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Tools, tips and practices to share with teachers
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Behavior Intervention Plan | Behavioral Interventions | Teacher Resources | Intervention Central

Behavior Intervention Plan | Behavioral Interventions | Teacher Resources | Intervention Central | Teacher Tools and Tips | Scoop.it
The behavior intervention planner is an important component of a teachers resources to manage behavioral interventions.
Sharrock's insight:

from the article: 

"The Intervention Planner for Behavior is a free application that allows teachers, administrators, and other school personnel to browse a range of strategies to improve student behaviors and to develop customized behavior-management plans for individual students, small groups, or even an entire class. Once you have created a unique behavior plan, you can download the plan in text or PDF format and even email it to others. And if you have a free Intervention Central account, you can also save behavior plans that you create online for later retrieval."

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How people argue with research they don’t like

How people argue with research they don’t like | Teacher Tools and Tips | Scoop.it
If you ever need to rebut a study whose conclusion you don't like, just follow this simple flowchart.
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Great responses. Great flowchart. 

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8 Common Mistakes in How Our Brains Think and How to Prevent Them - Belle Beth Cooper

8 Common Mistakes in How Our Brains Think and How to Prevent Them - Belle Beth Cooper | Teacher Tools and Tips | Scoop.it

Get ready to have your mind blown.

 

I was seriously shocked at some of these mistakes in thinking that I subconsciously make all the time. Obviously, none of them are huge, life-threatening mistakes, but they are really surprising and avoiding them could help us to make more rational, sensible decisions.

 

Being aware of the mistakes we naturally have in our thinking can make a big difference in avoiding them. Unfortunately, most of these occur subconsciously, so it will also take time and effort to avoid them—if you even want to.

 

Regardless, I think it’s fascinating to learn more about how we think and make decisions every day, so let’s take a look at some of these thinking habits we didn’t know we had.

 

1. We surround ourselves with information that matches our beliefs

We tend to like people who think like us. If we agree with someone’s beliefs, we’re more likely to be friends with them. While this makes sense, it means that we subconsciously begin to ignore or dismiss anything that threatens our world views, since we surround ourselves with people and information that confirm what we already think.

 

This is called confirmation bias. If you’ve ever heard of the frequency illusion, this is very similar. The frequency illusion occurs when you buy a new car, and suddenly you see the same car everywhere. Or when a pregnant woman suddenly notices other pregnant women all over the place. It’s a passive experience, where our brains seek out information that’s related to us, but we believe there’s been an actual increase in the frequency of those occurrences.

 

Confirmation bias is a more active form of the same experience. It happens when we proactively seek out information that confirms our existing beliefs.

 

Not only do we do this with the information we take in, but we approach our memories this way, as well. In an experiment in 1979 at the University of Minnesota, participants read a story about a women called Jane who acted extroverted in some situations and introverted in others. When the participants returned a few days later, they were divided into two groups. One group was asked if Jane would be suited to a job as a librarian, the other group were asked about her having a job as a real-estate agent. The librarian group remembered Jane as being introverted and later said that she would not be suited to a real-estate job. The real-estate group did the exact opposite: they remembered Jane as extroverted, said she would be suited to a real-estate job and when they were later asked if she would make a good librarian, they said no.

 

In 2009, a study at Ohio State showed that we will spend 36 percent more time reading an essay if it aligns with our opinions. "Whenever your opinions or beliefs are so intertwined with your self-image you couldn’t pull them away without damaging your core concepts of self, you avoid situations which may cause harm to those beliefs." – David McRaney

 

This trailer for David McRaney’s book, You are Now Less Dumb, explains this concept really well with a story about how people used to think geese grew on trees (seriously), and how challenging our beliefs on a regular basis is the only way to avoid getting caught up in the confirmation bias:

 

2. We believe in the “swimmer’s body” illusion

 

This has to be one of my favorite thinking mistakes I came across. In Rolf Dobelli’s book, The Art of Thinking Clearly, he explains how our ideas about talent and extensive training are well off-track: "Professional swimmers don’t have perfect bodies because they train extensively. Rather, they are good swimmers because of their physiques. How their bodies are designed is a factor for selection and not the result of their activities."

 

The “swimmer’s body illusion” occurs when we confuse selection factors with results. Another good example is top performing universities: are they actually the best schools, or do they choose the best students, who do well regardless of the school’s influence?

 

What really jumped out at me when researching this section was this particular line from Dobelli’s book: "Without this illusion, half of advertising campaigns would not work."

