Systems Theory
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Humans With Amplified Intelligence Could Be More Powerful Than AI

Humans With Amplified Intelligence Could Be More Powerful Than AI | Systems Theory | Scoop.it

With much of our attention focused the rise of advanced artificial intelligence, few consider the potential for radically amplified human intelligence (IA). It’s an open question as to which will come first, but a technologically boosted brain could be just as powerful — and just as dangerous – as AI.

 

As a species, we’ve been amplifying our brains for millennia. Or at least we’ve tried to. Looking to overcome our cognitive limitations, humans have employed everything from writing, language, and meditative techniques straight through to today’s nootropics. But none of these compare to what’s in store. Unlike efforts to develop artificial general intelligence (AGI), or even an artificial superintelligence (SAI), the human brain already presents us with a pre-existing intelligence to work with. Radically extending the abilities of a pre-existing human mind — whether it be through genetics, cybernetics or the integration of external devices — could result in something quite similar to how we envision advanced AI.

 

Looking to learn more about this, I contacted futurist Michael Anissimov, a blogger atAccelerating Future and a co-organizer of the Singularity Summit. He’s given this subject considerable thought — and warns that we need to be just as wary of IA as we are AI. The real objective of IA is to create super-Einsteins, persons qualitatively smarter than any human being that has ever lived. There will be a number of steps on the way there.

 

The first step will be to create a direct neural link to information. Think of it as a "telepathic Google." The next step will be to develop brain-computer interfaces that augment the visual cortex, the best-understood part of the brain. This would boost our spatial visualization and manipulation capabilities. Imagine being able to imagine a complex blueprint with high reliability and detail, or to learn new blueprints quickly. There will also be augmentations that focus on other portions of sensory cortex, like tactile cortex and auditory cortex. The third step involves the genuine augmentation of pre-frontal cortex. This is the Holy Grail of IA research — enhancing the way we combine perceptual data to form concepts. The end result would be cognitive super-McGyvers, people who perform apparently impossible intellectual feats. For instance, mind controlling other people, beating the stock market, or designing inventions that change the world almost overnight. This seems impossible to us now in the same way that all our modern scientific achievements would have seemed impossible to a stone age human — but the possibility is real.

 

For it to be otherwise would require that there is some mysterious metaphysical ceiling on qualitative intelligence that miraculously exists at just above the human level. Given that mankind was the first generally intelligent organism to evolve on this planet, that seems highly implausible. We shouldn't expect version one to be the final version, any more than we should have expected the Model T to be the fastest car ever built.

 


Via Dr. Stefan Gruenwald
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Dominic's curator insight, March 26, 2015 6:24 PM

Our brain is a powerful device that has much potential to undertake theories in which we thought was impossible, to reality. This article discovers the ways that we humans can release our cognitive limitations and use the power of the brain to explore innovations that we couldn't even dream of. This also explores how amplified human intelligence (IA) could become more advanced than Human Intelligence. 

Systems Theory
theoretical aspects of (social) systems theory
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Smart grids, blockchain and self-organising systems

Smart grids, blockchain and self-organising systems | Systems Theory | Scoop.it
In his blog post on the ‘Fourth Industrial Revolution,’ Reidel stated [1] that “The true wonder of the fourth industrial revolution won’t be the data produced; it will be intelligent machines’ capacity to analyze those data and communicate their findings within a network of similarly intelligent machines. Then, each connected machine will act, altering its processes to be more efficient and communicating those changes back to its network”. In this process of preparing and executing information transactions between distributed operating machines, Reidel sees a role for the blockchain. In his view, the blockchain can inspire mutual trust between the machines involved in the information transactions and their stakeholders.
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Big data, Google and the end of free will - FT.com

Big data, Google and the end of free will - FT.com | Systems Theory | Scoop.it
For thousands of years humans believed that authority came from the gods. Then, during the modern era, humanism gradually shifted authority from deities to people. Jean-Jacques Rousseau summed up this revolution in Emile, his 1762 treatise on
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Turning tech into a god is seriously bad news

Turning tech into a god is seriously bad news | Systems Theory | Scoop.it
Artificial super-intelligence may be on the horizon, but as summer festival-goers hear, it's a long way from solving human problems
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Theory of everything? How spacetime is built by quantum entanglement

Theory of everything? How spacetime is built by quantum entanglement | Systems Theory | Scoop.it

A collaboration of physicists and a mathematician has made a significant step toward unifying general relativity and quantum mechanics by explaining how spacetime emerges from quantum entanglement in a more fundamental theory. 

 

Physicists and mathematicians have long sought a Theory of Everything (ToE) that unifies general relativity and quantum mechanics. General relativity explains gravity and large-scale phenomena such as the dynamics of stars and galaxies in the universe, while quantum mechanics explains microscopic phenomena from the subatomic to molecular scales.

 

The holographic principle is widely regarded as an essential feature of a successful Theory of Everything. The holographic principle states that gravity in a three-dimensional volume can be described by quantum mechanics on a two-dimensional surface surrounding the volume. In particular, the three dimensions of the volume should emerge from the two dimensions of the surface. However, understanding the precise mechanics for the emergence of the volume from the surface has been elusive.

