Stereotyping
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Interview

My Interview with Professor Lydia Eckstein Jackson from Allegheny College

Mia Barchetti's insight:

Professor Lydia Eckstein Jackson

Title: Assistant Professor of Psychology at Allegheny College

Department: Psychology

Degrees: B.S. and M.S., Humboldt University Berlin, Ph.D., University of Tennessee Knoxville

 

My Questions:

1. Do you ever find yourself judging someone before you have officially met them?
2. Why do people categorize today's society by looks, actions, and speech?
3. Who influences our judgment more? Our parents or peers? Why?
4. Are stereotypes good or bad for our society? What makes them good? What makes them bad?
5. What can we do as a society to prevent certain stereotyping?

 

Her Answers:

I do, on occasion, find myself judging someone before I have actually met them or spoken with them - e.g., based on dress, accent, etc.. We actually all arrive at these very quick judgments, and it takes some concerted effort to counteract them and remind ourselves that it is often worthwhile to deliberately think why the initial reaction may have been wrong. It is actually very beneficial for us to stereotype, because it allows us to navigate the world quickly and efficiently. However, these mental shortcuts also often come at the expense of precision and accuracy.


So, stereotypes in and of themselves are not bad - they can help us quickly navigate a very complex (and otherwise overwhelming) world. Think of your stereotype of a cop or a doctor or a nurse... their uniforms are activating those shortcuts that tell you "when in need, these guys can help." Stereotypes become problematic when they box us in and prevent us from pushing past initial impressions. When we never allow ourselves to challenge the stereotypes and when we discriminate based on them. For example, when we assume "every Asian is x" "ever sorority member is y", "every blonde is z" without ever trying to learn more we may avoid these members and harbor false beliefs about them that may perpetuate problematic relationships between groups (see racism, sexism, ageism, classism, etc.).


I would argue that it is less about preventing stereotypes than about training ourselves to be mindful of the fact that these are just shortcuts, which often carry a kernel of truth, but which also often come up short. So, being aware that we are operating on stereotypes, and then pushing past them and allowing ourselves to find out more about the other person...i.e., to not be boxed in by our preconceived notions and recognizing that while we all belong to groups, we are also all individuals.


As to whether our parents or peers influence our judgments more... that's difficult to say. Certainly, both are related and in many ways I would argue the parents have a bigger impact. We spend many years with our parents (and, assuming they are biological parents, we share some of their genes, of course) and parents are the ones who choose most of our childhood situations for us - so, our parents choose the neighborhood we live in, and the schools that will eventually lead to our peers. Nevertheless, as we get older, peer group matters quite a bit. (Again, however, keep in mind that we also choose our peers based on how similar to us and our attitudes they are already.)

 

 

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Balancing Jane: Gender Stereotyping with a Side of Product Promotion

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I know that my pop culture junkie-dom (junkie-hood? junkie-ness? addiction.) suggests otherwise, but I actually don't watch television very often. We don't have cable (we're some of those Netflix defectors) and we have pretty busy schedules


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Mia Barchetti's comment, March 6, 2013 11:43 PM
I like this one. It gives video examples of promoting products but looking deeper into how stereotyped each one is.
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Study: Racial stereotyping linked to creative stagnation

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Mia Barchetti's comment, March 6, 2013 11:37 PM
This gives a great example of an experiment to do to look at and observe the mind set of when and how people stereotype.
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Sex role stereotyping and prejudices in children explored

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Girls are not as good at playing football as boys, and they do not have a clue about cars. Instead they know better how to dance and do not get into mischief as often as boys.

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Mia Barchetti's comment, March 6, 2013 11:30 PM
the gender stereotypes are given examples and looked at as to why we believe doctors are only males and nurses are only females.
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'Stereotyping Poor Families Is Not The Answer'

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Iain Duncan Smith has been criticised for saying some poor parents will spend money on alcohol and drugs rather than their children.

