Young people have good knowledge of HIV/AIDS, but know less about chlamydia and other STIs, which pose more of a risk for this group. They get most of their knowledge from school programs and from discussions with their mothers.
While there’s no direct relationship between knowledge and behaviour – a person may know that cigarettes are harmful, but choose to smoke anyway – evaluations of school programs show that young people who have had sex education are more likely to delay sexual intercourse and to have it safely when the time comes.
The bulk of the information in this article was taken from Secondary Students and Sexual Health, containing the results of the 4th National Survey of Australian Secondary Students, HIV/ AIDS and Sexual Health conducted in 2008 by The Australian Research Centre in Sex, Health and Society, and funded by the Commonwealth Department of Health and Ageing.
Information sources For information about sexual health, students most commonly consulted their: Mother (56 per cent) A female friend (55 per cent) Used the school sexual health program (49 per cent) Pamphlets (44 per cent). Doctors (39 per cent) were also nominated as a fairly common source of information for sexual health, but their use as an information source did not match the level of trust that teenagers placed in them (73 per cent – the most trusted of any source).
Conversely, students were more likely to use both web sites (36 per cent) and the media (35 per cent) for information on sexual health, than they were to actually trust the material provided by these sources (web sites – 25 per cent, media – 22 per cent).
Key findings The results from the 2008 national survey included that: HIV knowledge remains relatively high and comparable to the levels found in 2002. There has been a marked improvement in student sexually transmissible infection (STI) knowledge between the 2002 and 2008 studies. Despite this, in some areas, student STI knowledge remains relatively poor. Despite generally poor student knowledge of chlamydia, knowledge of this infection had improved significantly since 2002. Hepatitis A, B and C knowledge remains relatively poor, but there had been some improvement in student knowledge regarding hepatitis B and C. Human papillomavirus (HPV) knowledge was measured for the first time in 2008 and student knowledge of this sexually transmissible infection was very poor. In most cases, more than half the sample reported being unsure of correct answers to HPV knowledge questions. Cervical cancer knowledge was measured for the first time in the 2008 study and knowledge was generally poor. There were no gender differences in students’ HIV knowledge. However, young women demonstrated better knowledge generally, in terms of STIs, HPV, cervical cancer and hepatitis, compared with young men.
As risky alcohol consumption among Australia's teenagers has gone up so has the incidence of sex "under the influence" and the number of partners, but not condom use.
A survey of Australian year 10 and 12 students has shown a surge in sexual activity over the past decade, and while awareness of HIV/AIDS remained high, so was the rate of risky sexual practices.
"Rates of alcohol consumption among secondary students have increased markedly, as has the proportion of young people engaging in sex while under the influence of alcohol and drugs," said Paul Agius, from Melbourne's La Trobe University.
Advertisement: Story continues below "We also found that there is a marked increase in year 12 students having sex with multiple partners."
In 1997, one in five (19.6 per cent) male year 12 students reported having sex with three or more partners in the past year.
When the same question was put to young men in 2008, the figure had almost doubled (38.2 per cent).
For young women in year 12, those who reported three or more partners in the past year also jumped, over the decade, from 12.9 per cent to 27.2 per cent.
Mr Agius said Australia's rate of teenage pregnancy ranked among the highest in the developed world, while sexually transmitted infections among young adults has risen in the past 10 years.
The survey showed students continued to report "high" awareness of HIV/AIDS while awareness of sexually transmitted infections (STIs) also made a small improvement over the decade.
Young women also reported higher overall awareness of the risks of unsafe sex, showing the need for public health campaign targeting young men.
"It is concerning that students appear to be better informed about HIV than either STIs or hepatitis, which are more common," Mr Agius said.
The percentage of young men who reported using a condom for their last sexual encounter remained stable, at 71.1 per cent in 1997 and no improvement in 2008 at 70.9 per cent.
"Although consistent condom use remains moderately high, it is of some concern that condom use has not increased since 1997 despite related increases in sexual activity ... and increased rates of sexually transmitted infections," Mr Agius said.
The research is published in the October edition of the Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health.
BINGE drinking can have a long-lasting negative effect on the brains of teenaged girls, hitting them harder than it does young boys, a study shows.
