President Obama’s 2015 budget request reflects his belief not only that education is a top priority, but that America’s public schools offer the clearest path to the middle class. Investing in education now will make us more competitive in the global economy tomorrow, and will help ensure equity of opportunity for every child.
The administration’s request for about $69 billion in discretionary appropriations represents an increase of nearly 2 percent over the previous year and slightly more than the 2012 discretionary level for education before the sequester.
Three-quarters of that $69 billion goes to financial aid to students in college, special education, and high-poverty schools (Title I). The remaining 23 percent targets specific areas designed to leverage major changes in the educational opportunity and excellence for all students, including expansion of access to high-quality preschool, data-driven instruction based on college- and career-ready standards, making college more affordable, and mitigating the effects of poverty on educational outcomes.
Education priorities for Fiscal Year (FY) 2015:
Increasing Equity and Opportunity for All Students
Despite major progress for America’s students, deep gaps of opportunity and achievement endure. The Obama administration is committed to driving new energy to solving those problems. Nearly every element of the federal education budget aims to ensure equity of opportunity, and a new proposed fund, Race to the Top-Equity and Opportunity would complement existing efforts by further supporting strong state and local efforts to improve equity.
Learn more about Race to the Top-Equity and Opportunity.
Making Quality Preschool Available for All 4-Year-Olds
In one of the boldest efforts to expand educational opportunity in the last 50 years, President Obama has committed to a historic new investment in preschool education that supports universal access to high-quality preschool for all 4-year olds from low- and moderate-income families and creates an incentive for states to serve additional middle-class children.
Learn more about support for early learning.
Strengthening Support for Teachers and School Leaders
All educators should have the resources and support they need to provide effective instruction and to personalize learning to students’ needs. Technology can help teachers do this. Teachers and school leaders must know how to make the best use of technology. The new ConnectEDucators proposal would provide funding to help educators leverage technology and data to provide high-quality college- and career-ready instruction that meets the needs of all students.
Learn more about the new ConnectEDucators proposal.
Improving Affordability, Quality, and Success in Postsecondary Education
Improving college access and completion is an economic necessity and a moral imperative. Few good career options exist for those whose education ends with high school. College has long represented the surest route to the middle class—but the middle class is increasingly being priced out of college. America once ranked first in the college completion rate of its young people; we now rank twelfth. Reclaiming the top spot in college completion is essential for maximizing both individual opportunity and our economic prosperity, which is why the President has made increasing college affordability and improving college completion a major focus of his 2015 budget.
Learn more about improving college affordability.
Making Schools Safer and Creating Positive Learning Environments
The President’s plan to increase school safety and to decrease gun violence includes investments not only to prepare schools for emergencies, but also to create positive school climates and help children recover from the effects of living in communities plagued by persistent violence.
Learn more about the fiscal year 2015 budget request.
Cameron Brenchley is director of digital strategy at the U.S. Department of Education
The Urban Waters Federal Partnership, a 13-agency initiative, aims to stimulate local economies, create jobs, improve quality of life, and protect health by revitalizing urban waterways and the communities around them, focusing on under-served urban communities.
Currently, the partnership has 18 locations across the nation. These locations have or will build partnerships among local, state and federal stakeholders – as well as schools. Here is just a sampling of how students are getting in on the Urban Waters action:
At Bladensburg Waterfront Park in Bladensburg, Md., the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency’s Urban Waters team assists Neval Thomas Elementary school students, parents and teachers as they paddle along the Anacostia River during the Wilderness Inquiry Canoemobile on October 22, 2013.
During the visit, the students had an outdoor education experience learning about canoeing, stormwater pollution and nesting bird species. The Wilderness Inquiry Canoemobile spent the entire week in DC and explored the Anacostia River with approximately 500 of the area’s public school students.
In the New Orleans region, students and teachers have an opportunity to explore and learn about southeastern Louisiana’s coastal wetlands at the University of New Orleans Shea Penland Coastal Education and Research Facility (CERF).
