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Help Stop the California Legislature’s Attempt to Pull the Plug on Your Phone Service | The Greenlining Institute

Help Stop the California Legislature’s Attempt to Pull the Plug on Your Phone Service | The Greenlining Institute | Surfing the Broadband Bit Stream | Scoop.it

California has a longstanding goal of “Universal Service”—providing telephone service to every Californian. Now, that goal is in serious danger. First, some background:

 

Any program designed to achieve universal service must ensure the following:

 

--Availability.  People can’t use phone service unless it’s available, i.e. they can actually access the phone network.  This can sometimes be difficult.  For example, it can be expensive to extend phone lines out to remote communities, and can be technically tricky to provide clear wireless signals in areas with lots of tall buildings.   And phone service needs to be reliable: The network must stay up during natural disasters, call quality must be  sufficient, etc.

 

--Affordability.  In some instances, phone service may be available, but too expensive for people to afford.    Charges like installation fees, early termination fees and overage charges contribute heavily  to phone service being unavailable.

 

--Awareness.  Finally, the fact that there’s affordable phone service available means nothing if customers don’t know that the service exists.  For example, a low-income consumer may not realize that there are programs to provide low-cost phone service, and may just believe they can’t afford a phone.

 

For most Californians, getting and paying for phone service isn’t a problem.  However, about three million low-income Californians have trouble affording phone service at the rates set by carriers.  As a result, we’ve created a reasonably successful regulatory program—LifeLine—that ensures those Californians can get phone service. We require carriers to offer phone service to everyone in their service area in order to make sure that low-income consumers have access.  LifeLine subscribers pay a set rate for phone service every month (about $7), and carriers get a ratepayer-funded subsidy to make up the difference between what carriers charge and what the subscriber can afford.   Carriers are required to inform potential LifeLine subscribers about the program and help them enroll.

 

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Complaints About Comcast-Time Warner Cable Deal Now Being Accepted | Re/Code.net

Complaints About Comcast-Time Warner Cable Deal Now Being Accepted | Re/Code.net | Surfing the Broadband Bit Stream | Scoop.it

Don’t like the idea of Comcast, the nation’s largest cable and Internet provider, getting larger by purchasing Time Warner Cable? You can now officially let regulators know, after the Federal Communications Commission formally launched its review of the deal Thursday.


The agency is asking for comments about the proposed $45 billion transaction (including Comcast’s spin-off deal with Charter Communications). Initial comments are due August 25, with final comments due October 8.


The action Thursday is mostly administrative. The FCC has already received more than 10,000 comments about the deal since it was announced in February. The FCC notice Thursday also starts an informal 180-day shot-clock for completing its review, although that doesn’t really mean much because the agency routinely blows those deadlines.


In a statement, Comcast* reiterated its position that the acquisition is in the public’s interest, but suggested that it knows others may not agree.


“Our filings have shown that considerable consumer benefits occur because of this transaction and there’s no diminishment in competition,” Comcast spokeswoman Sena Fitzmaurice said in a statement. “Of course, we fully expect a robust debate, and that’s what the FCC process is for. But we believe that once all the facts are in the record, it will show the significant advantages that bringing these companies together will bring.”


Have some thoughts about the proposed deal? Comcast rival Dish offered a few earlier this week. You can tell the FCC here, under docket number 14-57.


* Comcast’s NBCUniversal unit is an investor in Revere Digital, Re/code’s parent company.

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Gmail users on iOS at risk of data interception | Jeremy Kirk | NetworkWorld.com

Gmail users on iOS at risk of data interception | Jeremy Kirk | NetworkWorld.com | Surfing the Broadband Bit Stream | Scoop.it

Apple users accessing Gmail on mobile devices could be at risk of having their data intercepted, a mobile security company said Thursday.


The reason is Google has not yet implemented a security technology that would prevent attackers from viewing and modifying encrypted communications exchanged with the Web giant, wrote Avi Bashan, chief information security officer for Lacoon Mobile Security, based in Israel and the U.S.


Websites use digital certificates to encrypt data traffic using the SSL/TLS (Secure Sockets Layer/Transport Layer Security) protocols. But in some instances, those certificates can be spoofed by attackers, allowing them to observe and decrypt the traffic.


That threat can be eliminated through certificate “pinning,” which involves hard coding the details for the legitimate digital certificate into an application.


Unlike for Android, Google doesn’t do this for iOS, which means an attacker could execute a man-in-the-middle attack and read encrypted communications, Bashan wrote. Google acknowledged the problem after being notified by Lacoon on Feb. 24, but the problem has not been fixed, he wrote.


