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PARCC Test Cost: Higher for Nearly Half the States

PARCC Test Cost: Higher for Nearly Half the States | Technology in Art And Education | Scoop.it
New pricing estimates show that half the states in the PARCC group and one-third in Smarter Balanced will face paying more for those tests than what they currently pay.
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Wow! That would buy half a new textbook for each student every year...Think how many library books it could buy.........field trips out of the four walls it could cover.... guest speakers this money could bring......It's been 10 to 13 years since new books were allowed for some classes in our schools. Now everyone must spend $29 at least each and every year over the decades for test to be bought. …Test to ask questions from books schools can only rarely afford to upgrade or even to replace missing books... many classes have only one class set of 30 or so books 120 students share everyday. And they are testing over the stuff in the books.... Go figure......The books have test that come with them!!! WE have already paid for testing materials over the content from the books and curriculum creators. 

 

This is where the industrial model of training development fails society as it is applied to the broad goals and objectives of public education.

 

With the industrial model of performance based training you first analyze the specific task to be performed for a very particular job as the job is being performed. You then determine from what standard of performance is acceptable. You match your learning analysis to support your task analysis then you design your testing instruments based on the same task analysis and go on to design and develop training to support achieving the specific task, to the specific standard.  You will also be testing as close to actual performance as possible. The successful worker will then and maybe even while being trained, go directly to applying that training learned by performing their task on the job immediately and correctly as the company requires. The summative evaluation is basically occurring on the job through the manager’s evaluation of whether the training achieved the desired results of performance. Often the training development team will do this on the job as well. When the training seems to have a pattern of failure the team will go back to the formative evaluations and scarp or start to tweak the training weaknesses and improve it.

 

Within the broad, generalized public school learning that climbs and builds over 12 to 14 or more years we are can use much the same approach, but the job performance and application of many things learned really do not occur ever and those we use often happen years after our first exposure. State tests, as a formative tool are extremely weak and worthless. Those members of the educational system doing everything else do not integrate these with what they are doing, nor can they. It’s just a giant pop test from a teacher you never heard speak on a book you may not have been told to read. It is a huge expensive gotcha game. The test creators are not building the training or implementing it and those that are developing the training are not the ones designing or shaping the evaluation tools…And where did they go to do their on the job task analysis? The educational team doesn’t even know each other and the test designers are not deeply familiar with the content or the way it was framed or presented in each particular book or class because that part of the process was someone else’s business.

 

These test designers are only directly familiar with what they value and feel should in included in instruction. They are not in a situation where they can insure what they feel should be into the instruction actually occurred.  Those designing, developing and implementing the instruction are also left to guess what someone else thinks should have been put on the test. This a an education reform plan which ensures wasting billions and billions of dollars and no company that plans to last would spend one dime for training and testing to be done that way.

 

The only performance based objective way to do a summative test for general education is to have students go to a testing station three to five years after they have received the knowledge and see if they still possess it. That’s a fact no one wants to admit. Students that continue to build knowledge on top of what they learned earlier or are required to use the knowledge quickly and regularly after it is learned will hold on to what they have known…. Those that don’t will gradually find the knowledge very difficult, if not impossible to remember without relearning or “reviewing”. The take away lesson will stay to be used to enable general understanding of related things in life and current events…. but to make any generalized knowledge meaningful it must be continually built on as life time learning. Choosing to expand knowledge and hold on to and improve skill and understanding when we are not forced to is a character issue and behavioral choice in performance. This is what Robert Gagne in his Conditions of Learning referred to as an Attitude. Those outcomes can only be a summative evaluated by observation of how well and how long an individual chooses to continue and demonstrate the behavior that was intended by the training…. That is how you conduct a summative test to evaluate the result of general education and anything else is a mockery of the idea of summative testing. State exams fail as formative test because the fail to deliver precise, individualized input as to what exactly needs to be retrained or is being improperly taught. State test don’t even come near to doing that remotely as well as teacher or publisher prepared test do at fine-tuning teaching and learning.

 

I was working as a training illustrator for a while. While I was training to master the lead designer’s style so our teams project work would appear unified, as if one person did it all, I went to the lead designer with my imperfect work in hand. I had spent four hours on the work. He looked at the illustration and within 5 minutes shows me how to correct it and then told me not to do it that it was good enough. The quality was professional and perfection was too expensive and might even distract from the training points. He said build improvements gradually as I gain spend and can do it cost effectively…. Some skills and knowledge improve as you mature and nothing but time can do the trick and rarely are two people on exactly the same development time clock.

