Should Know About | :: The 4th Era :: | Scoop.it
The implications of this are wide and varied, and data scientists are coming up with new use cases for machine learning every day, but these are some of the top, most interesting use cases currently being explored.

Via Marc Wachtfogel, Ph.D.
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Built by Bots: AI and the Building Industry

Built by Bots: AI and the Building Industry | :: The 4th Era :: | Scoop.it
Building Control will be reinvented if technological advances using drones and robotic bulldozers continue at their current rate.

Via Dan Roberts
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Dan Roberts's curator insight, November 17, 9:30 AM
How drones and artificial intelligence are changing the management of construction sites
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6 Future Learning Scenarios: How Education May Look Beyond Today via GDC

6 Future Learning Scenarios: How Education May Look Beyond Today via GDC | :: The 4th Era :: | Scoop.it
How might education look beyond today? What can we look forward to seeing in learning? Here are 6 future learning scenarios to get you thinking.

Via Tom D'Amico (@TDOttawa) , Yashy Tohsaku
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David W. Deeds's curator insight, November 18, 12:27 AM

Good stuff! Thanks to Jim Lerman.

Joseph Ridgway's curator insight, November 18, 7:42 AM
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Dr. Theresa Kauffman's curator insight, November 19, 9:56 PM
So exciting!  At Kauffman Leadership Academy, we are striving to personalize learning and provide a variety of assessment opportunities beyond standardized testing. Great article!
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This Moment: Richard Rorty Called It

This Moment: Richard Rorty Called It | :: The 4th Era :: | Scoop.it

"Last night Lisa Kerr tweeted out this passage from Richard Rorty's Achieving Our Country: Leftist Thought in Twentieth-Century America" Published in 1998.

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Elaine J Roberts, Ph.D.'s curator insight, November 15, 7:20 AM

I heard of Jonathan Pie for the first time yesterday when someone shared his now-viral rant about Trump and Brexit and how the complacent elitist left is to blame. He was serious. We were given the impression it was off-the-cuff, but it was too well produced to be impromptu. Even so, in spite of the language, his observations were interesting. Then someone shared this, written in 1998. Words matter. Writing matters.

Venkatesh Iyer (venkyiyer.com)'s curator insight, November 17, 10:39 PM
I am speechless
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The UK is having the very fundamentals of its democracy challenged by shambolic politicians and…

The UK is having the very fundamentals of its democracy challenged by shambolic politicians and… | :: The 4th Era :: | Scoop.it
The reaction to the recent court ruling about triggering Article 50 was a low point in this already very low point of British politics.
The problem with this issue, unlike many of the more accessible and amusing recent scandals and let downs, is that the real danger lies in subtle readings of law and political protocol. Some of the media and political commentary picked up on this, but on the whole the severity of the situation has not really been talked about enough.
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After the Election: A To-Do List -::- Jennifer Gonzalez

After the Election: A To-Do List -::- Jennifer Gonzalez | :: The 4th Era :: | Scoop.it
Since the election results were announced, I haven’t mentioned them in any public forum. I was too overwhelmed, and I didn’t want to muddy the waters here; I wanted to stay focused on teaching.

But everywhere I look, the waters are plenty muddy. Over the past five days, the pain I’m hearing in the voices of friends, family members, and total strangers online, the acts of hate and violence I’m seeing on the news, they’re not letting up. And not using this platform to share my thoughts would be cowardly. It would be lazy. It would also be a wasted opportunity: Most of my readers are educators, people who will shape the next generation. So if I can influence those teachers in any way, I have a responsibility to give it my best shot.

I’d like to propose a few ideas for things educators can do to move us forward in a way that’s healing and productive.

Let me be clear: I’m not talking about moving ON, dismissing what has happened, or “getting over it.” I have seen too much heartbreak, confusion and fear this week—on both sides—to suggest we move on. I’m talking about forward motion, the work we have ahead of us.
Jim Lerman's insight:

Well worth reading; don't miss this.

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Jim Lerman's curator insight, November 13, 2:23 PM

Well worth reading;don't miss this.

Jim Lerman's curator insight, November 13, 2:24 PM

Well worth reading; don't miss this.

Karen Draper's curator insight, November 14, 9:51 AM
all these things we should remember to do for they are aspects of teaching we often forget in our quest to teach our subjects. We too often forget that we are teaching kids (not robots)with feelings and fears, family problems, and they don't always want to learn what we are there to teach them. They sometime just need lessons on life.
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Worried About the Privacy of Your Messages? Download Signal

Worried About the Privacy of Your Messages? Download Signal | :: The 4th Era :: | Scoop.it
The free encrypted messaging service has won the acclaim of security researchers and privacy advocates, including Edward J. Snowden. All have said that Signal goes above and beyond other chat tools in keeping electronic communications private.

And now more than ever, we may need it. That’s because hacks are on the rise — look at how the activist group WikiLeaks posted a trove of emails from Hillary Clinton’s campaign chairman, John D. Podesta, for all to see. Many are also watching for how government surveillance may grow under Donald J. Trump, who has chosen Mike Pompeo, who advocates greater surveillance, to lead the Central Intelligence Agency.