 

The paper announcing the discovery by Hirosi Ooguri, a Principal Investigator at the University of Tokyo's Kavli IPMU, with Caltech mathematician Matilde Marcolli and graduate students Jennifer Lin and Bogdan Stoica, will be published in Physical Review Letters as an Editors' Suggestion "for the potential interest in the results presented and on the success of the paper in communicating its message, in particular to readers from other fields."

 

Now, Ooguri and his collaborators have found that quantum entanglement is the key to solving this question. Using a quantum theory (that does not include gravity), they showed how to compute energy density, which is a source of gravitational interactions in three dimensions, using quantum entanglement data on the surface. This is analogous to diagnosing conditions inside of your body by looking at X-ray images on two-dimensional sheets. This allowed them to interpret universal properties of quantum entanglement as conditions on the energy density that should be satisfied by any consistent quantum theory of gravity, without actually explicitly including gravity in the theory. The importance of quantum entanglement has been suggested before, but its precise role in emergence of spacetime was not clear until the new paper by Ooguri and collaborators.

 

Quantum entanglement is a phenomenon whereby quantum states such as spin or polarization of particles at different locations cannot be described independently. Measuring (and hence acting on) one particle must also act on the other, something that Einstein called "spooky action at distance." The work of Ooguri and collaborators shows that this quantum entanglement generates the extra dimensions of the gravitational theory.


Via Dr. Stefan Gruenwald
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Pioneering cybernetics: an introduction to W Ross Ashby - Untold lives blog

Pioneering cybernetics: an introduction to W Ross Ashby - Untold lives blog | Systems Theory | Scoop.it
William Ross Ashby (1903-1972), or W. Ross Ashby as he preferred to be called, was a pioneer in cybernetics and systems theory.
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The Next Wearable Technology Could Be Your Skin

The Next Wearable Technology Could Be Your Skin | Systems Theory | Scoop.it

Technology can be awkward. Our pockets are weighed down with ever-larger smartphones that are a pain to pull out when we’re in a rush. And attempts to make our devices more easily accessible with smartwatches have so far fallen flat. But what if a part of your body could become your computer, with a screen on your arm and maybe even a direct link to your brain?

 

Artificial electronic skin (e-skin) could one day make this a possibility. Researchers are developing flexible, bendable and even stretchable electronic circuits that can be applied directly to the skin. As well as turning your skin into a touchscreen, this could also help replace feeling if you’ve suffered burns or problems with your nervous system.

 

The simplest version of this technology is essentially an electronic tattoo. In 2004, researchers in the US and Japan unveiled a pressure sensor circuit made from pre-stretched thinned silicon strips that could be applied to the forearm. But inorganic materials such as silicon are rigid and the skin is flexible and stretchy. So researchers are now looking to electronic circuits made from organic materials (usually special plastics or forms of carbon such as graphene that conduct electricity) as the basis of e-skin.

 

Typical e-skin consists of a matrix of different electronic components — flexible transistors, organic LEDs, sensors and organic photovoltaic (solar) cells — connected to each other by stretchable or flexible conductive wires. These devices are often built up from very thin layers of material that are sprayed or evaporated onto a flexible base, producing a large (up to tens of cm2) electronic circuit in a skin-like form.


Via Anna Hu , TechinBiz, Dr. Stefan Gruenwald
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Anna Hu 's curator insight, June 30, 7:55 PM
How cool is this
Gust MEES's curator insight, July 1, 8:24 AM
Technology can be awkward. Our pockets are weighed down with ever-larger smartphones that are a pain to pull out when we’re in a rush. And... read more

 

Learn more / En savoir plus / Mehr erfahren:

 

http://www.scoop.it/t/21st-century-innovative-technologies-and-developments/?tag=wearables

 

 

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Why the death of Moore's Law could give birth to more human-like machines

Why the death of Moore's Law could give birth to more human-like machines | Systems Theory | Scoop.it
John Smart, a prominent futurist and writer told WIRED that Moore’s law ending allows us to jump from artificial machine intelligence – a top down, human engineered approach; to natural machine intelligence
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The Next Generation of Open Source Blockchains

The Next Generation of Open Source Blockchains | Systems Theory | Scoop.it
Never before has any open source project generated as much attention on the international stage as Bitcoin. But Bitcoin, a cryptocurrency platform void of allegiance to any nation or financial institution, is just the first of an expanding and more sophisticated class of open source blockchains expected to revolutionize the exchange of all digital assets -- money, real estate, music and intellectual property --  in future commerce.
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Adaptive Computation: The Multidisciplinary Legacy of John H. Holland

Adaptive Computation: The Multidisciplinary Legacy of John H. Holland | Systems Theory | Scoop.it

John Holland was unusual in his ability to absorb the essence of other disciplines, articulate grand overarching principles, and then back them up with computational mechanisms and mathematics. Unlike most researchers, Holland moved seamlessly among these three modes of thinking, developing models that were years ahead of their time. A close reading of his work reveals the antecedents of many ideas prevalent in machine learning today (such as reinforcement learning in non-Markovian environments and active learning). His seminal genetic algorithm spawned the field of evolutionary computation, and his insights and wisdom helped define what are today referred to as the "sciences of complexity."