 

It makes perfect sense, when you think about it. If we believed that we were predisposed to be good at certain things (or not), we wouldn’t buy into ad campaigns that promised to improve our skills in areas where it’s unlikely we’ll ever excel.

 

3. We worry about things we’ve already lost

 

No matter how much I pay attention to the sunk cost fallacy, I still naturally gravitate towards it.

 

The term sunk cost refers to any cost (not just monetary, but also time and effort) that has been paid already and cannot be recovered. So, a payment of time or money that’s gone forever, basically.

 

The reason we can’t ignore the cost, even though it’s already been paid, is that we wired to feel loss far more strongly than gain. Psychologist Daniel Kahneman explains this in his book, Thinking Fast and Slow: "Organisms that placed more urgency on avoiding threats than they did on maximizing opportunities were more likely to pass on their genes. So, over time, the prospect of losses has become a more powerful motivator on your behavior than the promise of gains. The sunk cost fallacy plays on this tendency of ours to emphasize loss over gain."

 

This research study is a great example of how it works: Hal Arkes and Catehrine Blumer created an experiment in 1985 which demonstrated your tendency to go fuzzy when sunk costs come along. They asked subjects to assume they had spent $100 on a ticket for a ski trip in Michigan, but soon after found a better ski trip in Wisconsin for $50 and bought a ticket for this trip too. They then asked the people in the study to imagine they learned the two trips overlapped and the tickets couldn’t be refunded or resold. Which one do you think they chose, the $100 good vacation, or the $50 great one?

Over half of the people in the study went with the more expensive trip. It may not have promised to be as fun, but the loss seemed greater.

 

So, just like the other mistakes I’ve explained in this post, the sunk cost fallacy leads us to miss or ignore the logical facts presented to us, and instead make irrational decisions based on our emotions—without even realizing we’re doing so:

 

The fallacy prevents you from realizing the best choice is to do whatever promises the better experience in the future, not which negates the feeling of loss in the past.

 

Being such a subconscious reaction, it’s hard to avoid this one. Our best bet is to try to separate the current facts we have from anything that happened in the past. For instance, if you buy a movie ticket only to realize the movie is terrible, you could either:

a) stay and watch the movie, to “get your money’s worth” since you’ve already paid for the ticket (sunk cost fallacy)

or
b) leave the cinema and use that time to do something you’ll actually enjoy.

The thing to remember is this: you can’t get that investment back. It’s gone.

 

Don’t let it cloud your judgement in whatever decision you’re making in this moment—let it remain in the past.

 

4. We incorrectly predict odds

 

Imagine you’re playing Heads or Tails with a friend. You flip a coin, over and over, each time guessing whether it will turn up heads or tails. You have a 50/50 chance of being right each time.

 

Now suppose you’ve flipped the coin five times already and it’s turned up heads every time. Surely, surely, the next one will be tails, right? The chances of it being tails must be higher now, right?

Well, no. The chances of tails turning up are 50/50. Every time. Even if you turned up heads the last twenty times. The odds don’t change.

 

The gambler’s fallacy is a glitch in our thinking—once again, we’re proven to be illogical creatures. The problem occurs when we place too much weight on past events, believing that they will have an effect on future outcomes (or, in the case of Heads or Tails, any weight, since past events make absolutely no difference to the odds).

 

Unfortunately, gambling addictions in particular are also affected by a similar mistake in thinking—the positive expectation bias. This is when we mistakenly think that eventually, our luck has to change for the better. Somehow, we find it impossible to accept bad results and give up—we often insist on keeping at it until we get positive results, regardless of what the odds of that happening actually are.

 

5. We rationalize purchases we don’t want

 

I’m as guilty of this as anyone. How many times have you gotten home after a shopping trip only to be less than satisfied with your purchase decisions and started rationalizing them to yourself? Maybe you didn’t really want it after all, or in hindsight you thought it was too expensive. Or maybe it didn’t do what you hoped, and was actually useless to you.

 

Regardless, we’re pretty good at convincing ourselves that those flashy, useless, badly thought-out purchases are necessary after all. This is known as post-purchase rationalization or Buyer’s Stockholm Syndrome.

 

The reason we’re so good at this comes back to psychology: Social psychologists say it stems from the principle of commitment, our psychological desire to stay consistent and avoid a state of cognitive dissonance.

