Systems Theory
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theoretical aspects of (social) systems theory
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20 Crucial Terms Every 21st Century Futurist Should Know

20 Crucial Terms Every 21st Century Futurist Should Know | Systems Theory | Scoop.it
We live in an era of accelerating change, when scientific and technological advancements are arriving rapidly. As a result, we are developing a new language to describe our civilization as it evolves. Here are 20 terms and concepts that you'll need to navigate our future.
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The Golem Genie and Unfriendly AI (Part One)

The Golem Genie and Unfriendly AI (Part One) | Systems Theory | Scoop.it
This is the first of two posts on Muehlhauser and Helm’s article “The Singularity and Machine Ethics”. It is part on my ongoing, but completely spontaneous and unplanned, series on the technological singularity.

Via Alistair Parker
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Lockheed Martin's bet on quantum computing - Washington Post

Lockheed Martin's bet on quantum computing - Washington Post | Systems Theory | Scoop.it
Washington Post
Lockheed Martin's bet on quantum computing
Washington Post
... often cooled to the temperature of outer space.
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Billionaires With Big Ideas Are Privatizing American Science

Billionaires With Big Ideas Are Privatizing American Science | Systems Theory | Scoop.it
As government financing of basic research has fallen off precipitously, philanthropists have stepped in, setting personal priorities and raising questions about science research for the public good.
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Cybernetics and Stochastic Systems

Cybernetics is the science of control and a precursor
of complexity theory. Whilst generally applied to deterministic artificial machines these techniques
are of equal validity in the more stochastic biological and social realms.
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Neil Gershenfeld and JP Vasseur | The Promise and Peril of the Internet of Things | Foreign Affairs

Since 1969, when the first bit of data was transmitted over what would come to be known as the Internet, that global network has evolved from linking mainframe computers to connecting personal computers and now mobile devices. By 2010, the number of computers on the Internet had surpassed the number of people on earth.
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The Consequences of Machine Intelligence

The Consequences of Machine Intelligence | Systems Theory | Scoop.it

The question of what happens when machines get to be as intelligent as and even more intelligent than people seems to occupy many science-fiction writers. The Terminator movie trilogy, for example, featured Skynet, a self-aware artificial intelligence that served as the trilogy's main villain, battling humanity through its Terminator cyborgs. Among technologists, it is mostly "Singularitarians" who think about the day when machine will surpass humans in intelligence. The term "singularity" as a description for a phenomenon of technological acceleration leading to "machine-intelligence explosion" was coined by the mathematician Stanislaw Ulam in 1958, when he wrote of a conversation with John von Neumann concerning the "ever accelerating progress of technology and changes in the mode of human life, which gives the appearance of approaching some essential singularity in the history of the race beyond which human affairs, as we know them, could not continue."


Via Szabolcs Kósa
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Technology: Rise of the replicants

Technology: Rise of the replicants | Systems Theory | Scoop.it

Rapid advances in artificial intelligence now threaten the jobs of educated white-collar workers


Via Kalani Kirk Hausman, Szabolcs Kósa
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Annel Montelongo's curator insight, March 5, 2014 9:08 PM

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Hombre vs Maquina!!, Un tema de sumo interés para los ingenieros!!

Annel Montelongo's comment, March 5, 2014 9:15 PM
¿Sera que las maquinas y los avances tecnológico pueden perjudicar al hombre?<br>Yo no lo creo, tal vez si ayuda o contribuye a la pereza del ser humano, pero en ninguna manera afecta al crecimiento de una empresa en el mejoramiento continuo, y en la calidad de vida de nosotros (=<br>@Edgar Mata
aanve's curator insight, March 5, 2014 10:12 PM

www.aanve.com

 

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Engineers build brain-controlled music player - Robohub

Engineers build brain-controlled music player - Robohub | Systems Theory | Scoop.it
Robohub Engineers build brain-controlled music player Robohub Now it is thanks to Kenneth Camilleri and his team of researchers from the Department of Systems and Control Engineering and the Centre for Biomedical Cybernetics at the University of...
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Martin Heidegger's Black Notebooks Reignite Charges of Anti-Semitism

Martin Heidegger's Black Notebooks Reignite Charges of Anti-Semitism | Systems Theory | Scoop.it
Martin Heidegger’s existential philosophy has long been undermined by his Nazi sympathies. The forthcoming publication of his ‘Black Notebooks’ promise to reignite the controversy.

