News of NATO approval for Turkey to mobilize Patriot missiles on the southern border for defensive purposes marks another chapter in the ongoing Syrian conflict. Russia in particular has been supportive of the rebel opposition; voices against this move for it may only increase the possibility for violent recourse on both sides if fired. Turkey also has cause for concern in using the missiles, its effect on the ethnic Kurdish population which inhabits shared boarder locations, could be further disastrous. Iran has been the major proponent for al-Assad and the Syrian government, supporting the Shiite sect against the Sunni majority. Most importantly this most recent and ongoing manifestation of the Arab Spring is a complete mess, and victory by either side is unclear at this time. While the opposition has made gains the government regime has held on to power throughout. Whereas the Kaddafi regime was aided by foreign intervention, the US and allies are weary to arm or help the opposition for fear of supplying terrorist organizations with not only resources but a state to control in the aftermath. Since spring 2011 an estimated 40,000 people have lost their lives in relations to the conflict in Syria.