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The American Scholar: Solitude and Leadership - William Deresiewicz

The American Scholar: Solitude and Leadership - William Deresiewicz | Teacher Tools and Tips | Scoop.it
If you want others to follow, learn to be alone with your thoughts
Sharrock's insight:

After reading this speech once, I realize these are the words I would have read to my past self in high school and again during my first days in college, and then again at the end of college at graduation. I would try to read them to my children at their different points in life (in person or as a digital avatar). There are powerful messages in this lecture delivered at West Point. He talks about leadership and what it means to be a leader, but he also explains how leadership and isolation play off of each other. He talks about how true leadership can be lonely and isolating, but also how loneliness and isolation can help you to become a better leader, a better thinker, a better human being. These include the abilities of a true leader: The ability to speak your mind even when you know what you are sharing is not held by the majority of those you are addressing; the ability to think critically, skeptically, and to adjust your perspectives to test and validate (or invalidate) a position, a solution, and even the questions asked of a problem, is valuable and rare. Maybe it's valuable because it's so rare. Or maybe it's so valuable because it isn't often appreciated at the time, like a work of great art or an invention that can't be commercialized. My favorite point was when he said, “So it’s perfectly natural to have doubts, or questions, or even just difficulties. The question is, what do you do with them? Do you suppress them, do you distract yourself from them, do you pretend they don’t exist? Or do you confront them directly, honestly, courageously? If you decide to do so, you will find that the answers to these dilemmas are not to be found on Twitter or Comedy Central or even in The New York Times. They can only be found within—without distractions, without peer pressure, in solitude.”

 

I don't agree that there is no leadership in many areas, many departments. I don't know how the author/speaker has come to those conclusions, considering his experiences and intelligence. Usually, people think they are being profound when they say there are no leaders, no poets, no great artists, etc. It's actually a sign that they lack imagination or real experience leading or creating. It's like saying we need to end poverty or hunger; saying it as if no body is trying to achieve these goals. Meanwhile, there are organizations plugging away, resisting, innovating, reaching, and achieving these goals...but at lower levels, lower numbers, temporarily. But he is not that guy. So, I value his speech and his ultimate points and reasoning and advice, but disagree on some points.

 

But leadership has changed, which is often unappreciated often. The “boss” is becoming ineffective. How do people realize that 21st century learning rejects lecturing and “top down” command structure and the “sage on the stage” but think leaders should still lecture and command from up-high? What is leadership in a world of complexity? Authority has changed. Hierarchies are collapsing, becoming lattices and noded-networks. Power and warfare include informality (informal power) and unorthodoxy (innovative).  Temporary teams focus on short term projects and objectives.

The more informed, intelligent, and experienced commentator should explain how leadership has changed. But that’s not what complainers do. They don’t talk about complexity, complications, and wicked problems. They sound like apologists. They appear weak and confused and bureaucratic. The eyes of the audience will go glassy. But what do we know about leadership from Star Trek? Was Captain Kirk a better leader than Jean Luc Picard? How do you evaluate Mission Impossible of today? I wonder if people still want Clint Eastwood types. In the Game of Thrones, we are introduced to different kinds of leaders and different kinds of heroes. I wonder who is best, most heroic, and more effective at leading.

We say we want better problem solving, and say that this comes from thinking critically, communicating and collaborating. And we know solutions result best from all of this with reflection and more critical thinking. But what about time? How much time is given and how much time must be taken? 

 

The lecturer redeems himself by saying this: “I find for myself that my first thought is never my best thought. My first thought is always someone else’s; it’s always what I’ve already heard about the subject, always the conventional wisdom. It’s only by concentrating, sticking to the question, being patient, letting all the parts of my mind come into play, that I arrive at an original idea. By giving my brain a chance to make associations, draw connections, take me by surprise. And often even that idea doesn’t turn out to be very good. I need time to think about it, too, to make mistakes and recognize them, to make false starts and correct them, to outlast my impulses, to defeat my desire to declare the job done and move on to the next thing.”

