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Soil biodiversity and ecosystem function

Soil biodiversity and ecosystem function | Sustainable Livestock Agenda SLA | Scoop.it
It has long been recognised that organisms living in the soil are important for making nitrogen available to plants and for storing carbon in the soil but a new paper in PNAS by de Vries et al, Soi...

Via diana buja
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 It has long been recognised that organisms living in the soil are important for making nitrogen available to plants and for storing carbon in the soil but a new paper in PNAS by de Vries et al, Soi

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diana buja's curator insight, September 6, 2013 7:11 AM

Comprehensive studies of soil, such as this on, are so labor and finance intensive that similar studies in developing countries may not be possible.  What are the next 'best bet' options?  

In Sudan (el-Obeid area) we discovered local farmers identified a soil type that was not identified by researchers.  The farmer-identified soil type was linked to specific forms of cropping.  That, in itself, was reason enough to conduct our less intensive, but more farmer-centered study,of soils.

Similar findings here in Burundi, regarding micro-catchment soil types - identified by farmers - especially in wetland areas.

But the weakness of these studies relates to their less specific results.

As the study in the attached research notes:

"Researchers found a strong link between soil biodiversity and the performance of ecosystems, in particular on carbon and nitrogen cycling. Indeed soil biodiversity was a greater predictor of C and N cycling than land use. Intensive wheat rotation was found to reduce soil biodiversity across the food web in all countries. The authors hope that this and other research will lead to the development of sound land management practices that support soil biodiversity, in turn increasing the productivity of land while mitigating climate change.

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KAZAKHSTAN : Ancient nomads spread earliest domestic grains along Silk Road, study finds

KAZAKHSTAN : Ancient nomads spread earliest domestic grains along Silk Road, study finds | Sustainable Livestock Agenda SLA | Scoop.it

Charred grains of barley, millet and wheat deposited nearly 5,000 years ago at campsites in the high plains of Kazakhstan show that nomadic sheepherders played a surprisingly important role in the early spread of domesticated crops throughout a mountainous east-west corridor along the historic Silk Road, suggests new research from Washington University in St. Louis.

“Our findings indicate that ancient nomadic pastoralists were key players in an east-west network that linked innovations and commodities between present-day China and southwest Asia,” said study co-author Michael Frachetti, PhD, an associate professor of archaeology in Arts & Sciences at Washington University and principal investigator on the research project.


Via Lemercier Olivier, diana buja
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diana buja's curator insight, April 5, 3:24 AM

Our findings indicate that ancient nomadic pastoralists were key players in an east-west network that linked innovations and commodities between present-day China and southwest Asia,” 

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World Donkey Day (May 8)

World Donkey Day (May 8) | Sustainable Livestock Agenda SLA | Scoop.it

Donkey is very useful, important and precious animal genetic resource for food and agriculture. Donkey plays pivotal role in the livelihood earning of the million people of the world.


Via Nicolas Antoine-M.
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STATE OF RURAL POULTRY AND SUSTAINABLE PRODUCTION IN PAKISTAN

STATE OF RURAL POULTRY AND SUSTAINABLE PRODUCTION IN PAKISTAN | Sustainable Livestock Agenda SLA | Scoop.it
The present era’s Pakistan is cradle of animal domestication. The well known civilizations of Gandhara, Mohan jododo, and Mehergarh are the inimitable examples. The ruins excavated from the said ci...
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The rarely seen birds of Egypt by Ahmed Waheed

The rarely seen birds of Egypt by Ahmed Waheed | Sustainable Livestock Agenda SLA | Scoop.it

Ahmed Waheed started bird-watching when he was seven years old. He would travel with his father, who was the manager of the Zaranik Protectorate in North Sinai. The protectorate covers 250 square kilometers, and lies just 30 kilometers west of the town of Arish, along the Mediterranean Coast in northeastern Egypt. 

 

The rarely seen birds of Egypt by Ahmed Waheed | PANORAMA

Panorama presents the Rarely seen birds of Egypt by photographer Ahmed Waheed. Waheed is starting an online magazine called "Egypt Geographic" 

tags: #DWC #LN Egypt Birds Nature

 

"Photographing birds can be a challenging hobby, requiring knowledge of species’ behavior and migration patterns, and lots of patience. This photo was taken in Hurghada, Red Sea Governorate, in March of 2013.

 


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diana buja's curator insight, January 21, 1:39 AM

Dr Ahmed gives us stunning pictures of birds in Egypt.  Some are on their way south - where we meet them just next to us in the Rusizi Wetlands, which is on the north-western side of Lake Tanganyika in Burund.

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Chart of the Week: Coffee and tea around the world

Chart of the Week: Coffee and tea around the world | Sustainable Livestock Agenda SLA | Scoop.it

Worldwide tea is far more popular than coffee, but preferences for one beverage over the other fall into distinct geographic patterns. (RT @conradhackett: Do you belong in coffee world or tea world?


