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Complexity, patterns and links

Complexity, patterns and links | Systems Theory | Scoop.it
The mainstream ways of thinking about management are based on the sciences of certainty. The whole system of strategic choice, goal setting and choosing actions to reach the given goals in a contro...

Via Ides De Vos, A. J. Alvarez-Socorro, luiy
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Ides De Vos's curator insight, March 13, 2013 12:52 PM

In our lineair thinking , we think that everything has a solution .We are certain of that ...but we know that in real life , there is no one solution because the results of interaction between human beings is unpredictable .

So the only certainty we have is uncertainty

luiy's curator insight, March 14, 2013 10:27 AM

The mainstream ways of thinking about management are based on the sciences of certainty. The whole system of strategic choice, goal setting and choosing actions to reach the given goals in a controlled way depends on predictability. The problem is that this familiar causal foundation cannot explain the reality we face. Almost daily, we experience the inability of people to choose what happens in their organizations – or in their countries. We live in a complex world. Things may appear orderly over time, but are inherently unpredictable.

 

Complexity refers to a pattern, a movement in time that is at the same time predictable and unpredictable, knowable and unknowable. Healthy, ordinary, everyday life is always complex, no matter what the situation is. There is absolutely no linearity in the world of human beings.

Human patterns that lose this complexity become repetitive and rapidly inappropriate for dealing with life. Unlike mechanical systems, human systems thrive on variety and diversity. An exact replication of behavior in nature would be disastrous and seen as neurotic in social life. For example, a failing heart is typically characterized by increasing loss of complexity.


A pattern is something that emerges through the complex interactions between elements in a system. Although there is apparent order, there is never exact repetition if the system is viable. This is why human interaction cannot be understood as processes in the way they were used in manufacturing, but as patterns.

 

Patterns that are more repetitive are normally called routines or habits. This conclusion is important for us. Novelty emerges in a radically unpredictable way. Creativity is seldom the end result of a repetitive process.

Systems Theory
theoretical aspects of (social) systems theory
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Dark Matter May Be More Complex Than Physicists Thought

Dark Matter May Be More Complex Than Physicists Thought | Systems Theory | Scoop.it
The physicist James Bullock explains how a complicated “dark sector” of interacting particles may illuminate some puzzling observations of the centers of galaxies.
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What human emotions do we really want of artificial intelligence?

What human emotions do we really want of artificial intelligence? | Systems Theory | Scoop.it
If we can make artificial intelligent machines that act more human it raises the question of what sort of emotions we'd like them to express.
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Microsoft Uses Reprogrammable Chips to Put Computing Power Behind Artificial Neural Networks | MIT Technology Review

Microsoft Uses Reprogrammable Chips to Put Computing Power Behind Artificial Neural Networks | MIT Technology Review | Systems Theory | Scoop.it
A new approach to powering AI software could produce artificial neural networks of “unprecedented size,” says Microsoft.
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4 Machine Learning Algorithms That Shape Your Life

4 Machine Learning Algorithms That Shape Your Life | Systems Theory | Scoop.it
Software is getting smart. It's a slow, uneven process -- but it's also seemingly unstoppable.

Via Jean-Pierre Blanger, Jean-Philippe BOCQUENET
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Technology has created more jobs than it has destroyed, says 140 years of data

Technology has created more jobs than it has destroyed, says 140 years of data | Systems Theory | Scoop.it
Study of census results in England and Wales since 1871 finds rise of machines has been a job creator rather than making working humans obsolete
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John Henry Holland, Who Computerized Evolution, Dies at 86

John Henry Holland, Who Computerized Evolution, Dies at 86 | Systems Theory | Scoop.it
Dr. Holland developed computer codes, which he called genetic algorithms, that mimicked evolutionary processes by mating and mutating possible solutions.
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Bernard d'Espagnat, physicist - obituary - Telegraph.co.uk

Bernard d'Espagnat, physicist - obituary - Telegraph.co.uk | Systems Theory | Scoop.it
Scientist who argued that quantum laws provide a glimpse of a more spiritual 'veiled reality’
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Computation: Information, adaptation, and evolution in silico — Foundations & Frontiers

Computation: Information, adaptation, and evolution in silico - Foundations & Frontiers - Medium
By Melanie Mitchell, Professor, Computer Science, Portland State University; External Professor, Santa Fe Institute
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The Philosophical Importance of Algorithms - Institute for Ethics and Emerging Technologies