These K-12 grade students engage in hands-on experience in the basic estuarine processes, coastal environmental science, and coastal restoration with a focus on the values of the wetlands and the issues that face them through field trips and workshops. In addition, the students meet and learn from the professionals at Louisiana’s State and Federal agencies and local partner organizations that protect coastal wetlands. For more information on CERF, visit their website athttp://pies.uno.edu/education/cerf_coastal_education_and_research_facility_louisiana.htm
Resources are also available to teachers, parents and others, including data on water quality and health aspects of the wetlands through another partner; the Coastal Wetlands, Planning, Protection, and Restoration Act program. View curricula and other activities, including an interactive educational and entertaining CD on Louisiana wetlands here. To learn more about how these partners and CERF engage local public schools and their students, view this YouTube video.
Along the South Platte River in Denver, Colo., the Greenway Foundation motivates young public school students to engage the outdoors through environmental education programs. The Greenway River Ranger Internship Program introduces high school students to natural resource careers through environmental education training, hands-on teaching experiences with elementary students, job-readiness workshops and outdoor learning such as water quality sampling at Denver public parks along the South Platte River and its tributaries. The program aims to inspire the next generation of environmental leaders equipped with the knowledge, skills and motivation to become stewards and informed decision makers.
The Greenway Foundation has been connecting tens of thousands of Denver youth and their families to urban waterways through school based field trips, summer camps and community events through its education arm, South Platte River Environmental Education (SPREE). For more information and videos, visit their website.
Through the Urban Waters Federal Partnership and the 18 local partnerships, federal agencies are engaging America’s students in order to improve environmental and outdoor education in urban communities, allowing students to reconnect to our nation’s treasured rivers and lakes.
One of the limitations of using sunlight to create fuels like hydrogen has been the high cost of producing the semiconductors and catalysts needed. UW–Madison scientists are making progress on an answer.
Photo: Bryce Richter
Generating electricity is not the only way to turn sunlight into energy we can use on demand. The sun can also drive reactions to create chemical fuels, such as hydrogen, that can in turn power cars, trucks and trains.
The trouble with solar fuel production is the cost of producing the sun-capturing semiconductors and the catalysts to generate fuel. The most efficient materials are far too expensive to produce fuel at a price that can compete with gasoline.
"In order to make commercially viable devices for solar fuel production, the material and the processing costs should be reduced significantly while achieving a high solar-to-fuel conversion efficiency," says Kyoung-Shin Choi, a chemistry professor at the University of Wisconsin-Madison.
In a study published last week in the journal Science, Choi and postdoctoral researcher Tae Woo Kim combined cheap, oxide-based materials to split water into hydrogen and oxygen gases using solar energy with a solar-to-hydrogen conversion efficiency of 1.7 percent, the highest reported for any oxide-based photoelectrode system.
Choi created solar cells from bismuth vanadate using electrodeposition — the same process employed to make gold-plated jewelry or surface-coat car bodies — to boost the compound's surface area to a remarkable 32 square meters for each gram.
"Without fancy equipment, high temperature or high pressure, we made a nanoporous semiconductor of very tiny particles that have a high surface area," says Choi, whose work is supported by theNational Science Foundation. "More surface area means more contact area with water, and, therefore, more efficient water splitting."
Bismuth vanadate needs a hand in speeding the reaction that produces fuel, and that's where the paired catalysts come in.
While there are many research groups working on the development of photoelectric semiconductors, and many working on the development of water-splitting catalysts, according to Choi, the semiconductor-catalyst junction gets relatively little attention.
"The problem is, in the end you have to put them together," she says. "Even if you have the best semiconductor in the world and the best catalyst in the world, their overall efficiency can be limited by the semiconductor-catalyst interface."
“Without fancy equipment, high temperature or high pressure, we made a nanoporous semiconductor of very tiny particles that have a high surface area.”
Choi and Kim exploited a pair of cheap and somewhat flawed catalysts — iron oxide and nickel oxide — by stacking them on the bismuth vanadate to take advantage of their relative strengths.
"Since no one catalyst can make a good interface with both the semiconductor and the water that is our reactant, we choose to split that work into two parts," Choi says. "The iron oxide makes a good junction with bismuth vanadate, and the nickel oxide makes a good catalytic interface with water. So we use them together."
The dual-layer catalyst design enabled simultaneous optimization of semiconductor-catalyst junction and catalyst-water junction.
"Combining this cheap catalyst duo with our nanoporous high surface area semiconductor electrode resulted in the construction of an inexpensive all oxide-based photoelectrode system with a record high efficiency," Choi says.
