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South Korea Set to Launch 100Mbps Wireless, Seamlessly Combines Mobile Broadband & Wi-Fi | Stop the Cap!

South Korea Set to Launch 100Mbps Wireless, Seamlessly Combines Mobile Broadband & Wi-Fi | Stop the Cap! | Surfing the Broadband Bit Stream | Scoop.it

While you ponder Verizon Wireless’ latest LTE 4G outage or try to convince yourself Sprint really is selling “4G” service from Clearwire, South Korea’s Sunkyoung Telecom (SK Telecom) is deploying new technology to enormously boost wireless Internet speeds to as high as 100Mbps.

 

SK Telecom has developed new Heterogeneous Network Integration Solution (HNIS) technology that weds 3G/4G service with any open Wi-Fi network to deliver speeds many times faster than North Americans can get from their wireless providers. The technology is designed to work without a lot of consumer intervention. For example, HNIS will automatically provision open Wi-Fi access wherever subscribers travel. The combination of mobile broadband with Wi-Fi works seamlessly as well. Currently, smartphones can use Wi-Fi or mobile data, but not both at the same time. HNIS changes that.

 

While mobile operators cope with spectrum and capacity issues, HNIS can reduce the load on wireless networks, without creating a hassle for wireless customers who used to register with every Wi-Fi service they encountered. The theoretical speed of an HNIS-enhanced 3G and Wi-Fi connection in South Korea will be 60Mbps when SK Telecom fully deploys the technology this year. As SK expands the technology to its 4G networks, theoretical maximum speeds will increase to 100Mbps.

 

SK is so confident in the technology, it plans to equip all of its smartphones with the new technology starting in 2013.

 

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George Washington’s Farewell Address: A ‘Warning Against the Impostures of Pretended Patriotism’ | Truthdig.com

George Washington’s Farewell Address: A ‘Warning Against the Impostures of Pretended Patriotism’ | Truthdig.com | Surfing the Broadband Bit Stream | Scoop.it

On Independence Day, against official claims that mass domestic surveillance is needed to ensure U.S. security, Truthdig reprints the farewell address of the first president of the United States.

The period for a new election of a citizen to administer the executive government of the United States being not far distant, and the time actually arrived when your thoughts must be employed in designating the person who is to be clothed with that important trust, it appears to me proper, especially as it may conduce to a more distinct expression of the public voice, that I should now apprise you of the resolution I have formed, to decline being considered among the number of those out of whom a choice is to be made.

I beg you, at the same time, to do me the justice to be assured that this resolution has not been taken without a strict regard to all the considerations appertaining to the relation which binds a dutiful citizen to his country; and that in withdrawing the tender of service, which silence in my situation might imply, I am influenced by no diminution of zeal for your future interest, no deficiency of grateful respect for your past kindness, but am supported by a full conviction that the step is compatible with both.

The acceptance of, and continuance hitherto in, the office to which your suffrages have twice called me have been a uniform sacrifice of inclination to the opinion of duty and to a deference for what appeared to be your desire. I constantly hoped that it would have been much earlier in my power, consistently with motives which I was not at liberty to disregard, to return to that retirement from which I had been reluctantly drawn. The strength of my inclination to do this, previous to the last election, had even led to the preparation of an address to declare it to you; but mature reflection on the then perplexed and critical posture of our affairs with foreign nations, and the unanimous advice of persons entitled to my confidence, impelled me to abandon the idea.

I rejoice that the state of your concerns, external as well as internal, no longer renders the pursuit of inclination incompatible with the sentiment of duty or propriety, and am persuaded, whatever partiality may be retained for my services, that, in the present circumstances of our country, you will not disapprove my determination to retire.

The impressions with which I first undertook the arduous trust were explained on the proper occasion. In the discharge of this trust, I will only say that I have, with good intentions, contributed towards the organization and administration of the government the best exertions of which a very fallible judgment was capable. Not unconscious in the outset of the inferiority of my qualifications, experience in my own eyes, perhaps still more in the eyes of others, has strengthened the motives to diffidence of myself; and every day the increasing weight of years admonishes me more and more that the shade of retirement is as necessary to me as it will be welcome. Satisfied that if any circumstances have given peculiar value to my services, they were temporary, I have the consolation to believe that, while choice and prudence invite me to quit the political scene, patriotism does not forbid it.


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Privacy Is Freedom: Robert Scheer | Truthdig.com

Privacy Is Freedom: Robert Scheer | Truthdig.com | Surfing the Broadband Bit Stream | Scoop.it

In an excerpt from his new book, “They Know Everything About You: How Data-Collecting Corporations and Snooping Government Agencies Are Destroying Democracy,” Truthdig Editor-in-Chief Robert Scheer traces the Fourth Amendment’s enshrinement of privacy rights from English common law to Facebook and a defense by Chief Supreme Court Justice John Roberts.