Google officials did not have an immediate comment.


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US Senator Franken on AT&T/DirecTV: Stand-Alone Broadband a Must | Broadcasting & Cable

US Senator Franken on AT&T/DirecTV: Stand-Alone Broadband a Must | Broadcasting & Cable | Surfing the Broadband Bit Stream | Scoop.it

US Sen. Al Franken (D-Minn.) says he is concerned that a combined AT&T/DirecTV could become a mobile Internet "gatekeeper" and wants government vetters of the deal—the FCC and DOJ—to hold the companies to a "thoroughly articulated" commitment to offer stand-alone broadband.


He says that without that stand-alone commitment, AT&T could force customers into bundled service they may not want, raising prices while at the same time limiting choices.


That came in a letter to both agencies asking for careful scrutiny of the proposed merger.


Franken also wants the agencies to hold AT&T to its pledge to abide by both the spirit and the letter of the FCC's 2010 Open Internet rules and to "thoroughly consider" the deal's impact on network neutrality.


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Dish claims Comcast, TWC will use “choke points” to harm video competitors | Ars Technica

Dish claims Comcast, TWC will use “choke points” to harm video competitors | Ars Technica | Surfing the Broadband Bit Stream | Scoop.it

Satellite TV and Internet provider Dish has asked the Federal Communications Commission to block Comcast's proposed acquisition of Time Warner Cable (TWC), and it's not a fan of the AT&T/DirecTV merger either.


"The pending Comcast/Time Warner Cable merger presents serious competitive concerns for the broadband and video marketplaces and therefore should be denied. There do not appear to be any conditions that would remedy the harms that would result from the merger," Dish Deputy General Counsel Jeffrey Blum wrote in a filing with the FCC today.


Dish didn't ask the FCC to block AT&T's proposed purchase of satellite provider DirecTV, but the company said it "presents competitive concerns... Among other things, AT&T and DIRECTV will also be able to combine their market power to leverage programming content, to the potential detriment of consumers." AT&T hasn't responded to a request for comment, but it argued previously that it needs to buy DirecTV because its own TV service is unsuccessful, and it claims consumers will benefit from expanded broadband deployments.


As for Comcast/TWC, Dish argued that the combined company "will have at least three ‘choke points’ in the broadband pipe where it can harm competing video services: the last mile ‘public Internet’ channel to the consumer; the interconnection point; and any managed or specialized service channels, which can act as high speed lanes and squeeze the capacity of the public Internet portion of the pipe. Each choke point provides the ability for the combined company to foreclose the online video offerings of its competitors."


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Why do U.S. ISPs want to charge for peering? Peering makes the internet cheaper. Here's how | GigaOM Tech News

Why do U.S. ISPs want to charge for peering? Peering makes the internet cheaper. Here's how | GigaOM Tech News | Surfing the Broadband Bit Stream | Scoop.it

As more broadband networks connect directly to each other via peering agreements, the amount of money paid for internet transit could fall, according to a report from TeleGeography.


That’s good for users of the internet, but will cut into transit revenue at companies that range from Level 3 and Cogent to ISPs. Of course, TeleGeography isn’t sure if this will take place. From its report:


"As Internet service providers worldwide have gradually migrated from purchasing transit to establishing mostly free peering arrangements, the share of global Internet traffic connected via transit agreements declined from 47 percent in 2010 to 41 percent in 2014. As long as this relative decline of transit continues, TeleGeography forecasts that IP transit-related revenues will fall from $4.6 billion in 2013 to $4.1 billion in 2020. If the ratios of traffic routed via transit and peering were to stabilize at current levels, IP transit revenues would increase to $5.5 billion by 2020."


By cutting out the internet’s middlemen, peering agreements lower the cost of bandwidth and the cost of IP services. The TeleGeography report lays out the case for peering gaining ground over transit, and shows how it expects peering to grow. This is good for the internet as a whole, but this anticipated shift to peering over paying for transit has led to some behavior shifts that are causing harms for consumers. It also means trouble for existing transit providers, especially those without other lines of business.


Peering, the practice of two networks exchanging traffic directly either for free or for money, has been going on for decades. Historically, networks of a certain size would sign peering agreements because it would save them money. Instead of building out an internet pipeline to every endpoint, two networks meet in the middle and exchange traffic. In 2012, an OECD report found that peering has helped lower the overall cost of providing bandwidth and that most peering agreements are unpaid.