She expects the basic work done to prove the efficiency enhancement by nanoporous bismuth vanadate electrode and dual catalyst layers will provide labs around the world with fodder for leaps forward.
"Other researchers studying different types of semiconductors or different types of catalysts can start to use this approach to identify which combinations of materials can be even more efficient," says Choi, whose lab is already tweaking their design. "Which some engineering, the efficiency we achieved could be further improved very fast."
Researchers have discovered that volcanoes can go from dormant to active very quickly. Credit and Larger Version
February 18, 2014
New research results suggest that magma sitting 4-5 kilometers beneath the surface of Oregon's Mount Hood has been stored in near-solid conditions for thousands of years.
The time it takes to liquefy and potentially erupt, however, is surprisingly short--perhaps as little as a couple of months.
The key to an eruption, geoscientists say, is to elevate the temperature of the rock to more than 750 degrees Celsius, which can happen when hot magma from deep within the Earth's crust rises to the surface.
It was the mixing of hot liquid lava with cooler solid magma that triggered Mount Hood's last two eruptions about 220 and 1,500 years ago, said Adam Kent, an Oregon State University (OSU) geologist and co-author of a paper reporting the new findings.
Results of the research, which was funded by the National Science Foundation (NSF), are in this week's journal Nature.
"These scientists have used a clever new approach to timing the inner workings of Mount Hood, an important step in assessing volcanic hazards in the Cascades," said Sonia Esperanca, a program director in NSF's Division of Earth Sciences.
"If the temperature of the rock is too cold, the magma is like peanut butter in a refrigerator," Kent said. "It isn't very mobile.
"For Mount Hood, the threshold seems to be about 750 degrees (C)--if it warms up just 50 to 75 degrees above that, it greatly decreases the viscosity of the magma and makes it easier to mobilize."
The scientists are interested in the temperature at which magma resides in the crust, since it's likely to have important influence over the timing and types of eruptions that could occur.
The hotter magma from deeper down warms the cooler magma stored at a 4-5 kilometer depth, making it possible for both magmas to mix and be transported to the surface to produce an eruption.
The good news, Kent said, is that Mount Hood's eruptions are not particularly violent. Instead of exploding, the magma tends to ooze out the top of the peak.
A previous study by Kent and OSU researcher Alison Koleszar found that the mixing of the two magma sources, which have different compositions, is both a trigger to an eruption and a constraining factor on how violent it can be.
"What happens when they mix is what happens when you squeeze a tube of toothpaste in the middle," said Kent. "Some comes out the top, but in the case of Mount Hood it doesn't blow the mountain to pieces."
The study involved scientists at OSU and the University of California, Davis. The results are important, they say, because little was known about the physical conditions of magma storage and what it takes to mobilize that magma.
Kent and UC-Davis colleague Kari Cooper, also a co-author of the Nature paper, set out to discover whether they could determine how long Mount Hood's magma chamber has been there, and in what condition.
When Mount Hood's magma first rose up through the crust into its present-day chamber, it cooled and formed crystals.
The researchers were able to document the age of the crystals by the rate of decay of naturally occurring radioactive elements. However, the growth of the crystals is also dictated by temperature: if the rock is too cold, they don't grow as fast.
The combination of the crystals' age and apparent growth rate provides a geologic fingerprint for determining the approximate threshold for making the near-solid rock viscous enough to cause an eruption.
"What we found was that the magma has been stored beneath Mount Hood for at least 20,000 years--and probably more like 100,000 years," Kent said.
"During the time it's been there, it's been in cold storage--like peanut butter in the fridge--a minimum of 88 percent of the time, and likely more than 99 percent of the time."
Although hot magma from below can quickly mobilize the magma chamber at 4-5 kilometers below the surface, most of the time magma is held under conditions that make it difficult for it to erupt.
"What's encouraging is that modern technology should be able to detect when the magma is beginning to liquefy or mobilize," Kent said, "and that may give us warning of a potential eruption.
"Monitoring gases and seismic waves, and studying ground deformation through GPS, are a few of the techniques that could tell us that things are warming."
The researchers hope to apply these techniques to other, larger volcanoes to see if they can determine the potential for shifting from cold storage to potential eruption--a development that might bring scientists a step closer to being able to forecast volcanic activity.
