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The Latest Post-Digital Revolution: The Internet of Things, Big Data and Ubiquity

The Latest Post-Digital Revolution: The Internet of Things, Big Data and Ubiquity | Systems Theory | Scoop.it

Computer ubiquity, in its numerous forms – augmented reality, wearable computing, tangible interfaces, locative media, near-field communication – is evolving every day, building bridges that bind the virtual world, or “dataspace”, closer and closer to the physical world, so that information is not only accessible from anywhere but also in everything.


Via Pierre Tran
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Systems Theory
theoretical aspects of (social) systems theory
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Cyber-physical systems, complexity and emergence

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 New weblog published. The subject of the weblog is this time: Cyber-Physical Systems, Complexity and Emergence

 

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How Information Theory Unifies Quantum Mechanics

A new framework ties together wave-particle duality and quantum uncertainty with bits.
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Fear artificial stupidity, not artificial intelligence - New Scientist

Fear artificial stupidity, not artificial intelligence - New Scientist | Systems Theory | Scoop.it
Stephen Hawking thinks computers may surpass human intelligence and take over the world. We won't ever be silicon slaves, insists an AI expert
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The Dark Corners of Our DNA Hold Clues about Disease

The Dark Corners of Our DNA Hold Clues about Disease | Systems Theory | Scoop.it
A “deep-learning” algorithm shines a light on mutations in once obscure areas of the genome
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The truth about smart cities: 'In the end, they will destroy democracy' - The Guardian

The truth about smart cities: 'In the end, they will destroy democracy' - The Guardian | Systems Theory | Scoop.it
The smart city is, to many urban thinkers, just a buzzphrase that has outlived its usefulness: ‘the wrong idea pitched in the wrong way to the wrong people’.
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Enthusiasts and Skeptics Debate Artificial Intelligence

Enthusiasts and Skeptics Debate Artificial Intelligence | Systems Theory | Scoop.it
Kurt Andersen wonders: If the Singularity is near, will it bring about global techno-Nirvana or civilizational ruin?
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The Three Breakthroughs That Have Finally Unleashed AI on the World | WIRED

The Three Breakthroughs That Have Finally Unleashed AI on the World | WIRED | Systems Theory | Scoop.it
The AI on the horizon looks more like Amazon Web Services—cheap, reliable, industrial-grade digital smartness running behind everything, and almost invisible except when it blinks off. This is a big deal, and now it's here.
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Quantum Teleportation Reaches Farthest Distance Yet

Quantum Teleportation Reaches Farthest Distance Yet | Systems Theory | Scoop.it
Physicists have teleported a light particle 15 miles (25 kilometers), making it the farthest quantum teleportation yet.

 

Advances in quantum teleportation could lead to better Internet and communication security, and get scientists closer to developing quantum computers. About five years ago, researchers could only teleport quantum information, such as which direction a particle is spinning, across a few meters. Now, they can beam that information across several miles.

 

Physicists can't instantly transport matter, but they can instantly transport information through quantum teleportation. This works thanks to a bizarre quantum mechanics property called entanglement. Quantum entanglement happens when two subatomic particles stay connected no matter how far apart they are. When one particle is disturbed, it instantly affects the entangled partner. It's impossible to tell the state of either particle until one is directly measured, but measuring one particle instantly determines the state of its partner.

 

In the new, record-breaking experiment, researchers from the University of Geneva, NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory and the National Institute of Standards and Technology used a superfast laser to pump out photons. Every once in a while, two photons would become entangled. Once the researchers had an entangled pair, they sent one down the optical fiber and stored the other in a crystal at the end of the cable. Then, the researchers shot a third particle of light at the photon traveling down the cable. When the two collided, they obliterated each other.

 

Quantum information has already been transferred dozens of miles, but this is the farthest it's been transported using an optical fiber, and then recorded and stored at the other end. Other quantum teleportation experiments that beamed photons farther used lasers instead of optical fibers to send the information. But unlike the laser method, the optical-fiber method could eventually be used to develop technology like quantum computers that are capable of extremely fast computing, or quantum cryptography that could make secure communication possible.


