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Teacher Education for Languages with Technology / Formation des enseignants de langue avec les TICE
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Research in English as a lingua franca: Jenkins, Cogo & Dewey, 2011

Shona Whyte's insight:

Some quotes:

- "native English pronunciation is not optimum in ELF communication contexts."  

- ELF refers to "an additionally acquired language system which serves as a common means of communication for speakers of different first languages" (this definition includes native speakers of English; VOICE, Seidelhofer).  

- ELF users "are not the ‘failed native speakers’ of EFL, but – more often – highly skilled communicators who make use of their multilingual resources in ways not available to monolingual NSEs, and who are found to prioritize successful communication over narrow notions of ‘correctness’ in ways that NSEs, with their stronger attachment to their native English, may find more challenging." 

- Jenkins research showed "certain English pronunciation features (essentially consonant sounds apart from the dental fricatives /T/ and /D/, initial consonant clusters, vowel length distinctions, and nuclear stress) contributed significantly to intelligibility in the ELF interactions being studied. On the other hand, they showed that certain other features (e.g. weak forms, elisions, assimilations) did not appear to contribute to intelligibility in these interactions and may

even have detracted from it"

- call for awareness raising and action research

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Syllable structure matters: Jane Setter

Syllable structure matters: Jane Setter | TELT | Scoop.it

The thing which always surprises me - and perhaps it shouldn't - is that teachers of English from other language backgrounds often know nothing about the phonology of their own language, and so do not understand that a learner's problem with pronouncing a sound in a particular position in the syllable is unlikely to be about not being able to produce the sound per se but that the learner's language does not permit certain sounds in certain positions in the syllable. If, for example, a learner is from a Chinese language background and that language only permits a zero-coda (i.e., no consonants at the end of syllables) or only a nasal of some description in the coda, pronouncing any other consonant at the end of a syllable may be difficult, and pronouncing clusters is going to be an extreme challenge.

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Accessible discussion of syllable structure for language learning/teaching.

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Pronunciation teacher: Tom Randolph

Shona Whyte's insight:

Different techniques for teaching pronunciation and addressing learners' problems in this area.

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A World of Englishes: The International Phonetic Alphabet

A World of Englishes: The International Phonetic Alphabet | TELT | Scoop.it

The current revision of the IPA chart (above) starts with a large table showing consonant sounds, or phones, made on a pulmonic egressive airstream (i.e., with air from the lungs). Place of articulation (POA) is indicated by which column a symbol is located in. The passive articulator is usually indicated, i.e., the part of the oral cavity which remains in place while the active articulator – often the tongue – moves towards it; e.g., if a sound is labelled “alveolar” it means the tongue moves towards the alveolar ridge. Manner of articulation (MOA) is indicated by row. Where voiceless and voiced pairs of consonants are given, the one on the left is voiceless. The usual way of describing a consonant is to use a VPM label, where VPM stands for “voice place manner” – so [t] is a voiceless alveolar plosive.

Shona Whyte's insight:

The IPA explained by a specialist

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Résultats du sondage EPTiES (English Pronunciation Teaching in Europe Survey) : l’enseignement de la prononciation

Résultats du sondage EPTiES (English Pronunciation Teaching in Europe Survey) : l’enseignement de la prononciation | TELT | Scoop.it

Article by Dan Frost and Alice Henderson in APLIUT (open access).

 

"Les participants en France (74 % anglophones non natifs) ont évalué leur propre prononciation plutôt favorablement (4,1/5), moyenne identique à celle de la Suisse où 84 % des participants sont des anglophones natifs. Cependant, dans les entretiens, un manque d’assurance de la part des enseignants français se manifeste par rapport soit à leur propre prononciation, soit à leur façon de l’enseigner (par exemple un souci révélé dans les commentaires sur la maîtrise de l’API et/ou de diverses technologies). Une enseignante en France indique que les grands défis dans l’enseignement de la prononciation sont au nombre de deux : aider l’apprenant à améliorer sa prononciation afin de ne pas en avoir honte et rendre les locuteurs non natifs facilement compréhensibles."

