Systems Theory
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Systems Theory
theoretical aspects of (social) systems theory
Curated by Ben van Lier
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Internet surveillance predicts disease outbreak before WHO

Internet surveillance predicts disease outbreak before WHO | Systems Theory | Scoop.it

Have you ever Googled for an online diagnosis before visiting a doctor? If so, you may have helped provide early warning of an infectious disease epidemic.

 

In a new study published in Lancet Infectious Diseases, Internet-based surveillance has been found to detect infectious diseases such as Dengue Fever and Influenza up to two weeks earlier than traditional surveillance methods, according to Queensland University of Technology (QUT) research fellow and senior author of the paper Wenbiao Hu.

 

Hu, based at the Institute for Health and Biomedical Innovation, said there was often a lag time of two weeks before traditional surveillance methods could detect an emerging infectious disease.

 

“This is because traditional surveillance relies on the patient recognizing the symptoms and seeking treatment before diagnosis, along with the time taken for health professionals to alert authorities through their health networks. In contrast, digital surveillance can provide real-time detection of epidemics.”

 

Hu said the study used search engine algorithms such as Google Trends and Google Insights. It found that detecting the 2005–06 avian influenza outbreak “Bird Flu” would have been possible between one and two weeks earlier than official surveillance reports.

 

“In another example, a digital data collection network was found to be able to detect the SARS outbreak more than two months before the first publications by the World Health Organization (WHO),” Hu said.


Via Dr. Stefan Gruenwald, Semiotic Sorceress
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The Consequences of Machine Intelligence

The Consequences of Machine Intelligence | Systems Theory | Scoop.it

The question of what happens when machines get to be as intelligent as and even more intelligent than people seems to occupy many science-fiction writers. The Terminator movie trilogy, for example, featured Skynet, a self-aware artificial intelligence that served as the trilogy's main villain, battling humanity through its Terminator cyborgs. Among technologists, it is mostly "Singularitarians" who think about the day when machine will surpass humans in intelligence. The term "singularity" as a description for a phenomenon of technological acceleration leading to "machine-intelligence explosion" was coined by the mathematician Stanislaw Ulam in 1958, when he wrote of a conversation with John von Neumann concerning the "ever accelerating progress of technology and changes in the mode of human life, which gives the appearance of approaching some essential singularity in the history of the race beyond which human affairs, as we know them, could not continue."


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Algorithms Won’t Replace Managers, But Will Change Everything About What They Do

Algorithms Won’t Replace Managers, But Will Change Everything About What They Do | Systems Theory | Scoop.it
Economist Tyler Cowen on machine intelligence and the age of the manager.

Via Fred Zimny
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Fred Zimny's curator insight, December 21, 2013 4:07 AM

From heuristics to algorithms paves the way for design thinking

Ron DeLong's curator insight, December 28, 2013 4:29 PM

You have to be able to "see" the problems....  computers and planning software only give you so much...

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Phenomenal States and Properties: Reductionism, Supervenience, or ... - Institute for Ethics and Emerging Technologies

Phenomenal States and Properties: Reductionism, Supervenience, or ... - Institute for Ethics and Emerging Technologies | Systems Theory | Scoop.it
Phenomenal States and Properties: Reductionism, Supervenience, or ...
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Roger Penrose: The Human Brain is More Complex than a Galaxy

Roger Penrose: The Human Brain is More Complex than a Galaxy | Systems Theory | Scoop.it

According to physicist, Roger Penrose, What’s in our head is orders of magnitude more complex than anything one sees in the Universe: "If you look at the entire physical cosmos," says Penrose, "our brains are a tiny, tiny part of it. But they're the most perfectly organized part. Compared to the complexity of a brain, a galaxy is just an inert lump." 

 

Each cubic millimeter of tissue in the neocortex, reports Michael Chorost in World Wide Mind, contains between 860 million and 1.3 billion synapses. Estimates of the total number of synapses in the neocortex range from 164 trillion to 200 trillion. The total number of synapses in the brain as a whole is much higher than that. The neocorex has the same number of neurons as a galaxy has stars: 100 billion.  "All stars can do is pull on each other with gravity," writes Chorost, and, if they are very close, exchange heat."

 

One researcher estimates that with current technology it would take 10,000 automated microscopes thirty years to map the connections between every neuron in a human brain, and 100 million terabytes of disk space to store the data.

 

Galaxies are ancient, but self-aware, language-using, tool-making brains are very new in the evolutionary timeline, some 200,000-years old. Most of the neurons in the neocortex have between 1,000 and 10,000 synaptic connections with other neurons. Elsewhere in the brain, in the cerebellum, one type of neuron has 150,000 to 200,000 synaptic connections with other neurons. Even the lowest of these numbers seems hard to believe. One tiny neuron can connect to 200,000 neurons.

