Systems Theory
6.9K views | +6 today
Follow
 
Rescooped by Ben van Lier from Man and Machine
onto Systems Theory
Scoop.it!

Computer becomes first to pass Turing Test in artificial intelligence milestone, but academics warn of dangerous future

Computer becomes first to pass Turing Test in artificial intelligence milestone, but academics warn of dangerous future | Systems Theory | Scoop.it
A programme that convinced humans that it was a 13-year-old boy has become the first computer ever to pass the Turing Test. The test — which requires that computers are indistinguishable from humans — is considered a landmark in the development of artificial intelligence, but academics have warned that the technology could be used for cybercrime.

Via Martin Talks
more...
Martin Talks's curator insight, June 8, 2014 5:25 PM

On the 60th anniversary of Turing's death, his artificial intelligence test is finally passed

Systems Theory
theoretical aspects of (social) systems theory
Curated by Ben van Lier
Your new post is loading...
Your new post is loading...
Scooped by Ben van Lier
Scoop.it!

China’s scary lesson to the world: Censoring the Internet works.

China’s scary lesson to the world: Censoring the Internet works. | Systems Theory | Scoop.it
China is confidently promoting its vision of “Internet Sovereignty.”
more...
No comment yet.
Scooped by Ben van Lier
Scoop.it!

Has the age of quantum computing arrived?

Has the age of quantum computing arrived? | Systems Theory | Scoop.it
It’s a mind-bending concept with the potential to change the world, and Canadian tech company D-Wave claims to have cracked the code
more...
No comment yet.
Rescooped by Ben van Lier from Amazing Science
Scoop.it!

'Virtual partner' elicits emotional responses from a human partner in real-time

'Virtual partner' elicits emotional responses from a human partner in real-time | Systems Theory | Scoop.it

Can machines think? That's what renowned mathematician Alan Turing sought to understand back in the 1950s when he created an imitation game to find out if a human interrogator could tell a human from a machine based solely on conversation deprived of physical cues. The Turing test was introduced to determine a machine's ability to show intelligent behavior that is equivalent to or even indistinguishable from that of a human. Turing mainly cared about whether machines could match up to humans' intellectual capacities.

 

But there is more to being human than intellectual prowess, so researchers from the Center for Complex Systems and Brain Sciences (CCSBS) in the Charles E. Schmidt College of Science at Florida Atlantic University set out to answer the question: "How does it 'feel' to interact behaviorally with a machine?"

 

They created the equivalent of an "emotional" Turing test, and developed a virtual partner that is able to elicit emotional responses from its human partner while the pair engages in behavioral coordination in real-time.

 

Results of the study, titled "Enhanced Emotional Responses during Social Coordination with a Virtual Partner," are recently published in the International Journal of Psychophysiology. The researchers designed the virtual partner so that its behavior is governed by mathematical models of human-to-human interactions in a way that enables humans to interact with the mathematical description of their social selves.

 

"Our study shows that humans exhibited greater emotional arousal when they thought the virtual partner was a human and not a machine, even though in all cases, it was a machine that they were interacting with," said Mengsen Zhang, lead author and a Ph.D. student in FAU's CCSBS. "Maybe we can think of intelligence in terms of coordinated motion within and between brains."

 

The virtual partner is a key part of a paradigm developed at FAU called the Human Dynamic Clamp -- a state-of-the-art human machine interface technology that allows humans to interact with a computational model that behaves very much like humans themselves. In simple experiments, the model -- on receiving input from human movement -- drives an image of a moving hand which is displayed on a video screen. To complete the reciprocal coupling, the subject sees and coordinates with the moving image as if it were a real person observed through a video circuit. This social "surrogate" can be precisely tuned and controlled -- both by the experimenter and by the input from the human subject.

 

"The behaviors that gave rise to that distinctive emotional arousal were simple finger movements, not events like facial expressions for example, known to convey emotion," said Emmanuelle Tognoli, Ph.D., co-author and associate research professor in FAU's CCSBS. "So the findings are rather startling at first."


Via Dr. Stefan Gruenwald
more...
No comment yet.
Scooped by Ben van Lier
Scoop.it!

