Synthetic Biology Will Reinvigorate New Generation Drugs, Vaccines and Biofuels Research and Development
Sami Ullah Jan, Burhan Ullah, Aimal Khan, Muhammad Asif Shahzad, Zeeshan Ali Yousaf, Atif Shafiqu1and Muhammad Ali Abbas
"Genomics and its related studies boosted explorations when applied in various dimensions of biology. The most common concept employed is to mix natural abilities of various living organisms or distant biological sources in the form of genes targeted for their products. With the advent of 21st century, this field gained a pace due to the attention by various scientific communities worldwide. Though, many hurdles still exist on its way but synthetic biology has led the basis for advanced outcomes by merging the potentials of genetic engineering and electronic techniques. This piece of literature reviews the research and development of synthetic biology accomplished since past in various life sciences with emphasis on pharmaceuticals, vaccines and biofuel development. The efforts of international scientific community and international organizations are also highlighted, who developed regulations and transmitted the importance to applied level. The production of biofuel, anti-microbial drugs, vaccines or other biological components with the help of genetic engineering technology was the first generation which after integration in synthetic biology has successfully transferred to a new generation. Along with the past, this paper also forecasts the future of synthetic biology in minimizing the limitations and problems faced in biological research with the help of synthetic biology. "