 

"The universe could so easily have remained lifeless and simple -just physics and chemistry, just the scattered dust of the cosmic explosion that gave birth to time and space," says Richard Dawkins, the famed Oxford evolutionary biologist reflecting on the sheer wonder of the emergence of life on Earth and the evolutionary process in his classic The Ancestor's Tale.

 

"The fact that it did not -the fact that life evolved out of literally nothing, some 10 billion years after the universe evolved literally out of nothing -is a fact so staggering that I would be mad to attempt words to do it justice. And even that is not the end of the matter. Not only did evolution happen: it eventually led to beings capable of comprehending the process by which they comprehend it."


Via Dr. Stefan Gruenwald
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How do you build a large-scale quantum computer?

How do you build a large-scale quantum computer? | Systems Theory | Scoop.it

Physicists led by ion-trapper Christopher Monroe at the JQI have proposed a modular quantum computer architecture that promises scalability to much larger numbers of qubits. The components of this architecture have individually been tested and are available, making it a promising approach. In the paper, the authors present expected performance and scaling calculations, demonstrating that their architecture is not only viable, but in some ways, preferable when compared to related schemes.


Via Szabolcs Kósa
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Andreas Pappas's curator insight, March 28, 2014 4:40 AM

This article shows how scientists can increase the scale of quantum machine while still making them behave quantum mechanically by reading the qu-bits with lasers instead of conventional wiring.

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Intel’s Sharp-Eyed Social Scientist

Intel’s Sharp-Eyed Social Scientist | Systems Theory | Scoop.it
As part of Intel’s mission to be regarded as more than just a chip maker, the anthropologist Genevieve Bell leads a globe-trotting team that is trying to learn what people crave in their electronics.
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Are We Entering the Cyborg Era?

Are We Entering the Cyborg Era? | Systems Theory | Scoop.it
 Ethics Medical implants, complex interfaces between brain and machine or remotely controlled insects  —recent developments combining machines and organisms have great potentials, but also give rise...

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Wearable Technology as a Human Right | #googleGlass

Wearable Technology as a Human Right | #googleGlass | Systems Theory | Scoop.it
Hostility to the use of wearable computers and cameras threatens to limit their benefits, says Steve Mann.

Via luiy
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luiy's curator insight, February 27, 2014 3:40 PM

Let’s value people at least as much as we do merchandise and elevate the wearable computer to the level of a security camera. We never forbid cameras to protect five-cent candies. So let’s not forbid people to protect themselves with this same kind of technology. I have proposed legislation to protect the right of individuals to remember, computationally, what they experience.

 

As wearable computers and cameras become more widespread, we will certainly need to adopt new protocols and social attitudes toward the capture and sharing of visual information and other data. But these protocols should not include discrimination against users of these valuable assistive devices.

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Understanding Skynet: Internet of Things vs. Industrial Internet

Understanding Skynet: Internet of Things vs. Industrial Internet | Systems Theory | Scoop.it
My friend Jeff Frick (@JeffFrick of SiliconANGLE) was educating me recently on the difference between the Internet of Things (IoT) and the Industrial Internet. That conversation persuaded me to res...

Via Spaceweaver
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Spaceweaver's curator insight, February 27, 2014 8:59 AM

recommended read

Corina Ciechanow's curator insight, March 3, 2014 6:36 AM

Architectural description from Big Data to IoT application

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Of Systems and Consciousness - An Introduction

Of Systems and Consciousness - An Introduction | Systems Theory | Scoop.it
As a primary task, it should not be difficult to promote the thesis that in principle, to understand how and why consciousness emerged and has its particular characteristics entails understanding the evolution of a hierarchy of systems-constructs. Why? If not irrefutable, it is at least commonly
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Cybernetics and Information Theory in the United States, France and the Soviet Union

Mindell et al. (2003) «Cybernetics and Information Theory in the United States, France and the Soviet Union» http://t.co/WxxvghtyUz
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António F Fonseca's curator insight, March 1, 2014 7:58 AM

Very interesting document!

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Neil Gershenfeld and JP Vasseur | The Promise and Peril of the Internet of Things | Foreign Affairs

Since 1969, when the first bit of data was transmitted over what would come to be known as the Internet, that global network has evolved from linking mainframe computers to connecting personal computers and now mobile devices. By 2010, the number of computers on the Internet had surpassed the number of people on earth.
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The Consequences of Machine Intelligence

The Consequences of Machine Intelligence | Systems Theory | Scoop.it

The question of what happens when machines get to be as intelligent as and even more intelligent than people seems to occupy many science-fiction writers. The Terminator movie trilogy, for example, featured Skynet, a self-aware artificial intelligence that served as the trilogy's main villain, battling humanity through its Terminator cyborgs. Among technologists, it is mostly "Singularitarians" who think about the day when machine will surpass humans in intelligence. The term "singularity" as a description for a phenomenon of technological acceleration leading to "machine-intelligence explosion" was coined by the mathematician Stanislaw Ulam in 1958, when he wrote of a conversation with John von Neumann concerning the "ever accelerating progress of technology and changes in the mode of human life, which gives the appearance of approaching some essential singularity in the history of the race beyond which human affairs, as we know them, could not continue."


