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:: The 4th Era ::
Exploration of the new era in human history marked by invention of the Internet
Curated by Jim Lerman
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Rescooped by Jim Lerman from Geography Education

Human Development Index (HDI)

Human Development Index (HDI) | :: The 4th Era :: | Scoop.it

"This map shows Human Development Index (HDI) for 169 countries in the World. The HDI is a comparative measure of life expectancy, literacy, education, and standard of living for countries worldwide. The HDI sets a minimum and a maximum for each dimension, called goalposts, and then shows where each country stands in relation to these goalposts, expressed as a value between 0 and 1, where greater is better. The Human Development Index (HDI) measures the average achievements in a country in three basic dimensions of human development: health, knowledge and standard of living."


Tags: development, statistics, worldwide.

Via Seth Dixon
Caroline Ivy's curator insight, May 18, 10:41 AM

This article discusses the Human Development Index (HDI), what it is, and how it is calculated. 


This chart displays that the top three spots on the HDI are occupied by Norway, Australia, and the Netherlands respectively, with the USA coming in fourth. As HDI is calculated by comparing aspects like literacy, standard of living, education, and life expectancy, why are two European countries and Australia in the top 3? Something to be looked at is the in-migration of each country. Immigrants arrival in large numbers in some countries can lower HDI if they are refugees or come from a country with a lower HDI, for they may be illiterate, have a low education, and therefore a low life expectancy. With in migration to the US tightly controlled but in constant motion, their HDI could be pulled down to 4th. As Norway and Australia and the Netherlands are not the main destination for refugees, their HDI could be higher.   

Cody Price's curator insight, May 27, 12:49 AM

The HDI is the human development index which ranks countries in many different aspects. The higher the country the more developed and modern it is. The least amount of death and the longest lives are here. It is more stable the higher the country.


This relates to the topic in unit 6 of HDI. this map shows the basic HDIS of the world and the patterns formed by the HDI layout of the world. 

Anna Sasaki's curator insight, May 27, 2:04 AM

This map shows the Human Development Index around the world. The HDI depends on a set list of variables, ranking them from 1st to last. Nations considered to be "Western" are more developed than nations in regions such as Africa and Asia, although all nations are slowly but steadily developing, improving their Human Development Index ranking.

The HDI shows development in nations, although leaving out Inequality factors. This map also allows us to see spatially what regions tend to be more developed as well as developing.

Rescooped by Jim Lerman from ED 262 KCKCC Fa '15

Detroit by Air

Detroit by Air | :: The 4th Era :: | Scoop.it
The stark contrast between the haves and have-nots is apparent from above, so too is the city’s rebound.

Via Seth Dixon, Dennis Swender
Seth Dixon's curator insight, December 7, 2014 9:18 PM

In the 1950s, Detroit was the 4th largest city in the U.S. with a booming population around 2 million as seen in some vintage footage of Detroit.  As the de-industrialization process restructured the US economy, globalization restructured the world’s economy, and Detroit’s local economic strategy crumbledDetroit was $18-20 million in debt with a population around 700,000 and is unable to pull out of this nosedive. The tax base shrunk, city services were spread thin and in 2013, Detroit filed for bankruptcy.  Today, some parts of Detroit are rebounding well while others are in absolute disarray.  These differences can, in part, be understood by using aerial photography and a spatial perspective.  

Tags: urban, economic, industry, Detroit

Dennis Swender's curator insight, December 10, 2014 4:23 PM

A multicultural research project:  by foot, by car, or by plane

Select your site:  Detroit?  Kansas City? Feguson? New York?

Take some pictures.  Start observing.  Interview some people.  Assemble some facts.   Justify your opinions. 


Norka McAlister's curator insight, February 2, 5:16 PM

Deindustrialization and globalization are some of the reason why Detroit fluctuates configurations in the geography of manufacturing. The reduction of production in the car industry and all activities along with it is harmful to Detroit’s citizens, leaving a lot of workers without jobs. Globalization was adopted and American companies became attracted to the very low wages of workers in other countries that produce similar quality products as the US. Unfortunately, since globalization became the preferred option for the US, deindustrialization in Detroit rapidly increased. On the other hand, with the continuing advancements in technology, it turns out to be manageable with a few employees. Wealthy Detroiters sprawl out in the suburbs out of the city.  Due to the elimination of manufacturing jobs and relocation of residents out of the state, Detroit city remains with a population of 700,000 people. The effect of deindustrialization has been devastating, not only for workers, but also for the city itself. The regions with the lowest population rate will find it hard to survive with the increase of infrastructure and less income in taxes.

Rescooped by Jim Lerman from Geography Education

Brazil and Europe

Brazil and Europe | :: The 4th Era :: | Scoop.it

Via Seth Dixon
Lora Tortolani's curator insight, February 19, 8:53 PM

That is a whole lot of potential culture in one country.  

Kevin Cournoyer's curator insight, May 5, 10:21 AM

This map/infographic really puts things into perspective. Generally, we tend to think of Russia, China, or Canada, among others when we think of large countries. Somehow, Brazil doesn't always spring to mind despite the fact that it really is quite large. Any country which could fit more than half the countries of Europe within its borders is clearly not a small one. These kinds of things are always very interesting to me personally because they really provide some perspective about how we perceive the world and some misconceptions that we may have about certain things. 


I think this map/infographic also exposes a big problem that we run into with map projections. Many times, maps end up being so distorted and skewed (usually to the benefit of North America/U.S.) that the rest of the world appears very different than it actually is. Africa usually appears much smaller than it actually is, Europe and the United States appear larger than they are, and distances and scales are butchered. South America, and Brazil in particular, are by no means immune to this phenomenon, so it is no surprise that many people don't realize just how big it is. Unfortunately, it takes an image like the one above for people to realize just how big some countries are and how unreliable map projections can be. 

Jacob Conklin's curator insight, May 6, 2:34 PM

"Have you ever wanted to be the center of attention so badly that you cut Asia in half?" This question comes from the notion of euro-centricity in maps, portraying America and Europe as the centers of the world, distorting the worlds perspective. In the same way, people tend to view Europe as a massive entity that dominates the northern hemisphere, leaving other countries to live in their shadow as smaller entities. Brazil is the biggest country in South America, but is dwarfed in its depiction in maps and globes. This is similar to what is seen in Africa. People's sense of spacial awareness is warped by inaccuracy in maps.  

Rescooped by Jim Lerman from Litteris

Inside an Amazon Warehouse

Via Seth Dixon, Luciana Viter
Jim Lerman's insight:

Must be a mighty difficult place to work in.

Kenny Dominguez's curator insight, November 20, 2013 4:07 PM

It is amazing how big this warehouse is. This warehouse must be a couple of acres because amazon is a big company that mostly everyone in the world buys from. it is also amazing how organized they are with all the inventory they get. Amazon is a great company that is helping people gets jobs to help improve there lives and also the economy in which is struggling to get back on it knees. I wonder were amazon has found this warehouse because there are not so many that have this much space. The workers must have golf carts to get around from one spot to the other. Amazon keep up the good work.


Victoria McNamara's curator insight, December 11, 2013 10:45 AM

Online shopping is a great way to get your holiday gifts or just to regularly shop. By online shopping we do not have to go to the mall and walk around in all these different stores. What most people do not realize is when we online shop our orders are being processed somewhere and it is usually in big warehouse buildings. These buildings require a lot of space to hold all of a stores merchandise. 

Luke Walker's curator insight, October 3, 2014 3:45 AM

Think back to our materials economy system.

Where do images like this fit?