The study by researchers from the University of California, San Diego and Stanford University found that girls who binge drink - defined as having four or more drinks for women and five or more for men - showed less activity in several brain regions than teetotal teenagers, both girl and boy.
Sex, drugs, rock ’n’ roll has taken US away from stability, Christian values
Latest News Colts land cornerback in trade with Denver 3:20 pm Inquiry hears of wider Secret Service misbehavior 5:44 pm Hewlett-Packard laying off 27,000 workers in restructuring 4:26 pm IPFW unveils art project for 50th anniversary 11:03 am Football star Donald Driver is new 'Dancing' champ 8:41 am Crossroads Classic gets two more years 2:16 am Local women to lend voices to NYC patriotic concert 12:01 am By Ric Runestad for The News-Sentinel Thursday, February 23, 2012 - 7:01 pm Sex, drugs and rock 'n' roll! That was the battle cry of many young people during the early days of the baby boomer generation. The concept being promoted by the culture oligarchs, who created our culture, was “anything that was rebelling against your parents” was “cool” and if there is one thing teenagers want to be, it's cool. Most of our parents believed drugs were bad, sex was saved for marriage, and morally responsible behavior was to be praised and destructive behavior condemned. With the entire dominant media mocking these values, we knew that such thinking was as outdated as the horse and buggy. The only thing that mattered was being cool, and being cool meant embracing the sex, drugs and rock 'n' roll culture. As petulant children, we reveled in an ideology that said if it feels good, do it. Live for today and live for yourself, for we are alone in a godless universe with nothing to do but seek pleasure and avoid pain. The results? Well, we redefined our nation. Out-of-wedlock birth rates skyrocketed from 4 percent in 1965 to over 41 percent in 2009. Drug addicion and drug overdoses went from extremely rare to an ongoing fact of life. Millions have had their life, or the life of a love one, irreparably scarred by the horrors of addictive drugs. America's drug nightmare hasn't only robbed countless people of a meaningful future; its ubiquity is contributing to the failed state of Mexico. Another popular slogan from my youth was, “Rock 'n' roll will never die!” Well, rock today is as dead as Joe Paterno. Young kids today either listen to hip-hop and R&B, or pop/country. Roy Rogers gave way to Elvis, who gave way to Ozzy Osbourne, who gave way to Lady Gaga and Lil' Wayne. I recently heard a local rock station's bumper ad saying something to the effect of “we're the radio station your mother warned you about.” How sad, I thought. I would bet that the target demographic for this station is males over 40. It would be hard to imagine anything more pathetic than middle-aged men still listening to music because they thought it would make their parents mad. In the wreckage of our moral collapse, the United States no longer is the exporter of stability and Christian values. Instead, it finds itself a debtor nation that can't balance its budget or control its borders, and has gone from the most admired nation in the world to increasingly the most hated. Now the cultural oligarchs use the baby boomers as foils for the next generation as seen in music videos, commercials and shows oriented to younger people. White males 40 and older are almost always portrayed as mindless dupes whom everyone ignores or laughs at. Every father, principal or other authority figure shown in most kids' programming more resembles Homer Simpson than Ward Cleaver. It is a bittersweet irony that some of those who were raised to worship being cool now see the epitome of uncool every time they look in the mirror. Now the boomers, with their bodies sagging from age, see their 401(k)s flounder, their Social Security and Medicare imperiled and the disturbing levels of social rot that has germinated out of their pop scene. Some are beginning to understand why their fuddy-duddy parents held fast to their outdated values. Maybe they were right. Maybe we should pay as we go, fulfill our commitments, go to church, and not engage in nihilistic and self-destructive behavior. Many of the aging boomers, hemorrhoids bulging and eyesight weakening, are starting to understand that the cultural oligarchs exploited them. For some, however, the tragic lesson has come too late. Sex, drugs and rock 'n' roll indeed.
A Coopersburg teen who crashed into two cars in Bethlehem after drinking eight shots of rum was sentenced Monday to 12 to 24 months in county prison.
Edward Ryan Moyer, 19, of the 600 block of Oxford Street told Northampton County Judge Paula Roscioli that he was sorry for the choices he made, and that hoped to clean up his life. Moyer drove drunk the night of Aug. 27, according to court papers, and hit two cars in separate incidents, injuring at least one other motorist.
"This is not somewhere I ever want to be again," Moyer told the judge. "This isn't me."
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