 

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Ivon Prefontaine's curator insight, June 14, 2013 9:02 AM

We need quiet time to meditate, contemplate, or pray. It does not make a difference what we call it. We need it.

Ivon Prefontaine's curator insight, June 18, 2013 8:49 AM

At the heart of servant-leadership is mindfulness which includes being comfortable with the discomfort of solitude.

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Teacher Reviewed Educational Apps for 2012 - We Are Teachers

Teacher Reviewed Educational Apps for 2012 - We Are Teachers | Teacher Tools and Tips | Scoop.it
Reviews and best practices from teachers who have used apps.

Via Dr. Susan Bainbridge
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Sledding as a Revolutionary Act

Sledding as a Revolutionary Act | Teacher Tools and Tips | Scoop.it
Henry Bacon/Library of Congress "If you are up for a bit of civil disobedience," read the invitation, "meet at the west front of the Capitol lawn at 1:00 today. Come armed with sleds!
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Heroin Overdose Deaths Nearly Quadruple in 13 Years

Heroin Overdose Deaths Nearly Quadruple in 13 Years | Teacher Tools and Tips | Scoop.it
Deaths from heroin overdose increased in all regions of the country, but the biggest rise was seen in the Midwest, where the heroin death rate rose 11-fold between 2000 and 2013. The death rate quadrupled in the Northeast, tripped in the South, and doubled in the West, the CDC report said.
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Field Cameras Catch Deer Eating Birds—Wait, Why Do Deer Eat Birds?

Field Cameras Catch Deer Eating Birds—Wait, Why Do Deer Eat Birds? | Teacher Tools and Tips | Scoop.it
Deer aren't the slim, graceful vegans we thought they were. Scientists using field cameras have caught deer preying on nestling song birds. And it's not just deer. Herbivores the world over may be supplementing their diets.
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Pastoral Romance

Pastoral Romance | Teacher Tools and Tips | Scoop.it

Betty Jo Patton spent her childhood on a 240-acre farm in Mason County, West Virginia, in the 1930s. Her family raised what it ate, from tomatoes to turkeys, pears to pigs. They picked, plucked, slaughtered, butchered, cured, canned, preserved, and rendered. They drew water from a well, cooked on a wood stove, and the bathroom was an outhouse. 

 

Sharrock's insight:

excerpt: "I eventually asked Betty Jo what she thought of her granddaughter’s notion of returning to the land. Betty Jo smiled, but was blunt: “Leave it. There’s nothing romantic about it.”

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Gerrymandering Visualized

Gerrymandering Visualized | Teacher Tools and Tips | Scoop.it
By simplifying gerrymandering we see how problematic it really is.

Via Seth Dixon
Sharrock's insight:
Seth Dixon's insight:

The redistricting process is far from neutral; to be fair we should remember that gerrymandering is has happened on all ends of the political spectrum.  Which map do you think is the best way to divide these districts?  What is the fairest way to divide them?

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Seth Dixon's curator insight, March 1, 11:09 PM

The redistricting process is far from neutral; to be fair we should remember that gerrymandering is has happened on all ends of the political spectrum.  Which map do you think is the best way to divide these districts?  What is the fairest way to divide them?


Tags: gerrymandering, political, mapping, census, unit 4 political.

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Common Core testing trouble: Computer problems, student protests and more

Common Core testing trouble: Computer problems, student protests and more | Teacher Tools and Tips | Scoop.it

Disruptions Mar Rollout Of Common Core Testing.

Valerie Strauss writes at the Washington Post (3/2) “Answer Sheet” blog that there were a number of protests and other disruptions have marred the rollout of Common Core testing in states and districts across the country, citing student protests in New Mexico, computer problems in Florida, and the controversy over Chicago’s now-rescinded refusal to administer the tests.