Signal is one of many encrypted messaging services, but it stands out for its uncompromising security and ease of use. The chat service retains virtually no information from users, including messages and address books, on its servers. What’s more, messages remain encrypted when passing through Signal’s servers, meaning that the app’s creators can’t read them.
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Decodificando's curator insight, December 9, 3:37 PM
La privacidad y cómo no perderla. Uno de los males de nuestros tiempos.
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Audrey Watters' Indictment of Betsy DeVos

Audrey Watters' Indictment of Betsy DeVos | :: The 4th Era :: | Scoop.it
Earlier this year, the DeVos family lost a huge tax break on their property after Michigan’s Department of Treasury investigated improper exemptions. Reminder: paying property taxes helps fund public schools. Not paying property taxes means you do not support public schools.
Oh. I see…
DeVos’s support for charter schools and vouchers are the signature of her efforts in Michigan, which has the least regulated charter school system in the country – “The Poster Child for How Not to do Charter Schools,” according to HuffPo. As The New York Times notes, “The Detroit, Flint and Grand Rapids school districts have among the nation’s 10 largest shares of students in charters, and the state sends $1 billion in education funding to charters annually. Of those schools, 80 percent are run by for-profit organizations, a far higher share than anywhere else in the nation.” The choice of DeVos, according to Slate’s Dana Goldstein, would “gut public education.”
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Noam Chomsky on the Perils of Market-Driven Education

Noam Chomsky on the Perils of Market-Driven Education | :: The 4th Era :: | Scoop.it
Free higher education could be instituted without major difficulties, but neoliberalism is standing in the way.

Via Dr. Susan Bainbridge
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Thomas Mboa's curator insight, November 4, 4:00 PM
un avis très intéressant de Noam Chomsky sur l'éducation de nos jours...
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Fewer poor students are being enrolled in state universities. Here's why - The Edvocate

Fewer poor students are being enrolled in state universities. Here's why - The Edvocate | :: The 4th Era :: | Scoop.it
States have traditionally provided funding for public colleges and universities based on a combination of the number of students enrolled and how much money they were allocated previously.

But, in the face of increasingly tight budgets and pressures to demonstrate their effectiveness to legislators, more and more states are tying at least some higher education funding to student outcomes.

As of 2015, 32 states have implemented a funding system that is based in part on students’ performance in at least some of their colleges. In such states, a portion of state funding is based on metrics such as the number of completed courses or the number of graduates.

Research shows that performance-based funding (PBF) has not moved the needle on degree completions in any substantial way. Our research focuses on the unintended consequences of such funding policies – whether colleges have responded to funding incentives in ways that could hurt disadvantaged students.

We find evidence that these systems may be reducing access for low-income students at public colleges.
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Read Elizabeth Warren’s speech about working with President-elect Donald Trump

Read Elizabeth Warren’s speech about working with President-elect Donald Trump | :: The 4th Era :: | Scoop.it
In her first post-election speech—delivered Thursday to the American Federation of Labor and Congress of Industrial Organizations’ executive council—Elizabeth Warren pledged to work with Donald Trump on their shared populist proposals to rebuild the economy and working class.

But the Massachusetts senator also forcefully pledged to not compromise on her progressive principles during the Republican presidential-elects tenure.
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The Tech Industry Can — and Should — Lead in the Trump Era

The Tech Industry Can — and Should — Lead in the Trump Era | :: The 4th Era :: | Scoop.it

"This presidential election has kicked off tempestuous debates and much soul searching about the role of technology, especially social media, in the democratic process. These questions are vital, but now it is time to look forward. The core issue is the question of how the tech community should respond thoughtfully and critically to what for many (including us) was a surprising victory.

 

Ask companies, instead of the government, to push for social change"

 

Jim Lerman's insight:

Quite an interesting article, offering 5 strategies for how the tech industry might address the new administration.

 

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How To Negotiate When You're At A Disadvantage

How To Negotiate When You're At A Disadvantage | :: The 4th Era :: | Scoop.it
Sometimes, it’s not easy to know if you’re in a fair negotiation, or you feel you must negotiate even if you aren’t going to get a fair shake. In those cases, these seven steps can help.
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Education Technology Under Trump: A Syllabus ::|:: Audrey Watters

Education Technology Under Trump: A Syllabus ::|:: Audrey Watters | :: The 4th Era :: | Scoop.it

"How do we understand Trump and ed-tech? How do we help students understand? How do we help all of us understand and respond?


"Back in June, The Chronicle of Higher Education published a mock syllabus for “Trump 101” – “this course will explore the phenomenon that is Donald Trump’s presidential campaign.” The syllabus, which tried to position itself in a long line of crowdsourced syllabi – relevant and radical, generated to help students understand recent events – failed to include the work of scholars of color. Utterly failed.

 

"There have been several responses and rewrites, most notably Trump Syllabus 2.0, written by N. D. B. Connolly and Keisha N. Blain. It's an important document. Work your way through all of it.


