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structuralisms
Conferences, new publications, interesting audio and video features related to all things structuralist
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Colloque Derrida, la tradition de la philosophie

Organisé par les Archives Husserl, le Département de Philosophie de l’ENS et le Centre International d’Etude de la Philosophie Française Contemporaine.


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CFP: Roman Jakobson: linguistics, epistemology, philosophy

CFP: Roman Jakobson: linguistics, epistemology, philosophy | structuralisms | Scoop.it

From his early essays, Jakobson presents a great variety of interests and perspectives of thought reached starting from strong but different roots: Saussure’s teaching, Husserl’s works (especially the Logische Untersuchungen), and the semiotics of Peirce.

We would like to read again and discuss the thought of Jakobson starting from these influences and the places in which he taught with genius and audacious spirit of innovation, “the spirit of a theoretician, as well as technician, and with an interdisciplinary interest which lead to fruitful results” (L. Heilman, preface to the Italian edition of Saggi di linguistica generale, Milano, Feltrinelli, 1963, pp. XIV-XV).

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Submission date 15 february. The CFP is available in Italian, French and English on the website.

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Chomsky in retrospect (Part 1) - Pieter Seuren

Chomsky in retrospect (Part 1) - Pieter Seuren | structuralisms | Scoop.it
Now that Avram Noam Chomsky (b. 1928) is approaching his 85th birthday, it is perhaps fitting to look back at his unique career as a theoretical linguist and as a political writer and activist. The...
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From a former Chomsky student and prominent linguist. Don't miss the comments section! Obviously, we are nowhere near a cool-headed assessment of Chomsky's legacy, even with regard to his early work.

 

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Bengt Jangfeldt: Roman Jakobson - Sweden 1940-42

Bengt Jangfeldt: Roman Jakobson - Sweden 1940-42 | structuralisms | Scoop.it

It is well known that during the wanderings provoked by the German occupation of Czechoslovakia in 1938, Roman Jakobson spent two years in Scandinavia, first in Denmark, then in Norway and Sweden.He lectured wrote articles and took active part in the academic life of these countries. it was a very intense period in the scholar's life, the intensity no doubt being enhanced b a political development that could at any moment take a turn which for a Jewish intellectual especially could prove fatal.

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From Inductivism to Structuralism: the 'method of residues' goes to the field

From Inductivism to Structuralism: the 'method of residues' goes to the field | structuralisms | Scoop.it

Michael Silverstein University of Chicago.

It should be clear to anyone who surveys the historical record that the “discovery” of the phoneme – that is, the codification of phonological theory [...]

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From James McElvenny's great blog, "History and Philosophy of the Language Sciences"

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La France dans dix ans - "Entrer dans la troisième époque du Web", Bernard Stiegler

La France dans dix ans - "Entrer dans la troisième époque du Web", Bernard Stiegler | structuralisms | Scoop.it
INTERVIEW - Le philosophe Bernard Stiegler analyse pour le JDD le plan du gouvernement pour le numérique de demain.

 

"Il ne s'agit pas d'imiter Google et les autres géants, mais d'entrer dans la troisième époque du Web, après celle de la navigation hypertexte dans les années 1990 puis celle des médias sociaux dans les années 2000. Le modèle googlien a ses limites : l'automatisation de la correction orthographique génère une dysorthographie, au risque de rendre les requêtes des internautes incompréhensibles par le moteur de recherche. Or le numérique entre aujourd'hui dans une troisième phase : celle des "technologies de l'annotation". Des "communautés d'annotateurs" apparaissent, qui réintroduisent des éléments d'interprétation humains débattus et partagés, pour affiner considérablement les résultats fournis par les algorithmes et les automatismes. Or cela constitue également la base de l'histoire des savoirs. L'Europe, qui fut à l'origine de tout cela en constituant justement cette République des lettres, doit jouer cette carte à fond. Mais cela passe par une politique universitaire ambitieuse, coordonnée avec une politique industrielle et éducative. La France devrait engager chaque année 500 thésards pour travailler sur l'impact du numérique dans leur discipline. L'audiovisuel public pourrait être missionné pour faciliter la publication de leurs travaux, avec le milieu éditorial et la presse : cela constituerait un chantier pour sauver ce secteur terriblement menacé aujourd'hui. "


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New translation of Gustav Shpet - Consciousness and Its Owner

New translation of Gustav Shpet - Consciousness and Its Owner | structuralisms | Scoop.it
We are very pleased to post Thomas Nemeth’s translation of Gustav Shpet’s Consciousness and Its Owner (1916), which you will find in our Reading Room.  Dr. Nemeth’s translation, the first English t...
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From our colleagues at the American Society for Early Phenomenology. Thomas Nemeth, the translator, is also the author of Shpet's entry in the Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy (http://www.iep.utm.edu/shpet/) and the translator of "Appearance and Sense" into English.