 

Several years later as I worked running reproduction equipment in another training production shop and I realized even clearer what the earlier boss meant. There was a very highly skilled, careful artist I observed working. He had spent 3 days illustrating the most amazing tree. You could hardly take your eyes off of it and I’m sure it cost well over 3 to 400 dollars to create as he worked most of three days on the tree. You see we produced Military training and you can win a sure bet the training point to notice was NOT an amazing tree. Does it really matter that one does not hold all the concepts on test day when you are in the 4th 6th, 7th 9th and 10th grade. Should one be held back…worried over, pushed and punished into submission to learn enough to pass the test? Is that really what education is about? Testing is a part of education…It gives us some deadlines to shoot for…Let’s us know our weak teaching and learning areas.

 

 I have seen some too many of the most holy students in their church and those in leadership roles within a school body cheat to hold the grades that hold their status because nothing else is more important than to stay on the top of the pile of students. It is like anti-inspiration training. You spend all this time creatively trying to inspire and what’s the question? Is this going to be on the test? Do we have a state test over this class? Is it required for graduation? These will be our leaders but is that really what we want our leaders trained to do? Just pass the test to stay at the top of the class. Yes, they will try even harder when they can’t cheat to pass the test…but the goal will not be to be inspired to learn and risk with some creative vision or inspiration, because it takes lots of time to learn to remember all the things you must to be able to answer about all the random questions. The stakes are high and the test designers and education reformers are double daring students to skip over any details that MIGHT be on the test and try to still pass test with good scores.

 

 

Learning, teaching and evaluating are collaborative when they work. Professional educational material companies and teams do this best. They can improve the test processes as they improve the materials they are already providing and do that with little or no extra cost to win and hold their customers. Testing is not the fix for what ales unmotivated learners. Our money would be better spent putting it into looking for the right answers to the right question. State test designers don’t even know the question! Is the question really can these students pass a test on a given day within a given time? If this the question we are testing then our money isn’t wasted. However, if the question is really can we motivate students to be inspired into life long learners so that they may retain and expand knowledge, as well as advancing personal and professional development? Then we are indeed giving the wrong test, asking the wrong question and wasting our money!

 

State test administration is also a waste of valuable teacher/ student’s teaching and learning time. They might as well mandate the test taking on Saturdays and have parent sworn in to be honest test givers or maybe the local police could do it, or perhaps train some mean baboons to hand out papers and collect them and turn on a video with the rules and then to grab the test from kids that got out cell phones or looked off their paper. The baboons could not be accused of helping students cheat and could probably do all the other things needed during the test time. This would leave the teachers and students to get down to the objectives of learning new things and building new skills at school. Reinstate final exams to add a bit of pressure to retain and review the knowledge at least till the end of the course. Many schools reward the first good effort on class work and test taking by allowing student that jump through little hoops well by not bothering them to do a final cumulative evaluation and to give a final test to punish those with earlier weaker efforts. Remember the days of having an A or B average then bombing that on a final if you didn’t take time to review well? For decades now that cumulative review has been removed from many schools except to be given to the weakest students. State Test may be the very costly replacement. A final summative review and focus towards a final effort to put it all together help reinforce earlier learning and lock it in. Tests have their purpose…they are just not THE PURPOSE of an education.

 

 

Making the assumption that nearly every teacher is a crook that intends to help all their students cheat their way through school is a very costly leap to make. This money could be used to give provide a reading specialist to work in schools 3 schools that each had 400 students or one school with 1200 students. Reading specialist teachers can turn many weak students around as they build reading skills. Testing to keep people from cheating the system is a failing model because the performance you want is honesty and it is a character issue we don't offer in formal classes. These test are a very expensive way to catch cheaters, whether they are teachers or students they eventually show who they are.  So why spend so much money when every textbook comes with all types of testing materials over required content?

 

I have worked in four different states...they all have the same basic books and often the very same company and books. These companies can just improve and add technology methods to their already exiting materials and include these testing materials into our bulk rates. Why are we spending this kind of money to reinvent the same old thing a little fancier and everyone in every state is reinventing it in their own little vacuum. Planning test should not be happening as a separate activity from planning goals and objectives and the actual instructional materials being used and any training or curriculum developer knows that. Whoever sold this idea to our politicians and education reform "leaders' and I use that term generously...was good.... real, real good. We need to load the trucks up for whomever that was to take all the unsold refrigerators to Alaska in the dead of winter.... that person could sale everyone in Alaska ten refrigerators.

