A cost-effective way of drawing up a set of recommendations for teaching LANSAD in France would be to create a group of recognized experts in the domain such as the abovementioned special interest group of the GERAS, who could establish clear attainable objectives for masters and doctoral students to achieve. These could be based on existing guidelines such as the CEFRL descriptors and on the curriculum guidelines resulting from evidence-based research. It would then be simple to issue these recommendations to universities. Colleagues requiring further pedagogical training could be encouraged to participate in dedicated courses to allow them to gain the pedagogical skills and know-how required at this level. Further impetus for this might be provided by the recent creation of the Ecoles Supérieures du Professorat et de l’Education (ESPE). One of their missions will be to provide further pedagogical training for university teachers, an issue that has received little attention until now since excellence in French universities has been measured more in terms of research achievements than pedagogical achievements.