Although there have been plenty of Drones developed in the form of planes, the Navy is now making a drone for underwater use. This drone, a $56 million project, in called the "Slocum Glider". These machines will not use water, but instead will go through a process called hydraulic buoyancy, where the drone moves in and out of underwater currents, allowing the drone to go at an extraordinary speed of 1 mile per hour. However, the speed shouldn't be a problem for the drone, since it is not intended for combat use. Instead, it will be collecting data with its sonar systems, and then stealthily sending it to other ships. These drones can patrol for weeks at a time with a wide variety of sensors. One of these drones was successfully launched by firing a buoy to the surface through a torpedo tube, then deployed the drone through a canister in a floating position. The Navy hopes that in the future, the drones could be used to detect enemy submarines and disarm underwater mines.
In these days of drone warfare, pilots can fly combat missions abroad, without having to leave the country. The development of unmanned ariel vehicles has enabled pilots to control planes thousands of miles away from where the planes are actually flying. Because of this, the pilots are at no risk of dying. The drones are also much cheaper to make than conventional fighter jet. This has caused the US to have over 7000 unmanned systems, and now Britain's RAF is also producing large numbers of drones. The CIA has also been using drones to bomb terrorist targets where conventional forces have failed. However, Pakistan has reported hundreds of deaths from these attacks. Despite this, Obama has been authorizing more drone strikes than President Bush. More and more people being recruited as pilots may never leave the ground. This new form of killing from thousands of miles away is controversial, since it may make war seem less costly, but it is hoped that responsibilities for combat are taken so that it doesn't feel like a video game.
Warfare is getting more complex in the 21st century. Drones are making the majority of US air strikes against terrorists leaders abroad. The Defense Department's Advanced Research Project Agency has also been designing drones for surveillance that look like small birds and insects. Terrorist groups such as Al-Qaeda have also been using new technology. This includes the use of improvised explosives but also the internet for recruiting, raising money, and transferring information. The internet is also responsible for bringing a greater amount of people awareness to the battlefield. The way live reporting has been visualized has had a direct impact on how it is understood. Being able to see war on television has led to a general decline in conflict since World War II. User generated content has also made reporters a new group of witnesses to war. The internet has also given people thousands of miles away the ability to immediately transfer information to be used for war. This has now made war a thing that is both real and virtual.
A new kind of stealth drone, the X-47B, made it first launch. The thing that makes this aircraft unique is that it is the the first UAV to successfully launch from an aircraft carrier. This is a major breakthrough because this means that drone missions can now be carried out from sea, rather than having to use air bases in other countries. This drone can also fly for six hours without refueling, giving it double the range of other strike drones. Drones being used in the Middle East don't need the stealth capabilities of this new UAV, but they would be necessary if the area was highly defended. The new drone is said to be a landmark of developing fully autonomous vehicles, in both a good and bad way. The next development for the X-47B is to be able to refuel in mid air. At the end of its testing, it landed on an aircraft carrier, catching wires to slow it down so it didn't go off the edge
Ever since the end of WWII, the world has began producing new war technology. These developments have changed several aspects of war. One of these developments is the rocket propelled grenade (RPG). This weapon is a shoulder fired anti tank weapon. Although the target needs to stay within a few hundred feet in order to maintain the weapon's accuracy, it has been widely used around the world. Another development is the IED, or the improvised explosive device. These were first used as traps in the 1970s when the British were fighting the Irish Republic Insurgency. They proved to be simple yet deadly traps. Recon satellites have been used since the middle of the Cold War to detect missile launches and provide high resolution photographing. Another reconnaissance development in the 1970s were unmanned aerial vehicles. These are remote controlled aircraft that can be used for surveillance in a dangerous area. These are some of the developments that have shaped modern warfare
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