The Philosophical Importance of Algorithms - Institute for Ethics and Emerging Technologies | Systems Theory | Scoop.it
In the future, every decision that mankind makes is going to be informed by a cognitive system like Watson…and our lives will be better for it. (Ginni Rometty commenting on IBM’s Watson)
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What is life? The physicist who sparked a revolution in biology | Matthew Cobb

What is life? The physicist who sparked a revolution in biology | Matthew Cobb | Systems Theory | Scoop.it
Matthew Cobb: Erwin Schrödinger introduced some of the most important concepts in biology, including the idea of a 'code' of life
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Larry Bernstein's curator insight, August 12, 8:56 AM

The idea of a code of life was perhaps not his most important contribution. He might well have influenced the later emergence of molecular biology as a member of the Bohr-network. The later outcome was the James Watson (Franklin, Crick) search for the genetic code with Pauling in pursuit, and the Cold Spring Harbor meetings.

 

However, his book, "What is Life", is much more than that.  He also posed the dilemma that the complexity of life is not to be resolved by any mathematical formulation. The code itself is important, but not sufficient. The code has to be translated, so it is of evolutionary significance. There are archaic codes that may not even be expressed. Life involves the interaction of a living organism with an external environment that it has to engage in. It becomes a difference exercise for a multicellular, and multiorgan creature than for unicellular life. The environmental concerns are not minimal either - mountains, the deep sea, and sea level.  There was much of physiology and biochemistry that was yet to be learned at the time he wrote.

 

Jose Eduardo de Salle Rosalino has made exceptionally astute comments on this...and related thoughts...

 

Frequently, I prefer to present my thoughts based upon a historical perspective the reason for that is not to present myself as a academic-peacock proud of its tail on the contrary is to use this perspective to indicate when scientific thoughts were moved away from previous track. 
I cannot see energetic regulation in mammals as something that could be tackled without restoring correct understanding of homeostasis that is a regulation that has extracellular aspects in its regulatory mechanisms to be taken into account. Those external (extracellular) aspects are linked with the cell differentiated function while pure energetics is linked to intracellular aspects of regulation. 
This is the main form to address differences found when muscles (heart, skeletal smooth) are compared or heart and liver are compared. Eventually, this are also the major reason why tumors are rare in one tissue and most common in others…

 

Larry H. Bernstein, MD, FCAP 
http://pharmaceuticalinnovations.com

 

Metabolic Genomics & Pharmaceutics2015http://www.amazon.com/dp/B012BB0ZF0

 

Author, Curator and EditorLarry H Bernstein, MD, FCAP

Chief Scientific Officer

Leaders in Pharmaceutical Business Intelligence

Larry.bernstein@gmail.com


http://www.amazon.com/dp/B012BB0ZF0

 

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Will machines eventually take on every job?

Will machines eventually take on every job? | Systems Theory | Scoop.it
Automation will continue to transform the global workforce, but taking an active role in that process will help us reduce the damages and increase the gains, finds Rachel Nuwer.

Via Jean-Philippe BOCQUENET
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China is set to complete the installation of the world's longest quantum communication network

China is set to complete the installation of the world's longest quantum communication network | Systems Theory | Scoop.it

China is set to complete the installation of the world's longest quantum communication network stretching 2,000km (1,240miles) from Beijing to Shanghai by 2016, say scientists leading the project. Quantum communications technology is considered to be "unhackable" and allows data to be transferred at the speed of light. By 2030, the Chinese network would be extended worldwide, the South China Morning Post reported. It would make the country the first major power to publish a detailed schedule to put the technology into extensive, large-scale use.


The development of quantum communications technology has accelerated in the last five years. The technology works by two people sharing a message which is encrypted by a secret key made up of quantum particles, such as polarized photons. If a third person tries to intercept the photons by copying the secret key as it travels through the network, then the eavesdropper will be revealed by virtue of the laws of quantum mechanics – which dictate that the act of interfering with the network affects the behaviour of the key in an unpredictable manner.


If all goes to schedule, China would be the first country to put a quantum communications satellite in orbit, said Wang Jianyu, deputy director of the China Academy of Science's (CAS) Shanghai branch. At a recent conference on quantum science in Shanghai, Wang said scientists from CAS and other institutions have completed major research and development tasks for launching the satellite equipped with quantum communications gear, South China Morning Post said.