What is the role of privacy in the twenty-first century? To the leaders of Internet commerce, whose basic business model involves exploiting the minutiae of their customers’ lives, the very idea of privacy has been treated as, at best, an anachronism of the pre-digital age. Meanwhile, those desiring to keep their personal data from prying eyes claim it as an unconditional constitutional right.

After making a pro-privacy pretense, in his company’s early years, Facebook founder Mark Zuckerberg began steadily advancing the argument that privacy is a luxury being willingly tossed aside by customers preferring convenience. “People have really gotten comfortable not only sharing more information and different kinds, but more openly and with more people,” he said while accepting a Crunchie award in San Francisco in January 2010. “That social norm is just something that has evolved over time. We view it as our role in the system to constantly be innovating and be updating what our system is to reflect what the current social norms are.”

Instead of viewing the protection of privacy as a business’s obligation to his customer base, Zuckerberg suggested that the very concept of personal privacy could be gradually disappearing. “[F]our years ago, when Facebook was getting started, most people didn’t want to put up any information about themselves on the Internet,” he told an interviewer at the Web 2.0 Summit in 2008.


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viNGN explores Virgin territory with Gigabit launch | TeleGeography.com

The Virgin Islands Next Generation Network (viNGN) has announced that businesses and residences in Frydenhoj, Red Hook and Smith Bay on St Thomas, Christiansted and Gallows Bay on St Croix, and Cruz Bay on St John. now have the option of connecting to its new 1Gbps fibre-to-the-home/building (FTTH/B) network.


While the viNGN will not be offering services directly to the public, it notes that connectivity is available via the following internet service providers (ISPs): High Tide Solutions, ADM Technologies, Alliance Data (SmartNet), Orbitel Access, Broadband VI, One Stop Wireless, Innovative Fibernet, Choice Communications, Surge Broadband Communications and Fusion Solutions.

According to TeleGeography’s GlobalComms Database, the viNGN – which is primarily funded by a grant from the National Telecommunications Information Administration (NTIA) as part of an extensive federal programme designed to improve broadband capacity in the US and its unincorporated territories – will eventually pass every home in the US Virgin Islands.


The cable incorporates a twelve-part 183km submarine cable link between Saint Thomas and Saint Croix.

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Bernie Sanders Will End the IMF's Economic Violence in Greece and Africa | Robert Naiman | Common Dreams

Bernie Sanders Will End the IMF's Economic Violence in Greece and Africa | Robert Naiman | Common Dreams | Surfing the Broadband Bit Stream | Scoop.it

Many people want to know more about Democratic presidential candidate Bernie Sanders' foreign policy agenda. Yes, they say, we like what Sanders is saying about reducing extreme inequality, about reducing the political power of the billionaire class. But what about U.S. foreign policy? Yes, they say, Bernie voted no on the Iraq war; yes, they acknowledge, Sanders supports the Iran deal. But we're spending more than half of our federal income tax dollars on the Pentagon's empire, money we should be spending on rebuilding our nation's domestic infrastructure. "A nation that continues year after year to spend more money on military defense than on programs of social uplift is approaching spiritual death," Dr. King said. What's Bernie going to do about that?

I'm all for pushing Bernie to talk more about downsizing the Pentagon to be an institution focused on actually defending the United States, as opposed to running around the world overthrowing other people's governments - a Pentagon that "goes not abroad in search of monsters to destroy," as President John Quincy Adams put it.

But we should also take advantage of the new opportunity that now presents itself; it's not only with bombs that U.S. foreign policy kills and injures innocent civilians.

We should recognize and publicize the fact that Bernie Sanders is the only presidential candidate who is talking about what the IMF is doing to Greece, the only presidential candidate who has a track record of opposing the IMF, the only presidential candidate who, if elected, is likely to do anything to end the economic violence of the IMF.


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NM: Broadband is as critical today as phone once was | Nan Rubin Op-Ed | Las Cruces Sun-News

NM: Broadband is as critical today as phone once was | Nan Rubin Op-Ed | Las Cruces Sun-News | Surfing the Broadband Bit Stream | Scoop.it

I suppose David Tofsted can be forgiven for his deliberately reactionary and misinformed letter of June 7, asserting that there is no genuine "need" for broadband access to the Internet because 20 years ago he got by fine without it, thank you very much.

But it is downright scary that state Rep. James Smith, chair of the interim Science, Technology, and Telecom Committee, has taken a similar position ("FCC regulation could impose on high-tech future," June 8.) He really should know better.

As recently as 1984, it was considered a nearly insurmountable economic and social disadvantage not to have a telephone. So President Ronald Reagan established the Lifeline program to subsidize the cost of monthly phone service to low-income residents in both urban and rural areas.

This made regular telephone service affordable to millions of Americans for the first time — giving them a phone number that allowed them to apply for jobs, participate in local civic and social activities, hear from teachers at their children's school, or call a doctor in case of an emergency.

Because commercial providers refused to serve this population, it took the federal government to step in and ensure that this large group was not left behind. And to this very day, the Lifeline program is regulated and managed by the Federal Communications Commission.