Via Dr. Stefan Gruenwald
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Keith Wayne Brown's curator insight, December 10, 1:48 PM

the future information

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Cognitive technologies: Demystifying artificial intelligence

Cognitive technologies: Demystifying artificial intelligence | Systems Theory | Scoop.it
Thanks to improving technical performance and billions of dollars of investments in commercialization, cognitive technologies are poised to have a growing…
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Demis Hassabis, Founder of DeepMind Technologies and Artificial Intelligence Wunderkind at Google, Wants Machines to Think Like Us

Demis Hassabis, Founder of DeepMind Technologies and Artificial Intelligence Wunderkind at Google, Wants Machines to Think Like Us | Systems Theory | Scoop.it
The man behind a startup acquired by Google for $628 million plans to build a revolutionary new artificial intelligence.

Via Jean-Philippe BOCQUENET
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Man vs. Machine: Will Computers Soon Become More Intelligent Than Us?

Man vs. Machine: Will Computers Soon Become More Intelligent Than Us? | Systems Theory | Scoop.it

Computers might soon become more intelligent than us. Some of the best brains in Silicon Valley are now trying to work out what happens next.


Nate Soares, a former Google engineer, is weighing up the chances of success for the project he is working on. He puts them at only about 5 per cent. But the odds he is calculating aren’t for some new smartphone app. Instead, Soares is talking about something much more arresting: whether programmers like him will be able to save mankind from extinction at the hands of its own most powerful creation.


The object of concern – both for him and the Machine Intelligence Research Institute (Miri), whose offices these are – is artificial intelligence (AI). Super-smart machines with malicious intent are a staple of science fiction, from the soft-spoken Hal 9000 to the scarily violent Skynet. But the AI that people like Soares believe is coming mankind’s way, very probably before the end of this century, would be much worse.


Besides Soares, there are probably only four computer scientists in the world currently working on how to programme the super-smart machines of the not-too-distant future to make sure AI remains “friendly”, says Luke Muehlhauser, Miri’s director. It isn’t unusual to hear people express big thoughts about the future in Silicon Valley these days – though most of the technology visions are much more benign. It sometimes sounds as if every entrepreneur, however trivial the start-up, has taken a leaf from Google’s mission statement and is out to “make the world a better place”.


Warnings have lately grown louder. Astrophysicist Stephen Hawking, writing earlier this year, said that AI would be “the biggest event in human history”. But he added: “Unfortunately, it might also be the last.”


Elon Musk – whose successes with electric cars (through Tesla Motors) and private space flight (SpaceX) have elevated him to almost superhero status in Silicon Valley – has also spoken up. Several weeks ago, he advised his nearly 1.2 million Twitter followers to read Superintelligence, a book about the dangers of AI, which has made him think the technology is “potentially more dangerous than nukes”. Mankind, as Musk sees it, might be like a computer program whose usefulness ends once it has started up a more complex piece of software. “Hope we’re not just the biological boot loader for digital superintelligence,” he tweeted. “Unfortunately, that is increasingly probable.”


Via Dr. Stefan Gruenwald
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The Evolution of Robotics

The Evolution of Robotics | Systems Theory | Scoop.it
How has robotics evolved? This interactive timeline shows the remarkable expansion in robotics applications since the 1950s—from the factory floor to the home.
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First digital animal will be perfect copy of real worm - tech - 26 November 2014 - New Scientist

First digital animal will be perfect copy of real worm - tech - 26 November 2014 - New Scientist | Systems Theory | Scoop.it
Next year the world's first digital animal will be born inside a computer. Could its descendants be conscious?
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TV seems to know what you want to see; algorithms at work | Scott Collins | LATimes.com

TV seems to know what you want to see; algorithms at work | Scott Collins | LATimes.com | Systems Theory | Scoop.it

Your TV is inside your mind.

It knows what you watch. More than that, it knows how you watch. When you pause a program, your TV is taking notes. When you rewind or fast-forward, the machine jots that down too.

But here's maybe the scariest part of all: Your TV knows what you want, maybe even before you do.

This is where technology has led us. The algorithms that spit out online recommendations for television series, movies and more are taking artificial intelligence to a new level. Top providers such as Netflix, Hulu and Amazon — which tens of millions of Americans get either through set-top boxes such as Roku or via personal computers — employ large engineering teams dedicated to cracking the code of what users want and guiding them to it.

Nothing less than the future of the entertainment business is at stake, as the industry continues its landmark shift from broadcasting to time-shifting and niche programming.