 

Adaptive Computation: The Multidisciplinary Legacy of John H. Holland
By Stephanie Forrest, Melanie Mitchell
Communications of the ACM, Vol. 59 No. 8, Pages 58-63
http://dx.doi.org/10.1145/2964342 ;


Via Complexity Digest
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12 steps - From idea to discovery | Media and Press Relations

12 steps - From idea to discovery | Media and Press Relations | Systems Theory | Scoop.it
Discover the 12 steps that take the physicists from an idea to a discovery
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The artificial intelligence that cut Google’s energy bill could soon help you

The artificial intelligence that cut Google’s energy bill could soon help you | Systems Theory | Scoop.it
The same type of algorithm that beats humans at complex games is being applied in more practical areas.
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Primitive Quantum Computers Are Already Outperforming Current Machines

Primitive Quantum Computers Are Already Outperforming Current Machines | Systems Theory | Scoop.it
A team has used simple quantum processors to run “quantum walk” algorithms, showing that even primitive quantum computers can outperform the classical variety in certain scenarios—and suggesting that the age of quantum computing may be closer than we imagined.

Via Jean-Philippe BOCQUENET
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Artificial Intelligence Is Setting Up the Internet for a Huge Clash With Europe

Artificial Intelligence Is Setting Up the Internet for a Huge Clash With Europe | Systems Theory | Scoop.it
Deep learning, the latest in AI technology, could clash with new regulations from the European Union, the world's single largest online market.
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G.E., the 124-Year-Old Software Start-Up

G.E., the 124-Year-Old Software Start-Up | Systems Theory | Scoop.it
The industrial giant is investing big in an effort to adopt the nimble habits and digital wizardry of Silicon Valley. And, its C.E.O. says, there is no Plan B.
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Artificial Intelligence or Humanity: Which Is a Greater Threat to Our Survival?

Artificial Intelligence or Humanity: Which Is a Greater Threat to Our Survival? | Systems Theory | Scoop.it
Our technologies may be more powerful than ever, but what is the real threat to our future? Here, Oxford Artificial Intelligence professor Nigel Shadbolt investigates.
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Is there a limit to Intelligence?

Is there a limit to Intelligence? | Systems Theory | Scoop.it
Sooner or later we will be able to create intelligence out of transistors. But what is intelligence? Can we defin

Via Jean-Philippe BOCQUENET
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Inside China’s effort to replace millions of manufacturing workers with robots

Inside China’s effort to replace millions of manufacturing workers with robots | Systems Theory | Scoop.it
Can China reboot its manufacturing industry—and the global economy—by replacing millions of workers with machines?
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Norbert Wiener – Father of Cybernetics

Norbert Wiener – Father of Cybernetics | Systems Theory | Scoop.it
The mathematician Norbert Wiener invented the field of cybernetics, inspiring a generation of scientists and engineers to think of computer technology as a means to extend human capabilities.
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Extended Intelligence

We propose a kind of Extended Intelligence (EI), understanding intelligence as a fundamentally distributed phenomenon. As we develop increasingly powerful tools to process information and network that processing, aren’t we just adding new pieces to the EI that every actor in the network is a part of?

 

Extended Intelligence

Joichi Ito

Journal of Design and Science

http://jods.mitpress.mit.edu/pub/extended-intelligence


Via Complexity Digest
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High-frequency trading hardware is approaching light speed

High-frequency trading hardware is approaching light speed | Systems Theory | Scoop.it
A network switch made by the firm Metamoko allows a trade order to be placed in the time it takes a photon to travel about 90 feet.
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What if intelligent machines could learn from each other?

What if intelligent machines could learn from each other? | Systems Theory | Scoop.it
Artificial intelligence gives technology the ability to learn and adapt. But they can learn a lot more if they can share their learning with other smart devices.
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What is complex in the complex world? Niklas Luhmann and the theory of social systems

What is complex in the complex world? Niklas Luhmann and the theory of social systems https://t.co/6LZm9WZjr2
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5G wireless is coming, and it’s going to blow you away

5G wireless is coming, and it’s going to blow you away | Systems Theory | Scoop.it
A massive FCC spectrum release—and new advances in wireless technologies—accelerate an era of incredibly fast data.
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America wants to believe China can’t innovate. Tech tells a different story.

America wants to believe China can’t innovate. Tech tells a different story. | Systems Theory | Scoop.it
Behind the Great Firewall, Chinese apps have been flourishing.
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Inside Microsoft’s plan to outsmart Google

Inside Microsoft’s plan to outsmart Google | Systems Theory | Scoop.it
Satya Nadella bounded into the conference room, eager to talk about intelligence. I was at Microsoft’s headquarters in Redmond, WA, and the company’s CEO was touting the company's progres
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