 

Cognitive dissonance is the discomfort we get when we’re trying to hold onto two competing ideas or theories. For instance, if we think of ourselves as being nice to strangers, but then we see someone fall over and don’t stop to help them, we would then have conflicting veiws about ourselves: we are nice to strangers, but we weren’t nice to the stranger who fell over. This creates so much discomfort that we have to change our thinking to match our actions—i.e. we start thinking of ourselves as someone who is not nice to strangers, since that’s what our actions proved.

 

So in the case of our impulse shopping trip, we would need to rationalize the purchases until we truly believe we needed to buy those things, so that our thoughts about ourselves line up with our actions (making the purchases).

The tricky thing in avoiding this mistake is that we generally act before we think, leaving us to rationalize our actions afterwards.

 

Being aware of this mistake can help us avoid it by predicting it before taking action—for instance, as we’re considering a purchase, we often know that we will have to rationalize it to ourselves later. If we can recognize this, perhaps we can avoid it. It’s not an easy one to tackle, though!

 

6. We make decisions based on the anchoring effect

 

Dan Ariely is a behavioural economist who gave one of my favorite TED talks ever about the irrationality of the human brain when it comes to making decisions.

 

He illustrates this particular mistake in our thinking superbly, with multiple examples. The anchoring effect essentially works like this: rather than making a decision based on pure value for investment (time, money, etc.), we factor in comparative value—that is, how much value an option offers when compared to another option.

 

Let’s look at some examples from Dan, to illustrate this effect in practice:

One example is an experiment that Dan conducted using two kinds of chocolates for sale in a booth: Hershey’s Kisses and Lindt Truffles. The Kisses were one penny each, while the Truffles were fifteen cents each. Considering the quality differences between the two kinds of chocolates and the normal prices of both items, the Truffles were a great deal, and the majority of visitors to the booth chose the Truffles.

 

For the next stage of his experiment, Dan offered the same two choices, but lowered the prices by one cent each. So now the Kisses were free, and the Truffles cost fourteen cents each. Of course, the Truffles are even more of a bargain now, but since the Kisses were free, most people chose those instead.

 

Your loss aversion system is always vigilant, waiting on standby to keep you from giving up more than you can afford to spare, so you calculate the balance between cost and reward whenever possible. – You Are Not So Smart

Another example Dan offers in his TED talk is when consumers are given holiday options to choose between. When given a choice of a trip to Rome, all expenses paid, or a similar trip to Paris, the decision is quite hard. Each city comes with its own food, culture and travel experiences that the consumer must choose between.

 

When a third option is added, however, such as the same Rome trip, but without coffee included in the morning, things change. When the consumer sees that they have to pay 2,50 euros for coffee in the third trip option, not only does the original Rome trip suddenly seem superior out of these two, it also seems superior to the Paris trip. Even though they probably hadn’t even considered whether coffee was included or not before the third option was added.

 

Here’s an even better example from another of Dan’s experiments:

Dan found this real ad for subscriptions to The Economist, and used it to see how a seemingly useless choice (like Rome without coffee) affects our decisions.

 

To begin with, there were three choices: subscribe to The Economist web version for $59, the print version for $125, or subscribe to both the print and web versions for $125. It’s pretty clear what the useless option is here. When Dan gave this form to 100 MIT students and asked them which option they would choose, 84% chose the combo deal for $125. 16% chose the cheaper, web-only option, and nobody chose the print-only option for $125.

 

Next, Dan removed the ‘useless’ print-only option which nobody wanted and tried the experiment with another group of 100 MIT students. This time, the majority chose the cheaper, web-only version, and the minority chose the combo deal. So even though nobody wanted the bad-value $125 print-only option, it wasn’t actually useless—in fact, it actually informed the decisions people made between the two other options by making the combo deal seem more valuable in relation.

 

This mistake is called the anchoring effect, because we tend to focus on a particular value and compare it to our other options, seeing the difference between values rather than the value of each option itself.

 

Eliminating the ‘useless’ options ourselves as we make decisions can help us choose more wisely. On the other hand, Dan says that a big part of the problem comes from simply not knowing our own preferences very well, so perhaps that’s the area we should focus on more, instead.

 

7. We believe our memories more than facts

 

Our memories are highly fallible and plastic. And yet, we tend to subconsciously favor them over objective facts. The availability heuristic is a good example of this. It works like this: Suppose you read a page of text and then you’re asked whether the page includes more words that end in “ing” or more words with “n” as the second-last letter. Obviously, it would be impossible for there to be more “ing” words than words with “n” as their penultimate letter (it took me a while to get that—read over the sentence again, carefully, if you’re not sure why that is).However, words ending in “ing” are easier to recall than words like hand, end, or and, which have “n” as their second-last letter, so we would naturally answer that there are more “ing” words.