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Reinventing Structuralism - Rodney Sangster

Reinventing Structuralism - Rodney Sangster | structuralisms | Scoop.it

This monograph argues that the structuralist movement in linguistics was curtailed prematurely, before its contribution to cognitive science could be fully realized.  Building upon Roman Jakobson's pioneering work on the nature of the linguistic sign, a new and detailed appreciation of the role of sign relations in the ultimate structuring of consciousness is presented, proving that the structural approach has as much to contribute today as any current cognitive theory.  This study takes the view that the structure which linguistic signs themselves evince should be treated as an organic property of mind in its own right, as the device by which the ultimate differences in meaning in the human cognitive sphere are realized.  Adherence to this principle assumes not only that the linguistic sign must be fundamentally monosemic, but also that the level of abstraction at which the relations between signs function must lie beyond the logical or rational level where polysemy is the rule. 

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The author of "Roman Jakobson and Beyond" (1982) comes back to the problems of structuralism with an interesting thesis. The book costs a whopping 100 euros, so obviously, I am waiting for the university library to buy it.

 

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Taine, Saussure and Aarsleff

Taine, Saussure and Aarsleff | structuralisms | Scoop.it
This posting is about a minor but mysterious problem in the history of modern linguistics. The problem is this. Ferdinand de Saussure (1857–1913) is usually taken to be the 'father' of European str...
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An entertaining, if slightly polemical read on the question of Taine's influence on Saussure. As Keith Allan comments at the end of the article,it takes up the wider and vexed issu of Saussure's sources in late 19th century linguistics and philosophy.

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Towards a Poetics of the Phatic (Part 1)

Towards a Poetics of the Phatic (Part 1) | structuralisms | Scoop.it

Although poetry has been exploring the resources of the phatic now for decades, there has been relatively little coherent and expansive development of a critical tradition informed by its principles. Most criticism of contemporary poetry (even experimental poetry) still works squarely within the parameters of the mimetic, pragmatic, objective, and even expressive orientations identified by Abrams (or at the metalingual and paracritical level of bibliographical and definitional scholarship).

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Part One of an interesting little blog entry by Silem Mohammad about approaches to poetics based on Jakobson's famous functional model.

 

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Gildas Salmon : Les structures de l'esprit. Lévi-Strauss et les mythes

Gildas Salmon : Les structures de l'esprit. Lévi-Strauss et les mythes | structuralisms | Scoop.it

Presses universitaires de France, coll. "Pratiques théoriques - Mars 2013

 

Avec le concept de structure, Lévi-Strauss invente une nouvelle manière de pratiquer la comparaison : au lieu de répertorier les ressemblances entre les cultures, il s’appuie sur leurs différences. Ce geste est indissociable d’une thèse sur la production des phénomènes culturels : chaque société forge ses mythes, ses rites et ses institutions en traduisant et en déformant ceux de ses voisines. Comparer n’est donc pas seulement une manière de classer la diversité des mœurs et des coutumes, mais aussi un moyen de saisir le fonctionnement de l’esprit humain aux points de contact entre les cultures, de comprendre les procédés par lesquels elles construisent leurs différences.
Même si la méthode structurale s’applique à un grand nombre de faits sociaux, c’est dans l’étude des mythes que Lévi-Strauss la développe pleinement. Renversant les principes de la philologie, il fait des déformations subies par les mythes un phénomène signifiant qui éclaire les opérations de la pensée symbolique. Pour décrire ce redéploiement du savoir anthropologique, ce livre s’efforce de situer l’anthropologie structurale dans une histoire du comparatisme qui fait intervenir à la fois l’ethnologie, la mythologie, la linguistique, et la psychanalyse.

 

 


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Apostrophes: Georges Dumézil

18/07/1986

Via René Z.
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A fantastic "biographic" interview of the great Georges Dumézil (1898-1986) by the charmingly obsequious Bernard Pivot. Interesting to note that Dumézil seems to think he stumbled upon the structuralist method in 1938 (the year Trubeckoj's Grundzüge der Phonologie was published), acknowledging only Lévi-Strauss as an influence.