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DEA Gets Unchecked Access To Call Records; Taught To Lie About Where They Got Them | Techdirt.com

DEA Gets Unchecked Access To Call Records; Taught To Lie About Where They Got Them | Techdirt.com | Surfing the Broadband Bit Stream | Scoop.it

Shortly after the Snowden leaks began exposing the NSA's massive collection efforts, the New York Times uncovered the DEA's direct access to AT&T telecom switches (via non-government employee "analysts" working for AT&T), from which it and other law enforcement agencies were able to gather phone call and location data.

Unlike the NSA's bulk records programs (which are limited to holding five years worth of data), the Hemisphere database stretches back to 1987 and advertises instant access to "10 years of records." And unlike the NSA's program, there's not even the slightest bit of oversight. All law enforcement needs to run a search of the Hemisphere database is an administrative subpoena -- a piece of paper roughly equivalent to calling up Hemisphere analysts and asking them to run a few numbers. Administrative subpoenas are only subject to the oversight of the agency issuing them.

It's highly unlikely these administrative subpoenas are stored (where they could be accessed as public records) considering the constant emphasis placed on parallel construction in the documents obtained by Dustin Slaughter of MuckRock -- documents it took the DEA ten months to turn over.


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Wireless Commons Part 2: The Possibilities of an Open, Unlicensed Spectrum | community broadband networks

Wireless Commons Part 2: The Possibilities of an Open, Unlicensed Spectrum | community broadband networks | Surfing the Broadband Bit Stream | Scoop.it

In the first part of this series, we discussed how spectrum could be better managed to allow far greater communications capacity, but only if the FCC abandoned its traditional approach of auctioning spectrum to carriers for monopolistic use. In this part, we’ll discuss how devices could take advantage of a new approach to spectrum management and how it might help to circumvent gatekeepers, whether corporate or government.


With increased unlicensed use of the spectrum, an astonishing range of possibilities emerges. Mobile devices could communicate with each other directly, without reference to a central node controlled by a telecom company or monitored by a government. Access points could be strung together wirelessly to create decentralized ad hoc networks, with each device forwarding data from every other, creating a seamless network throughout an entire neighborhood or city. Commotion Wireless is already attempting this on a small scale with just the existing spectrum.


Such networks already exist in a few places, but access to more unlicensed spectrum and permission to use stronger signals would allow them to grow, potentially creating a more decentralized and democratic way to share information and access the internet; an end-run around data caps, future “fast lane” policies, and other drawbacks of relying on one or two telecom oligopolists as a network owner and gatekeeper.


Another exciting possibility for unlicensed spectrum use can be found in emerging Ultra-Wide Band technologies. These allow devices to use a large swath of spectrum at very low power to send information in bits and pieces over short distances, somewhat similar to bitTorrents, and could allow for nearly instantaneous exchange of gigabits of data. All of this is dependent, however, on access to spectrum with the right characteristics, such as low frequency TV bands that can penetrate physical obstacles like walls or trees especially well.


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Cable’s TV Everywhere Online Viewing Loaded Down by Endless Ads That Often Exceed Traditional TV | Stop the Cap!

Cable’s TV Everywhere Online Viewing Loaded Down by Endless Ads That Often Exceed Traditional TV | Stop the Cap! | Surfing the Broadband Bit Stream | Scoop.it

If that one hour show you just watched online seemed to take an hour and ten minutes to watch, you are not dreaming.


Some cable operators are loading up on forced advertising that interrupts the viewing experience and delivers a withering blast of ads in numbers that exceed what you would see on traditional television.


“We watched TNT’s “The Last Ship” last week,” said Rich Greenfield from BTIG Research. “The first 15 minutes were ad-free, that was awesome. The problem is the last 30 minutes of the show is interspersed with 20 minutes of ads, many of them the same ad, and sometimes the ad even plays continuously back to back to back.”


Greenfield believes cable companies like Comcast are trying to enforce the worst of television from five to ten years ago — an ever-increasing advertising load you can’t skip past that cuts into the time available for programs.


“I just think that is really hard to push on consumers,” Greenfield said, noting that many have left traditional linear television for Netflix, Amazon, and the increasingly popular time-shifting DVR, which lets viewers record shows and skip past advertising.


“If you look at online, not only is the ad load not skippable, we are even seeing ad loads that are heavier than on TV itself,” Greenfield added.