Via Semiotic Sorceress
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Semiotic Sorceress's curator insight, March 2, 2014 5:55 PM

"In the same letter, Beaufret congratulated himself for having shared his views with Faurisson, and never committing them to paper. The same cannot be said for his work on behalf of Heidegger: Beaufret morphed into a veritable public relations firm for the Nazi thinker, serving as his privileged interlocutor and interpreter in France. While Sartre soon distanced himself from Heidegger’s writings, other and younger postwar intellectuals like Louis Althusser and Michel Foucault were drawn to them; they became the darling of self-described revolutionaries on the left rather than reactionaries on the right. For good reason, Heidegger chuckled that when the French talk philosophy, they think in German."

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When the Turing Test is not enough: Towards a functionalist determination of consciousness and the advent of an authentic machine ethics

When the Turing Test is not enough: Towards a functionalist determination of consciousness and the advent of an authentic machine ethics | Systems Theory | Scoop.it

Empirical research that works to map those characteristics requisite for the identification of conscious awareness are proving increasingly insufficient, particularly as neuroscientists further refine functionalist models of cognition. To say that an agent "appears" to have awareness or intelligence is inadequate. Rather, what is required is the discovery and understanding of those processes in the brain that are responsible for capacities such as sentience, empathy and emotion. Subsequently, the shift to a neurobiological basis for identifying subjective agency will have implications for those hoping to develop self-aware artificial intelligence and brain emulations. The Turing Test alone cannot identify machine consciousness; instead, computer scientists will need to work off the functionalist model and be mindful of those processes that produce awareness. Because the potential to do harm is significant, an effective and accountable machine ethics needs to be considered. Ultimately, it is our responsibility to develop a rigorous understanding of consciousness so that we may identify and work with it once it emerges.


Via Szabolcs Kósa
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Hakushi Hamaoka's curator insight, August 2, 2015 11:20 AM

consciousness is residues of our mundane examinations about reality: the substantive aspects, contexts and evaluative appropriateness

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The Golem Genie and Unfriendly AI (Part Two)

The Golem Genie and Unfriendly AI (Part Two) | Systems Theory | Scoop.it
This is the second (and final) part in my series looking at the arguments from Muehlhauser and Helm’s (MH’s) paper “The Singularity and Machine Ethics”. As noted in part one, proponents of the Doomsday Argument hold that if a superintelligent machine (AI+) has a decisive power advantage over human beings, and if the machine has goals and values that are antithetical to the goals and values that we human beings think are morally ideal, then it spells our doom. The naive response to this argument is to claim that we can avoid this outcome by programming the AI+ to “want what we want”. One of the primary goals of MH’s paper is to dispute the credibility of this response. The goal of this series of blog posts is to clarify and comment upon the argument they develop.
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When the Turing Test is Not Enough

When the Turing Test is Not Enough | Systems Theory | Scoop.it
Towards a functionalist determination of consciousness and the advent of an authentic machine ethics.
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Medical microrobots to deliver drugs on demand

Medical microrobots to deliver drugs on demand | Systems Theory | Scoop.it

Advances in micro- and nanoscale engineering in the medical field have led to the development of various robotic designs that one day will allow a new level of minimally invasive medicine. These micro- and nanorobots will be able to reach a targeted area, provide treatments and therapies for a desired duration, measure the effects and, at the conclusion of the treatment, be removed or degrade without causing adverse effects. Ideally, all these tasks would be automated but they could also be performed under the direct supervision and control of an external user.Several approaches have been explored for the wireless actuation of microrobots. Among these, magnetic fields have been the most widely employed strategy for propulsion because they do not require special environmental properties such as conductivity or transparency (for instance: "Artificial nano swimmers", with a video that shows the controlled motions of particles in a magnetic field).


This approach allows for the precise manipulation of magnetic objects toward specific locations, and magnetic fields are biocompatible even at relatively high field strengths (MRI).In a new work, a team of researchers from ETH Zurich and Harvard University (David Mooney's lab) demonstrate that additional intelligence – including sensing and actuation – can be instantiated in these microrobots by selecting appropriate materials and methods for the fabrication process.


"Our work combines the design and fabrication of near infrared light (NIR) responsive hydrogel capsules and biocompatible magnetic microgels with a magnetic manipulation system to perform targeted drug and cell delivery tasks, Dr." Mahmut Selman Sakar, a research scientist in Bradley Nelson's Institute of Robotics and Intelligent Systems at ETH Zurich, tells Nanowerk.Reporting their results in the November 4, 2013 online edition of Advanced Materials ("An Integrated Microrobotic Platform for On-Demand, Targeted Therapeutic Interventions"), first-authored by Sakar's co-researcher Stefano Fusco, the team fabricated an untethered, self-folding, soft microrobotic platform, in which different functionalities are integrated to achieve targeted, on-demand delivery of biological agents.