Shona Whyte's insight:

Les enseignants éviteraient d'enseigner la prononciation faute de compétence 

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Integrating Pronunciation in ESL/EFL Classrooms

Integrating Pronunciation in ESL/EFL Classrooms | TELT | Scoop.it

Levis & Grant article in TESOL Journal


Via Juergen Wagner
Shona Whyte's insight:

An older article, but still very relevant: clear principles for integrating pronunciation teaching into communicative oral classes, and numerous examples of activities.

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To read better, improve your pronunciation?

To read better, improve your pronunciation? | TELT | Scoop.it

ELT blogger Rachel Roberts: "To read better, improve your pronunciation…. from a talk by Catherine Walter."

Shona Whyte's insight:

According to Roberts, Walter's research suggests we "sub-vocalise and record the sound of what we are reading," and so "we would be better off teaching [learners] to improve how they ‘mentally represent spoken language’ than teaching comprehension skills."


The original article: Walter, C. (2008). Phonology in second language reading: not an optional extra.TESOL Quarterly, 42(3), 455-474. (http://www.hpu.edu/Libraries_HPU/Files/TESOL/TQD/VOL_42_3.pdf#page=102)

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French EFL students' choice: listening, speaking & pronunciation resources

French EFL students' choice: listening, speaking & pronunciation resources | TELT | Scoop.it

LISTENING ACTIVITIES

 

http://www.esl-lab.com

Multiple choice comprehension questions on graded audio recordings of scripted dialogues, plus vocabulary and grammar exercises.

 

http://listenaminute.com

60 second recordings of scripted monologues, with gap-fill, spelling, and discussion exercises.

 

http://www.bbc.co.uk/worldservice/learningenglish/

Huge range of listening (audio, video) and pronunciation (transcription) resources with learning activities.

NB: This site uses a variation on IPA (/e/ instead of /ɛ/; length markings; see http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/International_Phonetic_Alphabet_chart_for_English_dialects)

 

http://www.talkenglish.com/Listening/ListenAdvanced.aspx

Scripted dialogues with multiple choice questions and scripts.

 

http://blog.oxforddictionaries.com/media/spelling-challenge-v2/

Oxford dictionaries spelling challenge: type each word you hear to see how well you can spell

 

http://www.cdlponline.org

Texts read aloud followed by vocabulary practice with audio and comprehension questions

 

http://www.simpleenglishvideos.com

Watch movie trailers with clickable transcripts allowing you to jump to a particular place in the trailer.

 

http://tinytexts.wordpress.com

Native speakers read short texts aloud, which listeners can follow onscreen or

print a PDF with a gap-fill exercise.  There are also vocabulary definitions.

 

http://www.eslradioandtv.com/

Scripted audio and video clips with optional captions and comprehension questions.

 

http://www.lyricstraining.com/

Fill in the blanks as you listen to and watch music videos.

 

http://www.pbs.org/newshour/extra/video/blog/

The US Public Broadcasting Service features a daily video news report with transcript and discussion questions.

 

EXTENSIVE LISTENING

 

http://www.webofstories.com/

Video clips under 10 minutes featuring famous and ordinary individuals interviewed on all sorts of topics.  (You also have the option of videorecording and uploading your own story.)

 

http://www.openculture.com/freeaudiobooks

Listen online or download mp3 files to hear novels chapter by chapter.  LM Montgomery's Anne of Green Gables, Paul Auster's The Red Notebook, and Dickens' Great Expectations were favourites.

 

http://audioliterate.com/

Streaming and downloadable free audiobooks

 

http://www.onlineaudiostories.com/

Fairy stories and classic books to listen to and read online or via podcast.

 

http://www.chockadoc.com/nostradamus-2012/

Over one thousand full-length documentaries in English on a variety of topics.

