EPA is proposing, at the request of the State of Maine, to require the sale of reformulated gasoline (RFG) in York, Cumberland, Sagadahoc, Androscoggin, Kennebec, Knox and Lincoln counties in southern Maine starting in June 2015. RFG is required in cities with high smog levels and is optional elsewhere. RFG is currently used in 17 states and the District of Columbia. About 30% of gasoline sold in the US is reformulated.
The purpose of the federal RFG program is to improve air quality in certain areas through the use of gasoline that is reformulated to reduce motor vehicle emissions that lead to the formation of ground-level ozone. Ground-level ozone can cause breathing problems, aggravate asthma and other pre-existing lung diseases, and make people more susceptible to respiratory infection.
States which are designated by EPA as part of the Ozone Transport Region, such as Maine, can “opt-in” to the program.
The Food for Peace Reform Act of 2014 (S. 2421) will reform U.S. food aid and feed more people at lower cost. Mothers and children, like these in South Sudan, will benefit from targeted nutrition. (USAID) By Eric Mitchell A future free of hunger will require good ideas. I want to share with you a really, really good idea. Picture this: Our federal government provides life-saving food assistance to 9 million more people around the world who experience hunger every...
The United States lost jobs between 2000 and 2010, the first loss between census years that has been recorded in the nation's history. The decline was attributable to two economic shocks, the contraction following the 9/11 attacks and the Great Recession, the worst financial crisis since the Great Depression. Yet, even in this moribund job market, employment continued to disperse in the nation's major metropolitan areas.
The purpose of this study is to evaluate the linkages between the technological, market and political environment in the wind power industry, and their contribution to market diffusion.
The evaluation is based on a literature review of the wind power industry and policy issues in selected countries, patent and financial analyses of leading European firms, and semi-structured interviews of energy experts.
The results reveal that the industry is policy-driven, and appropriate energy politics are crucial in continuing the rapid wind power market diffusion during the next decades. Wind power technologies are in an accelerating stage of evolution, and competitive technologies contribute to market diffusion and firms’ financial performance. However, without adequate energy subsidies and emission trading schemes the industry will not be competitive in the energy markets, where other energy sources, including fossil fuels, are also subsidized.
This case focuses mainly on the leading European industry actors and has a European perspective in policy issues. The analyses are limited to the main support mechanisms and countries where the diffusion of renewable energy has been rapid.
The wind power industry is still in the emerging phase in its life-cycle, and well-planned and efficiently implemented public support schemes are needed in order for the firms to compete successfully in the markets. The industry will propably be competitive without subsidies in 10-20 years.
Three distinct timelines are shaping developments in the Middle East: the short -term timeline of daily struggles and politics; the medium-term timeline of geopolitical shifts; and the long-term timeline of sociocultural transformation. Understanding each is essential to craft an effective strategy in the region.
The ripening corn and soybean fields stretch for miles in every direction from Dennis Wentworth’s farm in Downs, Illinois. As he marveled at his best-yielding crops ever, he wondered aloud where the heck he’ll put it all.