Systems Theory
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Systems Theory
theoretical aspects of (social) systems theory
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Top 10 Emerging Technologies Changing Our Lives

Top 10 Emerging Technologies Changing Our Lives | Systems Theory | Scoop.it
These are the top 10 emerging technologies that could directly affect your life within the next few years or even now.
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Gartner identifies the top 10 strategic IT technology trends for 2016 | KurzweilAI

Gartner identifies the top 10 strategic IT technology trends for 2016 | KurzweilAI | Systems Theory | Scoop.it
Top 10 strategic trends 2016 (credit: Gartner, Inc.) At the Gartner Symposium/ITxpo today (Oct. 8), Gartner, Inc. highlighted the top 10 technology trends

Via Spaceweaver
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Mysterious ripples found racing through planet-forming disc: Unique structures spotted around nearby star

Mysterious ripples found racing through planet-forming disc: Unique structures spotted around nearby star | Systems Theory | Scoop.it

sing images from the NASA/ESA Hubble Space Telescope and ESO's Very Large Telescope, astronomers have discovered never-before-seen structures within a dusty disc surrounding a nearby star. The fast-moving wave-like features in the disc of the star AU Microscopii are unlike anything ever observed, or even predicted, before now. The origin and nature of these features present a new mystery for astronomers to explore. The results are published in the journal Nature on 8 October 2015.


AU Microscopii, or AU Mic for short, is a young, nearby star surrounded by a large disc of dust [1]. Studies of such debris discs can provide valuable clues about how planets, which form from these discs, are created.


Astronomers have been searching AU Mic's disc for any signs of clumpy or warped features, as such signs might give away the location of possible planets. And in 2014 they used the powerful high-contrast imaging capabilities of ESO's newly installed SPHERE instrument, mounted on the Very Large Telescope for their search -- and discovered something very unusual.


"Our observations have shown something unexpected," explains Anthony Boccaletti of the Observatoire de Paris, France, lead author on the paper. "The images from SPHERE show a set of unexplained features in the disc which have an arch-like, or wave-like, structure, unlike anything that has ever been observed before."


Five wave-like arches at different distances from the star show up in the new images, reminiscent of ripples in water. After spotting the features in the SPHERE data the team turned to earlier images of the disc taken by the NASA/ESA Hubble Space Telescope in 2010 and 2011 to see whether the features were also visible in these [2]. They were not only able to identify the features on the earlier Hubble images -- but they also discovered that they had changed over time. It turns out that these ripples are moving -- and very fast!


"We reprocessed images from the Hubble data and ended up with enough information to track the movement of these strange features over a four-year period," explains team member Christian Thalmann (ETH Zürich, Switzerland). "By doing this, we found that the arches are racing away from the star at speeds of up to about 40,000 kilometers/hour!"


Via Dr. Stefan Gruenwald
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Paul Allen’s quest to build an artificial brain is one of the hardest software-engineering... - Linkis.com

Paul Allen’s quest to build an artificial brain is one of the hardest software-engineering endeavors ever attempted
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a must read

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Gene-Edited "Micropigs" to Be Sold as Pets - Scientific American

Gene-Edited "Micropigs" to Be Sold as Pets - Scientific American | Systems Theory | Scoop.it
The institute in Shenzhen, China, that creates the pigs quoted an initial price tag of $1,600
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Made in the U.S.A. | TIME.com

Made in the U.S.A. | TIME.com | Systems Theory | Scoop.it
against all odds, manufacturing is staging a comeback. why it's rebounding — and what it means for jobs and the economy
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10 Misconceptions about Neural Networks

10 Misconceptions about Neural Networks | Systems Theory | Scoop.it
10 common misconceptions about Neural Networks related to the brain, stats, architecture, algorithms, data, fitting, black boxes, and dynamic environments
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Google’s Demis Hassabis – misuse of artificial intelligence 'could do harm' - BBC News

The head of DeepMind says the rise of artificial intelligence could be as important as the industrial revolution – and it must put ethics at its heart.
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Apple, Microsoft, and Google vie for control of artificial intelligence market - Fortune

Apple, Microsoft, and Google vie for control of artificial intelligence market - Fortune | Systems Theory | Scoop.it
Technology firms are waging war over the lucrative artificial intelligence market.
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Baidu launches Duer digital assistant to take on Siri, Cortana and Google Now

Baidu launches Duer digital assistant to take on Siri, Cortana and Google Now | Systems Theory | Scoop.it
Chinese search company challenges Google, Apple and Facebook with artificial intelligence voice search capable of ordering food and giving pet advice
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You Should Be More Scared of Smartphones Than Robots - Robotics Trends

You Should Be More Scared of Smartphones Than Robots - Robotics Trends | Systems Theory | Scoop.it
Gill Pratt, one of the top roboticists in the world, says people should not fear robots because they have legs. He says you should be more worried about all the data you carry around on your cellphone, and who has access to it.
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How Artificial Intelligence Will Revolutionize Our Lives