 

Click headline to read more--


Via Chuck Sherwood, Senior Associate, TeleDimensions, Inc
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Bill Bentley's curator insight, December 5, 10:48 AM

Interesting view into how data analytics are changing how content is presented to us.  They are getting inside of our heads.  It's just a modern version of "give them what they do, not what they say they do."

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Fibonacci quasiparticles could form basis of future topological quantum computers (TQC)

Fibonacci quasiparticles could form basis of future topological quantum computers (TQC) | Systems Theory | Scoop.it
Topological quantum computing (TQC) is a newer type of quantum computing that uses "braids" of particle tracks, rather than actual particles such as ions and electrons, as the qubits to implement computations. Using braids has one important advantage: it makes TQCs practically immune to the small perturbations in the environment that cause decoherence in particle-based qubits and often lead to high error rates.

 

Ever since TQC was first proposed in 1997, experimentally realizing the appropriate braids has been extremely difficult. For one thing, the braids are formed not by the trajectories of ordinary particles, but by the trajectories of exotic quasiparticles (particle-like excitations) called anyons. Also, movements of the anyons must be non-Abelian, a property similar to the non-commutative property in which changing the order of the anyons' movements changes their final tracks. In most proposals of TQC so far, the non-Abelian statistics of the anyons has not been powerful enough, even in theory, for universal TQC.


Now in a new study published in Physical Review Letters, physicists Abolhassan Vaezi at Cornell University and Maissam Barkeshli at Microsoft's research lab Station Q have theoretically shown that anyons tunneling in a double-layer system can transition to an exotic non-Abelian state that contains "Fibonacci" anyons that are powerful enough for universal TQC.


"Our work suggests that some existing experimental setups are rich enough to yield a phase capable of performing 'universal' TQC, i.e., all of the required logical gates for the performance of a quantum computer can be made through the braiding of anyons only," Vaezi told Phys.org. "Since braiding is a topological operation and does not perturb the low-energy physics, the resulting quantum computer is fault-tolerant."


Via Dr. Stefan Gruenwald
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The Internet of Things and the Connected Person - Wired

The Internet of Things and the Connected Person - Wired | Systems Theory | Scoop.it
One of the interesting things about the Internet of Things (IoT): It’s not really about the things. The IoT is a developing technological marvel.
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AI Recognizes Cats the Same Way Physicists Calculate the Cosmos | WIRED

AI Recognizes Cats the Same Way Physicists Calculate the Cosmos | WIRED | Systems Theory | Scoop.it
New research suggests physicists, computers and brains employ the same procedure to tease out important features from among other irrelevant bits of data.
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Can Life Be Mimicked in Silicon? | MIT Technology Review

A microfluidic cell copies some basic functions of life.
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Innotribe/SWIFT: Can Banks Master Disruptive Innovation? - Forbes

Innotribe/SWIFT: Can Banks Master Disruptive Innovation? - Forbes | Systems Theory | Scoop.it
A whirlwind of innovation activity is under way in FinTech, but risks remain high
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Why we must not stall technological progress, despite its threat to humanity

Why we must not stall technological progress, despite its threat to humanity | Systems Theory | Scoop.it
Anil Seth: Stephen Hawking is right to say AI poses a risk to our species, and we must heed such warnings. But we must also progress
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Artificial intelligence: how clever do we want our machines to be?

Artificial intelligence: how clever do we want our machines to be? | Systems Theory | Scoop.it
The theory of artificial intelligence is already fact in some areas of life, yet as its importance grows, how do we ensure we control it rather than vice versa, asks Alex Hern
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What’s Missing from the Industrial Internet of Things Conversation? Software | WIRED

What’s Missing from the Industrial Internet of Things Conversation? Software | WIRED | Systems Theory | Scoop.it
These days, you can hardly have a technology conversation without talking about the Internet of Things (IoT). And when that conversation shifts its focus to the industrial sector, including energy, Oil & Gas, Power & Utilities, and petrochemicals, among others, the discussion changes to what is being called the “Industrial Internet of Things” (IIoT). So…
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On “How We Became Post-Human” - Institute for Ethics and Emerging Technologies

On “How We Became Post-Human” - Institute for Ethics and Emerging Technologies | Systems Theory | Scoop.it
Hayles has written a complex and erudite book on the hidden premises and visible consequences of the information age.
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