 


Via Mel Riddile
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Penrith Farms's curator insight, March 4, 6:24 PM

Absolutely inspiring.  Students opting out in the thousands and student protests against standardized tests.  Not an accurate measurement of education.

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45 Free Stock Images for E-learning

45 Free Stock Images for E-learning | Teacher Tools and Tips | Scoop.it
Here are 45 free stock images for you to use in your e-learning courses. They are curated from the free stock images available via Unsplash.com.

Via callooh
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callooh's curator insight, February 25, 5:41 PM

Among the great tips in this article, a curated collection of desk/office images

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The Inhumanity of the Death Penalty

The Inhumanity of the Death Penalty | Teacher Tools and Tips | Scoop.it
In America, the history of the criminal justice—and of executions—is inseparable from white supremacy.
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Using Film to Teach Analysis Skills

Using Film to Teach Analysis Skills | Teacher Tools and Tips | Scoop.it
Bring real-world authenticity to literacy analysis by including movie criticism in your lessons.
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Earth's surprise inside: The inner core seems to have its own inner core

Earth's surprise inside: The inner core seems to have its own inner core | Teacher Tools and Tips | Scoop.it

Thanks to a novel application of earthquake-reading technology, a research team at the University of Illinois and colleagues at Nanjing University in China have found that the Earth’s inner core has an inner core of its own, which has surprising properties that could reveal information about our planet. 

Led by Xiaodong Song, a professor of geology at the U. of I., and visiting postdoctoral researcher Tao Wang, the team published its work in the journal Nature Geoscience on Feb. 9. 

“Even though the inner core is small – smaller than the moon – it has some really interesting features,” said Song. “It may tell us about how our planet formed, its history, and other dynamic processes of the Earth. It shapes our understanding of what’s going on deep inside the Earth.”

Researchers use seismic waves from earthquakes to scan below the planet’s surface, much like doctors use ultrasound to see inside patients. The team used a technology that gathers data not from the initial shock of an earthquake, but from the waves that resonate in the earthquake’s aftermath. The earthquake is like a hammer striking a bell; much like a listener hears the clear tone that resonates after the bell strike, seismic sensors collect a coherent signal in the earthquake’s coda. 


Via Dr. Stefan Gruenwald
Sharrock's insight:

Does this mean Earth Science and geology books might need a small revision?

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Sensorimotor Recalibration Depends on Attribution of Sensory Prediction Errors to Internal Causes

Sensorimotor Recalibration Depends on Attribution of Sensory Prediction Errors to Internal Causes | Teacher Tools and Tips | Scoop.it

Sensorimotor learning critically depends on error signals. Learning usually tries to minimise these error signals to guarantee optimal performance. Errors can, however, have both internal causes, resulting from one’s sensorimotor system, and external causes, resulting from external disturbances. Does learning take into account the perceived cause of error information? Here, we investigated the recalibration of internal predictions about the sensory consequences of one’s actions. Since these predictions underlie the distinction of self- and externally produced sensory events, we assumed them to be recalibrated only by prediction errors attributed to internal causes. When subjects were confronted with experimentally induced visual prediction errors about their pointing movements in virtual reality, they recalibrated the predicted visual consequences of their movements. Recalibration was not proportional to the externally generated prediction error, but correlated with the error component which subjects attributed to internal causes. We also revealed adaptation in subjects’ motor performance which reflected their recalibrated sensory predictions. Thus, causal attribution of error information is essential for sensorimotor learning.


Via Ashish Umre
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Statistics is the fastest-growing undergraduate STEM degree

Statistics is the fastest-growing undergraduate STEM degree | Teacher Tools and Tips | Scoop.it
Statistics—the science of learning from data—is the fastest-growing science, technology, engineering and math (STEM) undergraduate degree in the United States over the last four years, an analysis of federal government education data conducted by...
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New Naperville curriculum gets back to 'ooh, ahh of science' - Chicago Daily Herald

New Naperville curriculum gets back to 'ooh, ahh of science' - Chicago Daily Herald | Teacher Tools and Tips | Scoop.it
Science teachers at Naperville Central and Naperville North high schools are preparing to handle roughly double the number of chemistry students next year as a new science curriculum shifts the class from sophomore to freshman year.
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These twins can teach us a lot about racial identity

These twins can teach us a lot about racial identity | Teacher Tools and Tips | Scoop.it
Maria says she's black and Lucy says she's white. Together, they prove none of this makes sense.