Via Dr. Stefan Gruenwald
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Jose Mejia R's comment, March 30, 2014 11:40 AM
TRADUCCION:<br>Los avances en la ingeniería de micro-y nanoescala en el campo de la medicina han conducido al desarrollo de diversos diseños robóticos que un día permitirá un nuevo nivel de la medicina mínimamente invasiva. Estos micro-y nano-robots serán capaces de llegar a un área objetiva, proporcionar tratamientos y terapias para una duración deseada, medir los efectos y, a la conclusión del tratamiento, deberá ser eliminado o degradado sin causar efectos adversos. Lo ideal sería que todas estas tareas se pueden automatizar, pero también pueden ser realizados bajo la supervisión y el control directos de un usuario externo. Varios enfoques se han explorado para el accionamiento inalámbrico de microrobots. Entre éstos, los campos magnéticos han sido la estrategia más ampliamente empleada para la propulsión, ya que no requieren propiedades especiales del medio ambiente tales como la conductividad o la transparencia (por ejemplo: "nadadores nano artificial", con un vídeo que muestra los movimientos controlados de partículas en una magnética campo).<br> <br>Este enfoque permite la manipulación precisa de objetos magnéticos hacia lugares específicos, y los campos magnéticos son biocompatibles, incluso a intensidades de campo relativamente altas (MRI). En un nuevo trabajo, un equipo de investigadores de ETH Zurich y la Universidad de Harvard (el laboratorio de David Mooney) demuestran que con inteligencia adicional - incluyendo detección y actuación - se puede crear instancias de estos microrobots seleccionando materiales y procedimientos para el proceso de fabricación adecuadas.<br><br>"Nuestro trabajo combina el diseño y la fabricación de la luz en el infrarrojo cercano (NIR) cápsulas de hidrogel sensible y microgeles magnéticas biocompatibles con un sistema de manipulación magnética para realizar tareas de administración de drogas y de suministro de células específicas, nos diece el Dr. Mahmut Sakar Selman, un científico de investigación en el Instituto de Bradley Nelson de Robótica y Sistemas Inteligentes en la ETH Zurich. Sus resultados indicados el 04 de noviembre 2013 en la edición en línea de Materiales Avanzados ...
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Relax, Robots Won't Take Every Job - Daily Beast

Relax, Robots Won't Take Every Job - Daily Beast | Systems Theory | Scoop.it
Relax, Robots Won't Take Every Job
Daily Beast
Much of the theory and evidence says that left to its own devices, private industry doesn't do enough of that stuff. Things like Google X and ...
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Internet surveillance predicts disease outbreak before WHO

Internet surveillance predicts disease outbreak before WHO | Systems Theory | Scoop.it

Have you ever Googled for an online diagnosis before visiting a doctor? If so, you may have helped provide early warning of an infectious disease epidemic.

 

In a new study published in Lancet Infectious Diseases, Internet-based surveillance has been found to detect infectious diseases such as Dengue Fever and Influenza up to two weeks earlier than traditional surveillance methods, according to Queensland University of Technology (QUT) research fellow and senior author of the paper Wenbiao Hu.

 

Hu, based at the Institute for Health and Biomedical Innovation, said there was often a lag time of two weeks before traditional surveillance methods could detect an emerging infectious disease.

 

“This is because traditional surveillance relies on the patient recognizing the symptoms and seeking treatment before diagnosis, along with the time taken for health professionals to alert authorities through their health networks. In contrast, digital surveillance can provide real-time detection of epidemics.”

 

Hu said the study used search engine algorithms such as Google Trends and Google Insights. It found that detecting the 2005–06 avian influenza outbreak “Bird Flu” would have been possible between one and two weeks earlier than official surveillance reports.

 

“In another example, a digital data collection network was found to be able to detect the SARS outbreak more than two months before the first publications by the World Health Organization (WHO),” Hu said.


Via Dr. Stefan Gruenwald, Semiotic Sorceress
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The Consequences of Machine Intelligence

The Consequences of Machine Intelligence | Systems Theory | Scoop.it

The question of what happens when machines get to be as intelligent as and even more intelligent than people seems to occupy many science-fiction writers. The Terminator movie trilogy, for example, featured Skynet, a self-aware artificial intelligence that served as the trilogy's main villain, battling humanity through its Terminator cyborgs. Among technologists, it is mostly "Singularitarians" who think about the day when machine will surpass humans in intelligence. The term "singularity" as a description for a phenomenon of technological acceleration leading to "machine-intelligence explosion" was coined by the mathematician Stanislaw Ulam in 1958, when he wrote of a conversation with John von Neumann concerning the "ever accelerating progress of technology and changes in the mode of human life, which gives the appearance of approaching some essential singularity in the history of the race beyond which human affairs, as we know them, could not continue."