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Technology in Art And Education
Applying and Integrating Media and Technology for Learning and Traditional and Post Modern Classroom.
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Learning Curve: student surveys can help in assessing a teacher's skills - South China Morning Post (subscription)

Learning Curve: student surveys can help in assessing a teacher's skills - South China Morning Post (subscription) | Technology in Art And Education | Scoop.it
Learning Curve: student surveys can help in assessing a teacher's skills South China Morning Post (subscription) The faculty handbook of Rice University in Houston, Texas, states that reviews of tenured professors and normal yearly reviews of...
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Here is one way to consider for accessing teacher skills.

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An Introduction to Project-Based Learning

In this hands-on approach to teaching, students create schoolwork that demonstrates core subject knowledge.
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Introduction to project based learning!

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So Long, Snow Days? School Groups Push Telecommuting For Students

So Long, Snow Days? School Groups Push Telecommuting For Students | Technology in Art And Education | Scoop.it
Feeling additional pressure because of snow days this winter, some school districts are looking at e-learning to keep kids in class virtually.

Via Chris Carter, Mark E. Deschaine, PhD, Christine Heine, Brandi McWilliams
Monica S Mcfeeters's insight:

I think this idea could work just fine. We need to put our money into ensuring each student has computer and internet access before we waste money on any more standardized test. That is putting the cart before the horse. Education and learning materials and equipment need to be enhanced before testing unless there are funds to spend on both. The testing materials should be part of the instruction we purchase or design anyway and not separate with separate cost. Instruction should not be a guessing game.

 

There is nothing wrong with teaching the tests if the test covers the core people are required to know. No one will learn everything. Learning for growth, creativity and compulsion is discouraged if we waste tons of time and worry wondering what it is someone wants us to know. There is no time to follow your own passion while you second-guess what someone else decided to ask you.

 

Any training and development company in industry that is worth their salt and contract know that. As a matter of fact in the SAT or ADDIE process of training design and development you always do task analysis first, then design your standards and end objective goals to match the task analysis. After this your test instruments are designed to meet those requirements then your educational objectives are decided and materials developed to ensure each one you train reaches the goals and standards. The whole thing is always an iterative and non-ending process.

 

Setting learning and education in too much concrete with over weighted standardized test is counter-productive and pricey. The training materials need to be modernized and brought alive with new multimedia techniques and links to real reports, findings and research. Students should be encouraged to create and even code their own work and curate their research.

 

Snow days would offer great self-directed learning project time. This should be pre-decided by student contract and selection with specific training in class on how to conduct independent study.

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Chris Carter's curator insight, March 10, 5:28 AM

Oh, now this one hurts.

Chris Carter's comment, March 11, 4:06 AM
Sure thing, .aoneessays.
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The 8 Digital Skills Students Need for The Future

The 8 Digital Skills Students Need for The Future | Technology in Art And Education | Scoop.it
The 8 Digital Skills Students Need for The Future ~ Educational Technology and Mobile Learning on Google Trips curated by Brandi McWilliams (Writing tops the list.

Via David W. Deeds, Scott Holcomb, Barbara Bray
Monica S Mcfeeters's insight:

Great Chart! Gets to the point quick!

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David W. Deeds's curator insight, June 5, 7:24 AM

Note that "judging the quality of information" tops the list.

Julie Lindsay's curator insight, June 6, 7:24 PM

Seems like a reasonable list....

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Student-Centered Education for a Diverse 21st Century Population - Diverse: Issues in Higher Educatio

Student-Centered Education for a Diverse 21st Century Population - Diverse: Issues in Higher Educatio | Technology in Art And Education | Scoop.it
Student-Centered Education for a Diverse 21st Century Population
Diverse: Issues in Higher Educatio
The population of the U.S. is increasingly diverse, a trend mirrored in the college student population.
Monica S Mcfeeters's insight:

I personally believe in personalizing learning as much as possible.

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6 Reasons to Promote 21st Century Skills vs 21st Century Tech

6 Reasons to Promote 21st Century Skills vs 21st Century Tech | Technology in Art And Education | Scoop.it

Agreta    “Any educator that aims at completeness must be at once theoretical and practical, intellectual and moral.” Aldous Huxley, Words and Their Meaning, 1940. There are many skills that go...

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A great take on 6 reasons to promote 21st Century Skills!