On one hand, it may help cure cancer and let robots rather than humans fight wars; on the other, doctors and lawyers may be out of a job.
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Scientists build a digital piece of a rat's brain

Scientists build a digital piece of a rat's brain | Systems Theory | Scoop.it
If you want to learn how something works, one strategy is to take it apart and put it back together again. For 10 years, a global initiative called the Blue Brain Project--hosted at the Ecole Polytechnique Federale de Lausanne (EPFL)--has been attempting to do this digitally with a section of juvenile rat brain. The project presents a first draft of this reconstruction, which contains over 31,000 neurons, 55 layers of cells, and 207 different neuron subtypes, on October 8 in Cell.

Heroic efforts are currently being made to define all the different types of neurons in the brain, to measure their electrical firing properties, and to map out the circuits that connect them to one another. These painstaking efforts are giving us a glimpse into the building blocks and logic of brain wiring. However, getting a full, high-resolution picture of all the features and activity of the neurons within a brain region and the circuit-level behaviors of these neurons is a major challenge.

Henry Markram and colleagues have taken an engineering approach to this question by digitally reconstructing a slice of the neocortex, an area of the brain that has benefitted from extensive characterization. Using this wealth of data, they built a virtual brain slice representing the different neuron types present in this region and the key features controlling their firing and, most notably, modeling their connectivity, including nearly 40 million synapses and 2,000 connections between each brain cell type.

"The reconstruction required an enormous number of experiments," says Markram, of the EPFL. "It paves the way for predicting the location, numbers, and even the amount of ion currents flowing through all 40 million synapses."

Once the reconstruction was complete, the investigators used powerful supercomputers to simulate the behavior of neurons under different conditions. Remarkably, the researchers found that, by slightly adjusting just one parameter, the level of calcium ions, they could produce broader patterns of circuit-level activity that could not be predicted based on features of the individual neurons. For instance, slow synchronous waves of neuronal activity, which have been observed in the brain during sleep, were triggered in their simulations, suggesting that neural circuits may be able to switch into different "states" that could underlie important behaviors.

Via Dr. Stefan Gruenwald
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Creating a code of ethics for artificial intelligence

Creating a code of ethics for artificial intelligence | Systems Theory | Scoop.it
Demarcating the parameters between assistance and automation has never been more central to human well-being.
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Why Human Intelligence and Artificial Intelligence Will Evolve Together, by Stephen Hsu

Why Human Intelligence and Artificial Intelligence Will Evolve Together, by Stephen Hsu | Systems Theory | Scoop.it
When it comes to artificial intelligence, we may all be suffering from the fallacy of availability: thinking that creating intelligence…
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The Tricky Encryption That Could Stump Quantum Computers - WIRED

The Tricky Encryption That Could Stump Quantum Computers - WIRED | Systems Theory | Scoop.it
In the drive to safeguard data from future quantum computers, cryptographers have stumbled upon a thin red line between security and efficiency.
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Physicists Plan To Put A Microbe In Two Places At Once

Physicists Plan To Put A Microbe In Two Places At Once | Systems Theory | Scoop.it
We’ve all heard of Schrödinger’s cat, a famous thought experiment where a cat is simultaneously alive and dead. In a new study, physicists hope to take this one step further by putting a microbe in two places at once. 

Via Jean-Philippe BOCQUENET
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Blockchain: It Really is a Big Deal « A Smarter Planet Blog A Smarter Planet Blog

Blockchain: It Really is a Big Deal « A Smarter Planet Blog A Smarter Planet Blog | Systems Theory | Scoop.it
Arvind Krishna, SVP and Dir., IBM Research By Arvind Krishna, Over the past two decades, the Internet, cloud computing and related technologies have
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Study – Robots are not taking jobs | RobotEnomics

Study – Robots are not taking jobs | RobotEnomics | Systems Theory | Scoop.it
Summary - Analysis conclusively shows over 1.25 million new jobs created during the last 6 years at companies making extensive use of robots. The detailed Robotenomics research report outlines full interviews and analysis of the key findings. Ever since “the great recession” began in the latter part of 2008 it has been widely speculated that the…
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2 Accelerators Find Particles That May Break Known Laws of Physics

2 Accelerators Find Particles That May Break Known Laws of Physics | Systems Theory | Scoop.it
The LHC and the Belle experiment have found particle decay patterns that violate the Standard Model of particle physics, confirming earlier observations at the BaBar facility
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Will Advances in Technology Create a Jobless Future? | MIT Technology Review

Will Advances in Technology Create a Jobless Future? | MIT Technology Review | Systems Theory | Scoop.it
We’re in the midst of a jobs crisis, and rapid advances in AI and other technologies may be one culprit. How can we get better at sharing the wealth that technology creates?
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