The potential success of the satellite was confirmed by China's leading quantum communications scientist, Pan Jianwei, a CAS academic who is also a professor of quantum physics at the University of Science and Technology of China (USTC) in Hefei, in the eastern province of Anhui. Pan said researchers reported significant progress on systems development after conducting experiments at a test center in the northwest of China.


The satellite would be used to transmit encoded data through a method called quantum key distribution (QKD), which relies on cryptographic keys transmitted via light pulse signals. QKD is said to be nearly impossible to hack, since any attempted eavesdropping would change the quantum states and thus could be quickly detected by dataflow monitors.


Via LeapMind, Jocelyn Stoller, Dr. Stefan Gruenwald
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Quantum weirdness proved real in first loophole-free experiment

Quantum weirdness proved real in first loophole-free experiment | Systems Theory | Scoop.it
A century-long debate about whether quantum mechanics described reality or masked a deeper layer, as Einstein suggested, has concluded – quantum reality won
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Financial Robo-Advisers Go Into Overdrive as Market Rumbles

Financial Robo-Advisers Go Into Overdrive as Market Rumbles | Systems Theory | Scoop.it
Wealthfront, Betterment, and FutureAdvisor have seen major growth in bull markets. But they will have to prove that they can keep customers happy when the market turns, too.
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Quantum computing is a major threat to crypto, says the NSA - Digital Trends

Quantum computing is a major threat to crypto, says the NSA - Digital Trends | Systems Theory | Scoop.it
Quantum computing is a major threat to our current security systems says the NSA, stressing the need to develop new strong algorithms.
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Robots That Can Build Things in Any Situation | MIT Technology Review

Robots That Can Build Things in Any Situation | MIT Technology Review | Systems Theory | Scoop.it
Researchers have developed simple robots that can build structures with malleable materials such as foam and sandbags.
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Wormhole Created in Lab Makes Invisible Magnetic Field

Wormhole Created in Lab Makes Invisible Magnetic Field | Systems Theory | Scoop.it
Physicists have created a so-called magnetic wormhole that transports a magnetic field from one point to the other without being detected.
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IBM Creates Neural Network Chip as Large as a Mouse Brain

IBM Creates Neural Network Chip as Large as a Mouse Brain | Systems Theory | Scoop.it
Neural networks can do some impressive things these days. They can describe images, translate speech, play videogames, and even have dreams. However, these networks are huge, and can be extremely slow to run.

Via Jean-Pierre Blanger, Jean-Philippe BOCQUENET
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Exterminate most robots, and an unstoppable breed will emerge (Wired UK)

Exterminate most robots, and an unstoppable breed will emerge (Wired UK) | Systems Theory | Scoop.it
To create a super race of robots, we need to exterminate existing models en masse. This is the macabre lesson being shared in a PLOS One paper published this week by computer scientists at The University of Texas at Austin, who have tested their mass extinction theory
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'Mother robot' builds and refines its own kids through 'natural selection' (Wired UK)

'Mother robot' builds and refines its own kids through 'natural selection' (Wired UK) | Systems Theory | Scoop.it
Researchers at the University of Cambridge have created a 'mother robot' that can build its own 'children'
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IBM Plans to Teach Watson How to Sift Through Medical Images and Diagnose Diseases | MIT Technology Review

IBM Plans to Teach Watson How to Sift Through Medical Images and Diagnose Diseases | MIT Technology Review | Systems Theory | Scoop.it
IBM seeks to transform image-based diagnostics by combining its cognitive computing technology with a massive collection of medical images.
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Artificial Intelligence Is Already Weirdly Inhuman - Issue 27: Dark Matter - Nautilus

Artificial Intelligence Is Already Weirdly Inhuman - Issue 27: Dark Matter - Nautilus | Systems Theory | Scoop.it
Nineteen stories up in a Brooklyn office tower, the view from Manuela Veloso’s office—azure skies, New York Harbor, the Statue…
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Inside Facebook’s Quest for Software That Understands You | MIT Technology Review

Inside Facebook’s Quest for Software That Understands You | MIT Technology Review | Systems Theory | Scoop.it
A reincarnation of one of the oldest ideas in artificial intelligence could finally make it possible to truly converse with our computers. And Facebook has a chance to make it happen first.
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Siebel Institute Seeks to Make the Smart Grid Smarter

Siebel Institute Seeks to Make the Smart Grid Smarter | Systems Theory | Scoop.it
The new Siebel Energy Institute is backing research into the software needed to deliver the energy-saving promise of smart-grid technology.
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