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Technology: Rise of the replicants

Technology: Rise of the replicants | Systems Theory | Scoop.it

Rapid advances in artificial intelligence now threaten the jobs of educated white-collar workers


Via Kalani Kirk Hausman, Szabolcs Kósa
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Annel Montelongo's curator insight, March 5, 2014 9:08 PM

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Hombre vs Maquina!!, Un tema de sumo interés para los ingenieros!!

Annel Montelongo's comment, March 5, 2014 9:15 PM
¿Sera que las maquinas y los avances tecnológico pueden perjudicar al hombre?<br>Yo no lo creo, tal vez si ayuda o contribuye a la pereza del ser humano, pero en ninguna manera afecta al crecimiento de una empresa en el mejoramiento continuo, y en la calidad de vida de nosotros (=<br>@Edgar Mata
aanve's curator insight, March 5, 2014 10:12 PM

www.aanve.com

 

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Engineers build brain-controlled music player - Robohub

Engineers build brain-controlled music player - Robohub | Systems Theory | Scoop.it
Robohub Engineers build brain-controlled music player Robohub Now it is thanks to Kenneth Camilleri and his team of researchers from the Department of Systems and Control Engineering and the Centre for Biomedical Cybernetics at the University of...
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Martin Heidegger's Black Notebooks Reignite Charges of Anti-Semitism

Martin Heidegger's Black Notebooks Reignite Charges of Anti-Semitism | Systems Theory | Scoop.it
Martin Heidegger’s existential philosophy has long been undermined by his Nazi sympathies. The forthcoming publication of his ‘Black Notebooks’ promise to reignite the controversy.

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Semiotic Sorceress's curator insight, March 2, 2014 5:55 PM

"In the same letter, Beaufret congratulated himself for having shared his views with Faurisson, and never committing them to paper. The same cannot be said for his work on behalf of Heidegger: Beaufret morphed into a veritable public relations firm for the Nazi thinker, serving as his privileged interlocutor and interpreter in France. While Sartre soon distanced himself from Heidegger’s writings, other and younger postwar intellectuals like Louis Althusser and Michel Foucault were drawn to them; they became the darling of self-described revolutionaries on the left rather than reactionaries on the right. For good reason, Heidegger chuckled that when the French talk philosophy, they think in German."

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When the Turing Test is not enough: Towards a functionalist determination of consciousness and the advent of an authentic machine ethics

When the Turing Test is not enough: Towards a functionalist determination of consciousness and the advent of an authentic machine ethics | Systems Theory | Scoop.it

Empirical research that works to map those characteristics requisite for the identification of conscious awareness are proving increasingly insufficient, particularly as neuroscientists further refine functionalist models of cognition. To say that an agent "appears" to have awareness or intelligence is inadequate. Rather, what is required is the discovery and understanding of those processes in the brain that are responsible for capacities such as sentience, empathy and emotion. Subsequently, the shift to a neurobiological basis for identifying subjective agency will have implications for those hoping to develop self-aware artificial intelligence and brain emulations. The Turing Test alone cannot identify machine consciousness; instead, computer scientists will need to work off the functionalist model and be mindful of those processes that produce awareness. Because the potential to do harm is significant, an effective and accountable machine ethics needs to be considered. Ultimately, it is our responsibility to develop a rigorous understanding of consciousness so that we may identify and work with it once it emerges.


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Hakushi Hamaoka's curator insight, August 2, 2015 11:20 AM

consciousness is residues of our mundane examinations about reality: the substantive aspects, contexts and evaluative appropriateness

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Top 10 emerging technologies for 2014

Top 10 emerging technologies for 2014 | Systems Theory | Scoop.it
Technology has become perhaps the greatest agent of change in the modern world. While never without risk, positive technological breakthroughs promise innovative solutions to the most pressing global challenges of our time, from resource scarcity to global environmental change. However, a lack of appropriate investment, outdated regulatory frameworks and gaps in public understanding prevent many… 
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I, Cyborg - O'Reilly Radar

I, Cyborg - O'Reilly Radar | Systems Theory | Scoop.it
There is an existential unease lying at the root of the Internet of Things — a sense that we may emerge not less than human, certainly, but other than human. Well, not...
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Systems and Consciousness - Philosophy of Consciousness

Systems and Consciousness - Philosophy of Consciousness | Systems Theory | Scoop.it
Of Systems and Consciousness is an article that introducs the Hierarchical Systems Theory of Consciousness suggesting it correlates with our understanding of.
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Are we already living in the technological singularity?

Are we already living in the technological singularity? | Systems Theory | Scoop.it
Science fiction's most radical vision of the future, with humanity redundant, is becoming a self-fulfilling prophecy, finds Damien Walter

Via Claude Emond
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