Systems Theory
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Systems Theory
theoretical aspects of (social) systems theory
Curated by Ben van Lier
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Cyber-physical systems, complexity and emergence

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 New weblog published. The subject of the weblog is this time: Cyber-Physical Systems, Complexity and Emergence

 

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AI Recognizes Cats the Same Way Physicists Calculate the Cosmos | WIRED

AI Recognizes Cats the Same Way Physicists Calculate the Cosmos | WIRED | Systems Theory | Scoop.it
New research suggests physicists, computers and brains employ the same procedure to tease out important features from among other irrelevant bits of data.
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Can Life Be Mimicked in Silicon? | MIT Technology Review

A microfluidic cell copies some basic functions of life.
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Innotribe/SWIFT: Can Banks Master Disruptive Innovation? - Forbes

Innotribe/SWIFT: Can Banks Master Disruptive Innovation? - Forbes | Systems Theory | Scoop.it
A whirlwind of innovation activity is under way in FinTech, but risks remain high
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Why we must not stall technological progress, despite its threat to humanity

Why we must not stall technological progress, despite its threat to humanity | Systems Theory | Scoop.it
Anil Seth: Stephen Hawking is right to say AI poses a risk to our species, and we must heed such warnings. But we must also progress
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Artificial intelligence: how clever do we want our machines to be?

Artificial intelligence: how clever do we want our machines to be? | Systems Theory | Scoop.it
The theory of artificial intelligence is already fact in some areas of life, yet as its importance grows, how do we ensure we control it rather than vice versa, asks Alex Hern
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What’s Missing from the Industrial Internet of Things Conversation? Software | WIRED

What’s Missing from the Industrial Internet of Things Conversation? Software | WIRED | Systems Theory | Scoop.it
These days, you can hardly have a technology conversation without talking about the Internet of Things (IoT). And when that conversation shifts its focus to the industrial sector, including energy, Oil & Gas, Power & Utilities, and petrochemicals, among others, the discussion changes to what is being called the “Industrial Internet of Things” (IIoT). So…
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On “How We Became Post-Human” - Institute for Ethics and Emerging Technologies

On “How We Became Post-Human” - Institute for Ethics and Emerging Technologies | Systems Theory | Scoop.it
Hayles has written a complex and erudite book on the hidden premises and visible consequences of the information age.
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LHCb observes two new baryon particles | CERN

LHCb observes two new baryon particles | CERN | Systems Theory | Scoop.it
Today the collaboration for the LHCb experiment at CERN’s Large Hadron Collider announced the discovery of two new particles in the baryon family. The particles, known as the Xi_b'- and Xi_b*-, were predicted to exist by the quark model but had never been seen before. A related particle, the Xi_b*0, was found by the CMS experiment at CERN in 2012. The LHCb collaboration submitted a paper reporting the finding to Physical Review Letters.
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Dawn of the planet of machines

Dawn of the planet of machines | Systems Theory | Scoop.it
We’ve all seen it in movies, but can supercomputers really rise up and reign supreme over humanity?

Via Spaceweaver
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Internet and Human Capability: A Study In Parallel Evolution - Wired

Internet and Human Capability: A Study In Parallel Evolution - Wired | Systems Theory | Scoop.it
Evolution is a funny thing. All organic creatures evolve in response to changes in their environment. And then in turn, the environment changes in response to new behaviors from the organisms that inhabit it.
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Now Google Wants Your Genome, Too | MIT Technology Review

Now Google Wants Your Genome, Too | MIT Technology Review | Systems Theory | Scoop.it
For $25 a year, Google will keep a copy of any genome in the cloud.
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Google DeepMind acquisition researchers working on a Neural Turing Machine

Google DeepMind acquisition researchers working on a Neural Turing Machine | Systems Theory | Scoop.it
Officials with Google have revealed that researchers working on a start-up recently purchased by the tech giant are working on building what they call a Neural Turing Machine—an artificial intelligence based computer system that seeks to fulfill the idea of a Turing Machine. Teams with the project ...