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Roku and Chromecast go head-to-head in streaming race, Apple TV falling behind | GigaOM Tech News

Roku and Chromecast go head-to-head in streaming race, Apple TV falling behind | GigaOM Tech News | Surfing the Broadband Bit Stream | Scoop.it

Roku and Chromecast were the two most successful streaming devices sold in the U.S. in 2013, according to new data from Parks Associates, which puts Apple TV on third place.


Google sold an estimated 3.8 million Chromecast streaming sticks after introducing the product in mid-2013, according to Parks, which also estimates that this about equals Roku’s sales throughout 2013. Apple is trailing, and sold just a bit more than two million devices in the U.S. last year, according to data shared by Parks.


However, the picture looks a little different beyond U.S. borders. Globally, Apple has sold more than 20 million Apple TVs since launching the device in 2007, whereas Roku’s total sales since its launch were 8 million by the end of 2013.


One reason for this discrepancy is that Roku thus far is only available in the U.S., Canada, the U.K. and Ireland, whereas Apple is selling its Apple TV in dozens of countries. Google is quickly expanding its international reach as well: After launching just in the U.S. in 2013, Chromecast is now available in 19 countries.


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Amazon allowed kids to spend millions on in-app purchases, FTC says | NetworkWorld.com

Amazon allowed kids to spend millions on in-app purchases, FTC says | NetworkWorld.com | Surfing the Broadband Bit Stream | Scoop.it

Amazon.com has billed parents for millions of dollars’ worth of unauthorized in-app purchases made by their children, the FTC said in a complaint filed Thursday in a U.S. court.


The FTC’s lawsuit, filed in U.S. District Court for the Western District of Washington, seeks a court order requiring Amazon.com to refund parents for unauthorized purchases made by their children. The FTC also wants the court to ban the company from billing parents and other account holders for in-app charges without their consent, the agency said in a press release.


Amazon.com keeps 30 percent of all in-app charges, the FTC said in its complaint.


Amazon didn’t immediately respond to a request for comment on the complaint.


The FTC’s lawsuit against Amazon.com echoes a complaint brought by the agency against Apple. In January, Apple agreed to pay at least US$32.5 million to customers in a settlement with the FTC over children’s in-app purchases.


This week, Politico reported that Apple has complained to the FTC that Google allows the same kinds of in-app purchases in its mobile app store.


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Rural Call Completion and the Problem of Network Neuropathy | Tales of the Sausage Factory | Wetmachine.com

I made a passing reference to the rural call completion problem in a post about 2 months ago. I’ve now written a much longer piece explaining the problem of rural call completion, and the nature of the problem, for the Daily Yonder. You can find the article, and the very nice illustrations they added, over here.


To give a very brief recap for why y’all should click through to learn the details of rural call completion — rural call completion is an unexpected side effect of the transition of the Public Switched Telephone Network (PSTN) to an all-IP based network.


Using IP-packets gives you greater flexibility to pick how you route calls. To avoid very expensive rural termination fees (which subsidize rural systems and keep them operating), Least Call Router systems can send calls through lots of hops, creating latency or even trapping the call in a perpetual loop.


As a result, calls to some rural systems don’t go through, or quality degrades to where rural areas may not be able to have reliable phone service or reliably reach 9-1-1. The FCC has issued a Notice of Proposed Rulemaking to address the problem, and every Commissioner has emphasized that making sure the phone netwok remains reliable is a core mission of the FCC.


My Public Knowledge colleagues and I have emphasized both network reliability and service to all Americans as part of our “Five Fundamentals Framework” to guide the transition of the PSTN to all-IP.


The rural call completion problem demonstrates precisely why we need a framework to guide us, rather than jumping right away into the “deregulation v. regulation” fight so many people want to have instead of focusing on the real issues.


It is also an example of a phenomenon I call “network neuropathy,” how problems in networks may first manifest themselves in failures of service around the extremities.


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IL: Summer storms test ComEd smart grid; how did it do? | Crain's ChicagoBiz

IL: Summer storms test ComEd smart grid; how did it do? | Crain's ChicagoBiz | Surfing the Broadband Bit Stream | Scoop.it

Last week's intense storms, featuring seven confirmed tornadoes, were Commonwealth Edison Co.'s first true test of the power-grid improvements it has made since winning the right from the state to hike rates annually to finance its $2.6 billion smart grid program.

So how did the utility do?


At first glance, not so great.


It took ComEd three full days to return the 21st century to the vast majority of the 440,000 customers whose power was knocked out. In the last storm that blacked out about the same number of customers, a June 21, 2011, affair that featured wind gusts exceeding 80 miles per hour, it took ComEd three days, too.