 

What’s happening here is that we are basing our answer of probability (i.e. whether it’s probable that there are more “ing” words on the page) on how available relevant examples are (i.e. how easily we can recall them). Our troubles in recalling words with “n” as the second last letter make us think those words don’t occur very often, and we subconsciously ignore the obvious facts in front of us.

 

Although the availability heuristic is a natural process in how we think, two Chicago scholars have explained how wrong it can be:

 

Yet reliable statistical evidence will outperform the availability heuristic every time.

The lesson here? Whenever possible, look at the facts. Examine the data. Don’t base a factual decision on your gut instinct without at least exploring the data objectively first.

 

8. We pay more attention to stereotypes than we think

 

The funny thing about lots of these thinking mistakes is that they’re so ingrained, I had to think long and hard about why they’re mistakes at all! This one is a good example—it took me a while to understand how illogical this pattern of thinking is.

It’s another one that explains how easily we ignore actual facts:

 

The human mind is so wedded to stereotypes and so distracted by vivid descriptions that it will seize upon them, even when they defy logic, rather than upon truly relevant facts.

Here’s an example to illustrate the mistake, from researchers Daniel Kahneman and Amos Tversky:

In 1983 Kahneman and Tversky tested how illogical human thinking is by describing the following imaginary person: Linda is thirty-one years old, single, outspoken, and very bright. She majored in philosophy. As a student, she was deeply concerned with issues of discrimination and social justice, and also participated in antinuclear demonstrations.

 

The researchers asked people to read this description, and then asked them to answer this question: Which alternative is more probable?

 

1. Linda is a bank teller.

2. Linda is a bank teller and is active in the feminist movement.

 

Here’s where it can get a bit tricky to understand (at least, it did for me!)—If answer #2 is true, #1 is also true. This means that #2 cannot be the answer to the question of probability.

 

Unfortunately, few of us realize this, because we’re so overcome by the more detailed description of #2. Plus, as the earlier quote pointed out, stereotypes are so deeply ingrained in our minds that subconsciously apply them to others.

 

Roughly 85% of people chose option #2 as the answer.

 

Again, we see here how irrational and illogical we can be, even when the facts are seemingly obvious.

 

I love this quote from researcher Daniel Kahneman on the differences between economics and psychology: I was astonished. My economic colleagues worked in the building next door, but I had not appreciated the profound difference between our intellectual worlds. To a psychologist, it is self-evident that people are neither fully rational nor completely selfish, and that their tastes are anything but stable.

 

Clearly, it’s normal for us to be irrational and to think illogically, even though we rarely realize we’re doing it. Still, being aware of the pitfalls we often fall into when making decisions can help us to at least recognize them, if not avoid them.


Via Jim Manske, Jone Johnson Lewis
Sharrock's insight:

I can always use more explanations about fallacies and cognitive bias

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Troy Crayton's curator insight, October 4, 2013 3:00 PM

Thank you for making us "aware" of this article, Duane....

donhornsby's curator insight, October 7, 2013 9:52 AM

(From the article): Clearly, it’s normal for us to be irrational and to think illogically, especially when language acts as a limitation to how we think, even though we rarely realize we’re doing it. Still, being aware of the pitfalls we often fall into when making decisions can help us to at least recognize them, if not avoid them.

Have you come across any other interesting mistakes we make in the way we think?

Lawrence Lanoff's curator insight, December 30, 2013 12:18 AM

This article is dense, but profound. Worth chomping on if you have some time. 

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Why the ability to read complex texts matters

The single biggest predictor of success in college was the ability to read complex texts independently and proficiently.


ACT Study: http://www.act.org/research/policymakers/pdf/reading_report.pdf


Via Mel Riddile
Sharrock's insight:

do we educators really need this explanation? apparently, we do. smh

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Common Core in Action: ELA

Common Core in Action: ELA | Teacher Tools and Tips | Scoop.it
Finding ways to integrate technology and align instruction to the Common Core Learning Standards can be a challenge. Part of making sure that students are college and career ready goes beyond rigorou
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The Number One Job Skill in 2020

The Number One Job Skill in 2020 | Teacher Tools and Tips | Scoop.it
What's the crucial career strength that employers everywhere are seeking -- even though hardly anyone is talking about it? A great way to find out is by studying this list of fast-growing occupations

Via Empaticus
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Empaticus's curator insight, June 23, 2013 5:20 PM

Can you guess? Not too difficult if you look at the list of jobs on the rise.