Via Spaceweaver
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Enthusiasts and Skeptics Debate Artificial Intelligence

Enthusiasts and Skeptics Debate Artificial Intelligence | Systems Theory | Scoop.it
Kurt Andersen wonders: If the Singularity is near, will it bring about global techno-Nirvana or civilizational ruin?
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The Three Breakthroughs That Have Finally Unleashed AI on the World | WIRED

The Three Breakthroughs That Have Finally Unleashed AI on the World | WIRED | Systems Theory | Scoop.it
The AI on the horizon looks more like Amazon Web Services—cheap, reliable, industrial-grade digital smartness running behind everything, and almost invisible except when it blinks off. This is a big deal, and now it's here.
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Quantum Teleportation Reaches Farthest Distance Yet

Quantum Teleportation Reaches Farthest Distance Yet | Systems Theory | Scoop.it
Physicists have teleported a light particle 15 miles (25 kilometers), making it the farthest quantum teleportation yet.

 

Advances in quantum teleportation could lead to better Internet and communication security, and get scientists closer to developing quantum computers. About five years ago, researchers could only teleport quantum information, such as which direction a particle is spinning, across a few meters. Now, they can beam that information across several miles.

 

Physicists can't instantly transport matter, but they can instantly transport information through quantum teleportation. This works thanks to a bizarre quantum mechanics property called entanglement. Quantum entanglement happens when two subatomic particles stay connected no matter how far apart they are. When one particle is disturbed, it instantly affects the entangled partner. It's impossible to tell the state of either particle until one is directly measured, but measuring one particle instantly determines the state of its partner.

 

In the new, record-breaking experiment, researchers from the University of Geneva, NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory and the National Institute of Standards and Technology used a superfast laser to pump out photons. Every once in a while, two photons would become entangled. Once the researchers had an entangled pair, they sent one down the optical fiber and stored the other in a crystal at the end of the cable. Then, the researchers shot a third particle of light at the photon traveling down the cable. When the two collided, they obliterated each other.

 

Quantum information has already been transferred dozens of miles, but this is the farthest it's been transported using an optical fiber, and then recorded and stored at the other end. Other quantum teleportation experiments that beamed photons farther used lasers instead of optical fibers to send the information. But unlike the laser method, the optical-fiber method could eventually be used to develop technology like quantum computers that are capable of extremely fast computing, or quantum cryptography that could make secure communication possible.


Via Dr. Stefan Gruenwald
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Keith Wayne Brown's curator insight, December 10, 1:48 PM

the future information

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Cognitive technologies: Demystifying artificial intelligence

Cognitive technologies: Demystifying artificial intelligence | Systems Theory | Scoop.it
Thanks to improving technical performance and billions of dollars of investments in commercialization, cognitive technologies are poised to have a growing…
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Demis Hassabis, Founder of DeepMind Technologies and Artificial Intelligence Wunderkind at Google, Wants Machines to Think Like Us

Demis Hassabis, Founder of DeepMind Technologies and Artificial Intelligence Wunderkind at Google, Wants Machines to Think Like Us | Systems Theory | Scoop.it
The man behind a startup acquired by Google for $628 million plans to build a revolutionary new artificial intelligence.

Via Jean-Philippe BOCQUENET
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Man vs. Machine: Will Computers Soon Become More Intelligent Than Us?

Man vs. Machine: Will Computers Soon Become More Intelligent Than Us? | Systems Theory | Scoop.it

Computers might soon become more intelligent than us. Some of the best brains in Silicon Valley are now trying to work out what happens next.


Nate Soares, a former Google engineer, is weighing up the chances of success for the project he is working on. He puts them at only about 5 per cent. But the odds he is calculating aren’t for some new smartphone app. Instead, Soares is talking about something much more arresting: whether programmers like him will be able to save mankind from extinction at the hands of its own most powerful creation.