A new program out of MIT promises to introduce high school students to the wonders of invention. The Lemelson–MIT Program announced the launch of the Junior Varsity (JV) InvenTeam initiative, with pilots going on in Massachusetts and Texas.
The Obama Administration announced its plan to host a Maker Faire at the White House this year.
Details are still in the works, but the White House tapped 16-year-old maker Joey Hudy to help spread the news. Joey sat with First Lady Michelle Obamaat last week’s State of the Union address. And two years ago Joey wowed Obama with his marshmallow cannon at the White House Science fair.
Joey Hudy fires his marshmallow cannon for President Obama.
As you might expect, Joey is thrilled.
“I’m so excited, he said. “This is amazing and I’m glad I don’t have to keep it a secret anymore. I’m very glad and honored that I got to be the one announcing it.”
Joey said Maker Faire shows kids how much fun making can be.
“This Maker Faire will help more schools and the world understand how important science technology and engineering education (STEM) is,” he said. “The maker movement is the future.”
Of course we’re pretty thrilled, too. Maker Faire and the maker movement in general are all about celebrating innovation and the creative spirit in all of us. Having the White House as a partner will help expose more people to what making is all about.
In a blog post about the news written by Tom Kalil, deputy director for technology and innovation at the White House Office of Science and Technology Policy and Jason Miller, special assistant to the president for manufacturing policy at the National Economic Council, they explain:
We will release more details on the event soon, but it will be an opportunity to highlight both the remarkable stories of Makers like Joey and commitments by leading organizations to help more students and entrepreneurs get involved in making things.
To get involved they’re asking makers to send pictures or videos of their creations, as well as descriptions of how they are are working to advance the maker movement, to firstname.lastname@example.org, or on Twitter using the hashtag #IMadeThis.
Kalil and Miller also announced that later this year the Obama Administration will launch “an all-hands-on-deck effort to provide even more students and entrepreneurs access to the tools, spaces, and mentors needed to make.”
Flame-spitting horses and a car-smashing robot hand probably won’t make it past White House security, but 1600 Pennsylvania Avenue offers a great venue for makers to showcase their stuff. What kind of exhibits would you like to see featured at the fair? Post your suggestions in the comments below.
Whatever you may have heard about hackers, the truth is they do something really, really well: discover. Hackers are motivated, resourceful, and creative. They get deeply into how things work, to the point that they know how to take control of them and change them into something else. This lets them re-think even big ideas because they can really dig to the bottom of how things function.
Furthermore, they aren't afraid to make the same mistake twice just out of a kind of scientific curiosity, to see if that mistake always has the same results. That's why hackers don't see failure as a mistake or a waste of time because every failure means something and something new to be learned. And these are all traits any society needs in order to make progress. Which is why we need to get it into schools.
Now, there is the expected resistance from school administrations and parents. Mostly because people don't know what hacking really is. Many people who have been called hackers, especially by the media, or who have gotten in trouble for "hacking" were not, in fact, hackers. Most all of them were just thieves and fraudsters. When you read in the news, Teen girl hacks Facebook to harass a classmate, what you're seeing is a sensationalized headline. What a hacker reads in that headline is: Mean girl watched classmate type in her Facebook password and then logged in as her. That mean people and criminals do bad things with communications medium is not a reason to fear the medium. Schools are there to educate and can embrace this distinction for real change.
Hacking is a type of methodology. It's a way to do research. Have you ever tried something again and again in different ways to get it to do what you wanted? Have you ever opened up a machine or a device to see how it works, read up on what the components are, and then make adjustments to see what now worked differently? That's hacking. You are hacking whenever you deeply examine how something really works in order to manipulate it, often creatively, into doing what you want.
A hacker is a type of hands-on, experimenting scientist, although perhaps sometimes the term "mad scientist" fits better, because unlike professional scientists they dive right in, following a feeling rather than a formal hypothesis. That's not necessarily a bad thing. Many interesting things have been designed or invented by people who didn't follow standard conventions of what was known or believed to be true at the time.
The mathematician, Georg Cantor, proposed new ideas about infinity and set theory that caused outrage amongst many fellow mathematicians to the point that one called his ideas a "grave disease" infecting mathematics.
Nikola Tesla is another person considered a "mad scientist" in his day, but he knew more about how electricity behaved than anyone else. He designed possibly the first brushless motor that ran on AC electricity but is mostly known for the Tesla effect and the Tesla coil.