Via Seth Dixon
Sharrock's insight:

This is another issue that high school students can research as part of a presentation about race, class, and social identity. This may be useful in Health classes with a link to resilience while other subjects like social studies (and social studies electives) might facilitate appreciation of the USA's obsession with race and ethnicity --contrary to scientific findings that race is more a political construct than a scientific concept. English/writing courses might explore the concept of identity, of "passing" as straight white male/female in literature, folklore, movies, and can elicit creative responses sharing such experiences in poetry, short stories, art works. 

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Teresa Herrin's curator insight, March 5, 10:52 AM

Okay, I'm justifying my post of this article to my AP Government page because:

1. It is really interesting.

2. As you know, politics is all too often about racial differences.

Ruth Reynolds's curator insight, March 5, 4:32 PM

Amazing- what an intersting beginner to a discussion

Christian Allié's curator insight, Today, 3:26 AM

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Seth Dixon's insight:

These twins also have three siblings and they say "we are at opposite ends of the [skin color] spectrum and they are all somewhere in between."  Their lives show that the differences underlying the cultural constructs of "white" and "black" as discrete categories isn't defensible, but it doesn't mean that it isn't culturally important.  As stated in the article, "here's no question that the way people categorize Lucy and Maria, and the way they think of themselves, will affect their lives.  That's because, even though race is highly subjective, racism and discrimination based on what people believe about race are very real."

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Your Grandparents Spent More Of Their Money On Food Than You Do

Your Grandparents Spent More Of Their Money On Food Than You Do | Teacher Tools and Tips | Scoop.it
our spending on food — proportional to our income — has actually declined dramatically since 1960, according to a chart recently published by the U.S. Department of Agriculture. As the chart shows, the average share of per capita income spent on food declined from 17.5 percent in 1960 to 9.6 percent in 2007. (It has since risen slightly, reaching 9.9 percent in 2013.)
Sharrock's insight:

This might be useful for teachers of Health and Social Studies classes. You can lead a discussion about influences of science and technology on our lives over time. Students can explore this in terms of history, the history of food harvesting and production, economics and disposable income, even politics, especially along the lines of "doom and gloom".

 

As a unit of presentations developed from inquiry-based model, other big topics could be explored along the lines of ethics and morality over time, poverty, war, education, and social class. Restrict the data used. Graphs and charts might be validated or may need to be validated, so school librarians can be collaborated with. The research could result in a major production: school conference the way some organizations meet for conferences on hunger, poverty, new technologies, etc. Or, it could follow the more traditional model of group presentations performed/presented within the class itself. 

 

It's a big production. These projects might be more developmentally appropriate for secondary school students, mainly high school students from 10th grade and up. 

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9 Cool Facts About Magnets

9 Cool Facts About Magnets | Teacher Tools and Tips | Scoop.it
Magnetism is light: Why do magnets stick? Magnets attract each other because they exchange photons, or the particles that make up light. But unlike the photons streaming out of a desk lamp or reflecting off of everything you see around you, these photons are virtual, and your eyes (or any particle detector) can't "see" them. They can, however, exchange momentum, and this is why they stick to things or repel them. When a kid throws a dodge ball, they're exchanging momentum with the ball, and the thrower feels a slight push back. Meanwhile the target person feels the force of the ball, and (maybe) gets knocked over — they are "repelled" from the thrower. With photons, the process can also happen in reverse, as though one kid reached out and grabbed the ball while the other was still hanging on to it, which would look like an attractive force.