Flash forward — we are faced with the very same communications problem, only today it is access to fast, affordable Internet service that is absolutely necessary to keep up with today's economy.


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WI: The Kauffman Foundation's incomplete, misleading message | Gegory Dorf & Daniel Isenberg Opinion | Milwaukee Journal Sentinel

Throughout Wisconsin, there have been a lot of resources and energy devoted to business growth and job creation.

So it's understandable that the recent Kauffman Foundation Startup Index, reported by the Journal Sentinel and others, triggered broad concern. How is it even possible that Wisconsin is 50th out of the 50 states for numbers of business start-ups?

Perhaps our initial dismay was just our Midwestern tendency to accept bad news about ourselves to be true. Our deeper dive into the data shows that not only does the Kauffman index send an incomplete, misleading message, but it misses the dynamic environment for small but growing, middle-market and larger corporations that should make us proud and inspire more companies to grow and to choose Wisconsin.

The facts show that Wisconsin is a place where entrepreneurs not only thrive, but are in fact the drivers of job creation and economic strength.


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MN Senator Klobuchar says Feds need to make concrete plan for broadband | Ann Treacy | Blandin on Broadband

According to the Brainerd Dispatch, on a recent trip to Northern Minnesota Senator Klobuchar spoke about broadband, the need for action and its potential role in the presidential election…

The newly-arrived presidential election season makes it a more likely time for progress on broadband, Klobuchar said, because the issue is popular in debates and campaigns. However, there is a need for concrete action along with all the campaign talk, she said.

“We need to actually put … the money where your mouth is,” she said.

Brainerd-area attendees gave anecdotes about how the lack of broadband impacts the well-being of people who need it to get information related to health care, education and business.

Richard Schulman of Leech Lake Telecommunications Company described a drought of proper Internet access on the reservation. The two-year-old company is the first tribally owned telecom firm in Minnesota, he said.


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WA: State budget deal includes tax increase for Microsoft | Jim Brunner | The Seattle Times

They haven’t advertised it, but the budget deal agreed to by state lawmakers this week quietly targeted Microsoft for a $57 million tax increase over the next two years.

And the Redmond software giant — which has drawn criticism over its corporate tax tab — is apparently willing to go along with it, raising no public objections.

The Microsoft-specific tax boost was written into the budget pact in the waning days of the Legislature’s special session as Republican and Democratic negotiators agreed to close a few tax breaks and increase delinquent tax penalties to raise $185 million in new revenue.

The tax change was referred to only obscurely in the budget-deal summary that lawmakers released, which referred to repeal of a “software machinery & equipment sales tax exemption.”

But bill language underlying that change made it clear the tax break would end just for a particular “ineligible person” — defined in Senate Bill 6138 as a software company with more than 40,000 employees in Washington that has been around since at least 1981.

Only Microsoft fits that description, state officials confirm. Other companies can continue to claim the sales-tax break enacted in 1995, which exempts manufacturers and software makers from paying sales tax on equipment they buy to help make their products.

The Legislature has frequently granted tax breaks for big employers in the state — most notably the 2013 extension of $8.7 billion in tax preferences for Boeing to secure manufacture of the 777X jet in Washington.

But targeting a single company for a tax increase? “Yes, it is unusual,” said Drew Shirk, assistant director of the state Department of Revenue. “I can’t think of (another) one.”


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Frontier Runs America's Worst Website: Dead Last in 2015 Web Experience Ratings | Phil Dampier | Stop the Cap!

Frontier Runs America's Worst Website: Dead Last in 2015 Web Experience Ratings | Phil Dampier | Stop the Cap! | Surfing the Broadband Bit Stream | Scoop.it

Frontier Communications scored dead last in a nationwide survey of websites run by 262 companies — ranked for their usability, helpfulness, and competence.

The “2015 Web Experience Ratings,” conducted by the Temkin Group, a customer experience research and consulting firm, looked at how customers feel about companies based on experiences visiting their websites. The firm wanted to know whether customers would forgive a company if its website proved less than satisfactory. The answer appears to be no, and phone and cable companies were the most likely to experience the wrath of dissatisfied customers.

“It’s ironic that many of the cable companies that provide Internet service earned such poor ratings,” Bruce Temkin, managing partner of Temkin Group, said.

Most household name cable companies did especially poor in the survey. Time Warner Cable, Comcast and CenturyLink all tied at 252nd place (out of 262 firms). But special hatred was reserved for the website run by Frontier Communications, repeatedly called “incompetent” by consumers, especially after the phone company disabled most of the website’s self-service functions in late April. A well-placed source inside Frontier told Stop the Cap! the company could not manage to get its website ordering functions working properly and simply decided to give up, forcing customers to call instead.

Only 29% of consumers were willing to forgive a telecommunications company for a lousy web experience, according to the findings. Other website disasters were run by: Cox Communications, Charter Communications, Spirit Airlines, Blue Shield of CA, and Haier.