But a deeper look at the two events supports ComEd's contention that its storm response is improving after a series of storms and multiday mass outages in 2011 tested customers' and local politicians' patience.


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MN: Border to Border Infrastructure Grant Program: Webinar Notes from July 10, 2014 | Blandin on Broadband

MN: Border to Border Infrastructure Grant Program: Webinar Notes from July 10, 2014 | Blandin on Broadband | Surfing the Broadband Bit Stream | Scoop.it

Thanks to Danna MacKenzie, the Executive Director of the MN Office of Broadband Development, for presenting and for so many good questions from attendees on the Border to Border Infrastructure Grant Program. The big theme – get ready, this is a great opportunity.


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Tech Companies Launch New Coalition To Keep Operating Company Patents From Ending Up Abused By Trolls | Techdirt.com

Tech Companies Launch New Coalition To Keep Operating Company Patents From Ending Up Abused By Trolls | Techdirt.com | Surfing the Broadband Bit Stream | Scoop.it

Tech companies, even those that dislike the patent system (which is many of them), still feel pressured into getting lots of patents, often for defensive purposes, to avoid lawsuits. However, as we've discussed in the past, even patents that are initially obtained for defensive purposes are a nuclear weapon problem in waiting.


Companies fail all the time, and their patents suddenly get sold off to the highest bidder -- and quite frequently these days, those are trolls. Some companies have tried to come up with unique and innovative ways to stop this potential trolling problem. For example, a few years ago, Twitter came up with the Innovator's Patent Agreement (IPA) which basically lets the engineers named on a patent issue a free license to whomever they want for the life of the patent. This is sort of an anti-troll talisman, because that engineer can simply go and give a free license to anyone a troll threatens.

While other companies haven't jumped on the IPA bandwagon, it appears a bunch of tech companies are trying something different. Google, Newegg, Dropbox, SAP, Asana and Canon have teamed up to launch the "License on Transfer Network," which is a royalty-free patent cross-licensing program, for any patent that is transferred outside of the group.


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Amazon seeks US exemption to test delivery drones | NetworkWorld.com

Amazon seeks US exemption to test delivery drones | NetworkWorld.com | Surfing the Broadband Bit Stream | Scoop.it

Amazon.com has asked the U.S. Federal Aviation Administration permission to test drones outdoors for use in its Prime Air package delivery service.


In the run up to launching the service, which aims to deliver packages in 30 minutes or less, the online retailer is developing aerial vehicles that travel over 50 miles (80 kilometers) per hour, and will carry 5pound (2.3 kilogram) payloads, which account for 86 percent of the products sold on Amazon.


U.S. regulations currently allow non-commercial, hobbyist uses of model aircraft under certain conditions, but the FAA has been exploring giving exemptions to seven aerial photo and video production companies for filming movies, ahead of finalizing rules for the integration of commercial unmanned aircraft systems (UAS) into the national airspace.


Amazon has been currently experimenting with Prime Air inside its research and development lab in Seattle, the company said in its exemption application to the FAA. As it is a commercial enterprise, it has been limited to conducting test flights indoors or in other countries, it said. The company said it would prefer to keep the focus, jobs and investment for the program in the U.S.


The retailer said that granting its request for exemption would do no more than allow Amazon to do what thousands of hobbyists and manufacturers of model aircraft already do every day. It said it will abide by much stronger safety measures than currently required for these groups by FAA policies and regulations.


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PA: New archive tracks political ads, money on Philly TV | Philly.com

PA: New archive tracks political ads, money on Philly TV | Philly.com | Surfing the Broadband Bit Stream | Scoop.it

What if you could track every political ad and news segment on TV in the Philadelphia market, see what it said, and, in the case of ads, find out who paid for it?


That would tell you much about the information/disinformation flow, the quality of reporting and analysis, the money and the moneybags. It might illuminate, in new detail, the playing field for November, and beyond.


Two recent developments have brought that day much nearer.


First, as of July 1, under a 2012 FCC decision, all TV stations must now make their political ad information public, digitally.


Second, the Internet Archive - the San Francisco nonprofit creating a digital history library - has started a program titled Philadelphia Media Landscape ( bit.ly/1zn427h) in the Philadelphia market, and it's very cool.