Then there was Ignaz Philipp Semmelweis who figured out that doctors need to wash their hands between treating patients to keep diseases from spreading. He wondered if the diseases following him around between patients were his fault, so he decided to try washing hands between his patient visits and sure enough the transmissions disappeared. His ideas went against both the scientific conventions of what was known at the time about germs (nothing) as well as the convenience of the doctors who felt it was too much hassle to keep washing their hands.
It just so happens that the way the Internet is designed and the huge number of different applications, systems, devices, and processes it has makes it the most common place to find hackers. You could say it's a place where information can run free because it was built open and free by hackers so it's the best playground for hackers. But it's not the only place. You can find great hackers in almost every field and industry and they all have one thing in common: they spend time learning how things work so they can make them work in a new way. These hackers didn't look at something as the original designers did, but instead saw bigger or better potential for it and hacked it to be something new.
A new laser developed by a research group at Caltech holds the potential to increase by orders of magnitude the rate of data transmission in the optical-fiber network—the backbone of the Internet.
The study was published the week of February 10–14 in the online edition of the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. The work is the result of a five-year effort by researchers in the laboratory of Amnon Yariv, Martin and Eileen Summerfield Professor of Applied Physics and professor of electrical engineering; the project was led by postdoctoral scholar Christos Santis (PhD '13) and graduate student Scott Steger.
Light is capable of carrying vast amounts of information—approximately 10,000 times more bandwidth than microwaves, the earlier carrier of long-distance communications. But to utilize this potential, the laser light needs to be as spectrally pure—as close to a single frequency—as possible. The purer the tone, the more information it can carry, and for decades researchers have been trying to develop a laser that comes as close as possible to emitting just one frequency.
Today's worldwide optical-fiber network is still powered by a laser known as the distributed-feedback semiconductor (S-DFB) laser, developed in the mid 1970s in Yariv's research group. The S-DFB laser's unusual longevity in optical communications stemmed from its, at the time, unparalleled spectral purity—the degree to which the light emitted matched a single frequency. The laser's increased spectral purity directly translated into a larger information bandwidth of the laser beam and longer possible transmission distances in the optical fiber—with the result that more information could be carried farther and faster than ever before.
At the time, this unprecedented spectral purity was a direct consequence of the incorporation of a nanoscale corrugation within the multilayered structure of the laser. The washboard-like surface acted as a sort of internal filter, discriminating against spurious "noisy" waves contaminating the ideal wave frequency. Although the old S-DFB laser had a successful 40-year run in optical communications—and was cited as the main reason for Yariv receiving the 2010 National Medal of Science—the spectral purity, or coherence, of the laser no longer satisfies the ever-increasing demand for bandwidth.
"What became the prime motivator for our project was that the present-day laser designs—even our S-DFB laser—have an internal architecture which is unfavorable for high spectral-purity operation. This is because they allow a large and theoretically unavoidable optical noise to comingle with the coherent laser and thus degrade its spectral purity," he says.
The old S-DFB laser consists of continuous crystalline layers of materials called III-V semiconductors—typically gallium arsenide and indium phosphide—that convert into light the applied electrical current flowing through the structure. Once generated, the light is stored within the same material. Since III-V semiconductors are also strong light absorbers—and this absorption leads to a degradation of spectral purity—the researchers sought a different solution for the new laser.
The high-coherence new laser still converts current to light using the III-V material, but in a fundamental departure from the S-DFB laser, it stores the light in a layer of silicon, which does not absorb light. Spatial patterning of this silicon layer—a variant of the corrugated surface of the S-DFB laser—causes the silicon to act as a light concentrator, pulling the newly generated light away from the light-absorbing III-V material and into the near absorption-free silicon.
This newly achieved high spectral purity—a 20 times narrower range of frequencies than possible with the S-DFB laser—could be especially important for the future of fiber-optic communications. Originally, laser beams in optic fibers carried information in pulses of light; data signals were impressed on the beam by rapidly turning the laser on and off, and the resulting light pulses were carried through the optic fibers. However, to meet the increasing demand for bandwidth, communications system engineers are now adopting a new method of impressing the data on laser beams that no longer requires this "on-off" technique. This method is called coherent phase communication.