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The tragedy of Puerto Rico, America's very own Greece | Felix Salmon | Fusion.net

The tragedy of Puerto Rico, America's very own Greece | Felix Salmon | Fusion.net | Surfing the Broadband Bit Stream | Scoop.it

The eyes of the world are trained on Greece, this week, as it teeters on the brink of disaster. Which perhaps helps to explain Alejandro García Padilla’s timing: the Puerto Rico governor chose Monday to announce that the island territory is insolvent, and cannot (will not) pay back its $72 billion in debt. Not on time and in full, in any case.

Like Greece, Puerto Rico’s economic problems aren’t new, and they aren’t likely to be resolved anytime soon. The Puerto Rico government recently asked a team of former IMF economists to write a report on the country, which makes for extremely depressing reading. The big economic picture is downright scary (see charts above).


And then comes a litany of lowlights:


  • In 1996, the US government repealed Section 936 of the Internal Revenue code, which gave tax breaks to mainland companies operating on the island, with predictable results: the Puerto Rican economy started shrinking in 2005, right as the 10-year phase-out period for the tax breaks ended.
  • Home prices have fallen by 38% from their 2010 peak. That’s very bad news in a territory where almost everybody has weak credit, and so borrowing against real estate is just about the only way to raise fresh capital.
  • The island’s banking sector is in crisis, and shrinking even faster than the economy as a whole, which means that it can’t boost lending to fuel a recovery.
  • Just 40% of Puerto Rico’s adult population is either employed or looking for work.


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Here’s How Charter Will Commit to an Open Internet | Marvin Ammori | WIRED.com

Here’s How Charter Will Commit to an Open Internet | Marvin Ammori | WIRED.com | Surfing the Broadband Bit Stream | Scoop.it

The nation’s network neutrality drama isn’t over: the FCC’s landmark rules are in court again—after courts threw out two previous FCC net neutrality orders. But there is a little-known front in the fight that has long been central to advancing network neutrality: the commitments that broadband companies make when they merger.

For the last decade, while the court kept throwing out industry-wide rules, network neutrality advocates (like me) were able to extract merger conditions to preserve an open Internet and further entrench the concept. In 2005, AT&T and Verizon each made two-year network neutrality merger commitments; in 2006, AT&T and BellSouth made a 30-month open Internet commitment; in 2011, Comcast and NBC made a 7-year commitment. As someone who has spent 10 years fighting for network neutrality, I have seen these commitments pave the way for the new, even-stronger industry-wide rule now on appeal.

Today, we have another merger, which means, thanks to our successes, another network neutrality condition on offer. Charter, a relatively small cable company, is buying the second-largest provider, Time Warner Cable, and an affiliated company called Bright House Networks. Charter’s merger sales pitch is pretty straight-forward: it argues that it has always been too small to bully Internet companies, TV makers, and its own customers, so it has“un-cable” practices they hope to extend. The slowest speed the company usually offers is 60 Mbits, which is great for online TV, and Charter has no data caps, usage-based charges, or modem-rental fees. Charter also posts a laudable no-cost interconnection policy for Internet backbone companies, and Charter has never been accused of any network-neutrality violations.

Still, we must “trust, but verify.” We need to ensure that Charter will not lose its way after taking over Time Warner and becoming four times larger. That’s where merger commitments come in. In its legal application filed today with the FCC, Charter makes its case that the merger will benefit the public, and offers several legally enforceable commitments. The FCC will review the application, along with the initial commitments made, likely for the next six months, with input from the public.

Charter hired me—which, to be honest, took some humility on its part since I have helped lead public campaigns against cable companies like Charter—to advise it in crafting its commitment to network neutrality. After our negotiation, I can say Charter is offering the strongest network neutrality commitments ever offered—in any merger or, to my knowledge, in any nation. In fact, in the end, I personally wrote the commitments. For the first time, I’d like to lay out what those commitments are and why I think they is so strong.


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What Happens When Your Phone Network Fails? | Meredith Filak Rose | Public Knowledge

What Happens When Your Phone Network Fails?  | Meredith Filak Rose | Public Knowledge | Surfing the Broadband Bit Stream | Scoop.it

Fun fact: unlike traditional copper lines, most new “land line” phone technologies don’t run on their own power. When the power goes out, so does the phone line—and your ability to call for help.

It’s even more dangerous for those in rural areas. A severed copper line can isolate a remote community from the outside world. As if that wasn’t bad enough, the small customer base and the high cost of repairs means that phone companies don’t have an incentive to replace—or even service—damaged copper in these areas. Instead, companies have pushed to offload these communities onto cheap, less reliable technologies such as wireless “landline” services and VoIP. The result is a one-two punch against marginalized communities who need access the most.