Via Szabolcs Kósa
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Algorithms Won’t Replace Managers, But Will Change Everything About What They Do

Algorithms Won’t Replace Managers, But Will Change Everything About What They Do | Systems Theory | Scoop.it
Economist Tyler Cowen on machine intelligence and the age of the manager.

Via Fred Zimny
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Fred Zimny's curator insight, December 21, 2013 4:07 AM

From heuristics to algorithms paves the way for design thinking

Ron DeLong's curator insight, December 28, 2013 4:29 PM

You have to be able to "see" the problems....  computers and planning software only give you so much...

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Phenomenal States and Properties: Reductionism, Supervenience, or ... - Institute for Ethics and Emerging Technologies

Phenomenal States and Properties: Reductionism, Supervenience, or ... - Institute for Ethics and Emerging Technologies | Systems Theory | Scoop.it
Phenomenal States and Properties: Reductionism, Supervenience, or ...
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Roger Penrose: The Human Brain is More Complex than a Galaxy

Roger Penrose: The Human Brain is More Complex than a Galaxy | Systems Theory | Scoop.it

According to physicist, Roger Penrose, What’s in our head is orders of magnitude more complex than anything one sees in the Universe: "If you look at the entire physical cosmos," says Penrose, "our brains are a tiny, tiny part of it. But they're the most perfectly organized part. Compared to the complexity of a brain, a galaxy is just an inert lump." 

 

Each cubic millimeter of tissue in the neocortex, reports Michael Chorost in World Wide Mind, contains between 860 million and 1.3 billion synapses. Estimates of the total number of synapses in the neocortex range from 164 trillion to 200 trillion. The total number of synapses in the brain as a whole is much higher than that. The neocorex has the same number of neurons as a galaxy has stars: 100 billion.  "All stars can do is pull on each other with gravity," writes Chorost, and, if they are very close, exchange heat."

 

One researcher estimates that with current technology it would take 10,000 automated microscopes thirty years to map the connections between every neuron in a human brain, and 100 million terabytes of disk space to store the data.

 

Galaxies are ancient, but self-aware, language-using, tool-making brains are very new in the evolutionary timeline, some 200,000-years old. Most of the neurons in the neocortex have between 1,000 and 10,000 synaptic connections with other neurons. Elsewhere in the brain, in the cerebellum, one type of neuron has 150,000 to 200,000 synaptic connections with other neurons. Even the lowest of these numbers seems hard to believe. One tiny neuron can connect to 200,000 neurons.

 

"The universe could so easily have remained lifeless and simple -just physics and chemistry, just the scattered dust of the cosmic explosion that gave birth to time and space," says Richard Dawkins, the famed Oxford evolutionary biologist reflecting on the sheer wonder of the emergence of life on Earth and the evolutionary process in his classic The Ancestor's Tale.

 

"The fact that it did not -the fact that life evolved out of literally nothing, some 10 billion years after the universe evolved literally out of nothing -is a fact so staggering that I would be mad to attempt words to do it justice. And even that is not the end of the matter. Not only did evolution happen: it eventually led to beings capable of comprehending the process by which they comprehend it."


Via Dr. Stefan Gruenwald
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How do you build a large-scale quantum computer?

How do you build a large-scale quantum computer? | Systems Theory | Scoop.it

Physicists led by ion-trapper Christopher Monroe at the JQI have proposed a modular quantum computer architecture that promises scalability to much larger numbers of qubits. The components of this architecture have individually been tested and are available, making it a promising approach. In the paper, the authors present expected performance and scaling calculations, demonstrating that their architecture is not only viable, but in some ways, preferable when compared to related schemes.


Via Szabolcs Kósa
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Andreas Pappas's curator insight, March 28, 2014 4:40 AM

This article shows how scientists can increase the scale of quantum machine while still making them behave quantum mechanically by reading the qu-bits with lasers instead of conventional wiring.

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Intel’s Sharp-Eyed Social Scientist

Intel’s Sharp-Eyed Social Scientist | Systems Theory | Scoop.it
As part of Intel’s mission to be regarded as more than just a chip maker, the anthropologist Genevieve Bell leads a globe-trotting team that is trying to learn what people crave in their electronics.
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