 

SPEAKING ACTIVITIES

 

http://www.englishcentral.com/videos#!/index

2 minute video extracts with optional subtitles, followed by vocabulary practice (type the word you hear, check native pronunciation with clickable phonetic symbols; repeat a word into your mic and get immediate feedback).  Share on Facebook.

 

 

Live audio/video chat

http://www.practicespeakingaforeignlanguage.com

http://www.twinvox.com

https://www.verbling.com (chat with native speakers)

http://livemocha.com: Live text, audio or video chat with other learners of English.  You can also record a video role-play for feedback from a native speaker (but only once without paying).

 

 

 

PHONETICS & PRONUNCIATION

 

http://www.cambridge.org/other_files/Flash_apps/Pronunciation/

The phonemic chart plus sounds, stress and intonation exercises.  

NB: This site uses a variation on IPA (/e/ instead of /ɛ/; length markings; see http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/International_Phonetic_Alphabet_chart_for_English_dialects)

 

http://pronunciationcoach.com/

Short explanations and advice for hearing and producing English sounds.

 

http://www.uiowa.edu/~acadtech/phonetics/english/frameset.html

The Sounds of American English: articulatory phonetics of vowels and consonants with animation, video and transcription

 

 

 

 

 

Shona Whyte's insight:

What university students in France choose to work on for a complementary self-study assignment in an introductory class on phonetics for pronunciation skills.

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Shona Whyte's curator insight, December 21, 2012 9:40 AM

My second year English majors found more listening than speaking activities, but some daring individuals tried out a number of free live audio/video chat sites designed for language learning.

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John Wells's phonetic blog: what's important in intonation for EFL?

John Wells's phonetic blog: what's important in intonation for EFL? | TELT | Scoop.it
Wells quotes Francis Nolan on priorities for learners:

…I will suggest that what learners need is a strategy which will optimise the pedagogical cost-benefit ratio in terms of (in order of priority) intelligibility, the avoidance of inadvertent offence, and (lowest in priority) the mastery of intonational nuances. Broadly corresponding to these three goals would be three prioritised learning targets: the mastery of accentuation (involving stress placement, rhythm, and pitch prominence achieved by a reduced inventory of pitch accents); the eradication of any L1-influenced phonetic realisations of pitch accents which might convey unintended meaning in English; and (lowest in priority) the acquisition of a more complete set of intonational pitch contrasts.
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Pronunciation Science - English pronunciation

Pronunciation Science - English pronunciation | TELT | Scoop.it

Shona Whyte:

Articles on teaching pronunciation, including a 1964 paper by Beatrice Honikman on articulatory settings that I have found particularly helpful.

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“Focus” « Tarle Speech and Language English Pronunciation Podcast

“Focus” « Tarle Speech and Language English Pronunciation Podcast | TELT | Scoop.it

Shona Whyte:

 

Short videos on how to pronounce particular words and sounds in English, focusing on difficult phonemes or contrasts.

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Phonetics: Interactive Sagittal Section

"Uses JavaScript to display sagittal sections and IPA transcriptions for articulations specified by the user."

 

Customizable vocal tract, by Daniel Hall, U Toronto

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English phonemic transcription

"Phonology practice using the international phonetic alphabet for English language learners and teachers" by Ted Power.  

 

Shona Whyte:

Many links to places to learn about English pronunciation and practice with vowels and consonants.  Some quite old sites, but useful practice in transcription and phonetics nonetheless.

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Practical ideas for teaching pronunciation and listening in an English as a lingua franca: Katy Davies & Laura Patsko

Practical ideas for teaching pronunciation and listening in an English as a lingua franca: Katy Davies & Laura Patsko | TELT | Scoop.it
Shona Whyte's insight:

Recording of British Council seminar divided into 6 short video clips on moving from native to non-native models for pronunciation in the second language classroom.  Teaching activities to diagnose problems (learner-to-learner sentence dictation), adapt coursebooks and integrate authentic materials (short clips with transcripts for marking stress and word groups).  Jennifer Jenkins references.