In coherent phase communications, the data resides in small delays in the arrival time of the waves; the delays—a tiny fraction (10-16) of a second in duration—can then accurately relay the information even over thousands of miles. The digital electronic bits carrying video, data, or other information are converted at the laser into these small delays in the otherwise rock-steady light wave. But the number of possible delays, and thus the data-carrying capacity of the channel, is fundamentally limited by the degree of spectral purity of the laser beam. This purity can never be absolute—a limitation of the laws of physics—but with the new laser, Yariv and his team have tried to come as close to absolute purity as is possible.
These findings were published in a paper titled, "High-coherence semiconductor lasers based on integral high-Qresonators in hybrid Si/III-V platforms." In addition to Yariv, Santis, and Steger, other Caltech coauthors include graduate student Yaakov Vilenchik, and former graduate student Arseny Vasilyev (PhD, '13). The work was funded by the Army Research Office, the National Science Foundation, and the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency. The lasers were fabricated at the Kavli Nanoscience Institute at Caltech.
Written by Jessica Stoller-ConradContact: Brian Bell(626) email@example.com
The Discovery Files podcast is available through iTunes or you can add the RSS feedto your podcast receiver.
A team of Harvard scientists and engineers has demonstrated a new type of battery that could fundamentally transform the way electricity is stored on the grid, making power from renewable energy sources such as wind and solar far more economical and reliable.
Understanding how to code is a great skill to have. In fact, it is growing to be an important part of a well-rounded education – slowly but surely. With so many careers of the future slated to be STEM based, knowing how to code can be a huge bonus in the job market. According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics, two of the fastest-growing occupations are in computer science and related fields – expected to grow 53.4% by 2018. There are so many different resources out there to help you learn how to code, and yet so many people still don’t know how, and don’t value the skill a whole lot. Luckily, there are big efforts being made to bring awareness to coding. TheHour Of Code is probably still the most well known at this point, but look out for more to come!
The handy infographic below takes a look at how many lines of code it takes to create…stuff. From basic iPhone games to entire operating systems for computers, just how much code does it take to make our electronic lives happen? Just a fun, visual way of showing just how much coding is in our daily lives!
How Many Lines Of Code Is That?
100,000 to 999,999 lines of code: iPhone apps, older (80s) versions of software like Photoshop
Between 1 and 5 million lines of code: Photoshop CS6, Hubble Space Telescope, US Military Drone
Between 5 and 10 million lines of code: The latest version of Google Chrome, the Mars Curiosity Rover
Between 10 and 25 million lines of code: Total flight software for a Boeing 787, MySQL, a Chevy Volt
Between 25 and 50 million lines of code: Microsoft Office 2013, Windows 2000
Between 50 and 100 million lines of code: US Army Future Combat System, Large Hadron Collider, Facebook, Mac OSX Tiger
Over 100 million lines of code: Car software for a modern high end car, the US healthcare.gov website (reportedly)
"Spherical Nucleic Acids" is a People's Choice winner in the video category. Credit and Larger Version
February 6, 2014
Today the National Science Foundation (NSF) and the journal Science named 18 winners, honorable mentions and People's Choice awardees in the highly acclaimed International Science & Engineering Visualization Challenge.
The challenge, in its 11th year, was created to exemplify the old axiom: A picture is worth a thousand words. It celebrates the long tradition of using various types of illustrations to communicate the complexities of science, engineering and technology for education and journalistic purposes when words aren't enough.
"We asked contestants to provide visualizations that illustrate powerful scientific concepts," said Judith Gan, NSF's director of Legislative and Public Affairs. "We were delighted by this year's entries. These visualizations are both beautiful and captivating; they connect scientists with citizens in a way that excites popular interest of subjects normally reserved for academic rigor."
"The winners offer a feast for the eye and the mind, making complex science vivid and beautiful," said Tim Appenzeller, Science's chief news editor.
NSF and the American Association for the Advancement of Science, which publishesScience, sponsored the awards.
Visualization challenge awardees were selected from 227 submissions from 12 countries, including entries from 17 U.S. states and Canadian territories.
A committee of staff members from Science and NSF screened the entries and sent finalists to an outside panel of experts in scientific visualization to select the winners. In addition, nearly 2,000 votes determined the public's favorite images as People's Choice awardees.
The competition was conducted in 2013.