Humans VS robots - meet the world champion who lost to Google's two-year-old computer program

Humans VS robots - meet the world champion who lost to Google's two-year-old computer program | Systems Theory | Scoop.it
Earlier this year, 100 million people watched a Google-owned computer beat a (human) champion at Go, the world’s most complicated board game. So how did the machine triumph, and what are the implications for the struggle between man and machine?
more...
No comment yet.
Scooped by Ben van Lier
Scoop.it!

Scientists Talk Privately About Creating a Synthetic Human Genome

Scientists Talk Privately About Creating a Synthetic Human Genome | Systems Theory | Scoop.it
The project poses ethical issues about whether humans could be created without parents.
more...
No comment yet.
Rescooped by Ben van Lier from Complexity & Systems
Scoop.it!

Systems Science Ascending

Systems Science Ascending | Systems Theory | Scoop.it
After years of development in increasingly fracturing sub-disciplines it seems that systems science as an integrated whole domain of knowledge is rising again. For those familiar with the history of systems science you will recall that in the earl

Via Bernard Ryefield
more...
No comment yet.
Scooped by Ben van Lier
Scoop.it!

The next AI is no AI

The next AI is no AI | Systems Theory | Scoop.it
Artificial Intelligence is starting to turn invisible from the outside in -- and vice versa. The exact effects and workings of AI technologies are becoming..
more...
No comment yet.
Scooped by Ben van Lier
Scoop.it!

Building AI Is Hard—So Facebook Is Building AI That Builds AI

Building AI Is Hard—So Facebook Is Building AI That Builds AI | Systems Theory | Scoop.it
By forcing computers to do more of the grunt work, the world's biggest tech companies are accelerating how quickly AI enters the everyday world.
more...
No comment yet.
Scooped by Ben van Lier
Scoop.it!

Scientists Create a 5-atom Quantum Computer That Could Make Today's Encryption Obsolete

Scientists Create a 5-atom Quantum Computer That Could Make Today's Encryption Obsolete | Systems Theory | Scoop.it
MIT scientists have developed a 5-atom quantum computer, one that is able to render traditional encryption obsolete.
more...
No comment yet.
Scooped by Ben van Lier
Scoop.it!

Claude Shannon’s information theory built the foundation for the digital era

Claude Shannon’s information theory built the foundation for the digital era | Systems Theory | Scoop.it
Claude Shannon, born 100 years ago, devised the mathematical representation of information that made the digital era possible.
more...
No comment yet.
Rescooped by Ben van Lier from Amazing Science
Scoop.it!

The Atom Without Properties

The Atom Without Properties | Systems Theory | Scoop.it
The microscopic world is governed by the rules of quantum mechanics, where the properties of a particle can be completely undetermined and yet strongly correlated with those of other particles. Physicists from the University of Basel have observed these so-called Bell correlations for the first time between hundreds of atoms. Their findings are published in the scientific journal Science.

 

Everyday objects possess properties independently of each other and regardless of whether we observe them or not. Einstein famously asked whether the moon still exists if no one is there to look at it; we answer with a resounding yes. This apparent certainty does not exist in the realm of small particles. The location, speed or magnetic moment of an atom can be entirely indeterminate and yet still depend greatly on the measurements of other distant atoms.

 

With the (false) assumption that atoms possess their properties independently of measurements and independently of each other, a so-called Bell inequality can be derived. If it is violated by the results of an experiment, it follows that the properties of the atoms must be interdependent. This is described as Bell correlations between atoms, which also imply that each atom takes on its properties only at the moment of the measurement. Before the measurement, these properties are not only unknown -- they do not even exist.

 

A team of researchers led by professors Nicolas Sangouard and Philipp Treutlein from the University of Basel, along with colleagues from Singapore, have now observed these Bell correlations for the first time in a relatively large system, specifically among 480 atoms in a Bose-Einstein condensate. Earlier experiments showed Bell correlations with a maximum of four light particles or 14 atoms. The results mean that these peculiar quantum effects may also play a role in larger systems.