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A World of Englishes: Flipping phonetics

A World of Englishes: Flipping phonetics | TELT | Scoop.it

Jane Setter: "The flipped classroom basically involves presenting what would normally be lecture content via vodcasts which the students watch ahead of the class, thus allowing more time in the actual class itself for practical work. This approach works well in the sciences where a lot of practical work is needed for students to progress, and [and it is] also suitable for phonetics, which also requires a lot of rehearsal of skills and time for class discussion of issues. 

I had wanted to try this for a while as I have been becoming increasingly concerned that the growing number of students I have in my class meant that I had less time to spend with each of them and that it was difficult to support individual student needs. Thanks to a small grant from the University of Reading's "Partnerships in Learning and Teaching" (PLanT) pilot scheme, I was able to buy some software to do video capture of my desktop which enables me to record video and audio of me narrating my way through my lecture slides. I then post these on our virtual learning environment, Blackboard, for the students to view ahead of class."

Shona Whyte's insight:

Account of a university teaching experiment with links to teaching resources (vodcasts) and student reactions (and final test scores).

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Give it a go: Teaching pronunciation to adults

Shona Whyte's insight:

"This PD resource is an outcome of the research project “Language Training and Settlement Success: Are they related? (LTSS)” which was conducted as part of the Special Project Research Program 2008-2009. 

This electronic document contains some special interactive features:

Embedded audio clips you can listen to by clicking the speaker iconForm-like fields where you can enter responses to questionsThe ability to print your form responses"

 

Looks great: audio inserts, content and tips for teaching, free download. 

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Rob Hatfield, M.Ed.'s curator insight, October 13, 2013 6:17 AM

Thank you for sharing.

Vannessa MissoVeness's curator insight, October 15, 2013 12:52 AM

Thanks! It looks comprehensive and just when I need to work on pronunciation with a student.

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How and Why you should adopt an ELF approach to Pronunciation - ELTSquared.co.uk

How and Why you should adopt an ELF approach to Pronunciation - ELTSquared.co.uk | TELT | Scoop.it
An ELTChat summary of the chat help on the 19th of June 2013: How and Why to adopt and ELF approach to Pronunciation
Shona Whyte's insight:

Interesting discussion and references to follow up if you're interested in English as a Lingua Franca (as opposed to British or American English, for example).

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VOA Special English: read along on YouTube

VOA Special English: read along on YouTube | TELT | Scoop.it
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Shona Whyte's curator insight, May 12, 2013 12:04 PM

VOA Special English - karaoke-style videos where each word is highlighted in turn as the speaker reads.  This one is an agricultural report.

 

While these videos certainly support autonomous language practice, some imagination is required to make them effective for learning.  I suppose minimally a teacher would need to make sure the text was comprehensible, but I'm not sure what a good task or learning activity would look like either.

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Things to do with a mouthful of air: Jonathon Marks | Liverpool Online

Things to do with a mouthful of air: Jonathon Marks | Liverpool Online | TELT | Scoop.it

Nobody can speak without pronouncing. Pronunciation tends to be neglected by teachers, but learners often rate it as a high priority. In this workshop, we will do some practical recognition and production activities, taken from The Book of Pronunciation, designed to help learners with sounds and sound sequences, pronunciation and spelling, word stress, rhythm and intonation.

Shona Whyte's insight:

Irresistible title for this hands-on workshop.  50 minute video.

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Evidence | Speech in Action

Evidence | Speech in Action | TELT | Scoop.it
Evidence No. 1: ‘It’s safer, but not completely safe.’

Murray Walker, the famous British motor racing commentator, once said in a radio interview: ‘When I consider Formula One racing now with what it was twenty years ago, it’s safer, but not completely safe.’ Click on the loudspeaker to hear all of the words he said, or click on a line to hear it on its own. (The voice is not Murray Walker’s, it’s Richard Cauldwell’s).