Winning entries feature the Earth and planets sitting in the crosshairs of multiple streams of solar power, a game that allows users to map the brain, wearable energy storage to power future generations of electronic clothing and other compelling visualizations.
See and learn more about the images on the winners page.
The 2013 winning entries are included in five categories:
First Place: Vicente I. Fernandez, Orr H. Shapiro, Melissa S. Garren, Assaf Vardi and Roman Stocker, Massachusetts Institute of Technology Invisible Coral Flows
Honorable Mention: Stephen Francis Lowry, Steve Lowry Photography Stellate leaf hairs on Deutzia scabra
People's Choice: Anna Pyayt and Howard Kaplan, University of South Florida Polymer Micro-structure Self-assembly
First Place: Greg Dunn, Greg Dunn Design Cortex in Metallic Pastels
Honorable Mention: Lorrie Faith Cranor, Carnegie Mellon University Security Blanket
People's Choice: Lydia-Marie Joubert, Stanford University Human Hand controlling Bacterial Biofilms
Informational Posters and Graphics
First Place and People's Choice: Kristy Jost, Babak Anasori, Majid Beidaghi, Genevieve Dion and Yuri Gogotsi, Drexel University Wearable Power
Honorable Mention (two-way tie): Robert I. Saye and James A. Sethian, UC Berkeley and Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory The Life Cycle of a Bubble Cluster: Insight from Mathematics, Algorithms, and Supercomputers
Katelyn McDonald and Timothy Phelps, Johns Hopkins University; Jennifer Dittmar, The National Aquarium Effects of Cold-stunning on Sea Turtles
Games and Apps
First Place: Amy Robinson, William Silversmith, Matthew Balkam, Mark Richardson, Sebastian Seung and Jinseop Kim, EyeWire EyeWire: A Game to Map the Brain
Honorable Mention (two-way tie): Mark Nielsen and Satoshi Amagai, Howard Hughes Medical Institute; Michael Clark, EarthBuzz Software, Ltd.; Blake Porch and Dennis Liu, Howard Hughes Medical Institute EarthViewer
Daniel Rohrlick, Eric Simms, Cheryl Peach, Debi Kilb, Scripps Institution of Oceanography, University of California San Diego; Charina Cain, Birch Aquarium at Scripps Institution of Oceanography Deep-sea Extreme Environment Pilot (DEEP)
People's Choice: Eve Syrkin Wurtele, William Schneller, Paul Klippel, Greg Hanes, Andrew Navratil and Diane Bassham, Iowa State University Meta!Blast: The Leaf
First Place: Greg Shirah and Horace Mitchell, NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center - SVS; Tom Bridgman, Global Science & Technology, Inc. Dynamic Earth visualization excerpt: Coronal Mass Ejection and Ocean/Wind Circulation
Honorable Mentions (three-way tie):
Ben Paylor, Michael Long, David Murawsky, James Wallace and Lisa Willemse Stem Cell Network StemCellShorts
Doug Huff and Elizabeth Anderson, Arkitek Studios; Zoltan Fehervari, Nature Immunology; Simon Fenwick, Nature Reviews Immunology of the Gut Mucosa
Geoffrey J. Harlow, Shou Li, Albert C. Cruz, Jisheng Chen and Zhenbiao Yang University of California, Riverside Visualizing Leaf Cells from Within
People's Choice: Quintin Anderson, The Seagull Company; Chad Mirkin and Sarah Petrosko, Northwestern University Spherical Nucleic Acids
3-D images were streamed live at the 2013 US Ignite Application Summit using high-speed networks. Credit and Larger Version
February 6, 2014
Wonder how we'll be using the Internet in five to 10 years? Take a look at Kansas City and Chattanooga, where experiments in high-speed networking are taking shape.
Today's Internet networks typically move data at a few to a few hundred megabits per second. However, next-generation networks can carry traffic at greater than a gigabit per second--a speed-up of ten to a hundred times. These gigabit networks have incredible potential, but require applications (apps) that can take advantage of them to fully tap their benefits.
The City of Chattanooga, Tenn., is hosting a kickoff and community summit today for the Gigabit Community Fund, a new partnership between the National Science Foundation (NSF), Mozilla, and local communities that uses a collaborative approach to create apps that will facilitate novel uses for gigabit networks. The open source software developed under this program will take advantage of the advanced networks that are already available in Kansas City and Chattanooga and that will be emerging nationwide in the coming years. Kansas City will host its kickoff on Feb. 13.