Via Luigi Guarino
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Searching for the Amazon's Hidden Civilizations

Searching for the Amazon's Hidden Civilizations | Sustainable Livestock Agenda SLA | Scoop.it
Statistical model predicts signs of agriculture in the rainforest

Via Eve Emshwiller, Luigi Guarino
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Eve Emshwiller's curator insight, January 10, 10:59 AM

Hat tip: Mario Rosina Barragán

Christian Allié's curator insight, January 12, 4:20 AM

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........  ” The areas designated as terra preta-free, on the other hand, were sampled and categorized by ecologists and geologists, often long before anyone was looking for terra preta or other signs of pre-Columbian settlements in the Amazon. Just because a region is labeled terra preta-free now, Heckenberger suspects, doesn’t mean there isn’t any terra pretathere. It just means archaeologists haven’t been there to look for it—yet. McMichael’s map “serves as a reminder of what we don’t know” about the Amazon’s past, he says.

McMichael agrees that a terra preta-free label should not be taken as proof that humans never settled a region. The relative lack of terra preta around the Llanos de Moxos earthworks proves that humans didn’t necessarily enrich the soil, or do so in the same way, everywhere they lived, she says. “I would think that cultures adapted differently to the different environmental conditions,” creating terra preta where the natural soil was particularly poor and modifying their environment in other ways in regions where they didn’t necessarily need to enrich the soil to support large populations.

McMichael hopes to use her statistical methods to model all different kinds of ancient human impacts on the Amazon. Her team has a paper in press at the Journal of Biogeography predicting the locations of earthworks, and eventually she hopes to create a map correlating past human settlements with various ecological patterns. If pre-Columbian humans encouraged the spread of particular plants and animals they found helpful in the regions around their settlements, for example, that might affect species distribution in the Amazon today. Soon, scientists might be able to go beyond earthworks and agriculture and read the Amazon’s history in the forest itself.

..........

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New Paradigms in Agricultural Research - Washington Bangla Radio

New Paradigms in Agricultural Research - Washington Bangla Radio | Sustainable Livestock Agenda SLA | Scoop.it

New Paradigms in Agricultural Research Washington Bangla Radio In the National Gene Bank 5,414 accessions of orthodox seed species and 112 of non-orthodox species were cryo-stored, and eight were added to in-vitro Gene Bank for long-term storage.


Via Luigi Guarino
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Soil biodiversity and ecosystem function

Soil biodiversity and ecosystem function | Sustainable Livestock Agenda SLA | Scoop.it
It has long been recognised that organisms living in the soil are important for making nitrogen available to plants and for storing carbon in the soil but a new paper in PNAS by de Vries et al, Soi...

Via diana buja
Raziq's insight:

 It has long been recognised that organisms living in the soil are important for making nitrogen available to plants and for storing carbon in the soil but a new paper in PNAS by de Vries et al, Soi

more...
diana buja's curator insight, September 6, 2013 7:11 AM

Comprehensive studies of soil, such as this on, are so labor and finance intensive that similar studies in developing countries may not be possible.  What are the next 'best bet' options?  

In Sudan (el-Obeid area) we discovered local farmers identified a soil type that was not identified by researchers.  The farmer-identified soil type was linked to specific forms of cropping.  That, in itself, was reason enough to conduct our less intensive, but more farmer-centered study,of soils.

Similar findings here in Burundi, regarding micro-catchment soil types - identified by farmers - especially in wetland areas.

But the weakness of these studies relates to their less specific results.

As the study in the attached research notes:

"Researchers found a strong link between soil biodiversity and the performance of ecosystems, in particular on carbon and nitrogen cycling. Indeed soil biodiversity was a greater predictor of C and N cycling than land use. Intensive wheat rotation was found to reduce soil biodiversity across the food web in all countries. The authors hope that this and other research will lead to the development of sound land management practices that support soil biodiversity, in turn increasing the productivity of land while mitigating climate change.

Rescooped by Raziq from The Asian Food Gazette.
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Analysis: Why livestock matters in Nepal

Analysis: Why livestock matters in Nepal | Sustainable Livestock Agenda SLA | Scoop.it
Outside his rural home in eastern Nepal, Krishna Prasad Dangal knows all too well the importance of livestock. “These animals mean everything to me,” said the 36-year-old father of three.

Via Frank Kusters
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Farmers and genebanks, an alliance to save traditional crops ...

Farmers and genebanks, an alliance to save traditional crops ... | Sustainable Livestock Agenda SLA | Scoop.it

Farmers and genebanks, an alliance to save traditional crops from Agrobiodiversity Platform on Vimeo. Together with indigenous farmers we explored their possible alliance with genebanks to support the conservation, better ...


