:: The 4th Era ::
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:: The 4th Era ::
Exploration of the new era in human history marked by invention of the Internet
Curated by Jim Lerman
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Rescooped by Jim Lerman from Geography Education

The Role of Rural Women in Agriculture

The Role of Rural Women in Agriculture | :: The 4th Era :: | Scoop.it

"Women are the backbone of the development of rural and national economies. They comprise 43% of the world’s agricultural labor force, which rises to 70% in some countries. In Africa, 80% of the agricultural production comes from small farmers, who are mostly rural women. Women comprise the largest percentage of the workforce in the agricultural sector, but do not have access and control over all land and productive resources. Realizing the importance of rural women in agriculture is an important aspect of gender relations. In many countries, the role of women in agriculture is considered just to be a 'help' and not an important economic contribution to agricultural production. Giving support to rural women is a way of breaking the vicious cycle that leads to rural poverty and to the expansion of slums in the cities, where the poor get poorer. Development strategies should consider rural women as the epicenter, paying special attention to their social skills both within and without agriculture sector."

Via Seth Dixon
Nevermore Sithole's curator insight, April 1, 2016 7:34 AM

While rural women play a substantial role in agriculture around the world, it is often not in positions of ownership, regional influence, and agency.  This is an article discussing how empowering rural women in the agricultural sector by changed the cultural and economic institutions that shape their work can truly change the world we live in.  


Tags: gender in agriculture, development, gender, agriculture, labor. 

Allyson Mangold's curator insight, January 10, 11:39 AM

This topic relates to world cultural geography because it discusses agriculture, and what role women hold in the process. Women are a big part of the agricultural process as 43% of women consist of the world's agricultural labor force. Sadly though, women are not considered to be an important contribution to agriculture, instead they are just considered as help. We should give support to the rural women because it will help stop the cycle that leads to poverty. In Africa, women suffer from the highest illiteracy rates and are the most visible face of poverty. 

Savanna Smith's curator insight, January 10, 11:45 AM

This article relates to my topic because it talks about the role that women play in agriculture and how the importance of having women in agriculture helps the production. I believe that women do play a big part in agriculture because they help production and this helps with gender equality.

Rescooped by Jim Lerman from Scriveners' Trappings

Sheryl Sandberg Soundbites and Interviews

"There is work. There is life.  There is no balance" --Sheryl Sandberg

Via Ken Morrison, Jim Lerman
Ken Morrison's curator insight, July 3, 2013 9:13 PM

This is a very nice collection of interviews with Sheryl Sandberg.  She discusses everything from issues surrounding her "Lean In" book, as well as her life at Google and Facebook, her childhood, and many great soundbites about life.  

Ken Morrison's comment, July 4, 2013 12:03 AM
ugh. Of course I meant "soundbites" and not 'sandbites'. Either way, thank you for the rescoop!
Scooped by Jim Lerman

Intelligence and Other Stereotypes: The Power of Mindset | Scientific American

Intelligence and Other Stereotypes: The Power of Mindset |  Scientific American | :: The 4th Era :: | Scoop.it

by Maria Konnikova


"Just as our mindset can hold us back, it can move us forward. Our mindset can change, and with it, our self-perception and our subsequent ability to take on various tasks. Women who are given examples of females successful in scientific and technical fields don’t experience the negative performance effects on math tests. College students exposed to Dweck’s theories of intelligence—specifically, the incremental theory—have higher grades and identify more with the academic process at the end of the semester. In one study, minority students who wrote about the personal significance of a self-defining value (such as family relationships or musical interests) three to five times during the school year had a GPA that was 0.24 grade points higher over the course of two years than those who wrote about neutral topics—and low-achieving African Americans showed improvements of 0.41 points, on average. Moreover, the rate of remediation dropped from 18% to 5%."

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