A unit developed by Lorna S. Dils to integrate future studies into the curriculum for seventh to ninth graders, using science fiction short stories: "Perhaps the most cogent arguments in favor of teaching science fiction are presented by Ben Bova in Viewpoint in which he states that much of what is taught in school is historically important, valuable, difficult and dull. Science fiction stands out “like a refreshing oasis of story and significance; a bad teacher must work hard to make it dull”. Good science fiction presents ideas and philosophies. It introduces themes of personal integrity, relationships—human and alien, other life forms and cultures, and our responsibility to technological change. It is interesting in and of itself, but it also presents ideas and alternatives. These arguments are all the same objectives for teaching future studies."