This public safety catch-22—you can’t call for help at exactly the moment you’re most likely to need it, especially if you’re in a community that needs it the most—is one of the many reasons Public Knowledge, along with 28 other public interest groups, is calling for the FCC to include backup power requirements for consumer premises equipment (CPE) in their ongoing tech transition rulemaking.

The phone companies, unfortunately, don’t see any problem at all with the way they do business. The Independent Telephone and Telecommunications Alliance (ITTA) recently argued that there’s “virtually no consumer demand for” backup power solutions—and that when it is offered, “in nearly all cases, customers decline the option.”

However, what’s more likely is that:

  • this phone technology is relatively new, so
  • consumers don’t fully realize that their new phone network will stop working when the power goes out, and thus
  • underestimate the risk of losing service in an emergency.


If you need proof of how spectacularly these new systems can fail, look no further than Fire Island, New York. When Verizon decided not to repair the copper phone lines that had been damaged by Hurricane Sandy, and instead deployed its wireless VoiceLink service, residents were absolutely furious at the system’s shortcomings—including its susceptibility to bad weather.

Emergency responders were among the first critics of the VoiceLink service.


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Enabling competition from Google Fiber means FCC must reconsider pole attachment pricing | Sean Buckley | Fierce Telecom

Enabling competition from Google Fiber means FCC must reconsider pole attachment pricing | Sean Buckley | Fierce Telecom | Surfing the Broadband Bit Stream | Scoop.it

Google Fiber's plans to bring its 1 Gbps service into Salt Lake City and Nashville by using existing utility poles in each city not only sheds light on its ongoing buildout strategy, but also shows how important access to utility poles at reasonable rates is key to expanding broadband services.

In Salt Lake City, Google will deploy 600 miles of fiber, which will be attached to more than 20,000 utility poles which will then be attached to a point of presence on the ring.

The Nashville fiber deployment will have a similar configuration as Salt Lake City, with some differences. It plans to deploy 3,200 miles of fiber, install 18 fiber huts, and attach fiber to at least 100,000 utility poles.

While the service provider did not reveal the terms of the agreements, the Internet giant has cited gaining rights of way to utility poles as a key issue in what cities it will target with its 1 Gbps service.

Google Fiber has had various run-ins with local utilities and telcos over pole access. In December 2013, AT&T said that it does not have to provide access to Google Fiber in Austin. The telco's decision was later overturned when Austin's City Council, which owns the remaining 80 percent, drafted an ordinance to make AT&T open up the poles.

Earlier, Google Fiber had to resolve a dispute with the Kansas City Board of Public Utilities, the owner of the city's utility poles, over where exactly it would place its fiber cables.

During the Spring COMPTEL event, Google's VP of access Milo Medin said that local utilities and incumbent telcos and cable operators should not be allowed to delay the "make ready" process when a competitor wants to build out fiber in a new region on existing poles.

Regardless of what deals Google Fiber was able to make, pole attachment and the associated fees continues to be a big issue for cable and competitive telcos alike.


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The cable box might solve the Internet of Things' biggest problem | Roberto Baldwin | Engadget.com

The cable box might solve the Internet of Things' biggest problem | Roberto Baldwin | Engadget.com | Surfing the Broadband Bit Stream | Scoop.it

The issue with the Internet of Things (IoT) and the connected home is that they're not even remotely connected. At least not seamlessly. Thanks to competing communication protocols and manufacturers building closed ecosystems, you need a new app every time you add something "connected" to your house. But developer Alticast has proposed another solution. One that uses something that's already in the home: your cable box.

Other than the fact that it gives you access to hundreds of channels and videos-on-demand, your cable box is about as exciting as a doorknob. It's a gateway to somewhere else, and it's forgotten as soon as you step through that door.


But that bland portal to the entertainment world could also be the answer to fixing the hydra of IoT hubs from Belkin, Lowe's, Quirky, Philips and others needed to create a connected home.


Alticast proposed in a recently published white paper that the cable box could become a protocol-agnostic Internet-of-Things hub. It would bring all your devices together into a single ecosystem that lets your lights talk to your oven that talks to your garage door that talks to your security camera. Everything working together like a truly connected home with a single app and the bonus of your TV being a giant notification center.


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About-face by Apple Music shows need for constant change | Drew Clark Op-Ed | Deseret News

About-face by Apple Music shows need for constant change | Drew Clark Op-Ed | Deseret News | Surfing the Broadband Bit Stream | Scoop.it

When a company as big and successful as Apple changes its mind about something as significant as the music industry, it's worth taking note of what's changing with consumers.

Apple, the world’s most valuable company, is betting that consumers want to spend more money through Apple Music, the $9.99/month music streaming service it launched on Tuesday.

It’s a far cry from the vision of the late Steve Jobs, the founder and legendary leader of Apple until his death in 2011. Originally a computer maker, Apple became a post-personal computer company with the launch of the iPod in 2001. This was a digital audio player with so much more storage capacity than its competitors.

That invited consumers — particularly young people with a strong emotional connection to their music — to load up shiny iPods with hundreds or thousands of digital songs.