Via Luigi Guarino
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Suggested by Dr. Bukar Usman (D.V.M., M.V.S.c)
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Attention entrepreneurs: Your livestock business is growing–but only in Africa and other developing regions » ILRI news

Attention entrepreneurs: Your livestock business is growing–but only in Africa and other developing regions » ILRI news | Sustainable Livestock Agenda SLA | Scoop.it
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Unique Style of Good transport at Farm ~ Commercial Dairying in Karachi City of Pakistan

Unique Style of Good transport at Farm ~ Commercial Dairying in Karachi City of Pakistan | Sustainable Livestock Agenda SLA | Scoop.it
They use bull/steer Cart for traction at farm. Thari breed is considered as best for traction with a traction power of 3.6 ton. There are about 10 traction bulls at the farm.
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Research shows vast differences in livestock systems, diets and emissions--FCRN on PNAS paper

Research shows vast differences in livestock systems, diets and emissions--FCRN on PNAS paper | Sustainable Livestock Agenda SLA | Scoop.it

Tara Garnet, of the Food Climate Research Network (FCRN), at Oxford University, recently highlighted a paper published recently in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (PNAS). The pa...


Via Luigi Guarino
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A donkey is more than just a draft animal

A donkey is more than just a draft animal | Sustainable Livestock Agenda SLA | Scoop.it

Namibia’s first ever Livestock Catalogue was launched last week in Windhoek by the Minister of Agriculture, Water and Forestry John Mutorwa, and it was met with great excitement and a promise that the catalogue will be made available to farmers in even the remotest areas via extension officers in the ministry. The catalogue summarises information about livestock breeds and echo-types in Namibia as is meant to be a guide for all livestock farmers in their quest to become better producers by knowing their animals. Farmers Forum’s Deon Schlechetr will from now on regularly feature articles on all the animals contained in the catalogue. Today he looks at some interesting facts about the donkey.


Via Nicolas Antoine-M.
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Why Nutrition Is So Confusing

Why Nutrition Is So Confusing | Sustainable Livestock Agenda SLA | Scoop.it

We haven’t done the studies that would clarify what it takes to be lean and healthy.


Via Luigi Guarino
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Plant geneticist Dubcovsky tapped for Wolf Prize, ag's Nobel

Plant geneticist Dubcovsky tapped for Wolf Prize, ag's Nobel | Sustainable Livestock Agenda SLA | Scoop.it

Jorge Dubcovsky, an acclaimed UC Davis plant geneticist and international leader in wheat genomics, was named a recipient of the 2014 Wolf Prize in Agriculture on Thursday. The $100,000 Wolf Prizes...


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Rescooped by Raziq from Food Policy, Supply, Security & Safety
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How might open data in agriculture help achieve food security?

How might open data in agriculture help achieve food security? | Sustainable Livestock Agenda SLA | Scoop.it
The policy support for improving the ability to store and share data on agriculture is growing. But how do you ensure farmers in developing countries benefit and will it achieve food security?

Via Dr. Bukar Usman (D.V.M., M.V.S.c)
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Dr. Bukar Usman (D.V.M., M.V.S.c)'s curator insight, January 5, 11:29 AM

"The Knowledge Bank is a big step forward," says Shaun Hobbs, global director of Plantwise Knowledge Bank.

 
Cameron Brotherton -Jennings's curator insight, January 6, 12:47 AM

Food security is one of the challenges facing everybody. Just because your supermarket has bread and milk does not mean that this issue is not a global problem. Wake up and smell the coffee.

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After Basmati rice, Madhya Pradesh govt to seek patent for rare poultry breed

After Basmati rice, Madhya Pradesh govt to seek patent for rare poultry breed | Sustainable Livestock Agenda SLA | Scoop.it
After getting a patent for Basmati rice, Madhya Pradesh has set its sights on getting one for the Kadaknath chicken, which was almost on the verge of extinction in the 1990s

Via Nicolas Antoine-M.
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Billy Lyons's curator insight, January 11, 4:42 AM
Govt to seek patent for rare poultry breed
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Beef Cattle Fattening for Eid ul Adha

Beef Cattle Fattening for Eid ul Adha | Sustainable Livestock Agenda SLA | Scoop.it
An entrepreneur to harvest superfluous income Karachi is the hub of the economic activities of Pakistan. The home of many industries and business offices, Karachiates spend extra money to buy uniqu...

Via Frank Kusters
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Save Rosie's Vegetable Garden

Save Rosie's Vegetable Garden | Sustainable Livestock Agenda SLA | Scoop.it

Rosie is a vibrant 4-year old girl living with her single, severely-disabled mom in a subsidized housing unit in rural South Dakota. In May 2013, Rosie's mother, Mary, converted a small unused area outside their apartment into a vegetable garden.


Via Luigi Guarino
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The Molecular Ecologist: Domesticated genes answer the call of the wild

The Molecular Ecologist: Domesticated genes answer the call of the wild | Sustainable Livestock Agenda SLA | Scoop.it

This week at the Molecular Ecologist, I'm discussing a new study from the blog's parent publication, Molecular Ecology, which traces the origins of gene variants in a wild population of Soay sheep ...


Via Luigi Guarino
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Beef Cattle Fattening for Eid ul Adha

Beef Cattle Fattening for Eid ul Adha | Sustainable Livestock Agenda SLA | Scoop.it
An entrepreneur to harvest superfluous income Karachi is the hub of the economic activities of Pakistan. The home of many industries and business offices, Karachiates spend extra money to buy uniqu...
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