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Renee Teo's curator insight, June 18, 2013 1:32 AM

I see that a lot of races have stereotypes between each other. I think they should remove this thinking if not there would be many conflicts between each other and there would be no harmony. I wonder if skin colour makes a difference to who we are. 

Paula Lei-Licel's curator insight, January 12, 2015 12:58 PM

Los estereotipos no reflejan con exactitud las características de un determinado grupo de personas.  El siguiente artículo explora algunos efectos negativos de los estereotipos.  Después de haber leído el texto, propón algunas posibles formas de combatir los estereotipos.

P

Fernando Martínez's comment, January 12, 2015 1:15 PM
Texto interesante para el tema de los estereotipos
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A case of classic gender stereotyping « The Velvet Café

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A case of classic gender stereotyping. leave a comment ». Every woman needs a strong man in her life or she'll just run around like a headless chicken, plucking her eyebrows to perfection but not taking responsibility for the ...

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Mia Barchetti's comment, February 25, 2013 1:29 PM
This is a classic and perfect example of why everyone thinks that women cannot take care of themselves. Why they need men in their life to control and make every decision for them. This is one of the most overrated stereotypes out there.
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Expert Angle: How to Avoid Stereotyping & Negativity

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Have you ever been stereotyped? It's not fun and if you're letting your assumptions come before helping your prospect, it could be a barrier to success. Here's Tim's take on how to avoid stereotyping and negativity.

 

MLM Training


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Mia Barchetti's comment, February 25, 2013 1:19 PM
I like how this scoop shows the relationship between stereotypes and business. What goes on within the business and how people are judged all around a corporation.
Taylor Elliott's curator insight, January 28, 2015 5:38 PM

It's easy to make assumptions about another race or gender, here's a way to avoid that!

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Brain circuits for visual categorization revealed by new experiments

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Hundreds of times during a baseball game, the home plate umpire must instantaneously categorize a fast-moving pitch as a ball or a strike. Scientists have now pinpointed an area in the brain where these kinds of visual categories are encoded.

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Mia Barchetti's comment, February 25, 2013 11:23 PM
I like how this talks about the brain aspect of stereotyping. It answers my questions of why and where do we make these assumptions. What physiological feature of ours is the most affecting?
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Media-based Strategies to Reduce Racial Stereotypes Activated by News Stories

This study focuses on the role of media in facilitating and inhibiting the accessibility of stereotypes primed by race-related news stories. Specifically, it examines experimentally the effects of two strategies for reducing stereotype accessibility: an audience-centered approach that explicitly instructs audiences to be critical media consumers, a goal of media literacy training; and a message-centered approach using stereo-type-disconfirming, counter-stereotypical news stories. Participants viewed either a literacy or control video before reading stereotypical or counter-stereotypical news stories about African Americans or Asian Indians. Implicit stereotypes were measured using response latencies to hostile and benevolent stereotypical words in a lexical decision task. Results suggest that a combination of audience-centered and message-centered approaches may reduce racial stereotypes activated by news stories.


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Walt Bechtell's comment, February 24, 2013 11:54 AM
Hey Scoops, don't forget your comments...and a few more articles.
Mia Barchetti's comment, February 25, 2013 11:19 PM
The media plays the largest role in stereotyping. They influence not only young kids, but adults to act a certain way and what they believe is right. We can never tell if the media is giving the right message...
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List of Gender Stereotypes...

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Mia Barchetti's comment, February 25, 2013 11:18 PM
I like the topics pertaining to gender stereotypes. This one describes how its even started before we are born. If we know our friend is having a baby girl, we buy them pink necessities for the baby. Pink is for girls and blue is for boys. Its an automatic assumption. This can tell me why and some background behind it.
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Veggie Mama: Pink or Blue? The tricky path of gender stereotyping.