The archive is recording all of the TV news shows and political ads in our area. Ultimately (the website is empty right now), you will be able to search and rewatch them online, as soon as 24 hours after broadcast. The first focus is on election season 2014, but in this 24/7/365 political world, the project will keep going toward 2016. The archive is also collecting Philadelphia-related Web info, from such places as party and campaign sites and news blogs. First fruits will show up in August, the project managers hope.


To be sure, political ads are now microtargeted online, on cable news, even down to the text message. But a God's-eye view of the broadcast landscape would be invaluable.


Why Philadelphia? Roger McDonald, the Internet Archive's director for television, says, "It's the fourth-largest TV market in the country. And the market area, which includes southern New Jersey, is a truly diverse community, with varieties of local issues and players seeking a voice."


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PA: Project aims to boost transparency in Philadelphia region's elections | Philly.com

While most of us enjoyed fireworks, baseball and barbecues over the Fourth of July weekend, a dozen or so enterprising volunteers in the city where the Declaration of Independence was signed may have signed on to their computers to keep the flame of liberty alive.


Recruited and organized by Philadelphia's most venerable good-government group, the Internet Archive and the Sunlight Foundation, the volunteers aim to record and analyze the media landscape in one key political market in the months leading up to Election Day.


The plan: to create a repository of all the political communications we can scoop up in the Philadelphia area and match them, to the best of our ability, with data on who is buying the ads and what we know about the political donors. Philadelphia voters will be bombarded with ads in a number of competitive races this fall. Besides the contest for Pennsylvania governor, there will be competitive races for three area House seats, in Pennsylvania's 6th and 8th Congressional Districts and in the 3rd Congressional District of New Jersey.


The Internet Archive and Sunlight will provide the technology and the data; volunteers will help us get it into shape for analysis and interpretation.


In an environment when too many Americans think there is nothing they can do to keep big money from overrunning their democracy, this collaboration offers a chance to help find out who the big political players are, what they're spending, what messages they're offering, and who's behind them. It lets citizens follow the money instead of being swamped by the ads that money buys.


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Dawn of the Web: an oral history | The Boston Globe

Dawn of the Web: an oral history | The Boston Globe | Surfing the Broadband Bit Stream | Scoop.it

In many ways, the world we inhabit today isn’t so dramatically different from the one that existed in 1994. The roads were full of Americans SUVs and Japanese sedans; Congress was mired in partisan dysfunction. Americans vaguely roused their enthusiasm for soccer as their team surpassed expectations in the World Cup. At night you flicked on cable, with hundreds of channels.


And then there was the way you used a computer.


If you had a computer, and many people did, it sat on your desk and ran programs on floppy disks. It connected to the printer and—if you were very tech savvy—to a dial-up service like America Online or Compuserve.


But that year the public began to pick up on rumblings of something new: a piece of technology called the World Wide Web that allowed you to connect to an “Internet” through your phone line. On the “Today” show, Katie Couric described it with skepticism in her voice as a computer thing “that’s becoming really big now.” Vice President Al Gore, in a speech, compared it to an “information superhighway.”


The Web had existed for a couple of years as a kind of insiders’ tech experiment, and the Internet had been around longer. But it was 1994 when the world pivoted, and fast. The number of websites grew from 623 at the beginning of the year, according to one study, to more than 10,000 at the end. E-mail quickly spread from universities to offices and homes.


To illustrate just how far we’ve come since those days, NPR recently published a memo dated April 28, 1994, that was sent to all staff in order to announce, “Internet is coming to NPR!” “If you want to find out what the Internet is, how and when NPR is going to use it, join us for a presentation and discussion [tomorrow] at noon in the Board Room.”


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Aereo: Oh Wait, We’re a Cable System After All | Re/Code.net

Aereo: Oh Wait, We’re a Cable System After All | Re/Code.net | Surfing the Broadband Bit Stream | Scoop.it

Video startup Aereo spent years arguing it shouldn’t have to pay local TV broadcasters for the right to stream their channels online like cable operators. One failed Supreme Court challenge later, Aereo has had a change of heart.


The video streaming company told a U.S. district court in New York Wednesday it now thinks it’s entitled to be licensed as a cable system because of the Supreme Court’s decision. That would allow the company to stay alive although it would have to pay licensing fees in addition to costs to restart its stalled business.


Aereo allowed consumers to watch local TV channels over the Internet for a monthly fee of up to $12 until shutting down its service a few weeks ago after the Supreme Court sided with broadcasters and said the company was violating federal copyright laws.


“Aereo has been careful to follow the law and the Supreme Court has announced a new and different rule governing Aereo’s operations last week,” the company wrote in a court filing Wednesday. When the Supreme Court called Aereo a cable system that was significant, the company now argues, because it means it’s entitled to be licensed as such under copyright laws.