This was the Napster era of rampant file-sharing. Napster had been the brainchild of a college student who wanted to share what he was listening to with his fellow students. As a company, Napster created an online catalog that allowed computer users to share, on a peer-to-peer basis, digital MP3 music files.

Napster was shut down for contributing to copyright infringement. As a service, it effectively enabled the sharing of digital music files, enabling a user to download a free copy of a song purchased by someone else.

Enter Steve Jobs, who was more of a counter-cultural rock-and-roll rebel than your stereotypical slide-rule-toting computer geek.

According to the biography written by Walter Isaascon, published days after Jobs' death from cancer, "He knew that the best way to stop piracy — in fact the only way — was to offer an alternative that was more attractive than the brain-dead services that music companies were concocting. 'We believe that 80 percent of the people stealing stuff don't want to be, there's just no legal alternative.'"

As with other great entrepreneurs, Jobs set out to create a win-win-win-win situation: One that would benefit the artists who composed and performed music, the record labels who cut CDs, the company (Apple) that sold the iPods, and consumers — who could finally listen to all of their music in one place.


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Peru: Claro to launch fixed-wireless TD-LTE service | TeleGeography.com

Claro Peru has unveiled plans to use Time Division Long Term Evolution (TD-LTE) technology to provide broadband in remote areas, where fixed connections are not feasible.


Gestion writes that the operator plans to launch the fixed-wireless service in H2 2015, to provide high speed broadband services in areas unserved by fixed infrastructure and where the deployment of fixed networks is difficult, either due to the geographical conditions or municipal and administrative obstacles.


Robert Bellido, the Mexican-backed cellco’s deputy director of residential market, said that the offering will complement the coverage of fixed services and will allow more people the opportunity to benefit from telecom services.

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Greece rejects bailout, could exit euro | Mark Hensch | The Hill

Greece rejects bailout, could exit euro | Mark Hensch | The Hill | Surfing the Broadband Bit Stream | Scoop.it

Greece has reportedly rejected Europe’s terms for further bailout from its debt crisis in vote that could see the nation exit the Eurozone.

Greek voters overwhelmingly voted “No” on Sunday in a historic bailout referendum, according to multiple news reports.

Reuters said that 60.4 percent of Greeks voted against a bailout offer from international creditors. The “Yes” option received 40.1 percent of support, the news outlet added.

Ahead of the vote, Prime Minister Alexis Tsipras had said that a “no” would not automatically mean a Greek exit from the euro, but could strengthen Athens’s hand in restructuring its debt.

The Greek government said on Sunday that it is restarting negotiations over the details of a potential debt bailout by global creditors.

“The negotiations which will start must be concluded very soon, even within 48 hours,” government spokesman Gabriel Sakellaridis said on Greek television. “We will undertake every effort to seal it soon."


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New dimensions of quantum information added through hyperentanglement | Colin Jeffrey | GizMag.com

New dimensions of quantum information added through hyperentanglement | Colin Jeffrey | GizMag.com | Surfing the Broadband Bit Stream | Scoop.it

In quantum cryptography, encoding entangled photons with particular spin states is a technique that ensures data transmitted over fiber networks arrives at its destination without being intercepted or changed. However, as each entangled pair is usually only capable of being encoded with one state (generally the direction of its polarization), the amount of data carried is limited to just one quantum bit per photon. To address this limitation, researchers have now devised a way to "hyperentangle" photons that they say can increase the amount of data carried by a photon pair by as much as 32 times.

In this research, a team led by engineers from UCLA has verified that it is possible to break up and entangle photon pairs into many dimensions using properties such as the photons' energy and spin, with each extra dimension doubling the photons' data carrying capacity. Using this technique, known as "hyperentanglement", each photon pair is able to be programmed with far more data than was previously possible with standard quantum encoding methods.


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Mexico: Ifetel hits Telmex with LLU order; telco has 60 days to prepare terms | TeleGeography.com

Mexican telecoms regulator Instituto Federal de Telecomunicaciones (Ifetel) announced yesterday (30 June) that Telmex, the country’s Agente Economico Preponderante (AEP), must open up the so-called ‘last mile’ of its fixed line networks to its rivals for the first time. The telco, which is owned by Carlos Slim’s America Movil (AM) group, now has 60 days within which to prepare terms for its competitors.

In announcing the move, Ifetel noted: ‘Effective unbundling of the local network will allow other concessionaires to provide telecommunications services through the infrastructure of the AEP. The conditions for this process help ensure effective access to the local network of the leading company in the telecommunications sector, in order to remove barriers to competition and market entry.’

According to TeleGeography’s GlobalComms Database, a local loop unbundling (LLU) decision has been on the cards since Ifetel took over from the Comision Federal de Telecomunicaciones (Cofetel) in September 2013, with legislation passed in April 2013 compelling the incoming regulator to enact the changes.