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How Are Progressive Teachers Using Technology? - Forbes

How Are Progressive Teachers Using Technology? - Forbes | Technology in Art And Education | Scoop.it
How Are Progressive Teachers Using Technology?
Forbes
I am a progressive teacher who uses a variety of strategies in my classroom to engage students in learning and to help them take ownership in their learning environment.
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A quick look at progressive strategies…


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Mind Share: Using collaborative learning for faster results - Training Journal

Mind Share: Using collaborative learning for faster results - Training Journal | Technology in Art And Education | Scoop.it
Mind Share: Using collaborative learning for faster results Training Journal The balloon-hunt story illuminates the happy ending many business leaders want to script into their project environments; getting people to use collaborative learning...
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Here's a good look at collaborative learning.
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John Florez: Technology disrupts cultural values - Deseret News

John Florez: Technology disrupts cultural values - Deseret News | Technology in Art And Education | Scoop.it
John Florez: Technology disrupts cultural values
Deseret News
Fifty-eight years later, our society continues to struggle with the same challenges now brought about by technology that has created today's digital revolution.
Monica S Mcfeeters's insight:
I thought this was an interesting study of how Technology impacts cultures and values.
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Ivon Prefontaine's curator insight, July 19, 4:09 PM

I read Wendell Berry's work and he asks many of the same questions. Values are what give us strength and courage (the French valoir). They ground us in our working and living giving us a sense of purpose and trueness. Trueness is the moral compass we seek in making sound ethical choices in daily life.

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The emotional involvement behind social media interactions

The emotional involvement behind social media interactions | Technology in Art And Education | Scoop.it
Dr. Liraz Margalit is the Customer Experience Psychologist at ClickTale.
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A look at what emotions are behind social media.
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Anoop Gupta, Andy van Dam on Technology and Education

Anoop Gupta, Distinguished Scientist, Microsoft Research, and Andy van Dam, Professor of Technology & Education, Brown University, discuss Office Mix, blended learning, and advancements in...
Monica S Mcfeeters's insight:

Great video on enhancing Power Point and lecture style lessons! Watch this short how-to video if you are a teacher or do public presentations! You will be glad you did!

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Monica S Mcfeeters's curator insight, July 16, 2:23 AM

Great video on enhancing Power Point and lecture style lessons! Watch this short how-to video if you are a teacher or do public presentations! You will be glad you did!

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Katherine Roeder is "Wide Awake in Slumberland" - Comic Book Resources

Katherine Roeder is "Wide Awake in Slumberland" - Comic Book Resources | Technology in Art And Education | Scoop.it
Katherine Roeder is "Wide Awake in Slumberland" Comic Book Resources I'm interested in the idea of visual literacy and how children learn to read visual images as well as reading text and how the interactive component of these early experimental...
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This is an interesting look at visual literacy.

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Put the fun in reading - mySanAntonio.com

Put the fun in reading - mySanAntonio.com | Technology in Art And Education | Scoop.it
Put the fun in reading
mySanAntonio.com
Promoting literacy and emphasizing the importance of teaching children to read at an early age is serious business.
Monica S Mcfeeters's insight:

Reading is fun …so is learning. The more people of all ages realize that the more we will improve education farther then any standardize test will motivate these gains..

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Clarksville school aims to turn old model upside down - The Courier-Journal

Clarksville school aims to turn old model upside down - The Courier-Journal | Technology in Art And Education | Scoop.it
Clarksville school aims to turn old model upside down The Courier-Journal Dozens of students sat on colorful, retro-style chairs, couches and ottomans as they worked alongside faculty members earlier this week, in hopes of fostering a culture of...
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Changing the mood and atmosphere of a classroom can make a difference in learning.

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Jolly Phonics and Teach Your Monster to Read launch apps for children

Jolly Phonics and Teach Your Monster to Read launch apps for children | Technology in Art And Education | Scoop.it
Hoping to capitalise on parents keen for kids to keep practising early reading skills during the summer holidays Continue reading...
Monica S Mcfeeters's insight:

Cool App!

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A Place for Learning: The Physical Environment of Classrooms

A Place for Learning: The Physical Environment of Classrooms | Technology in Art And Education | Scoop.it

I was supervising a teacher who was enrolled in our program at the University of Massachusetts Amherst that focused on developing student self-knowledge, ego strength, trust and community in ....


Via Barbara Bray
Monica S Mcfeeters's insight:

Curated this because a re-modeling  is sometimes long overdue in many classrooms. Setting the right mood for learning is critical.

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Barbara Bray's curator insight, May 6, 8:27 AM

The learning environment plays a major part in your feeling about learning. Consider flexible arrangements based on how learners learn best and activities. In fact, involve your learners in the design.