Four years ago, a lower court rejected a similar argument from a video streaming startup, Ivi, which wanted to be considered a cable system under the Copyright Act. Aereo argued Wednesday that the Supreme Court’s decision overruled that lower court decision and means it should be allowed to restart its operations as a cable company.


Several industry observers, including BTIG Research’s Richard Greenfield, made a similar point a few weeks ago, suggesting that the high court had possibly opened the door for this sort of argument from online video streaming companies.


But Aereo’s new strategy represents a bit of a leap for a company built around the idea of not paying fees to broadcasters.


“I don’t want to be in the business of buying wholesale content and retailing it to consumers. That doesn’t make sense in the long-term,” Aereo CEO Chet Kanojia, told Re/Code’s Peter Kafka in those heady pre-Supreme Court decision days.


This is the second attempt by Aereo (which famously said it didn’t have a Plan B if it lost at the high court) to find some way to salvage its business.


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The Terrorists Win: Isis Mobile Payment Brand Flees From Its Own Name, Nobody Notices | Stop the Cap!

The Terrorists Win: Isis Mobile Payment Brand Flees From Its Own Name, Nobody Notices | Stop the Cap! | Surfing the Broadband Bit Stream | Scoop.it

“O My Queen,” said the royal sorcerer to Hatshepsut, “with this amulet, you and your descendants are endowed by the goddess Isis with the powers of the animals and the elements. You will soar as the falcon soars, run with the speed of gazelles, and command the elements of sky and earth.”


Three thousand years later, a young science teacher dug up this lost treasure and found she was heir to The Secrets of Isis. Andrea Thomas, teacher, and Isis, dedicated foe of evil, defender of the weak, champion of Truth and Justice.


Three thousand and one years later, AT&T Mobility, T-Mobile USA, and Verizon Wireless used their respective bank accounts to endow themselves with a mobile payment system called Isis they hoped would soar profits, run up your bill, and command the electronic payment universe. They called it Isis.


Three thousand and two years later a group of strict Wahhabist Muslims operating a terror group called the “Islamic State of Iraq and al-Sham” would establish a new caliphate covering sections of Syria and Iraq.

Seconds after they declared the new (generally unrecognized) state, the group set off terrorizing the local infidels and apostates in their midst, a/k/a Shia Muslims and Christians. Although the name of their newly declared independent nation, “Islamic State” is about as catchy as generic paper plates, the group’s abbreviated name was enough to provoke some serious Excedrin headaches.


They call it: ISIS.


Checkmate AT&T, T-Mobile and Verizon.


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Google’s Chromecast now lets you send anything on your Android screen to your TV | WashPost.com

Google’s Chromecast now lets you send anything on your Android screen to your TV | WashPost.com | Surfing the Broadband Bit Stream | Scoop.it

Google's Chromecast now makes it easy for Android users to send whatever is displayed on their tablets and smartphones straight to their televisions.


Originally, the Chromecast — a small device that plugs into the HDMI port of your television — only let users push content from select apps, such as Netflix, Hulu or YouTube, to the big screen. The company said Wednesday that it's started rolling out a new  feature to select Android devices that lets users show off their screens regardless of what app they're running.


Google first announced that it would include the feature at its developers conference last month. According to a company statement, the new feature is rolling out first to Google's own Nexus-branded products, as well as some of the most popular Samsung, HTC and LG phones and tablets. The company says that support for additional devices is "coming soon." And, no, the feature isn't currently supported on the iPhone or iPad.


Apple fans can already do basically the same thing with Apple TV's AirPlay function. But this little feature makes the Chromecast much more useful to average consumers. Google has done well selling the Chromecast even with its previously limited capabilities. Now they can argue that the device is useful whether you want to share pictures with your family or a spreadsheet with your boss.


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New York City Payphone WiFi Project Presents Opportunities and Challenges | TechPresident.com

New York City Payphone WiFi Project Presents Opportunities and Challenges | TechPresident.com | Surfing the Broadband Bit Stream | Scoop.it

At his Internet Week keynote speech in May, Mayor Bill de Blasio stressed the need " to shake up the status quo when it comes to broadband" with the goal of bridging the digital divide and improving access to high-speed. Part of that, he pointed out, would involve "introducing more competition into the process" and reexamining the city's franchise agreements with Verizon Fios and Time Warner Cable.


