#Facebook to build #Arctic #serverfarm in Sweden NOT #NWT #Yukon #Nunavut @NWTel ?#CdnPoli -
[excerpts] Facebook is to build a new server farm on the edge of the Arctic Circle — its first outside the United States — to improve performance for European users, officials of the social networking site said Thursday.It will also expose them to potential eavesdropping from a Swedish intelligence agency, according to Sweden's Pirate Party, a group opposing government interference with the internet.
Facebook confirmed Thursday it had reviewed potential locations across Europe and decided on the northern Swedish city of Lulea for the data center partly because of the cold climate — crucial for keeping the servers cool — and access to renewable energy from nearby hydropower facilities.
The move reflects the growing international presence of the California-based site, which counts 800 million users worldwide.
Construction could cost $760 million
Facebook didn't give the price of its investment, but Lulea officials have previously projected construction costs of up to $760 million. The Swedish government said it was ready to pitch in with $16 million. [...]
With winter temperatures well below freezing and summertime highs that rarely climb above 25 C, Lulea has used its frigid climate as a selling point in its efforts to establish itself as a hub for server farms. Other Nordic cities have adopted similar strategies.
In 2009 Google purchased a paper mill in Hamina, southern Finland, and turned it into a data center, using seawater from the Baltic Sea for its cooling system.
Servers inside data centers are the backbone of internet services such as Facebook. The servers store and transmit billions of status updates, links, photos and all the outside apps used by Facebook's members.
"... Cover crops play an important role in maintaining soil quality and productivity. Usually we think of cover crops in terms of reducing soil erosion and adding organic matter to the soil – but they can do much more e.g. Reduce Nutrient Losse, Improve Soil Fertility, Reduce Pest Populations, Reduce Compaction and Improve Soil Structure, Water Management and Emergency Forage. ..."
This translucent cabin by architects Kengo Kuma and Associates is an experimental house in Hokkaidō, Japan, designed to test the limits of architecture in cold climates.
Inspiration came from the traditional architecture of the indigenous Ainu, whose "Chise" style buildings clad with sedge or bamboo grass hold in the warmth of a central fireplace that is never allowed to burn out.
"The fundamental idea of Chise, 'house of the earth,' is to keep warming up the ground this way and retrieve the radiation heat generated from it," say the architects. The Experimental House was constructed around a coated larch frame and it has a thick layer of polyester insulation sandwiched between the polycarbonate cladding of the exterior and the glass-fibre fabric of the interior. This insulation was made using recycled plastic bottles and it allows light to pass into the house through the walls.
As the first experimental house completed for the Meme Meadows research facility, the building will be used by the environmental technology institute to test how different factors affect the thermal qualities of its construction.
Alaska Dispatch Fuzzy math of Alaska subsistence: Too many people, not enough fish, game Alaska Dispatch Alaska's long, difficult, subsistence struggle was back before the Alaska Boards of Fish and Game last week with the many competing interests...
Alaskan EcoEscape Permaculture's insight:
When in times of shortage----rural folks get preference. I guess city folks need to start raising rabbits???
"....The key ‘features’ you will want to look for when choosing a cover crop mix will somewhat depend on the type of soil you have, and, of course, its level of fertility. For example, if you have a heavy (high in clay content) soil, there is a high risk of compaction, which can create a waterlogged and anaerobic state that will stunt your plants and make them susceptible to disease. Whether you break up the soil withdouble-digging or not, such soils would benefit from a cover crop with strong and deep root systems that can try to penetrate any hard pans below the soil surface...."
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