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What Keeps Students Motivated to Learn?

What Keeps Students Motivated to Learn? | Technology in Art And Education | Scoop.it
What keeps students motivated to learn? Relevance, connections, and their teachers' emotional investment, among just a few criteria.

Via Barbara Bray
Monica S Mcfeeters's insight:

Motivation is always a challenge for teachers in a classroom environment. Here are some great points.

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Barbara Bray's curator insight, May 14, 10:47 PM

Stories from schools that are Interest-based and relevant, making it hands-on, knowing teachers care, and learning from failure.

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Educators Need to be 21st Century Learners Too…...

Educators Need to be 21st Century Learners Too…... | Technology in Art And Education | Scoop.it
We expect our children to develop these skills. We integrate these skills in our every day lessons so that our students can grow and expand their knowledge.
Monica S Mcfeeters's insight:

I wish there were easier ways for educators to be 21st century learners other than figure it out for yourself in your spare time. Too many course I would like to take only occur while I am teaching mine.

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Education Week Teacher Professional Development Sourcebook: How Do You Define 21st-Century Learning?

Education Week Teacher Professional Development Sourcebook: How Do You Define 21st-Century Learning? | Technology in Art And Education | Scoop.it
One question. Eleven answers. (RT @EdWeekEdTech: Educators: how do you define 21st century learning today?
Monica S Mcfeeters's insight:

This source book might be interesting to you.

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‘Why I love to quit’

‘Why I love to quit’ | Technology in Art And Education | Scoop.it
Paul Jarvis experiments with words and design. His latest book is called The Good Creative: 18 ways to make better art.
Monica S Mcfeeters's insight:
Do you need some inspiration?
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Ivon Prefontaine's curator insight, July 21, 4:57 PM

It depend what you are trying to quit. A bad habit can be hard to quit. Something you love, but know is not good for you is hard to quit. It took me several years to leave the classroom. I loved what I did as much as being in School with many adults who did not support what we did.

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A Classroom Leaves the Syllabus to the Students

A Classroom Leaves the Syllabus to the Students | Technology in Art And Education | Scoop.it
Lehigh University, in an attempt to foster innovation, is offering a program with no course credit, no set curriculum and no penalty for failure. (Student-designed, ungraded project-based learning – in college.
Monica S Mcfeeters's insight:
Couldn't resist posting this. We will have to follow up and see how it worked out.
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Art-Teacher Chic: The Trend That Takes Oversize, Modest, and Comfortable ... - Style.com

Art-Teacher Chic: The Trend That Takes Oversize, Modest, and Comfortable ... - Style.com | Technology in Art And Education | Scoop.it
Style.com
Art-Teacher Chic: The Trend That Takes Oversize, Modest, and Comfortable ...
Style.com
Art-Teacher Chic: The Trend That Takes Oversize, Modest, and Comfortable Clothes Out of the Classroom. ------- ...
Monica S Mcfeeters's insight:
Well, Lady Art Teachers, it appears they named a style of dress after you! Wow! It is about time someone gave your original dressing talents credit!
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How Playing Music Affects The Developing Brain - WBUR

How Playing Music Affects The Developing Brain - WBUR | Technology in Art And Education | Scoop.it
How Playing Music Affects The Developing Brain WBUR At her lab at Boston Children's Hospital, Gaab leads a team of researchers studying children's brain development, recently identifying signs in the brain that might indicate dyslexia before kids...
Monica S Mcfeeters's insight:
Music and Brain development! Here are some findings!
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We are Visually Sophisticated and Visually Illiterate - PetaPixel

We are Visually Sophisticated and Visually Illiterate - PetaPixel | Technology in Art And Education | Scoop.it
PetaPixel
We are Visually Sophisticated and Visually Illiterate
PetaPixel
This is the evolution in my thinking. I thought that visual literacy would just happen through consumption.
Monica S Mcfeeters's insight:

Here are more thoughts on Visual literacy or the lack of that.

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'Cyberarts': Technology pushes art education forward - Tech Page One

'Cyberarts': Technology pushes art education forward - Tech Page One | Technology in Art And Education | Scoop.it
Tech Page One
'Cyberarts': Technology pushes art education forward
Tech Page One
The integrated program embraces visual arts, media literacy, communications, dance, media studies and a co-op program for students to gain real world experience.
Monica S Mcfeeters's insight:

The word holistic comes to mind a s I read this.

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