Photons are the force carriers not only for magnets but also for electrostatic phenomena like static electricity, and it's why electromagnetism is the term we use for effects produced by these phenomena – including light, which is an electromagnetic wave.
Sharrock's insight:

If I had ever been told that magnetism results from an exchange of photons, I think I would have become a physicist just to better understand this statement:

 

"Magnetism is light: Why do magnets stick? Magnets attract each other because they exchange photons, or the particles that make up light. But unlike the photons streaming out of a desk lamp or reflecting off of everything you see around you, these photons are virtual, and your eyes (or any particle detector) can't "see" them. They can, however, exchange momentum, and this is why they stick to things or repel them. When a kid throws a dodge ball, they're exchanging momentum with the ball, and the thrower feels a slight push back. Meanwhile the target person feels the force of the ball, and (maybe) gets knocked over — they are "repelled" from the thrower. With photons, the process can also happen in reverse, as though one kid reached out and grabbed the ball while the other was still hanging on to it, which would look like an attractive force.

Photons are the force carriers not only for magnets but also for electrostatic phenomena like static electricity, and it's why electromagnetism is the term we use for effects produced by these phenomena – including light, which is an electromagnetic wave."

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5 Essential Types of Social Proof (and the Psychology Behind Them)

5 Essential Types of Social Proof (and the Psychology Behind Them) | Teacher Tools and Tips | Scoop.it

You’re walking along a busy sidewalk, dodging passersby, when a small group of people catches your eye. They’re standing in the middle of the path, heads tilted back in unison, staring at the sky.

 

You look, but you can’t see anything. Still, the crowd stares. You stand with them, searching for the source of their fixation. The crowd grows around you, and soon dozens of people are staring wordlessly into the sky.

 

Believe it or not, this is a real-life study conducted in 1969 by psychologist Stanley Milgram. A small group of people staring silently into an empty sky was influential enough to cause 80% of passersby to copy their actions, without any reason for doing so.

 

The Power of Social Proof

 

This is the power of social proof: our innate psychological tendency to use the wisdom of the crowd to influence our own decisions....


Via Jeff Domansky
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Jeff Domansky's curator insight, March 3, 2:26 AM

Exploring the social media possibilities of social proof.

Marco Favero's curator insight, March 3, 3:44 AM

aggiungi la tua intuizione ...

Teresa Levy's curator insight, March 5, 10:13 AM

this may be the force of a mob

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Compfight / A Flickr Search Tool

Compfight / A Flickr Search Tool | Teacher Tools and Tips | Scoop.it
Search engine for visual inspiration and free stock photos for the advertising community including images of creative commons and public domain.

Via Kathleen Cercone
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Dylan Waldz's curator insight, Today, 9:20 AM

Compfight is a super easy way to find pictures and what not for a project or whatever you're working on.

jonathan pham's curator insight, Today, 10:46 AM

Good for inspiration makes makeing poems easier  

William Lee Schaffer's curator insight, Today, 10:56 AM

It's great for finding pictures to use for an online portfolio or a project.

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StockSnap.io - Beautiful Free Stock Photos

StockSnap.io - Beautiful Free Stock Photos | Teacher Tools and Tips | Scoop.it
The #1 source for beautiful free stock photos. High quality and high resolution images free from all copyright restrictions - no attribution required.

Via Nik Peachey
Sharrock's insight:

Nik Peachey's insight:

Great collection of images for materials or students' projects. All CC and free even for commercial use.

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Nik Peachey's curator insight, March 3, 8:39 AM

Great collection of images for materials or students' projects. All CC and free even for commercial use.