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Mia Barchetti's comment, March 6, 2013 11:51 PM
This article discusses gender issues. The lady dressed her daughter in boy clothes to see if people would notice the difference.
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Aboriginal Canadians face racism, stereotyping in urban health care: report - Canada.com

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Mia Barchetti's comment, March 6, 2013 11:39 PM
Stereotyping due to nationality in urban health care? These, i believe, are the limits to stereotyping and is a good example of this being taken too far.
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How many times do you hear you lot are all the same? never? All the time?? It’s a common theme and pops up almost daily. Another one is all police are arrogant . This made my chin hit the flo...

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Mia Barchetti's comment, March 6, 2013 11:33 PM
Many policemen are described as being mean and arrogant but why does that have to be a label for all of them. There are numerous cops that are caring and devoted to their jobs and are just doing whats right and what the law says.
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Intercultural dialogue stops east/west stereotyping | Women News Network

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Lisa, a French girl living in the Netherlands, goes to the Iranian shop every morning to buy her favourite Turkish bread that she tried in Istanbul once. The shop owner is actually a Kurd from Teheran married to an Armenian woman and immigrated to Holland some time ago. The Armenian wife of the Kurdish shop owner wears a scarf which Lisa always considers as very fashionable, but she has never told the woman. Apparently, the scarf was bought in Milan where the shop owners went on vacation.


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Mia Barchetti's comment, March 6, 2013 11:49 PM
When it comes to the interaction of other cultures and stereotyping, most people do not even realize its happening. This short story is a great example of two different cultures clashing and the two girls noticing something different due to judgment.
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Diversity: African Americans -Imagery & Stereotyping- Common Excuses

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"The mission of this collection is to educate about the power of imagery in the stereotyping of race. By understanding how it happened, we can recognize it happening now. Once aware, we can make a conscious effort to avoid the messy thinking stereotyping promotes that leads to fear, prejudice, hate, and discrimination. Increasing sensitivity to these stereotypes can promote racial tolerance. Ultimately, civilization depends on learning to value the racial and cultural diversity of our histories, our nations, and the world in which we live."


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Mia Barchetti's comment, March 6, 2013 11:09 PM
This article mainly talks about the similarities between stereotyping and imagery. I can easily use this to get more detail for my three subtopics dealing with imagery.
Mary Logan's curator insight, December 30, 2014 12:18 AM

I found this article to be interesting because it talks about power and how we view others according to appearance. I find myself assuming a persons race without actually finding out what their race and ethnicity is. Stereotyping feeds into some peoples power because they feel superior to others because of assumptions made making them feel better about their own group.

*module 2

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Age stereotyping prompts experienced workers to retire

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Age stereotyping prompts experienced workers to retire...
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Gender Stereotyping Begins in Infancy

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How soon does gender stereotyping start? PrincessFreeZone.com suggests that it starts as soon as a baby is born.

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Mia Barchetti's comment, February 25, 2013 1:27 PM
Where does stereotyping come from? It's good to see where it starts and who influences it.
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Can Stereotyping Girls Harm Boys Too? | MindShift

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According to new research, both males and females do worse on a spatial reasoning task when they’re told that intrinsic aptitude accounts for the gender gap in the test’s results—even though the gap favors men...


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Mia Barchetti's comment, February 25, 2013 1:13 PM
This explains the main stereotyping between genders. It gives me examples of how to determine the main differences.
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Monday Faith Links: Judging Others, Friends With Benefits, Workplace Infidelity, etc.

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Lots of thought-provoking stories and posts out there this week. I’m going to lead off with a convicting story from Relevant Magazine that certainly led to a “look in the mirror” moment for me.

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Mia Barchetti's comment, March 4, 2013 1:33 PM
This article notices that not all irresponsible decisions are wrong and who are we to judge when someone chooses to do a specific action.
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Mapping Stereotypes Project by alphadesigner

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Satirical cartography project by visual artist, graphic designer and illustrator Yanko Tsvetkov...

...


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Mia Barchetti's comment, February 25, 2013 11:14 PM
These visuals are my absolute favorite. They basically categorize the way society observes certain locations. I can use this to not only entertain my audience but to see if they share the same views.