Shona Whyte's insight:

Richard Cauldwell has a lot of interesting material on this website, including a new iPad app called Cool Speech.  This page has audio examples of discourse intonation (following Brazil) to help teachers and advanced learners understand intonation patterns and particularly the role of context.

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French undergraduate EFL student recommendations: listening, speaking & phonetics

French undergraduate EFL student recommendations: listening, speaking & phonetics | TELT | Scoop.it

LISTENING

 

http://www.talkenglish.com/Listening/ListenAdvanced.aspx

Scripted dialogues with multiple choice questions and scripts.

 

http://www.cdlponline.org

Texts read aloud followed by vocabulary practice with audio and comprehension questions

 

http://www.simpleenglishvideos.com

Watch movie trailers with clickable transcripts allowing you to jump to a particular place in the trailer.

 

http://tinytexts.wordpress.com

Native speakers read short texts aloud, which listeners can follow onscreen or

print a PDF with a gap-fill exercise.  There are also vocabulary definitions.

 

http://www.rivieraradio.mc/home.asp

English-language radio based in Monaco - listen online or at 106.5

 

http://www.webofstories.com/

Video clips under 10 minutes featuring famous and ordinary individuals interviewed on all sorts of topics.  (You also have the option of videorecording and uploading your own story.)

 

http://www.openculture.com/freeaudiobooks

Listen online or download mp3 files to hear novels chapter by chapter.  LM Montgomery's Anne of Green Gables, Paul Auster's The Red Notebook, and Dickens' Great Expectations were favourites.

 

video game walkthroughs

Gamers record screencasts of themselves playing a game and post the video to YouTube.

One student recommends Amnesia White Night (Morfar; strong language and mildly violent/disturbing warning)

http://youtu.be/Vt_y5VE0JiQ

 

SPEAKING

 

http://www.englishcentral.com/videos#!/index

2 minute video extracts with optional subtitles, followed by vocabulary practice (type the word you hear, check native pronunciation with clickable phonetic symbols; repeat a word into your mic and get immediate feedback).  Share on Facebook.

 

https://www.verbling.com/

Live audio or video chat with native speakers.

 

http://livemocha.com/

Live text, audio or video chat with other learners of English.  You can also record a video role-play for feedback from a native speaker (but only once without paying).

 

 

PHONETICS & PRONUNCIATION

 

http://pronunciationcoach.com/

Short explanations and advice for hearing and producing English sounds.

 

http://englishonthe.net/?s=shadow+reading

Advice on a technique for improving pronunciation by reading along with a scripted recording.

Shona Whyte's insight:

Student picks for self-access oral practice: the video game walkthrough was new to me ...

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Shona Whyte's curator insight, December 21, 2012 5:18 AM

These are the websites my third year phonetics students mentioned most frequently during their final oral exams this week.  

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Pronunciation

English Sounds Pronunciation Chart based on an original idea and design by Paul Seligson and Carmen Dolz
Shona Whyte's insight:

Click to listen to vowels, diphthongs, and consonants and see the phonemic transcription (not IPA).

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Pronunciation for Young Learners

Pronunciation for Young Learners | TELT | Scoop.it
"To celebrate the launch of Project Fourth edition, author of the pronunciation SIG journal, Robin Walker explores the place of pronunciation in the upper primary classroom. "
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Sounds of English: additional material

Sounds of English: additional material | TELT | Scoop.it

Sounds of English provides an introduction to the attributes of the sound system of the language.  It provides information on phonetics, phonology, and orthography.  

 

Shona Whyte:

Drew Ward has 7 pages on articulation and different categories of consonant.

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BBC Learning English | Pronunciation Tips

BBC Learning English | Pronunciation Tips | TELT | Scoop.it

Shona Whyte:

Alex Bellem explains in this short video why it's useful for language learners to learn the phonetic (phonemic) symbols for the sounds of a language like English.

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