"We are thrilled that the Gigabit Community Fund is bringing together practitioners and innovators from public and private sectors to enable novel gigabit applications for learning and workforce development," said Farnam Jahanian, NSF's head of Computer and Information Science and Engineering. "These new apps will have the potential to boost productivity and safety--starting as an experiment in these two communities and growing across the U.S."
At today's event, Chattanooga Mayor Andy Berke and representatives from Mozilla, NSF, the Department of Education and local organizations describe how the Gigabit Community Fund will provide $300,000, split evenly between Chattanooga and Kansas City, to catalyze the development of apps that leverage ultra-high speed broadband networks in service to learning and workforce development needs.
"Between Code for America, Mozilla's Gigabit Community program, our city's strong sense of collaboration, and the incredible connectivity we have with the gigabit infrastructure, we're strategically situated to provide solutions for government, education, workforce development and beyond," said Berke.
"I'm proud that NSF and Mozilla have chosen to work with Kansas City as part of the Gigabit Community Fund," Kansas City, Mo., Mayor Sly James said.
The fund continues to advance US Ignite, an initiative announced by the administration in 2011 with the goal of cultivating public and private partnerships to jumpstart the development of gigabit applications. As the lead Federal agency for US Ignite, NSF first partnered with Mozilla in fall 2011 to implement a creative, contest-driven model of community-based app development. In the last two years, 300 ideas for gigabit applications have surfaced and 22 teams received support to develop their ideas into gigabit app prototypes.
By combining institutional partnerships, a new fund to support app development and a repository of open source tools, code and documentation, the Gigabit Community Fund aims to further demonstrate the potential for ultra-high-speed broadband networks, with a particular emphasis on significant contributions to education, learning and workforce development. The Gigabit Community Fund will provide awards ranging between $5,000 and $30,000, based on the needs and opportunities demonstrated in the proposal. Funded work must deliver real value to end-users and must be proposed in collaboration with local organizations.
"Mozilla is building a web where people know more, do more and do better," said Mark Surman, Executive Director of Mozilla. "The Gigabit Community Fund will do that by demonstrating the potential public benefit that gigabit networks have. With support from NSF and a community-based approach towards collaboration and experimentation, we're confident that local innovators will make real progress towards transforming education and workforce development opportunities in Chattanooga and Kansas City."
Mozilla will establish Hive Learning Communities in Chattanooga and Kansas City, similar to its Hive Learning Networks in New York City, Chicago, Toronto and Pittsburgh, where organizations collaborate around shared goals in digital learning and making, and economic opportunities. "Community catalysts" in each city will help bring members of the different communities together.
"I look forward to working with the National Science Foundation and US Department of Education, whose investment in this initiative will help keep Chattanooga positioned as a leader in technology and innovation," said Berke.
Added Mayor Mark R. Holland of Kansas City, Kan.,: "Since the inception of our city's fiber infrastructure we have seen amazing development. We are very excited that the partnership with Mozilla and NSF will yield new programs to fuel future success in education and workforce development using our gigabit connectivity."
Program Contacts C. Suzanne Iacono, NSF, (703) 292-890, firstname.lastname@example.org Ben Moskowitz, Mozilla, (714) 420-6471,email@example.com Kari Keefe, KC Mozilla Gigabit Community Fund, (816) 588-3531,firstname.lastname@example.org Lindsey Frost Cleary, Chattanooga Mozilla Gigabit Community Fund, (347) 510-7534, email@example.com
The National Science Foundation (NSF) is an independent federal agency that supports fundamental research and education across all fields of science and engineering. In fiscal year (FY) 2014, its budget is $7.2 billion. NSF funds reach all 50 states through grants to nearly 2,000 colleges, universities and other institutions. Each year, NSF receives about 50,000 competitive requests for funding, and makes about 11,500 new funding awards. NSF also awards about $593 million in professional and service contracts yearly.
Cisco reported financial results Wednesday and while the company saw a drop in both revenue and profits, the company is investing in the internet of things. Cisco said it has allocated $100 million to invest in early stage companies to help it move the connected world forward. The company has already said it expects the…