Understanding the emergence of cooperation is a central issue in evolutionary game theory. The hardest setup for the attainment of cooperation in a population of individuals is the Public Goods game in which cooperative agents generate a common good at their own expenses, while defectors "free-ride" this good. Eventually this causes the exhaustion of the good, a situation which is bad for everybody. Previous results have shown that introducing reputation, allowing for volunteer participation, punishing defectors, rewarding cooperators or structuring agents, can enhance cooperation. Here we present a model which shows how the introduction of rare, malicious agents -that we term jokers- performing just destructive actions on the other agents induce bursts of cooperation. The appearance of jokers promotes a rock-paper-scissors dynamics, where jokers outbeat defectors and cooperators outperform jokers, which are subsequently invaded by defectors. Thus, paradoxically, the existence of destructive agents acting indiscriminately promotes cooperation.
When it comes to the future of work and collaboration I've worked with and researched hundreds of companies. Collaboration is indeed a top priority for many business leaders but knowing what makes organizations successful can be a tricky thing.
GRI G4: A Gateway to Meaningful Sustainability Reporting? CSRwire.com (press release) (blog) But has GRI's multi-stakeholder process delivered what is appropriate given the global multi-faceted sustainability nexus of global challenges?
Is any certification or assessment complete without sustainable values?
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Resilience is not as understood as it should be. It needs to be seen in the context of evolution and not as a return to the past.
The Mind, The Brain, And Complex Adaptive Systems (Proceedings Volume XXII / Santa Fe Institute Studies in the) [Harold J. Morowitz, Jerome L. Singer, EDITOR *] on Amazon.com. *FREE* super saver shipping on qualifying offers.
New Mexico's acequias—communal irrigation canals—still function as a tool to preserve and share scarce desert water.
Water system creating linkages in the watershed: All the users were responsible for cleaning and repairing the acequia madre when necessary. "This commitment to maintaining the village’s primary irrigation supply bonded villagers together over the years"
Society's techno-social systems are becoming ever faster and more computer-orientated. However, far from simply generating faster versions of existing behaviour, we show that this speed-up can generate a new behavioural regime as humans lose the ability to intervene in real time. Analyzing millisecond-scale data for the world's largest and most powerful techno-social system, the global financial market, we uncover an abrupt transition to a new all-machine phase characterized by large numbers of subsecond extreme events. The proliferation of these subsecond events shows an intriguing correlation with the onset of the system-wide financial collapse in 2008. Our findings are consistent with an emerging ecology of competitive machines featuring ‘crowds’ of predatory algorithms, and highlight the need for a new scientific theory of subsecond financial phenomena.
Abrupt rise of new machine ecology beyond human response time Neil Johnson Guannan Zhao Eric Hunsader Hong Qi Nicholas Johnson Jing Meng Brian Tivnan
This is proof that speed and complexity will syncronize creating patterns. This was proven earlier by a simple on/off experiment with lights. simple rules create complex patterns - you don't need conscious intervention. The impact of these patterns, however are sourced by life......
The surge in business eco awareness has not gone unnoticed by consumers . With sustainability concepts and definitions subject to interpretation, the same business sustainability actions claimed as 'green' are also subject to 'greenwash' commentary.
How much is Life worth? Is money the real determinator of value? What is the trade off between pain and money? Not being clear about what it means to be sustainable and what the "goal" is make decisions harder than they need to be.
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