 

In order to observe Bell correlations in systems consisting of many particles, the researchers first had to develop a new method that does not require measuring each particle individually – which would require a level of control beyond what is currently possible. The team succeeded in this task with the help of a Bell inequality that was only recently discovered. The Basel researchers tested their method in the lab with small clouds of ultracold atoms cooled with laser light down to a few billionths of a degree above absolute zero. The atoms in the cloud constantly collide, causing their magnetic moments to become slowly entangled. When this entanglement reaches a certain magnitude, Bell correlations can be detected. Author Roman Schmied explains: “One would expect that random collisions simply cause disorder. Instead, the quantum-mechanical properties become entangled so strongly that they violate classical statistics.”


Via Dr. Stefan Gruenwald
more...
No comment yet.
Scooped by Ben van Lier
Scoop.it!

Inside the Epic Go Tournament Where Google’s AI Came to Life

Inside the Epic Go Tournament Where Google’s AI Came to Life | Systems Theory | Scoop.it
The battle between Google's AlphaGo AI and Go champion Lee Sedol was more than just a game. It was proof that AI can think like us---and make us better.
more...
No comment yet.
Scooped by Ben van Lier
Scoop.it!

China chases early lead in world’s next industrial age with smart manufacturing

China chases early lead in world’s next industrial age with smart manufacturing | Systems Theory | Scoop.it
AT a plant in suburban Shanghai, machines press metal sheets into the shape of car body panels, hoods and doors. Auto parts carried by conveyor belts arrive soundlessly under giant robotic arms which
more...
No comment yet.
Scooped by Ben van Lier
Scoop.it!

Should the NHS share patient data with Google's DeepMind? (Wired UK)

Should the NHS share patient data with Google's DeepMind? (Wired UK) | Systems Theory | Scoop.it
It's fundamental to healthcare that the person receiving treatment agrees to receive it. But is that the case with DeepMind's access to NHS patient data?
more...
No comment yet.
Scooped by Ben van Lier
Scoop.it!

Practopoiesis: How cybernetics of biology can help AI

Practopoiesis: How cybernetics of biology can help AI | Systems Theory | Scoop.it
Practopoiesis - a new theory on biological intelligence that can help us develop artificia
more...
No comment yet.
Scooped by Ben van Lier
Scoop.it!

Fanuc sets sights on army of interconnected robots - FT.com

Fanuc sets sights on army of interconnected robots - FT.com | Systems Theory | Scoop.it
With more than 400,000 of its yellow robots already reigning on the world’s factory floors, Fanuc has a new goal for the digital era: connecting the brains of industrial robots. In a rare recent tour by the Financial Times of Fanuc’s annual robotics
more...
No comment yet.
Scooped by Ben van Lier
Scoop.it!

How the Blockchain Can Avoid the Perils of Futurism - CoinDesk

How the Blockchain Can Avoid the Perils of Futurism - CoinDesk | Systems Theory | Scoop.it
Is the blockchain community too focused on futurism? In this opinion piece one developer argues the answer is yes.
more...
No comment yet.
Scooped by Ben van Lier
Scoop.it!

Microsoft’s Nadella taps potential of industrial internet of things - FT.com

Microsoft’s Nadella taps potential of industrial internet of things - FT.com | Systems Theory | Scoop.it
When takes to the stage in Germany on Sunday for his first appearance at Hannover Messe, one of the main events in the manufacturing industry’s annual calendar, it will signal a significant change for Microsoft. The chief executive of the technology
more...
No comment yet.
Scooped by Ben van Lier
Scoop.it!

Your Simple (Yes, Simple) Guide to Quantum Entanglement

Your Simple (Yes, Simple) Guide to Quantum Entanglement | Systems Theory | Scoop.it
Quantum entanglement is thought to be one of the trickiest concepts in science, but the core issues are simple.
more...
No comment yet.
Scooped by Ben van Lier
Scoop.it!

China Is Building a Robot Army of Model Workers

China Is Building a Robot Army of Model Workers | Systems Theory | Scoop.it
Can China reboot its manufacturing industry—and the global economy—by replacing millions of workers with machines?
more...
No comment yet.