Dumézil's wikipedia entry: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Georges_Dum%C3%A9zil

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John E. Joseph - Saussure

John E. Joseph - Saussure | structuralisms | Scoop.it
First comprehensive biography of Ferdinand de SaussureExplores how Saussure developed his ideasOpens paths through a fascinating period in European history
sdvig press's insight:

John Joseph's massive (800 pages) but eminently readable biography is already a year old, but some of you may have missed it. It heralds, along with Boris Gasparov's recent "Beyond Pure Reason" (see below) a new, more historically detailled approach to Saussure, which we warmly welcome. Here's also a short list of reviews:

by Colin McCabe

http://www.newstatesman.com/culture/culture/2012/09/finest-flower-comparative-philology

by John Goldsmith

http://hum.uchicago.edu/jagoldsm/Papers/saussure.pdf

by Patrick Wilcken

http://www.exacteditions.com/read/literary-review/march-2012-30637/11/3?dps=

 

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Hendrik Pos and the epistemological foundations of structuralism - Patrick Flack

Hendrik Pos and the epistemological foundations of structuralism - Patrick Flack | structuralisms | Scoop.it

The name of Dutch linguist and philosopher Hendrik Josephus Pos (1898-1955) is not one that rings many bells today, except perhaps in the Netherlands and the (growing) circles of Merleau-Ponty specialists. But to the keen student of the history of the language sciences who does accidentally bump into him and decides to lend his work some attention, Pos will reveal himself as a fascinating source that offers an intriguing new perspective on the development of linguistics in the first half of the 20th century.

sdvig press's insight:

Some more self-promotion, but completely relevant! If you haven't discovered James McElvenny's fantastic blog on the History and Philosophy of the Language Sciences, now is the time.

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Emile Benveniste et les langues amérindiennes.

Emile Benveniste et les langues amérindiennes. | structuralisms | Scoop.it
Chloé Laplantine Laboratoire d’Histoire des Théories Linguistiques CNRS-Université Paris Diderot Frances Densmore et le chef Blackfoot, Mountain Chief, pendant une session d’enregistrement au Bureau of American Ethnology Les langues amérindiennes...
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François-Ronan Dubois: La brève histoire de la théorie littéraire

[...] à bien y regarder, à observer les choses avec une calme et britannique pondération, on se rend compte que la théorie littéraire, à son propos, d’elle-même n’est pas tout à fait amnésique. Par exemple, lorsqu’elle s’appelle « poétique », c’est évident, elle fait référence à la Poétique, et quand elle parle discours et récit, elle fait référence à la République, et quand elle parle vraisemblance et motivation, elle fait référence au siècle classique. Elle a ses ancêtres, la théorie littéraire : il faudrait voir à ne pas la prendre pour une parvenue.

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Intéressant billet qui tente une petite recontextualisation historique de la théorie littéraire. Il n'y manque qu'une recontextualisation trans-nationale: la perspective de l'auteur est malheureusement exclusivement française.

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Penser l’histoire des savoirs linguistiques. Hommage à Sylvain Auroux

Penser l’histoire des savoirs linguistiques. Hommage à Sylvain Auroux | structuralisms | Scoop.it

L’ouvrage dresse l’état des lieux d’un domaine de recherches, celui de l’histoire et l’épistémologie de la linguistique, qui s’est fortement développé depuis une trentaine d’années. Une cinquantaine d’articles variés, dédiés à des langues et/ou des périodes diverses, sont ici réunis dans un hommage à Sylvain Auroux, philosophe et historien des sciences du langage, qui a construit l’armature tout à la fois intellectuelle, méthodologique et institutionnelle de ce champ. Au-delà des informations précises ici rassemblées, le lecteur trouvera également l’occasion de réfléchir à la place de la linguistique dans les sciences humaines, et dans les sciences en général.

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Un beau who's who de l'histoire de la linguistique

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E. Baring, The Young Derrida and French Philosophy, 1945–1968

E. Baring, The Young Derrida and French Philosophy, 1945–1968 | structuralisms | Scoop.it
The Young Derrida and French Philosophy, 1945–1968Edward BaringCambridge U.P.
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Le formalisme en Russie: Entretien avec Catherine Depretto

Spécialiste de la théorie littéraire et de l’histoire culturelle du xxe siècle en terrain russe, Catherine Depretto enseigne à l’université Paris-Sorbonne. Elle a traduit et annoté les textes historico-théoriques majeurs de Tynjanov, Formalisme et histoire littéraire (1991) et édité L’héritage de Bakhtine (1997). Elle a dirigé plusieurs numéros thématiques de la Revue des études slaves, dont B. M. Èjxenbaum (1985), La littérature soviétique aujourd’hui (2001) et L’écriture de l’intime (2008).