He also highlighted another city project aimed at addressing the challenge, which first emerged under the Bloomberg administration: revamping the existing payphone network, and turning the payphones into innovative terminals with WiFi access.


While some technologists who have experience in the space share the concerns of some New York City Council members and current payphone franchisees that the city's decision to award the project to only one franchisee or one joint venture could hurt the project, the city and one of the companies preparing a response to the Request for Proposals see the approach as the best way to ensure a standard experience, competition and innovation. From both perspectives, the project illustrates how the vision for more accessible WiFi in New York is tied to the potential for innovation within the established procurement system.


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US Senate Judiciary committee approves mobile phone unlocking bill | NetworkWorld.com

US Senate Judiciary committee approves mobile phone unlocking bill | NetworkWorld.com | Surfing the Broadband Bit Stream | Scoop.it

The U.S. Senate Judiciary Committee has voted to approve legislation that would allow mobile phone owners to unlock their devices for the purposes of switching carriers.


The committee, with a unanimous voice vote Thursday, approved an amended version of the Unlocking Consumer Choice and Wireless Competition Act and sent the bill to the full Senate.


Consumer groups and other advocates have called on Congress to pass a mobile phone unlocking bill after a Library of Congress action in January 2013 removed legal protections for mobile phone unlocking. The library had previously allowed phone unlocking as an exception to the security circumvention provisions in the Digital Millennium Copyright Act (DMCA).


“Consumers should be able to use their existing cell phones when they move their service to a new wireless provider,” committee Chairman Patrick Leahy, a Vermont Democrat, said in a statement. “I hope the full Senate can soon take up this important legislation that supports consumer rights.”


The House of Representatives passed a similar bill in February, although some advocates had withdrawn their support for that bill because of changes that they say weakened it.


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NTCA Finds Fast Rural School Broadband | Telecompetitor.com

NTCA Finds Fast Rural School Broadband | Telecompetitor.com | Surfing the Broadband Bit Stream | Scoop.it

It appears that the rural-rural broadband gap applies to schools as well as the broader Internet marketplace.


That seems the best explanation for two substantially different measurements of average school bandwidthin surveys conducted by NTCA- The Rural Broadband Association and EducationSuperHighway, an advocacy organization focused on bringing better broadband to the nation’s schools.


The NTCA yesterday released the results from a survey of its rural telecom service provider members which found that schools served by those companies, on average, purchase broadband connections delivering 65 Mbps downstream and 13 Mbps upstream. But EducationSuperHighway, which surveyed schools nationwide, found a median bandwidth of 33 Mbps.


These results might seem surprising, considering that broadband is generally available more broadly and at higher speeds in metro areas than in rural areas because it is less costly to deploy broadband in metro areas. That phenomenon is known as the rural-urban gap.


But FCC researchers also have noted a rural-rural gap: Rural areas served by small independent telcos generally have better broadband availability and higher speeds than rural areas where the incumbent local carrier is one of the nation’s larger carriers such as AT&T or Verizon.


“The results of this survey are a clear indication that NTCA members and other small, rural providers understand the importance of these anchor institutions having high-quality broadband service,” said NTCA economist Rick Schadelbauer in a press release about the NTCA survey.


A variety of factors contribute to the rural-rural gap.


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Discovery Lobbies on Comcast/TWC Deal | Broadcasting & Cable

Discovery Lobbies on Comcast/TWC Deal | Broadcasting & Cable | Surfing the Broadband Bit Stream | Scoop.it

Discovery Channel has enlisted a pair of Hill vets now with Glover Park Group to lobby on the Comcast/Time Warner Cable merger, according to a copy of a lobbying disclosure form obtained by B&C/MultiChannel News.


On the case are Susan Brophy, former chief of staff to retired Senator Byron Dorgan (D-N.D.) and Gregg Rothschild, former key staffer to former Senator John Kerry (D-Mass.).


A Discovery spokesperson confirmed the two were lobbying on the deal, would not comment further.


Discovery has not officially weighed in on, or against, the deal, but it has concerns about merging media in general.


“Consolidation raises some real issues here in the U.S. and everywhere in the world," CEO David Zaslav said at the Sanford Bernstein investor conference in May. "We are taking a look at the Comcast deal. We are studying it. It looks like the timing is going to be longer than everybody thought based on the AT&T-DirecTV piece, based on the fact that the FCC hasn't even begun to take comments yet. What was thought to be an end of year is probably a first or second quarter of next year. So we have some time to take a look at what this means for us and make a determination.”

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