TeleGeography notes that Telmex accounted for 63.5% of all PSTN lines in service as at 31 December 2014, while Mexico is one of the few Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) countries not to currently offer LLU.

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MA: Cape Cod has state-of-the-art connectivity | Andrea Goode | OpenCape.org

OpenCape and CapeNet are marking the second year of successful operations. Together, they have created a state-of-the-art 475-mile fiber optic network, an integrated microwave system and a modern data center built and operated to advance the economic, social and public safety interests of the communities of southeastern Massachusetts, including Cape Cod, the south coast and South Shore.

OpenCape Corp., a nonprofit 501(c)(3) organization, owns the system and exclusively operates the data center. CapeNet, OpenCape’s operating partner, sells a variety of Internet and Voice-Over-Internet services and maintains the network. This unique partnership model was designed so that the nonprofit owner of the system could focus on advancing the interests of the community while the economic viability of the network is sustained by an expert commercial operator that delivers much-needed services.

As a result of our partnership, a competitive broadband marketplace now exists for entities that require high-speed Internet access and data transfers. Wireless carriers have begun to receive fiber optic cables to the towers that service ever-increasing numbers of mobile users, needing ever-increasing speeds. Public safety officials on the Outer Cape have fiber optic and microwave pathways to ensure essential communications remain available in harsh conditions.

Right now, broadband services are being provided over the OpenCape network to more than 100 institutions, including libraries, government buildings, schools, colleges, hospitals, public safety agencies and research institutions. The Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, Joint Base Cape Cod, Massachusetts Maritime Academy, Cape Cod Regional Transit Authority and Massasoit Community College chose the OpenCape network for their critical data transport and Internet services.

CapeNet has assisted Falmouth in leveraging this technology to create a comprehensive municipal network of 19 buildings with super-fast connectivity among town buildings and aggregated Internet and voice service. Barnstable County is delivering services to towns in an efficient and effective model using a regional Wide Area Network created specifically to advance economies of scale and lower Internet access costs. Falmouth, Nauset and Barnstable public schools, and six more high schools, now have access to reliable, high-speed bandwidth enabling the use of mobile devices and modern online teaching and research tools.

A great deal has been accomplished, but a great deal remains to be done.


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NY: Officials avoid issue with Buffalo Billion — transparency | David Cay Johnston Opinion | Democrat & Chronicle

NY: Officials avoid issue with Buffalo Billion — transparency | David Cay Johnston Opinion | Democrat & Chronicle | Surfing the Broadband Bit Stream | Scoop.it

When government hides records about how it spends our tax dollars, alarm bells should go off. When it comes to the Buffalo Billion, taxpayers should ask why the dministration mocks those who seek disclosure.

The Cuomo administration funnels the Billion through a charity, the Fort Schuyler Management Corp., which asserts it does not have to comply with the state open records law. The executive director of the State Committee on Open Government says "it is cut and dried" that records must be produced under the state Freedom of Information Law, calling the charity "in essence, a governmental agency."

Jim Heaney exposed these concealment efforts in a June 21 article in the Democrat and Chronicle and other newspapers. Heaney was a longtime Buffalo News investigative reporter until he founded the nonprofit Investigative Post in 2012. The D&C followed up with a nuanced editorial that asked reasonable questions.

A guest essay in this newspaper last Sunday tried to divert attention from these serious issues by making the ludicrous claim that the D&C editorial "seemed to confuse conspiracy theories with facts."

The essayist was Sam Hoyt, a regional vice president of the Empire State Development Corp., which directs tax dollars to corporations. Hoyt wrote that "I wondered if there was any value in refuting each item point by point," but decided against that. Smart move because it allowed Hoyt to avoid the only issue — transparency in government spending.

As president of the Investigative Post board, I have watched Heaney's careful reporting on the Buffalo Billion. He is one of the best, a judgment I am in a position to make as the past president of the 5,700-member Investigative Reporters & Editors Inc.

Contrast this concealment with a bizarre demand by Fort Schuyler that the Investigative Post, under the Freedom of Information Law, turn over our financial records and donor names. We are not a state agency, get no government funds and are not subject to that law. However, the Investigative Postdiscloses all of its donors and publishes its financial statements and tax filings.

The only conspiracy theories are those conjured by Hoyt. No one is opposing economic development. What we seek is accountability. I hope readers call, email and write the governor to demand that he disclose the records of how our tax dollars are being used.

David Cay Johnston is president of the Investigative Post board.


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Vivint Becomes First Wireless Internet Service Provider (WISP) to Offer Fiber-Fast Speeds Through the Air | KSL.com

Vivint Becomes First Wireless Internet Service Provider (WISP) to Offer Fiber-Fast Speeds Through the Air | KSL.com | Surfing the Broadband Bit Stream | Scoop.it

Vivint, a leading provider of smart home technology, today announced Vivint Internet, a pioneering broadband service that offers residential customers high-speed Internet access through the air. The service is a fast and affordable alternative to the high-speed services offered by competing Internet service providers. Vivint Internet offers symmetrical 100 Mbps download and upload speeds for suburban customers — faster than any other wireless Internet service provider in the U.S.