The object of concern – both for him and the Machine Intelligence Research Institute (Miri), whose offices these are – is artificial intelligence (AI). Super-smart machines with malicious intent are a staple of science fiction, from the soft-spoken Hal 9000 to the scarily violent Skynet. But the AI that people like Soares believe is coming mankind’s way, very probably before the end of this century, would be much worse.


Besides Soares, there are probably only four computer scientists in the world currently working on how to programme the super-smart machines of the not-too-distant future to make sure AI remains “friendly”, says Luke Muehlhauser, Miri’s director. It isn’t unusual to hear people express big thoughts about the future in Silicon Valley these days – though most of the technology visions are much more benign. It sometimes sounds as if every entrepreneur, however trivial the start-up, has taken a leaf from Google’s mission statement and is out to “make the world a better place”.


Warnings have lately grown louder. Astrophysicist Stephen Hawking, writing earlier this year, said that AI would be “the biggest event in human history”. But he added: “Unfortunately, it might also be the last.”


Elon Musk – whose successes with electric cars (through Tesla Motors) and private space flight (SpaceX) have elevated him to almost superhero status in Silicon Valley – has also spoken up. Several weeks ago, he advised his nearly 1.2 million Twitter followers to read Superintelligence, a book about the dangers of AI, which has made him think the technology is “potentially more dangerous than nukes”. Mankind, as Musk sees it, might be like a computer program whose usefulness ends once it has started up a more complex piece of software. “Hope we’re not just the biological boot loader for digital superintelligence,” he tweeted. “Unfortunately, that is increasingly probable.”


Via Dr. Stefan Gruenwald
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The Evolution of Robotics

The Evolution of Robotics | Systems Theory | Scoop.it
How has robotics evolved? This interactive timeline shows the remarkable expansion in robotics applications since the 1950s—from the factory floor to the home.
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First digital animal will be perfect copy of real worm - tech - 26 November 2014 - New Scientist

First digital animal will be perfect copy of real worm - tech - 26 November 2014 - New Scientist | Systems Theory | Scoop.it
Next year the world's first digital animal will be born inside a computer. Could its descendants be conscious?
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Emergence: A unifying theme for 21st century science

Emergence: A unifying theme for 21st century science | Systems Theory | Scoop.it

When electrons or atoms or individuals or societies interact with one another or their environment, the collective behavior of the whole is different from that of its parts. We call this resulting behavior emergent. Emergence thus refers to collective phenomena or behaviors in complex adaptive systems that are not present in their individual parts.


By David Pines, Co-Founder in Residence, Santa Fe Institute

https://medium.com/sfi-30-foundations-frontiers/emergence-a-unifying-theme-for-21st-century-science-4324ac0f951e


Via Complexity Digest
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Fearing Bombs That Can Pick Whom to Kill

Fearing Bombs That Can Pick Whom to Kill | Systems Theory | Scoop.it
Weapons that rely on artificial intelligence to decide what to target could become increasingly difficult to control, critics warn.

Via wanderingsalsero
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wanderingsalsero's curator insight, November 12, 6:08 AM

I think it's amazing that liberals don't think kids should play with fake guns.... but they seem to like to play with their multi-billion dollar toys at our expense. Toys that are built specifically for killing real people.

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How to Check if Your Universe Should Exist | WIRED

How to Check if Your Universe Should Exist | WIRED | Systems Theory | Scoop.it
If modern physics is to be believed, we shouldn’t be here. The meager dose of energy infusing empty space, which at higher levels would rip the cosmos apart, is a trillion trillion trillion trillion trillion trillion trillion trillion trillion trillion times tinier than theory predicts. And the minuscule mass of the Higgs boson, whose relative…
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Paul Allen and the Machines: teaching the next generation of artificial intelligence

Paul Allen and the Machines: teaching the next generation of artificial intelligence | Systems Theory | Scoop.it
Microsoft co-founder Paul Allen has been pondering artificial intelligence since he was a kid. In the late '60s, eerily intelligent computers were everywhere, whether it was 2001's HAL or Star Trek'...
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