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sdvig press's curator insight, June 27, 2013 3:43 PM

A 2010 interview of Catherine Depretto by Luba Jurgenson that sheds a somewhat more personal light on Prof. Depretto's scientific trajectory and her approach to the study of Russian formalism.

 

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Zellig Harris: From American Linguistics to Socialist Zionism

Zellig Harris: From American Linguistics to Socialist Zionism | structuralisms | Scoop.it

In 1995, Robert Barsky met with Noam Chomsky to discuss his work-in-progress, Noam Chomsky: A Life ofDissent (MIT Press, 1997). Chomsky told Barsky that he should focus his attention instead on midcentury linguist and activist Zellig Harris,who was, Chomsky modestly insisted, more interesting than Chomsky himself.Intrigued, Barsky began to research Harris (1909–1992) and discovered thestory of a major figure in American intellectual life “sitting in acorner in the middle of the room” — part of crucial twentieth-century conversations about language, technology, labor,politics, and Zionism.

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Some insights on the ideological background of American structuralism

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Herta Schmid - Culture as Both a Text and a System

Herta Schmid - Culture as Both a Text and a System | structuralisms | Scoop.it
A quarterly scholarly journal and news magazine. From the Centre for Baltic and East European Studies (CBEES) Södertörn University, Stockholm
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Herta Schmid reviews Aleksei Semenenko's The Texture of Culture: An Introduction to Yuri Lotman’s Semiotic Theory.

Her biting introductory remarks on the general state of Lotman scholarship are especially worth the detour.

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Towards a Poetics of the Phatic (Part 2)

Towards a Poetics of the Phatic (Part 2) | structuralisms | Scoop.it
In one sense, the phatic is perhaps the oldest and most fundamental dimension of poetry. The impulse to speak in meter or rhyme, for example, is relatable to the infant impulse toward babble, the delight taken in hearing oneself—or others—speak.
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And this, obviously, is part 2

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Eric Tremault - L’absoluité de la sensation : pour une critique jamesienne de la notion de « structure » chez Koffka et Merleau-Ponty

Eric Tremault - L’absoluité de la sensation : pour une critique jamesienne de la notion de « structure » chez Koffka et Merleau-Ponty | structuralisms | Scoop.it
Je m’oppose ici à la théorie « structurale » de la sensation développée par Kurt Koffka dans les années 1920, et reprise notamment par Merleau-Ponty, qui en fait le centre théorique des analyses de la psychologie de la forme.
sdvig press's insight:

It is rather rare to see the notion of structure discussed full-on in a metaphysical, ontological perspective, but this is precisely what Eric Termault offers to do in this article. Similarly, the contributions of Wiliam James and Gestalt psychology, as well as those of Merleau-Ponty are generally not seriously taken into consideration in our accounts of the genesis of structuralism and the idea of structure, but as is shown clearly here, this is a capital mistake. In fact, these thinkers offer much food for thought as to the sustainability (or not) of a structural ontology. Despite going against such a possibility, Trémault offers a number of very interesting arguments as to the specific problems and potential of philosophical structuralism.

 

 

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Patrick Flack - Roman Jakobson et le moment phénoménologique de la linguistique structurale

Patrick Flack - Roman Jakobson et le moment phénoménologique de la linguistique structurale | structuralisms | Scoop.it
L’objectif de cette étude est de revenir sur la rencontre advenue à Prague dans les années 1930 entre la linguistique structurale et la phénoménologie et d’explorer l’hypothèse que la première citée a connu – certes confusément et fugacement – un...
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A touch of self-promotion today with my latest effort on Roman Ossipovič, to be published in Russian in Natalja Avtonomova's upcoming volume on Jakobson in the series "Filosofija Rossii pervoj poloviny XX veka" (Russian philosophy of the first half of the 20th century), and in an abridged French version in the Cahiers de l'ILSL.

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Saussure 1913-2013 - Université de Genève

Saussure 1913-2013 - Université de Genève | structuralisms | Scoop.it

Février 1913. Ferdinand de Saussure, professeur à l'Université de Genève, décède à Vufflens. Fondateur de la linguistique générale, ce savant a exercé une influence conséquente sur les sciences humaines au 20e siècle. En le commémorant, l'Université de Genève ne célèbre pas tant une personnalité du passé qu'elle ne se réjouit de l'extraordinaire actualité d'une pensée par le biais de laquelle lire les ressorts et les enjeux de notre culture contemporaine.

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Chomsky, Hagège, the XIXth International congress of linguists: the University of Geneva is going all in with its Saussure festivities this July

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