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The threshold concept and the design of learning experiences

The threshold concept and the design of learning experiences | Teacher Tools and Tips | Scoop.it
The threshold concept is an important one in the development of curriculum and learning experiences in general. I came across this excellent resource provided by UCL Department of Electronic and El...
Sharrock's insight:

(excerpt) "In the Four E’s Model” for engaging teams in change efforts, education is  identified as technical work. It is not. It is both technical and adaptive and the development of any training program or informal learning experience, whether face-to-face, online, or a blended version of the two, must consider the adaptive change required to integrate learning, not just into the day-to-day of performing technical work, but into the development of new mindsets required to make this technical work successful. "

 
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There's Such a Thing as a Flavorist, and 9 Other Awesome Food Jobs

There's Such a Thing as a Flavorist, and 9 Other Awesome Food Jobs | Teacher Tools and Tips | Scoop.it
Try to name 10 food industry jobs, and the majority of them will probably involve either writing or working in a restaurant. But, in reality, the playing field is incredibly vast. Every single food item that you’ll find in a supermarket needs to be invented, developed, and tested; every element of a restaurant needs to be expertly planned; and every food product needs to look great when it’s on television or in an advertisement. And that’s just the tip of the iceberg.
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50 Free Animation Tools And Resources For Digital Learners

50 Free Animation Tools And Resources For Digital Learners | Teacher Tools and Tips | Scoop.it
50 Free Animation Tools And Resources For Digital Learners
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38 maps that explain Europe

38 maps that explain Europe | Teacher Tools and Tips | Scoop.it
Europe, as both a place and a concept, has changed dramatically in its centuries of history.

 

Tags: Europe, map.


Via Seth Dixon
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Bob Beaven's curator insight, February 19, 2:24 PM

These 38 different maps show how Europe, and the understanding of the continent (and what is East and West) changes overtime.  Today, the Greeks are closely aligned with Western Europe (they are after all considered the birthplace of the Western World), however this was not always the case as shown in Map 6.  In the days of the Byzantine Empire, the Greeks were competing with their Western European counterparts, and the Eastern Roman Empire long out survived its Western Counterpart.  Another interesting map to understanding why Europe is comprised of such small countries is all the different peoples that live in the region.  In the British Isles for example, there are Scots, English, Welsh and Irish (not to mention Cornish which map 13 excludes).  The Iberian Peninsula is no more united than the British Isles, Portuguese, Gallacians, Spanish, and Catalans all live in the region.  The modern country of Spain, in fact, comprises a union of Spanish, Gallacians and Catalans, with the Portuguese inhabiting a country of their own.  Europe is so difficult to understand as many diverse people have inhabited the area for so long, each leaving their mark on the individual  countries.  Europe is puzzling, and rightly so, for American observers.    

Padriag John-David Mahoney's curator insight, February 19, 3:17 PM

Despite the number of maps and figures, this is a really nice, condensed  broad stroke  of European history and politics, geography, and some economies. It's  also, for me, very entertaining.

Louis Mazza's curator insight, February 26, 7:49 PM

Europe was once the most war torn nation, but is now known for its peace. This article’s introduction says that Europe has relative great prosperity but at the same time deep economic turmoil. I guess like everywhere else. This is a collection of 38 maps that show Europe in different stages of development to give the reader a better understanding. The first maps shows the countries that make up the EU. NATO’s growth is show in the second map from 1949 to 2009. Some maps show the unemployment rates, while others show who in Europe uses the Euro. Mine home country of Italy is shown in the lowest category of unemployment in the southern region. Other maps illustrate the histories of Europe starting in 117. AD. I think that this collection of maps is awesome for gathering knowledge on Europe. It sure is teaching me a lot.

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Why Is The Dollar Sign A Letter S?

Why Is The Dollar Sign A Letter S? | Teacher Tools and Tips | Scoop.it
The letter S appears nowhere in the word "dollar", yet an S with a line through it ($) is unmistakably the dollar sign. But why an S?
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The Common Core Has Not Killed Literature

The Common Core Has Not Killed Literature | Teacher Tools and Tips | Scoop.it
Jaume Escofet/Flickr By now almost every teacher in the country has experienced the Common Core State Standards. We’re teaching and assessing them; we’re advocating for them or pushing against them.
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