"This is my addition of a week (or more) of reading, if you will, to that syllabus. It’s a week (or so) focused on understanding Trumpism and/with education technology (and technology more broadly). (There’s still a lot that could be added about education specifically, I think.)"

 

Jim Lerman's Insight:

 

Kudos to Watters, Connolly, and Blain. It certainly helps to study, analyze, think, and learn...but it must be in the service of doing, not just reflecting.

 

We need to develop a new organizing agenda. The time to start creating it is now. An essential element is to win back a majority of the working class, as always in building a progressive movement. In our capitalist world, economic justice is the strongest lever.

 

This current "triumph" of Trumpism can be traced from a small conservative groundswell during and after Barry Goldwater's "yuge" loss to Lyndon Johnson in 1964 (31% to 68%). Trump's victory was at least 52 years in the making, and surely had numerous antecedents and roots in US and world history.

 

With the benefit of hindsight, let us not see this win as a sudden, even surprising, event, but rather the result of a visible trend that has been building over some considerable time -- to which many (self included) were blind, or unwilling to see.

 

Yes, the Electoral College is a problem, but of course it is not THE problem. Surprisingly perhaps, Trump says he wants to abolish it. Progressives ought to support this, of course, but, if successful, should be far from satisfied. Such an occurrence would represent merely a step in the right direction.

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$50,000 award for women-led VR, AR and AI startups – Haptical

$50,000 award for women-led VR, AR and AI startups – Haptical | :: The 4th Era :: | Scoop.it
Nonprofit organization Women Who Tech, is awarding women-led virtual reality (VR), augmented reality (AR), and artificial intelligence (AI) startups with $50,000 cash and other startup friendly services.
Women Who Tech who describes itself as a nonprofit organization working to break down barriers to women in the tech industry, announced the fourth Women Startup Challenge pitch in partnership with Craig Newmark of craigslist and the Craig Newmark Foundation. The event is also sponsored in part by startup investors Fred and Joanne Wilson.
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Finland reforming its education system by scrapping Subject based Teaching

Finland reforming its education system by scrapping Subject based Teaching | :: The 4th Era :: | Scoop.it

"Finland’s education system is considered among the finest in the world, as the country produces some of the world’s most intelligent and evolved students. The country has a progressive and successful education system. It is at the top of the international league for literacy and numeracy. Only far eastern countries such as Singapore and China outperform the Nordic nation in the influential Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA) rankings which makes it all the more remarkable that Finland is about to embark on one of the most radical education reform programmes ever undertaken by a nation state – scrapping traditional “teaching by subject” in favour of “teaching by topic”.

"The big reform taking place in Finland is the introduction of a new National Curriculum Framework (NCF), which came into effect in August 2016. The framework sets the overall goals of schooling, describes the principles of teaching and learning, and provides the guidelines for special education, well-being, support services and student assessment in schools.

"The concept of “phenomenon-based” teaching – a move away from “subjects” and towards inter-disciplinary topics – will have a central place in the new NCF. Subject-specific lessons like history and geography are already being phased out for 16-year-olds in the city’s upper schools. They are being replaced by what the Finns call “phenomenon” teaching – or teaching by topic. For instance, a teenager studying a vocational course such as “cafeteria services” lessons, would study elements of maths, languages (to help serve foreign customers), writing skills and communication skills in a holistic manner."

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Shopping in virtual reality is not a science fiction anymore

Shopping in virtual reality is not a science fiction anymore | :: The 4th Era :: | Scoop.it
Shopping with a virtual reality headset as if you are physically in a mall… It is no longer a science fiction!
In a special event at this year’s Tmall 11/11 global shopping festival, Chinese e-commerce giant Alibaba demonstrated its new Buy+ virtual shopping platform powered with VR-ready HTC’s smartphones and HTC’s mobile virtual reality store Viveport M.
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HEWN, No. 187

HEWN, No. 187 | :: The 4th Era :: | Scoop.it
Like many parents, I’ve spent every day since Tuesday night talking with my son. How do I help my child (well, he's an adult now) come to terms with his future, that things under President Trump most certainly will not be alright – but to do so without triggering all his anxieties and addictions? I'm struggling to help him weigh his path forward (as a young white man who wants to resist a totalitarian future but who is absolutely overwhelmed with the immensity of the implications of November 9). What that path might be. What that path can be. What it should be. Our impulse, I think, is to comfort and shelter our children. But we can’t. Intellectually. Practically.
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Bonnie Bracey Sutton's curator insight, November 14, 12:55 AM
About your child and the election
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Autocracy: Rules for Survival

Autocracy: Rules for Survival | :: The 4th Era :: | Scoop.it

However well-intentioned, talk presuming Trump's good faith assumes that he is prepared to find common ground with his many opponents, respect the institutions of government, and repudiate almost everything he has stood for during the campaign. In short, it is treating him as a “normal” politician.

 

"There has until now been little evidence that he can be one. It might be worth considering the rules I've learned for surviving in an autocracy and salvaging your sanity and self-respect."

Jim Lerman's insight:

Just in case you find Jennifer Gonzalez's thoughts a bit too mild, read this.

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