Vivint designed its antenna to be easy to install, reliable and weatherproof in all conditions.

To ensure that customers have maximum speeds, even during peak evening periods, Vivint uses a unique "hub home" deployment model. Vivint beams high-speed data from local fiber optic access points to a hub home located centrally in a neighborhood. The hub home then relays Vivint Internet to nearby customer homes. This approach maintains the speed and integrity of the signal, ensuring that networks are not overburdened, even during the busiest hours.

Vivint Internet speeds are more than nine times faster than the average connection speed in the U.S. (11.1 Mbps) reported in Akamaiâ"™s Q4 2014 State of the Internet Report.


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Chicago Extends 9% Entertainment/Use Tax to Almost Everything You Do Online | Phil Dampier Stop the Cap!

Chicago Extends 9% Entertainment/Use Tax to Almost Everything You Do Online | Phil Dampier Stop the Cap! | Surfing the Broadband Bit Stream | Scoop.it

Starting Sept. 1, Chicago residents will be paying 9% more for everything from Netflix to income tax filing as city officials impose a recently reinterpreted entertainment/use tax on almost every online subscription content provider, even those peddling adult entertainment.

The Chicago Tribune reports the city’s Finance Department has vastly broadened the reach of Chicago’s amusement and personal property lease transaction taxes to apply the 9% tax to virtually any content that a customer borrows, leases, or subscribes to that is not purchased outright. Buying a CD on Amazon.com would not be subject to the tax but a Spotify subscription allowing you to listen to that same CD as long as your subscription is maintained will be taxed. Buying a digital copy of a movie will not be taxed, but watching it through a subscription service like Apple TV, Amazon, or Netflix will be.

Although some are dubbing it the “Netflix Tax,” it will also apply to cloud storage, paid television programming — including satellite, cable, telephone, and online-delivered content, financial and investment services, and almost anything else accessed online with a paid subscription. Even paying to host a website (or having someone manage it for you) will be subject to the tax.

The expanded tax is part of Mayor Rahm Emanuel’s strategy to deal with Chicago’s huge budget shortfall with fees, fines, and broadening taxes. The city predicts the expanded tax will capture up to $12 million a year from Chicago residents and businesses.

“In an environment in which technologies and emerging industries evolve quickly, the City periodically issues rulings that clarify the application of existing laws to these technologies and industries,” mayoral spokeswoman Elizabeth Langsdorf said in a statement issued Wednesday. “These two rulings are consistent with the City’s current tax laws and are not an expansion of the laws. These ensure that city taxation is uniformly and fairly applied and that businesses are given clear guidance on the applicability of the City’s tax laws to their operations, and they clarify that the amusement tax and personal property lease tax apply to digital services.”


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Are We Expecting too Much from WiFi? | Doug Dawson | POTs and PANs

Are We Expecting too Much from WiFi? | Doug Dawson | POTs and PANs | Surfing the Broadband Bit Stream | Scoop.it

I don’t think that a week goes by when I don’t see somebody proposing a new use for WiFi. This leads me to ask if we are starting to ask too much from WiFi, at least in urban areas.

Like all spectrum, WiFi is subject to interference. Most licensed spectrum has strict rules against interference and there are generally very specific rules about how to handle contention if somebody is interfering with a licensed spectrum-holder. But WiFi is the wild west of spectrum and it’s assumed there is going to be interference between users. There is no recourse to such interference – it’s fully expected that every user has an equal right to the spectrum and everybody has to live with the consequences.

I look at all of the different uses for WiFi and it’s not too hard to foresee problems developing in real world deployments. Consider some of the following:


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Why the government is about to approve the AT&T and DirecTV mega-deal – and the one thing that remains a big concern | Cecilia Kang | WashPost.com

Why the government is about to approve the AT&T and DirecTV mega-deal – and the one thing that remains a big concern | Cecilia Kang | WashPost.com | Surfing the Broadband Bit Stream | Scoop.it

A decision on AT&T's merger with DirecTV is expected any day now, and suddenly federal officials are being swarmed with visits and calls by the companies who are arguing over details of the conditions attached to any approval.

That's actually a good sign for the merger's chances. To understand why, it's useful to compare how regulators are approaching this deal to Comcast's failed attempt to buy Time Warner Cable, which was rejected in April.

Throughout the Justice Department and FCC's review of Comcast and Time Warner Cable, government officials were convinced that the deal would harm competition so the companies didn't even get a chance to talk about conditions in depth. Federal officials eventually made it clear that nothing could make them change their minds, according to regulators.

But public filings show that top AT&T and DirecTV executives have met with antitrust officials and commissioners at the Federal Communications Commission to answer a slew of last-minute, detailed questions in recent weeks -- a major sign that regulators are likely to approve the $45 billion merger that would create a mobile video powerhouse.


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