Also, it is painfully obvious when that skill is missing.

It´s time for the rise of the homo....

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How to Mind Map Yourself

How to Mind Map Yourself | Teacher Tools and Tips | Scoop.it
Since the time of the Ancient Greeks, humans have been using methods to tap into the mind's ability to associate and imagine outcomes in order to find coherent solutions. Mind mapping is one modern day approach that draws on associations...
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The Hottest Place on Earth

Explores the question: The Hottest Place on Earth.

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This video explores the question of measuring heat, observing remote places on Earth, and satellites. It supports critical thinking, but also explores issues connected with answering simple questions.

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Taking Developmental Considerations Into Consideration

Taking Developmental Considerations Into Consideration | Teacher Tools and Tips | Scoop.it
Teachers need to have high expectations of students, but also reasonable expectations of students.
Sharrock's insight:

Another mention of Yardsticks: Children in the Classroom Ages 4-14.

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Tvnima - You are the TV Show Director!

Tvnima - You are the TV Show Director! | Teacher Tools and Tips | Scoop.it
TVnima is a machinima online application that allows anyone to create a TV news program using their personal media (photos, images, videos) in Real-time 3D. You can create your own 3D clone speaker using your webcam or personal pictures.

Via Manuel D.
Sharrock's insight:

This is so cool! Could be useful for training workshops, classroom instruction, reporting of school events and clubs. 

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Sharrock's curator insight, September 19, 2013 9:28 AM

This is so cool! Could be useful for training workshops, classroom instruction, reporting of school events and clubs. 

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How to Get the Most From Your Academic Advisor

How to Get the Most From Your Academic Advisor | Teacher Tools and Tips | Scoop.it
Your academic advisor is there to help you get the most possible from your academic experience.
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Professional Development Kits for Teacher Training| EngageNY

Professional Development Kits for Teacher Training| EngageNY | Teacher Tools and Tips | Scoop.it
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Professional Development Kits for Teacher Training from EngageNY.

 

 

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Summary Writing Hints and Tips That Get Great Results

Summary Writing Hints and Tips That Get Great Results | Teacher Tools and Tips | Scoop.it
The summary may not be as glamorous as the title or as fulfilling as the article itself, but it's still important to your article's overall success.The summary is your hook to get readers to click on your article.

Via Nader Ale Ebrahim
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Bill Text - 113th Congress (2013-2014) - THOMAS (Library of Congress)

THOMAS provides many options for finding legislation and information about legislation. These options are described below.

Search Bill Text

Search the full text of legislation for words or phrases or search by bill number.

Coverage: The Bill Text feature covers the 101st Congress (1989) to the current Congress. Users must select the Congress that they would like to search. 

 Search Bill Text

Search Bill Summary & Status

Bill Summary & Status (BSS) contains information about bills and amendments. Whereas the Bill Text feature (described above) searches the full text of legislation, the BSS feature searches everything but the actual text of the legislation.  The BSS information includes: sponsor(s); cosponsor(s); official, short and popular titles; floor/executive actions; detailed legislative history; Congressional Record page references; bill summary; committee information; amendment information; subjects (indexing terms assigned to each bill); a link to the full text versions of the bill; and if the bill has been enacted into law, a link to the full text of the law on the Government Printing Office Web site.

Coverage: BSS covers the 93rd Congress (1973) through the current Congress.  Users must select the Congress that they would like to search

Sharrock's insight:

Walking a secondary school social studies class through this list would be educational! You can actually search the bill text for words and phrases. Kids could get a better idea on what is involved with working in Congress. These bills are also evidence as to why learning to read complex texts are so important.

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New Study Shows Humans Are on Autopilot Nearly Half the Time

New Study Shows Humans Are on Autopilot Nearly Half the Time | Teacher Tools and Tips | Scoop.it
Humans are mentally checked out, unhappily, nearly half the time.

 

"Farb and his colleagues worked out a way to study how human beings experience their own moment-to-moment experience. They discovered that people have two distinct ways of interacting with the world, using two different sets of networks. One network for experiencing your experience involves what is called the "default network", which includes regions of the medial prefrontal cortex, along with memory regions such as the hippocampus. This network is called default because it becomes active when not much else is happening, and you think about yourself. If you are sitting on the edge of a jetty in summer, a nice breeze blowing in your hair and a cold beer in your hand, instead of taking in the beautiful day you might find yourself thinking about what to cook for dinner tonight, and whether you will make a mess of the meal to the amusement of your partner. This is your default network in action. It's the network involved in planning, daydreaming and ruminating."

