CREST+ Model: Writing Effective Online Discussion Questions | Technology for Teaching and Learning | Scoop.it

JOLT - Journal of Online Learning and Teaching

 


Lynn Akin
Associate Professor
School of Library and Information Studies
Texas Woman’s University
Denton, TX 76204 USA
lakin@mail.twu.edu

 

Diane Neal
Assistant Professor
School of Library and Information Studies
Texas Woman’s University
Denton, TX 76204 USA
dneal@mail.twu.edu

 

Abstract


Research on online classes strongly identifies participation as a positive variable. Research on online teaching also reveals the time intensive practices involved with providing individualized attention and feedback. An online instructor must negotiate the balance between being responsive and managing time effectively. To that end, writing sound discussion questions, based on a model, is one way to invite and increase participation and maximize the time element. The CREST+ model, a model for writing effective online discussion questions, covers the cognitive nature of the question, the reading basis, any experiential possibility, style and type of question, and finally ways to structure a good question. This model encourages students to participate in online forum discussions, provides a template for new online faculty to use in creating effective discussion questions, and promotes a higher level processing of the material.

 

Keywords: Asynchronous discussions, constructivist learning, discussion forums, facilitated discourse, models, online community, online education, student engagement, instructor immediacy


Via Dennis T OConnor