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Ivon Prefontaine's curator insight, October 4, 2013 1:25 PM

It is work done by Daniel Gilbert at Harvard so it should have some traction. And, we think wide spread use of digital technology will change this?

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20 Informative and Useful Infographic Maps

20 Informative and Useful Infographic Maps | Teacher Tools and Tips | Scoop.it

'We've gathered 20 Informative and Useful Infographic Maps with some unique subjects. They are well designed and contain some very helpful information.'


Via Lauren Moss, Lynnette Van Dyke
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Resources for Connected Educator Month 2013

Resources for Connected Educator Month 2013 | Teacher Tools and Tips | Scoop.it
A guide to websites, events, and other resources for Connected Educator Month.

Via Ana Cristina Pratas, Lynnette Van Dyke
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How Do You Define 'Latino'?

How Do You Define 'Latino'? | Teacher Tools and Tips | Scoop.it
It’s an exciting time to be a Latino. The community's numbers are growing rapidly.
Sharrock's insight:

This could add to an interesting cultural unit in secondary school social studies classes. Students could better understand differences in latin cultures. I wonder if something similar could be done for Americans who are asians, blacks, and maybe even caucasians. 

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17 Things You Should Never Say to Your Boss

17 Things You Should Never Say to Your Boss | Teacher Tools and Tips | Scoop.it
"Leave me alone!"
I said it to my boss at Radio Disney many years ago. I was a young, very high-performing salesperson, and he was my sales manager. Even though I was generating huge sales
Sharrock's insight:

This list isn't so different for education professions. The explanations are even more important. I like the reflections and responses at the end of the article, too. 

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Double Take 'Toons: Defundamentalists? : NPR

Double Take 'Toons: Defundamentalists?   : NPR | Teacher Tools and Tips | Scoop.it
The Republican-led House has voted to defund the Affordable Care Act, raising the odds of a federal government shutdown and a default on America's debt. ((two catoons depicting humor from both "sides" of political positions. it could start an inquiry project which could culminate in a debate.))
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7 Reasons To Attend Culinary School

7 Reasons To Attend Culinary School | Teacher Tools and Tips | Scoop.it
When you decide to learn cooking from a top culinary school, you can do so for a variety of reasons. You have to decide if you are doing it because you want cooking to be your profession, or you simply want to learn more about your passion.
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hunter christopher armstrong's curator insight, February 18, 2014 12:28 PM

Choosing wether or not youre interested in a career in the culinary field is a big decision. What you learn here cannot be applied in any other field of work. A career with culinary can earn you a great salary, shot to become a celebrity chef, being your own boss, traveling the world, trying new flavors, and above all else, teach you to cook.  

Christien Virdell's curator insight, May 15, 2014 2:14 PM

I learned that the better the school you attend then your access to better jobs in the area is higher than if your were to attend a lower end school. I also learned that going to a culinary school helps you establish wheather your interested in culinary just for the arts or the profession.

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MALCOLM GLADWELL: If You Want A Science Or Math Degree, Do Not Go To Harvard

MALCOLM GLADWELL: If You Want A Science Or Math Degree, Do Not Go To Harvard | Teacher Tools and Tips | Scoop.it
You're just going to get frustrated, and not get your degree.
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What Works Clearinghouse / Reading Plus® - Program Information

Reading Plus® is a web-based reading intervention that uses technology to provide individualized scaffolded silent reading practice for students in grade 3 and higher.
Sharrock's insight:

The effectiveness assessment of this program:

 

"Comprehension. Reading Plus (2008) found a statistically significant positive effect of Reading Plus® on the reading portion of the FCAT for low-achieving students. The WWC-calculated effect was small (0.06) but statistically significant. Thus, for the comprehension domain, one study showed statistically significant positive effects."

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Survey shows parent, educator support of Common Core

Survey shows parent, educator support of Common Core | Teacher Tools and Tips | Scoop.it
A national survey conducted by Utah-based School Improvement Network shows a majority of parents and educators support the Common Core State Standards.
Sharrock's insight:

from the article: "On the controversy the Common Core has generated, 70 percent of educators surveyed by School Improvement Network responded that they do not support political efforts to withdraw from the standards and 58 percent believe that common standards between states are necessary"

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